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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Lees \Lees\ (l[=e]s), n. A leash. [Obs.]


Lees \Lees\ (l[=e]z), n. pl. Dregs. See 2d Lee.


Lee \Lee\, n.; pl. Lees (l[=e]z). [F. lie, perh. fr. L. levare to lift up, raise. Cf. Lever.] That which settles at the bottom, as of a cask of liquor (esp. wine); sediment; dregs; -- used now only in the plural. [Lees occurs also as a form of the singular.] ``The lees of wine.''

A thousand demons lurk within the lee.

The wine of life is drawn, and the mere lees Is left this vault to brag of.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

late 14c., from Old French lies, plural of lie "sediment," probably from Celtic (compare Old Irish lige "a bed, a lying"), from PIE root *legh- "to lie" (see lie (v.2)).


Etymology 1 n. (context plural only English) The sediment that settles during fermentation of beverages, consisting of dead yeast and precipitated parts of the fruit. Etymology 2

n. (context sailing English) (plural of lee English)Category:English plurals


n. the sediment from fermentation of an alcoholic beverage


The term Lees can refer to:

  • Lees (fermentation) dead yeast and debris left after fermentation of wine, beer, etc.
  • Lees (surname)
  • Lees, Derbyshire, a village in England
  • Lees, Greater Manchester, village near Oldham in North West England
  • JW Lees, a Brewery in Middleton, Greater Manchester, England
  • Lees Station, Tennessee, a community in the U.S. state of Tennessee
  • Laboratory for Electromagnetic and Electronic Systems, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Lees (fermentation)

Lees refers to deposits of dead yeast or residual yeast and other particles that precipitate, or are carried by the action of " fining", to the bottom of a vat of wine after fermentation and aging. The yeast deposits in beer brewing are known as trub. However, yeast deposits from secondary fermentation of both wine and beer are referred to as lees. This material is the source for most commercial tartaric acid, which is used in cooking and in organic chemistry.

Normally the wine is transferred to another container ( racking), leaving this sediment behind. Some wines (notably Chardonnay, Champagne and Muscadet) are sometimes aged for a time on the lees (a process known as sur lie), leading to a distinctive yeasty aroma and taste. The lees may be stirred (bâtonage in French) in order to promote uptake of the lees' flavour.

The lees are an important component in the making of Ripasso where the leftover lees from Amarone are used to impart more flavour and colour to partially aged Valpolicella.

Lees (surname)

Lees is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

  • Andrew Lees (environmentalist) (1949–1994), British environmentalist
  • Andrew Lees (neurologist) (born 1947), English neurologist
  • Benjamin Lees (1924–2010), American classical music composer
  • Brian Lees (born 1923), Massachusetts politician
  • Charles Lees (1837–1892), British colonial administrator and governor
  • Edwin Lees (1800–1887), British botanist and antiquarian
  • Gabriel Lees (born 1990), French-British ski mountaineer
  • Geoffrey Lees (born 1920), English cricketer
  • George Harmon Lees (fl. 1911–1912), mayor of Hamilton, Ontario
  • Harcourt Lees (1776–1852), Irish political pamphleteer
  • Harrington Clare Lees (1870–1929), Anglican archbishop of Melbourne
  • James Lees-Milne (1908–1997), English writer and expert on country houses
  • Jim Lees (1919–2004), Commissioner of the New South Wales Police
  • Joanne Lees (born 1973), girlfriend of Peter Falconio (murder victim)
  • Meg Lees (born 1948), member of the Australian Senate
  • Merv Lees, Australian rugby league footballer
  • Nathaniel Lees (born ?), New Zealand born actor and theatre director
  • Paris Lees, British journalist and activist
  • Robert Lees (1912–2004), American television and film screenwriter
  • Robert Lees (linguist) (1922–1996), American linguist
  • Robert James Lees (1849–1931) British spiritualist and medium
  • Simon Lees (born 1970), Welsh guitarist
  • Tom Lees (born 1990), English footballer
  • Walter Lees (1875–1924), English Test cricketer
  • Walter Edwin Lees (1887–1957), American aviator
  • Warren Lees (born 1952), New Zealand Test cricketer

Usage examples of "lees".

Frequent mention is made of sour galls, aleppo galls, green and blue vitriol, the lees of wine, black amber, sugar, fish-glue and a host of unimportant materials as being employed in the admixture of black inks.

Beany and Fatty and Nibby and Lees Moses and Whacker went home by the libary building, when the girls came out they dident pay enny attension to us becaus the high school fellers was there.

The Council of Seven was gathered in the audience hall of the Chancery, the round council table set just outside the curtained niche where Lees Obol lay.

And as for Lees Obol, his voice came to them plaintively from the curtained niche behind them.

Lees Obol, feeling himself fading away, chooses to recommend to the general that he vote for Ezasper Jorn as the next Protector of Man.

I have every reason to believe Lees Obol will live for two or three years yet.

Jondrigar, knowing that unless Lees Obol himself contradicted what Tharius had just said, Pamra Don was as good as in his hands.

Lees Obol must be better served, and he could be better served only if man were better served.

If one was to get any sense out of Lees Obol, the very early morning was the only possible time, though in recent months even that was unlikely.

And then Lees Obol, with Shavian Bossit to take his place as Protector of Manthree votes in the council guaranteed: Bormas, Glamdrul, and his ownand the assembly already primed to vote for him.

She abjured Gendra Mitiar with great passion to free these men as Lees Obol would require of her.

When they met, the body of Lees Obol had already been removed and there was no smell at all.

And when that is done, I will return to take up this great office, which Lees Obol intended from my birth.

She had not spoken to Lees Obol yet, and when she did, perhaps he would believe her all at once as the general had done.

Lees Obol dead, and none caring that he lay all alone on the catafalque in the ceremonial square.