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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a teaching establishment (=a school, college, or university)
▪ Every higher education teaching establishment is subject to rigorous scrutiny.
▪ An economic system justifies itself by pointing to the wealth it produces, and an educational establishment to skills and knowledge.
▪ To be sure, there is much within the educational establishment that cries out for reform.
▪ One of the problems is that educational establishments can't renew their equipment as often as desirable.
▪ It is amazing how dominant the educational establishment has been for so long, which is totally unacceptable.
▪ But the Literary Critic may have its finest effects outside the educational and professional establishments.
▪ However, devolution is already quite a commonplace activity in many educational establishments around the world.
▪ Indeed the supply of chaplains to educational establishments outside of our schools/colleges and their role within them needs careful appraisal.
▪ Within a large establishment such as a college it is unlikely that they will avoid some name-calling or jokes at their expense.
▪ A very large number of establishments were founded for these purposes: hospitals, charitable workshops, workhouses, Zuchthduser.
▪ In this case you will probably join as temporary legal assistant with a view to establishment later.
▪ Loyal party followers viewed Deri as a scapegoat in the scandal for both Likud Party operatives and the legal establishment.
▪ And the predominantly male legal establishment is naturally reluctant to be dispossessed.
▪ Second, it has splintered the liberal establishment.
▪ Nixon, like Lyndon Johnson, was a man of remarkable talent who was obsessed with the liberal Eastern establishment.
▪ The liberal literary establishment came to its aid.
▪ He loves to bully and to unleash his hounds on what he sees as the snooty, wishy-washy liberal establishment.
▪ The liberal establishment believes that the law should apply equally to all religions.
▪ This led her to shun alcohol and medical establishments and to follow a practical, independent, and disciplined life.
▪ As the medical establishment tightened its monopoly on diagnosis and prescription, it also expanded the area under its control.
▪ These Districts contain the most prestigious teaching hospitals, which are staffed by the medical establishment.
▪ And that tosses it into the lap of the medical establishment.
▪ It has also come under severe attack from the orthodox medical establishment.
▪ Shockingly, the medical establishment is responding.
▪ Despite the growing protests of the medical establishment, boxing still thrives at the championship level.
▪ The medical establishment is susceptible to the same prejudices of general society.
▪ Leaders of the military establishment do not, any more than their civilian colleagues, define their economy by its defects.
▪ As that buildup occurred, the United States would have plenty of time to rebuild its military establishment after any sharp cutbacks.
▪ In the United States the economic impact of the size of the post-war military establishment and budget has been tremendous.
▪ Having made real progress in establishing democratic governments and free markets, they seek to professionalize their military establishments.
▪ Political parties need to support the modern military establishment and upgrade the facilities of the army.
▪ It was in fact the Military Household and establishment of the sovereign with which the mass of people was most familiar.
▪ The last traces of independence within the military establishment were removed and the State's powers of coercion greatly enhanced.
▪ Security is a high priority in all military establishments, and sentries are constantly on patrol, twenty-four hours a day.
▪ The Eurocheque is widely accepted in shops and other establishments abroad check with your bank for details.
▪ At first the Palais advertised separately from the other dancing establishments.
▪ In addition, some authorities have transferred to their colleges of higher education advanced courses previously located in other major establishments.
▪ Putting young offenders into a prison or other custodial establishment does not deter them from offending.
▪ Many are transferred to Aylesbury when other establishments can't handle them.
▪ Students at Fourah Bay College and other establishments had demonstrated and gone on strike during March to demand a multiparty system.
▪ Vasey's, like any other establishment, was a hotbed of gossip.
▪ It is a prospect that clearly worries the West, not to mention Amman's upper class and political establishment.
▪ He battles to find cause for clemency, defying the political establishment, which wants Cindy executed.
▪ The great secret about Steve Forbes is that he is a lifelong member of the political establishment.
▪ This week, an astonishing 86 % of voters rejected the package despite a full-court press by the political establishment.
▪ Ideology is not the main reason for the division within the political establishment.
▪ Distinctly disappointing has been the negative posturing of the Unionist political establishment led by Trimble and Paisley.
▪ More important, perhaps, was the confluence of stimuli which activated the revolt of Sir Oswald Mosley against the political establishment.
▪ The successful rogues had the political establishment on their side.
▪ They include virtually the entire Republican establishment, who lent their endorsements to Bob Dole.
▪ But neither he nor his flat tax could withstand the media scrutiny and attacks from Dole and much of the Republican establishment.
▪ It is no exaggeration to say that the Republican establishment detests McCain.
▪ Not unless you've got somebody very high in the scientific establishment with enough swing to make the lesser lights take notice.
▪ Unfortunately, the quick acceptance of the recent crossover thesis by the Western scientific establishment precluded the exploration of other possibilities.
▪ The scientific establishment can resist a new idea with such complacent zeal that even Joshua with his trumpets would have no effect.
▪ The success of a scientific research establishment is directly related to the number of useful ideas that are generated by its people.
▪ Through their size, funding and concentration of personnel they are central scientific and technological establishments.
▪ His avowed purpose was to tweak the noses of the respectable scientific establishment.
▪ It is not a view shared by the scientific establishment.
▪ As it was, Harrison stood alone against the vested navigational interests of the scientific establishment.
▪ The higher education White Paper proposed abolishing the distinction between universities, polytechnics and other higher education establishments.
▪ It sent shock waves through the education establishment.
▪ Via teaching or research in tertiary and higher education establishments.
▪ In 1986, the education establishment tried to gut the program.
▪ By Feb. 9 sympathy strikes had broken out at higher education establishments in several cities.
▪ This is very important for it can decide acceptance or rejection by universities and other higher education establishments.
▪ They also work in both fundamental and applied research in industry, universities and research establishments.
▪ The success of a scientific research establishment is directly related to the number of useful ideas that are generated by its people.
▪ Look, you can just make out their bypasses and their parks, their racecourses and their research establishments.
▪ Employment opportunities also exist in universities and government research establishments.
▪ On Sept. 26 Koffigoh announced the establishment of a Defence Council with himself as chair.
▪ He also announced the establishment of a centre to provide information to the public about NEOs, but not to co-ordinate research.
▪ The meeting called for the establishment of safe areas for civilians in Bosnia-Hercegovina.
▪ He also called for the establishment of partnerships between governments and drug companies to conduct research.
▪ The move was seen to be due to the normalization of church-state relations following the establishment of the Solidarity-led government.
▪ Progress in rocket performance closely followed establishment of these organizations.
▪ Continuing developments in physics can lead to the establishment of newly-defined areas of investigation.
▪ This incident forced me to look at my future and eventually led to the establishment of my career consultancy.
▪ This generous action had led to the establishment of an excellent ongoing relationship between students and the local community.
▪ This progress of the tones is the clue which led to the establishment of the tone scale from 0 to 4.
▪ It has led to the establishment of a network of groups for young gays and lesbians.
▪ Light industries and textiles led on to the establishment of some heavy industries.
▪ The interest in classical letters and Platonic philosophy led eventually to the establishment of secular education built on humanist values.
▪ This should not be taken to imply any reduction in the facilities or standards previously provided by the establishments affected.
▪ The smaller retail establishments in town serve mainly tourists.
▪ And that tosses it into the lap of the medical establishment.
▪ Even so, an establishment tone continues to dominate the men and women of the foreign service.
▪ Health and safety habits must be learned as well as recreational pastimes, social skills, and establishment of interpersonal relations.
▪ In the bathing establishment itself the operation was long and often complicated.
▪ It is amazing how dominant the educational establishment has been for so long, which is totally unacceptable.
▪ It is apparent that he followed Miller's advice on the establishment of lawns and walks.
▪ Neither man can run on a platform of burning down the establishment.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Establishment \Es*tab"lish*ment\, n. [Cf. OF. establissement, F.

  1. The act of establishing; a ratifying or ordaining; settlement; confirmation.

  2. The state of being established, founded, and the like; fixed state.

  3. That which is established; as:

    1. A form of government, civil or ecclesiastical; especially, a system of religion maintained by the civil power; as, the Episcopal establishment of England.

    2. A permanent civil, military, or commercial, force or organization.

    3. The place in which one is permanently fixed for residence or business; residence, including grounds, furniture, equipage, etc.; with which one is fitted out; also, any office or place of business, with its fixtures; that which serves for the carrying on of a business; as, to keep up a large establishment; a manufacturing establishment.

      Exposing the shabby parts of the establishment.
      --W. Irving.

      Establishment of the port (Hydrography), a datum on which the tides are computed at the given port, obtained by observation, viz., the interval between the moon's passage over the meridian and the time of high water at the port, on the days of new and full moon.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

late 15c., "settled arrangement," also "income, property," from establish + -ment. Meaning "established church" is from 1731; Sense of "place of business" is from 1832. Meaning "social matrix of ruling people and institutions" is attested occasionally from 1923, consistently from 1955.\n\n


n. 1 The act of establishing; a ratifying or ordaining; settlement; confirmation. 2 The state of being established, founded, etc.; fixed state. 3 That which is established; as a form of government, a permanent organization, business or force, or the place where one is permanently fixed for residence. 4 (context slang English) '''The establishment''': the ruling class or authority group in a society; especially, an entrenched authority dedicated to preserving the status quo. Sometimes capitalized: the Establishment.

  1. n. the act of forming something; "the constitution of a PTA group last year"; "it was the establishment of his reputation"; "he still remembers the organization of the club" [syn: constitution, formation, organization, organisation]

  2. an organization founded and united for a specific purpose [syn: institution]

  3. the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something; "he claims that the present administration is corrupt"; "the governance of an association is responsible to its members"; "he quickly became recognized as a member of the establishment" [syn: administration, governance, governing body, brass, organization, organisation]

  4. a public or private structure (business or governmental or educational) including buildings and equipment for business or residence

  5. any large organization

  6. (ecology) the process by which a plant or animal becomes established in a new habitat [syn: ecesis]

  7. the cognitive process of establishing a valid proof [syn: validation]


Establishment may refer to:

  • The Establishment, the dominant group or elite holding effective power or authority in a society
  • The Establishment (club), an English satire club of the 1960s
  • The Establishment (comics), a comic book produced by Wildstorm
  • Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, forbidding Congress from establishing a religion
  • Establishment of a state religion ("established church"), the endorsement of a church by a nation's government
  • Freedom of establishment, the right of EU nationals to establish themselves economically in any member state of the Internal Market (European Union)

Usage examples of "establishment".

Thus, all the while that Galileo was inventing modern physics, teaching mathematics to princes, discovering new phenomena among the planets, publishing science books for the general public, and defending his bold theories against establishment enemies, he was also buying thread for Suor Luisa, choosing organ music for Mother Achillea, shipping gifts of food, and supplying his homegrown citrus fruits, wine, and rosemary leaves for the kitchen and apothecary at San Matteo.

You have to recollect, as the Conservative acutely suggests, that her timidities, at present urging her to support Establishments, pertain to her state of dependence.

The chief of the aeronautic establishment near West Point was Cabot Sinclair, and he allowed himself but one single moment of the posturing that was so universal in that democratic time.

Battle of North India, in which the entire Anglo-Indian aeronautic settlement establishment fought for three days against overwhelming odds, and was dispersed and destroyed in detail.

He was to have taken in the establishment of the Mortlake Aeroplane Company this afternoon.

After the establishment of these conditions, afferent impulses from the eyes, ears, skin, and other places, under the general direction of the cerebrum, may cause such actions as the balancing of the body, walking, etc.

Ten years ago, the Kyser had sent Dreslin to see to the establishment of farms and a colony between the Dwyssel River and the Alethe Stream.

No elderly, overweight, unkempt and accented Polish Jew, long-retired from the snack bar business and needle trade, had ever managed an aperitif in the establishment, let alone membership.

Department of Justice arising out of strikes, subversive activities in connection with labor disputes, or labor disturbances of any kind in industrial establishments which have naval contracts, either as prime contractors or subcontractors.

He had ascertained, through the medium of agents, that the Shah of Persia would, for a sum, of money paid in advance consent to the establishment of military magazines on certain points of his territory.

Finally, guardhouses and bakehouses, already falling to ruins like the mole, and an establishment for condensing water, still kept in working order, are the principal and costly novelties of the southern shore.

Upon these errors the majority of the commission based a policy by which the only opportunity that the country ever had for the establishment of a bimetallic system which should include the commercial nations of Europe, was put aside and forever lost.

The migration of the Canaanites, their establishment in Syria, and the Shepherd invasion of Egypt are, by many Arab writers, attributed to an expedition of Shedad.

Buchanan, the last President of the old school, would as soon have thought of aiding in the establishment of a monarchy among us as of accepting the doctrine of coercing the States into submission to the will of a majority, in mass, of the people of the United States.

One of the lengths to which they went was the establishment of patriarchal religion and the recasting of a father figure as the producer of the show, although from the very beginning, the cosmogonic principal had been feminine.