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Crossword clues for fructose

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ Add orange juice, ground nuts and fructose or honey to oat mixture.
▪ It consists of glucose and fructose, combined through their aldehyde and ketone groups.
▪ On hydrolysis, sucrose will yield 1 molecule of glucose and I molecule of fructose.
▪ Satisfy your sweet tooth with natural sugar - fructose - from fruit and berries.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Levulose \Lev"u*lose`\ (l[e^]v"[-u]*l[=o]s`), n. [See Levo-.] (Chem.) A sirupy variety of sugar, rarely obtained crystallized, occurring widely in honey, ripe fruits, etc., and hence called also fruit sugar; also called fructose. Chemical formula: C6H12O6. It is called levulose, because it rotates the plane of polarization of light to the left, in contrast to dextrose, the other product of the hydrolysis of sucrose. [Written also l[ae]vulose.]

Note: It is obtained, together with an equal quantity of dextrose, by the inversion of ordinary cane or beet sugar, and hence, as being an ingredient of invert sugar, is often so called. It is fermentable, nearly as sweet as cane sugar, and is metameric with dextrose. Cf. Dextrose.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

sugar found in fruit, 1857, coined in English from Latin fructus "fruit" (see fruit) + chemical suffix -ose (2).


n. (context carbohydrate English) A monosaccharide ketose sugar, formula C6H12O6.


n. a simple sugar found in honey and in many ripe fruits [syn: fruit sugar, levulose, laevulose]


Fructose, or fruit sugar, is a simple ketonic monosaccharide found in many plants, where it is often bonded to glucose to form the disaccharide sucrose. It is one of the three dietary monosaccharides, along with glucose and galactose, that are absorbed directly into the bloodstream during digestion. Fructose was discovered by French chemist Augustin-Pierre Dubrunfaut in 1847. The name "fructose" was coined in 1857 by the English chemist William Miller. Pure, dry fructose is a very sweet, white, odorless, crystalline solid and is the most water-soluble of all the sugars. Fructose is found in honey, tree and vine fruits, flowers, berries, and most root vegetables.

Commercially, fructose is frequently derived from sugar cane, sugar beets, and corn. Crystalline fructose is the monosaccharide, dried, ground, and of high purity. High-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is a mixture of glucose and fructose as monosaccharides. Sucrose is a compound with one molecule of glucose covalently linked to one molecule of fructose. All forms of fructose, including fruits and juices, are commonly added to foods and drinks for palatability and taste enhancement, and for browning of some foods, such as baked goods.

About 240,000 tonnes of crystalline fructose are produced annually.

There are speculations that excessive fructose consumption is a cause of insulin resistance, obesity, elevated LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, leading to metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. However, the European Food Safety Authority stated that fructose is preferred over sucrose and glucose in sugar-sweetened foods and beverages because of its lower effect on post-prandial blood glucose levels. Further, the UK's Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition in 2015 disputed the claims of fructose causing metabolic disorders, stating that "there is insufficient evidence to demonstrate that fructose intake... leads to adverse health outcomes independent of any effects related to its presence as a component of total and free sugars."

Usage examples of "fructose".

But even complex carbohydrates like bread and potatoes have a high glycemic index and trigger a rush of insulin, while simple carbohydrates like fructose do not.

Ryan took plenty of liquids with extra glucose and fructose to help the muscles rehabilitate.

Others are special flavors like a pineapple-lemon hard-shelled fruit that looks sort of like a honey-dew, and the main crop looks like a blue rubber coconut and is a nearly pure saturated solution of fructose inside, which they sell for industrial use, as a sweetener and as a feedstock for grain alcohol.

The rumpled surface engorged with saline and fructose and salicylic acid, responding to the rich mix of hormones and growth factors.

Two of the meals consisted of oatmeal, with the only difference being that one meal consisted of instant oatmeal flavored with glucose, and the other consisted of steel-cut oats flavored with fructose.

But even complex carbohydrates like bread and potatoes have a high glycemic index and trigger a rush of insulin, while simple carbohydrates like fructose do not.

The zoologist continued, "Then there're traces of formaldehyde, phenol, fructose, dextrose, cellulose.