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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ A reduction of biliary phospholipids by dietary legumes was associated with an increased cholesterol saturation of bile.
▪ And the peanut, which will not be mentioned again, is an atypical legume.
▪ Canned goods, fresh produce, fishmongers, breads, pastas, legumes of every variety.
▪ One way we've found to achieve more consistent breadmaking quality in wheat after legumes is mechanical weeding in the spring.
▪ Other good, easy-to-chew protein sources include ground meat and legumes like beans, peas and lentils.
▪ Sefa-Dedeh is now developing a simple process to prepare a high protein food from cereals and legumes.
▪ Two or fewer servings meat, poultry or fish Four to five servings nuts, seeds and legumes per week.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Legume \Leg"ume\ (l[e^]g"[-u]m or l[-e]*g[=u]m"), n. [F. l['e]gume, L. legumen, fr. legere to gather. So called because they may be gathered without cutting. See Legend.]

  1. (Bot.) A pod dehiscent into two pieces or valves, and having the seed attached at one suture, as that of the pea.

    Note: In the latter circumstance, it differs from a siliqua, in which the seeds are attached to both sutures. In popular use, a legume is called a pod, or cod; as, pea pod, or peas cod.

  2. pl. The fruit of leguminous plants, as peas, beans, lupines; pulse.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

plant of the group of the pulse family, 1670s, from French légume (16c.), from Latin legumen "pulse, leguminous plant," of unknown origin. One suggestion ties it to Latin legere "to gather" (see lecture (n.)), because they can be scooped by the handful. Used in Middle English in the Latin form legumen (late 14c.).


n. 1 The fruit or seed of leguminous plants (as peas or beans) used for food. 2 Any of a large family (Leguminosae syn. Fabaceae) of dicotyledonous herbs, shrubs, and trees having fruits that are legumes or loments, bearing nodules on the roots that contain nitrogen-fixing bacteria, and including important food and forage plants (as peas, beans, or clovers). 3 A pod dehiscent into two pieces or valves, and having the seed attached at one suture, as that of the pea.

  1. n. an erect or climbing bean or pea plant of the family Leguminosae [syn: leguminous plant]

  2. the fruit or seed of any of various bean or pea plants consisting of a two-valved case that splits along both sides when ripe and having the seeds attached to one edge of the valves

  3. the seedpod of a leguminous plant (such as peas or beans or lentils)


A legume ( or ) is a plant in the family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae), or the fruit or seed of such a plant. Legumes are grown agriculturally, primarily for their grain seed called pulse, for livestock forage and silage, and as soil-enhancing green manure. Well-known legumes include alfalfa, clover, peas, beans, lentils, lupins, mesquite, carob, soybeans, peanuts, and tamarind.

A legume fruit is a simple dry fruit that develops from a simple carpel and usually dehisces (opens along a seam) on two sides. A common name for this type of fruit is a pod, although the term "pod" is also applied to a few other fruit types, such as that of vanilla (a capsule) and of radish (a silique).

Legumes are notable in that most of them have symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria in structures called root nodules. For that reason, they play a key role in crop rotation.

Usage examples of "legume".

You may not realize that protein is available in foods low in saturated fats, such as fish, nuts, legumes, soy products, and vegetables.

Legumes Bulot, the premier vegetable booth, to obtain fiddlehead ferns.

She was pleased to find milk vetch, the nonpoisonous variety of the plant whose green pods held rows of small round legumes, and she even collected the tiny hard seeds from dried pigweed to grind and add to grains that she cooked into mush.

Apparently, somebody had alerted the chef to the dietary restrictions of the Coalition agents, because the breakfast options included a kashalike grain, cooked into porridge and served with some sort of legume milk and a sweetener reminiscent of molasses in its sulfury richness.

Here, on the floodplains and in the seasonal swamps, the well-watered, silty soil supported many annuals, herbs, legumes, vines, lilies, and arrowroots.

Seed an area with plants like vetches, clovers, legumes, beans or peas.

With them, perhaps, I was calling Lorenza to me, or perhaps I was only repeating them to myself, in a propitiatory litany: White Copper, Immaculate Lamb, Aibathest, Alborach, Blessed Water, Purified Mercury, Orpiment, Azoch, Baurach, Cambar, Caspa, Cherry, Wax, Chaia, Comerisson, Electron, Euphrates, Eve, Fada, Fa-vonius, Foundation of the Art, Precious Stone of Givinis, Diamond, Zibach, Ziva, Veil, Narcissus, Lily, Hermaphrodite, Hae, Hypostasis, Hyle, Virgin’s Milk, Unique Stone, Full Moon, Mother, Living Oil, Legume, Egg, Phlegm, Point, Root, Salt of Nature, Leafy Earth, Tevos, Tincar, Steam, Evening Star, Wind, Virago, Pharaoh’s Glass, Baby’s Urine, Vulture, Placenta, Menstruum, Fugitive Slave, Left Hand, Sperm of Metals, Spirit, Tin, Juice, Oil of Sulfur.

Compared with cereals and legumes, they had the drawback of not starting to yield food until at least three years after planting, and not reaching full production until after as much as a decade.

In particular, the Fertile Crescent's wheat and barley exemplify the class of crops termed cereals or grains (members of the grass family), while Fertile Crescent peas and lentils exemplify pulses (members of the legume family, which includes beans).

The Troupe was cam~ west of El Reno on Interstate 40, an area of red cliifs of crumbling sandstone, red soil, creek bottoms full of pecans and as p ens and festooned with honeysuckle, a place of goldenrod and winecup and coneflowers and trailing purple legume.

He would find a destiny fitting who he actually was, which was not a farmer upon dull Hobbs Land, dedicated to grains and legumes and increasing the production of hairy-legged milk-vlishes.

The material components of this spell are a flake or drop of resin, an iron filing or sliver, a strand of spider silk, and a paste made of ground legumes.

Astris Alexandria had always produced tasty legumes and greens, and perhaps, she thought hopefully, the farm community had even branched out into coffee bushes.

She rejected grasses, including wheat, rye and oat, though she sampled all that had been provided, ate tubers, leaf vegetables of all kinds, and sugar cane, legumes and pulses.

Deliberately, she spun the display to other proteins and ordered what was described as a hearty casserole of assorted legumes and a light wine.