Find the word definition

Crossword clues for iris

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
iris scan
▪ A useful group of iris with clumps of grassy foliage.
▪ An all-white spring garden of azaleas, tulips and iris can be soothing.
▪ Being a bearded iris, I. pallida needs full light and dryish, or at least free-draining soil.
▪ But it can be made to bulge and glitter with a maestro behind the iris.
▪ I have been in my house like an iris in an eye with the eyelid shut.
▪ The marble iris stood peacefully on a low shelf.
▪ With a circular iris, the focus is maintained in both dimensions of the field of view.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Iris \I"ris\, n.; pl. E. Irises, L. Irides. [L. iris, iridis, the goddess, Gr. ?, ?, the rainbow, iris of the eye, the plant Iris. Cf. Orris.]

  1. (Class. Myth.) The goddess of the rainbow, and swift-footed messenger of the gods.

  2. The rainbow.
    --Sir T. Browne.

  3. An appearance resembling the rainbow; a prismatic play of colors.

  4. (Anat.) The contractile membrane perforated by the pupil, and forming the colored portion of the eye. See Eye.

  5. (Bot.) A genus of plants having showy flowers and bulbous or tuberous roots, of which the flower-de-luce (fleur-de-lis), orris, and other species of flag are examples. See Illust. of Flower-de-luce.

  6. (Her.) See Fleur-de-lis, 2.

  7. (Zo["o]l.) the inner circle of an oscillated color spot.

  8. same as iris diaphragm.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

late 14c., flowering plant (Iris germanica), also "prismatic rock crystal," from Latin iris (plural irides) "iris of the eye, iris plant, rainbow," from Greek iris (genitive iridos) "a rainbow; the lily; iris of the eye," originally "messenger of the gods," personified as the rainbow. The eye region was so called (early 15c. in English) for being the colored part; the Greek word was used of any brightly colored circle, "as that round the eyes of a peacock's tail" [Liddell & Scott].


n. 1 (lb en botany) A plant of the genus ''Iris'', common in the northern hemisphere, and generally having attractive blooms (http://en.wikipedi

  1. org/wiki/Iris%20(plant)). 2 (lb en anatomy) The contractile membrane perforated by the pupil, which adjusts to control the amount of light reaching the retina, and which forms the colored portion of the eye ( 3 (lb en photography cinematography) A diaphragm used to regulate the size of a hole, especially as a way of controlling the amount of light reaching a lens. 4 (lb en poetic) A rainbow, or other colourful refraction of light. 5 (lb en electronics) A constricted opening in the path inside a waveguide, used to form a resonator. 6 (context zoology English) The inner circle of an oscillated color spot. v

  2. {{context|of an aperture, lens(,) or door|lang=en}} To open or close in the manner of an iris.

  1. n. plants with sword-shaped leaves and erect stalks bearing bright-colored flowers composed of three petals and three drooping sepals [syn: flag, fleur-de-lis, sword lily]

  2. muscular diaphragm that controls the size of the pupil; it forms the colored portion of the eye

  3. diaphragm consisting of thin overlapping plates that can be adjusted to change the diameter of a central opening [syn: iris diaphragm]

  4. [also: irides (pl)]


i☆Ris (pronounced Iris, as in English) is a Japanese voice acting and singing female idol group, formed in 2012 by Avex.

It consists of six members: Saki Yamashita, Yū Serizawa, Himika Akaneya, Yūki Wakai, Miyu Kubota, and Azuki Shibuya. The leader is Saki Yamakita. It is a so-called "hybrid group", because in addition to performing as singing idols, they together work as anime voice actors. They provide the voices for main characters in the arcade game and anime franchise PriPara.

Iris (plant)

Iris is a genus of 260–300 species of flowering plants with showy flowers. It takes its name from the Greek word for a rainbow, which is also the name for the Greek goddess of the rainbow, Iris. Some authors state that the name refers to the wide variety of flower colors found among the many species. As well as being the scientific name, iris is also very widely used as a common name for all Iris species, as well as some belonging to other closely related genera. A common name for some species is 'flags', while the plants of the subgenus Scorpiris are widely known as ' junos', particularly in horticulture. It is a popular garden flower.

The often-segregated, monotypic genera Belamcanda (blackberry lily, I. domestica), Hermodactylus (snake's head iris, I. tuberosa), and Pardanthopsis (vesper iris, I. dichotoma) are currently included in Iris.

Three Iris varieties are used in the Iris flower data set outlined by Ronald Fisher in his 1936 paper The use of multiple measurements in taxonomic problems as an example of linear discriminant analysis.

Iris (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Iris (; ) is the personification of the rainbow and messenger of the gods. She is also known as one of the goddesses of the sea and the sky. Iris links the gods to humanity. She travels with the speed of wind from one end of the world to the other, and into the depths of the sea and the underworld.

Iris (anatomy)

The iris (plural: irides or irises) is a thin, circular structure in the eye, responsible for controlling the diameter and size of the pupil and thus the amount of light reaching the retina. Eye color is defined by that of the iris. In optical terms, pupil is the eye's aperture, while iris is the diaphragm that serves as the aperture stop.

Iris (2001 film)

Iris is a 2001 British-American biographical drama film that tells the story of Irish novelist Iris Murdoch and her relationship with John Bayley. The film contrasts the start of their relationship, when Murdoch ( Kate Winslet) was an outgoing, dominant individual as compared to her timid and scholarly partner Bayley ( Hugh Bonneville), and their later life, when Murdoch ( Judi Dench) was suffering from Alzheimer's disease and tended to by a frustrated Bayley ( Jim Broadbent) in their North Oxford home in Charlbury Road.

The film, directed by Richard Eyre, is based on Bayley's memoir Elegy for Iris. The beach scenes were filmed at Southwold in Suffolk, one of Murdoch's favourite haunts.

Broadbent received the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role. Dench and Winslet were both nominated, for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress respectively.

Iris (American band)

Iris is an American synthpop band, formed by Reagan Jones and Mat Morris in 1993. After the release of their first album Disconnect, Matthew Morris was replaced with Andrew Sega, who pushed the band's sound into a more experimental electronic direction. Their latest album, Radiant, was released in October 2014.

(7) Iris
  1. redirect 7 Iris
Iris (Goo Goo Dolls song)

"Iris" is a song by American alternative rock band Goo Goo Dolls. Originally written for the soundtrack of 1998 film City of Angels, the song was later included on the band's sixth album Dizzy Up the Girl. "Iris" has contributed greatly to the band's success. The song's time signature alternates between and , and features an unusual guitar tuning in which most of the strings are tuned to D, lending the guitar a chorus-like effect.

Besides becoming one of the biggest alternative rock staples of the 1990s, "Iris" also remains one of the biggest crossover hits in the history of popular music, crossing over from modern rock radio to pop and adult contemporary radio, reaching number one on all of these formats and becoming the most played song of 1998 for all formats.

Iris (opera)

Iris is an opera in three acts by Pietro Mascagni to an original Italian libretto by Luigi Illica. It premiered on 22 November 1898 at the Teatro Costanzi in Rome. The story is set in Japan during legendary times.

Iris (Romanian band)

IRIS is a Romanian rock band established in 1976 by Ioan Dumitrescu (drums), Ion Olteanu (lead solo guitar and vocals) and Emil Lechinţeanu (bass guitar). They achieved success, followed by tours throughout Romania and recordings for radio broadcast. At the 2006 MTV Romania Music Awards, Iris won the Best Rock Award and were nominated for Best Band and Best Live Act.

Iris (color)

Iris is an ambiguous color term, usually referring to shades ranging from blue-violet to violet.

However, in certain applications, it has been applied to an even wider array of colors, including pale blue, mauve, pink, and even yellow (the color of the inner part of the iris flower).

The name is derived from the iris flower, which comes in a broad spectrum of colors.

The first recorded use of iris as a color name in English was in the year 1916.

Iris (EP)

Iris is Miranda Sex Garden's second release, and first EP.

Iris (Iris album)

Iris (also known as Iris I) is the first album by Romanian hard-rock group Iris and the first heavy-metal disc in Romania. This album is considered one of the best of Romanian rock and it is a milestone for the rock music of the country. All of the songs were inducted into Romanian rock hall of fame, including "Trenul fără naş" ("The Train without Its Master"), which is considered an anthem for Romanian rockers.

Iris (psychedelic)

IRIS, or 2- methoxy-5- ethoxy-4- methyl amphetamine, is a lesser-known psychedelic drug and a substituted amphetamine. It is also the 5-ethoxy analog of DOM. IRIS was first synthesized by Alexander Shulgin. In his book PiHKAL (Phenethylamines i Have Known And Loved), the minimum dosage is listed as 9 mg, and the duration unknown. IRIS produces few to no effects. Very little data exists about the pharmacological properties, metabolism, and toxicity of IRIS.

Iris (diaphragm)
Iris (given name)

Iris was the 221st most popular name given to baby girls in England and Wales in 2007 and was the 245th most popular name given to baby girls born in the United States in 2014. It has ranked in the top 100 names given to baby girls in Slovenia and in Catalonia during the past decade.

Iris may refer to:

IRIS (jamming device)

IRIS is a family of ECM equipment developed by Estonian Defence Forces for purposes of interfering with remotely controlled explosive devices. In June 2009, the technology, manufactured by E-Arsenal, was sold to Latvian Army in unpublished numbers, unpublished configuration, unpublished delivery time at unpublished price.

IRIS (astronomical software)

IRIS is an astronomical image processing software. IRIS is free for non-commercial usage.

IRIS (transportation software)

IRIS (Intelligent Roadway Information System) is an open-source Advanced Traffic Management System (ATMS) software project developed by the Minnesota Department of Transportation. It is used by transportation agencies to monitor and manage interstate and highway traffic. IRIS uses the GPL license.

Iris (insect)

Iris is a genus of praying mantis found in Africa, Asia, and Southern Europe with one species, Iris oratoria, being introduced to North America in the Southwestern United States.


  • Iris coeca
  • Iris deserti
  • Iris fasciata
  • Iris insolita
  • Iris minima
  • Iris nana
  • Iris narzykulovi
  • Iris oratoria (Mediterranean Mantis)
  • Iris orientalis
  • Iris persa
  • Iris pitcheri
  • Iris polystictica
  • Iris senegalensis
  • Iris splendida
Iris (TV channel)

Iris is an Italian free entertainment television channel, launched the November 30, 2007 and produced by Mediaset. It is broadcast in Italy on DTT channel 22 on mux ''Mediaset 4 ''.

Broadcast films, TV series (uninterrupted by commercials), documentaries, theatre shows, classical music concerts, news bulletin from TGCOM and short home shopping from Mediashopping all day. It is available on digital terrestrial television and digital satellite television through Tivù Sat.

Iris (TV series)

Iris is a 2009 South Korean espionage television drama series, starring Lee Byung-hun, Kim Tae-hee, Jung Joon-ho, Kim Seung-woo, Kim So-yeon and T.O.P (Choi Seung-hyun) of Big Bang. It aired on KBS2 from October 14 to December 17, 2009, on Wednesdays and Thursdays at 21:55 for 20 episodes.

With a budget in excess of 20 billion won (17 million USD), it, along with its spin-off Athena: Goddess of War, share the record for the most expensive Korean dramas ever produced. The series was a critical and commercial success, with an average viewership of over 30% in addition to ranking as the top program consistently every week after its debut. The series also took home many of the highest honors at the 2009 KBS Drama Awards, including Lee Byung-hun winning the top recognition, the Daesang Award. Among other nominations and recognitions, Lee and Kim Tae-hee were also named as one of the best on-screen couples.

The plot revolves around two brothers from the 707th Special Mission Battalion recruited into a secret South Korean black ops agency known as the National Security Service. Of the pair, recruit Kim Hyun-jun begins to uncover evidence that his foggy past may not be so irrelevant to his joining of the secret organization after all. As the two friends find their loyalties tested and forge new, unlikely alliances, the journey takes them from their home country to Hungary, Japan, and China where they find themselves at the center of an international conspiracy.

The success of the series has led to a feature film, a 2010 spin-off, and a sequel series in 2013.

Iris (Cirque du Soleil)

Iris was a resident Cirque du Soleil show based in Los Angeles, California. It premiered on September 25, 2011 after preview performances which began on July 21, 2011. The cost for production of the show was nearly , which included the cost of renovating the Dolby Theatre in which the show was housed. Iris was written and directed by French director-choreographer Philippe Decouflé. The show explored images from the history of cinema and featured elaborate choreography, acrobatics, and a variety of contemporary circus acts. The name of the show, Iris, comes from the camera diaphragm as well as from the colored iris of the human eye.

In November 2012 it was reported that Iris would end its run at the Dolby Theatre on January 19, 2013 due to disappointing ticket sales. It was later reported that Cirque du Soleil looked into the possibility of taking Iris to other cities in the United States.

Scenes from Iris would later be incorporated into the Cirque du Soleil show Paramour which debuts on Broadway in New York City on May 25, 2016.

IRIS (biosensor)

Interferometric reflectance imaging sensor (IRIS), formerly known as the spectral reflectance imaging biosensor (SRIB), is a system that can be used as a biosensing platform capable of high-throughput multiplexing of protein–protein, protein–DNA, and DNA–DNA interactions without the use of any fluorescent labels. The sensing surface is prepared by robotic spotting of biological probes that are immobilized on functionalized Si/ SiO substrates. IRIS is capable of quantifying bimolecular mass accumulated on the surface.

Iris (singer)

Laura van den Bruel, known as Iris or Airis (born 19 January 1995) is a Belgian singer.

Iris (shipwreck)

The Iris was a schooner that sank in Lake Michigan off the coast of Washington Island in Door County, Wisconsin, United States. In 2006 the shipwreck site was added to the National Register of Historic Places.

Iris (1987 film)

Iris is a 1987 Netherlands film directed by Mady Saks and starring Monique van de Ven.

Iris (car)

Iris was a British car brand that was manufactured from 1906-1925 by Legros & Knowles Ltd in Willesden, London and Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire.

Iris (play)

Iris is a 1901 play by the British writer Arthur Wing Pinero.

Iris (train)

The Iris is an express train that links Brussels Midi/Zuid in Brussels, Belgium, with Chur station in Chur, Switzerland.

Introduced in 1974, the train is operated by the National Railway Company of Belgium (NMBS/SNCB), the Chemins de Fer Luxembourgeois (CFL), the French National Railway Corporation ( SNCF) and the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB-CFF-FFS). It is named after a flower, the Yellow Iris ( Iris pseudacorus), which was widespread in the Zenne/Senne valley, where Brussels is located.

Initially, the Iris was a first-class-only Trans Europ Express (TEE). In 1981, it became a two-class InterCity (IC), and on 31 May 1987, it was included in the then-new EuroCity (EC) network. , the Iris was one of two EuroCity train-pairs running daily between Brussels and Switzerland; the other was the Vauban.

Iris (1916 film)

Iris is a 1916 British silent romance film directed by Cecil M. Hepworth and starring Henry Ainley, Alma Taylor and Stewart Rome. It is based on the 1901 play Iris by Arthur Wing Pinero.

Usage examples of "iris".

They also favour certain plants for living quarters, among them agapanthus, lilies, irises, ice plants, ivy, nasturtiums, jasmine and strawberries.

The color faded from his eyes, leached away to white and then filled with amaranthine lacking whites, pupils and iris.

The first time they took mortgiefan their eyes changed to amaranthine, lacking in iris, whites, and pupils.

I think, looking at the blue iris paper-wrapped armature that seemed so hopeful in June.

Gavin leaned into the mirror and focused on the tiny black iris in the center of his fever blue eyes, and willed himself to ask for help.

Laura sat across the luncheon table from Iris in the lofty ceilinged Sane de Cathay of the St.

The aqueous humor leaks into the anterior chamber from nets of capillaries in the ciliary body and out again through a small duct near the point where the iris meets the cornea.

Show how the iris, the crystalline lens, the retina, the ciliary muscle, and the cornea aid in seeing.

Its stimulant action on the iris and ciliary muscle is employed when they are weak or paralysed.

Iris was Catholic if lapsed, Harold is nothing that anyone knows of, but we are being ecumenical and eirenical in dark suits.

The pupils were black and bright as obsidian, the iris opaque with fury, the whites engorged with blood.

This one involved some delicate freesia, a couple of irises and one magnificent lily.

Not because Evelyn had suggested it or because of Julio Furcal being killed, but because Iris wanted me to.

Iris looked away guiltily as Pavel motioned toward the cushions in front of him.

Iris had a good mind not to accept it, but Hec was able to convince her that she would be doing them a favour if she could accept the donation.