Crossword clues for genetics
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
1872, "laws of origination;" see genetic + -ics. A coinage of English biologist William Bateson (1861-1926). Meaning "study of heredity" is from 1891.
n. 1 (context biology genetics English) The branch of biology that deals with the transmission and variation of inherited characteristics, in particular chromosomes and DNA. 2 (context biology genetics English) The genetic makeup of a specific individual or species.
n. the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms [syn: genetic science]
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms. It is generally considered a field of biology, but it intersects frequently with many of the life sciences and is strongly linked with the study of information systems.
The father of genetics is Gregor Mendel, a late 19th-century scientist and Augustinian friar. Mendel studied 'trait inheritance', patterns in the way traits were handed down from parents to offspring. He observed that organisms (pea plants) inherit traits by way of discrete "units of inheritance". This term, still used today, is a somewhat ambiguous definition of what is referred to as a gene.
Trait inheritance and molecular inheritance mechanisms of genes are still primary principles of genetics in the 21st century, but modern genetics has expanded beyond inheritance to studying the function and behavior of genes. Gene structure and function, variation, and distribution are studied within the context of the cell, the organism (e.g. dominance) and within the context of a population. Genetics has given rise to a number of sub-fields including epigenetics and population genetics. Organisms studied within the broad field span the domain of life, including bacteria, plants, animals, and humans.
Genetic processes work in combination with an organism's environment and experiences to influence development and behavior, often referred to as nature versus nurture. The intra- or extra-cellular environment of a cell or organism may switch gene transcription on or off. A classic example is two seeds of genetically identical corn, one placed in a temperate climate and one in an arid climate. While the average height of the two corn stalks may be genetically determined to be equal, the one in the arid climate only grows to half the height of the one in the temperate climate due to lack of water and nutrients in its environment.
Genetics is a monthly scientific journal publishing investigations bearing on heredity, genetics, biochemistry and molecular biology. Genetics is published by the Genetics Society of America. It has a delayed open access policy, and makes articles available online without a subscription after 12 months have elapsed since first publication. Since 2010, it is published online-only. George Harrison Shull was the founding editor of Genetics in 1916. Its 2014 impact factor is 5.963.
Usage examples of "genetics".
The most prestigious scientific institute in Germany, the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Genetics, and Eugenics, the German Research Council, and their extensive biomedical and eugenics research programs, had no qualms about the killing of so-called inferior and polluted races.
Carolina jessamine and poison ivy coaxed to adopt the genetics of bougainvillaea and orchids, tall pines persuaded to stoop to adopt their new crowns of palm fronds.
Both of us were younger and cockier, confident in the bounty of molecular genetics, ready to use science to confound nature.
Maybe Old Mother Nature sets up some kind of overriding counterirritant when the genetics are a bad match.
It is probable that just as the multiplicity and interrelation and minuteness of many factors have been the principal discoveries of genetics in recent years that the next few years will see a great deal of evidence following the important lead of Castle and Jennings, as to variation in factors.
Mary Vaughan set up in the genetics lab at Laurentian, Reuben Montego grabbed some lunch at a Taco Bell, then headed back to St.
From virology to genetics and primate paleobiology, each of the specialties had its own esprit de corps, its own labs, its own pursuits.
Fred Gage, who is co-director of the Laboratory of Genetics at the Salk Institute.
From the narrowest point of view of genetics, the way to solve the liquor problem would be, not to eliminate drink, but to eliminate the drinker: to prevent the reproduction of the degenerate stocks and the tainted strains that contribute most of the chronic alcoholics.
As an ever-increasing number of prospective students were wooed by high-tech careers in biochemistry and genetics, the shortage of classically trained archivists, taxonomists, and systematists big-picture researchers was in danger of undermining the entire foundation of biological science.
It follows from elementary genetics that in a freely mixing and interbreeding population, any new characteristic will tend to be diluted, and will disappear within relatively few generations.
York had been a Linux evangelist, trying to convince everyone in the genetics department that they should abandon Windows and switch instead to the open-source operating system.
Quite apart from the sort of memory that neurobiologists, psychologists and even novelists talk about and with which I am concerned, mathematics and physics, chemistry, molecular biology, genetics, immunology and evolutionary biology, not to mention computer science, all use the term.
We generally now accept that genetics plays a role in the predispositions to these, and other, problems, but we do not have the measurement technology to determine if DNA actually carries, pre-programs, cells to develop the virus itself.
After all, you Shapers are constructed of genes patented by Reshaped genetics firms.