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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ Each of the union republics has a constitution and state structure modelled broadly on that of the central administration.
▪ The central administration of the temple, presumably the priesthood, redistributed the produce.
▪ The central administration of the Modular Course has always been keenly aware of the burden falling on Field Chairs.
▪ It seems clear therefore that the central administration was unable at this time to exercise effective financial control over the Forest wardens.
▪ Rather than a unified central administration, there is a loose confederation of ministries.
▪ The major change in the central administration was the removal of Rotherham as chancellor.
▪ What has also emerged, however, is that private sector attitudes and techniques can not easily be transplanted into central administration.
▪ With respect to other aspects of colonial administration, his proposals were a little bolder.
▪ The local magnates exercised a limited but real authority entirely independent of the colonial administration.
▪ Nor was Britain the only colonial power to incorporate existing native rulers into a system of colonial administration.
▪ It meant that colonial administrations had an extremely difficult time controlling these peoples.
▪ Furthermore, much of the writing and even foreign staff in conservation institutions are derived directly from colonial administrations.
▪ Decolonisation meant that, by and large, independent states were created out of existing areas of colonial administration, within their colonial frontiers.
▪ He was involved in the establishing of local administration, churches and schools.
▪ But remodelling the local administration had little effect; real power remained in the hands of the leading citizens of Mondovi.
▪ There was never much doubt about which language the colonial rulers would use in local administration.
▪ The Group provides advice, training and research in local government administration.
▪ The study area, Dunrossness, as defined by the local administration is not such an area.
▪ High-ranking officials were said to be rigging privatization to their own advantage, using their influence in local administrations.
▪ They have links with political bigwigs and the local administration, which is all the qualification needed to get into the business.
▪ Parliament as the law-making body does not take part in the local administration of its laws.
▪ The new Conservative administration in 1979 wished to go further.
▪ Her appointment will make her one of the highest-ranking women in the new administration.
▪ These new administrations will later form the basis for elected regional governments.
▪ Emerson concedes that the new Clinton administration sometimes failed to communicate effectively.
▪ The new administration moved with surprising caution in such areas as civil rights and social reform.
▪ Jack Kennedy summoning Robert Frost to deliver an inauguration poem and confer a bardic benediction on the new administration.
▪ He insisted that his new administration could command a majority in the country's 38-member legislature.
▪ Despite our differences, I had no need or desire to slam the new administration.
▪ In 1979 the government announced that it was determined, unlike the previous Labour administration, to control and reduce public expenditure.
▪ These are not necessarily merely the left-over business from a previous administration.
▪ Arbel was appointed by the previous administration.
▪ A cordon of armour was parked around newspapers and broadcasting stations, and key members of the previous administration were arrested.
▪ Matrix appeared to be a very, very high priority for the previous administration.
▪ Both men have stated they will not carry out a witchhunt against members of the previous administration.
▪ No explanation of what private-sector reforms that have not been tried by previous administrations might be considered now.
▪ We are helping to improve public administration and the legal system in a number of countries.
▪ Ventresca holds degrees in public administration and government from the University of San Francisco.
▪ All persons engaged in public administration serve in a special legal relationship whereby the public law institution is the employer.
▪ Local public administration clearly needs to be seen in the context of the broader political, social and economic system.
▪ Spending cuts would especially affect public administration and, within the social welfare budget, the level of payments on sickness benefit.
▪ Wolfe argues that this contradiction has three consequences for public administration.
▪ Another practical application soon followed, in the field of public administration.
▪ In comparison with these industries, retail trade and public administration have experienced limited job growth.
▪ Under the Bush administration, State Department officials met the delegates only at the beginning and end of each round.
▪ Under the Reagan and Bush administrations, this displeasure took the form of refusing to pay our assessed financial contribution.
▪ This flies in the face of the cautious nature of the Bush administration.
▪ This is a worldwide treaty, negotiated by the Reagan administration and signed by the Bush administration.
▪ Until now the Bush administration has refused to participate in such a programme.
▪ It expired April 30, but the Bush administration wants to extend it.
▪ In the meantime, having placated conservative critics, the Bush administration is waiting.
▪ The Bush administration answered yes, and produced new evidence in support.
▪ Some of the group are aiming for further education in business administration, or in other areas such as leisure and tourism.
▪ Many industrial production managers have a college degree in business administration or industrial engineering.
▪ Clear definitions covering fields of accountancy, marketing, production and business administration.
▪ He continued to work there while he pursued a degree in business administration from Philadelphia University.
▪ Initially awards are available in business administration, hospitality, and leisure and tourism.
▪ When he graduated from Northwood University with excellent training in business administration, I felt so proud.
▪ He was educated in a Nonconformist academy; his abilities lay in mathematics, engineering, and business administration.
▪ A degree in business administration or engineering management is especially useful for becoming a general manager.
▪ In foreign policy the Carter administration had a mixed record.
▪ C., who has worked for four presidents and served as a consultant on executive office reorganization for the Carter administration.
▪ The emphasis on local economic development gained its fullest expression during the Carter administration.
▪ There was a huge gap between aim and achievement in the Carter administration.
▪ Then the Carter administration lavished yet more money and mobilized the federal government anew in yet another massive drive for passage.
▪ It should include congressional leaders as well as administration officials.
▪ Chernomyrdin denied that Moscow had authorized transfer of the giant missile, administration officials said.
▪ Some hospitals spend too much on administration and not enough on medical care.
▪ The administration also proposed $600 million in tax breaks for small businesses.
▪ The Eisenhower administration refused to take military action in Vietnam.
▪ The new administration has been strongly criticized for its handling of the affair.
▪ Glynn said an apology already had been under discussion within the administration for several months.
▪ He vigorously applied Charles's policy of raising money by reviving the ancient Forest administration.
▪ It is unclear as to whether the making of an administration order crystallises a floating charge.
▪ Mr Keyes, a former radio talk-show host and Reagan administration diplomat, is the most eloquent of the Republican candidates.
▪ The cost of health service administration in the United States rose by 37% between 1983 and 1987.
▪ There are circumstances in which the incorrect diagnosis and inappropriate administration of a thrombolytic would be disastrous; for example, acute pericarditis.
▪ With a ne w Bush administration taking office, how will this relationship develop?
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Administration \Ad*min`is*tra"tion\ (?; 277), n. [OE. administracioun, L. administratio: cf. F. administration.]

  1. The act of administering; government of public affairs; the service rendered, or duties assumed, in conducting affairs; the conducting of any office or employment; direction; management.

    His financial administration was of a piece with his military administration.

  2. The executive part of government; the persons collectively who are intrusted with the execution of laws and the superintendence of public affairs; the chief magistrate and his cabinet or council; or the council, or ministry, alone, as in Great Britain.

    A mild and popular administration.

    The administration has been opposed in parliament.

  3. The act of administering, or tendering something to another; dispensation; as, the administration of a medicine, of an oath, of justice, or of the sacrament.

  4. (Law)

    1. The management and disposal, under legal authority, of the estate of an intestate, or of a testator having no competent executor.

    2. The management of an estate of a deceased person by an executor, the strictly corresponding term execution not being in use.

      Administration with the will annexed, administration granted where the testator has appointed no executor, or where his appointment of an executor for any cause has failed, as by death, incompetency, refusal to act, etc.

      Syn: Conduct; management; direction; regulation; execution; dispensation; distribution.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

mid-14c., "act of giving or dispensing;" late 14c., "management, act of administering," from Latin administrationem (nominative administratio) "aid, help, cooperation; direction, management," noun of action from past participle stem of administrare (see administer).\n

\nEarly 15c. as "management of a deceased person's estate." Meaning "the government" is attested from 1731 in British usage. Meaning "a U.S. president's period in office" is first recorded 1796 in writings of George Washington.


n. 1 (context uncountable English) The act of administering; government of public affairs; the service rendered, or duties assumed, in conducting affairs; the conducting of any office or employment; direction. 2 (context countable English) A body that administers; the executive part of government; the persons collectively who are entrusted with the execution of laws and the superintendence of public affairs; the chief magistrate and his cabinet or council; or the council, or ministry, alone, as in Great Britain. 3 (context uncountable English) The act of administering, or tendering something to another; dispensation. 4 (context uncountable business English) management. 5 (context uncountable legal UK English) An arrangement whereby an insolvent company can continue trade under supervision.

  1. n. a method of tending to (especially business) matters [syn: disposal]

  2. the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something; "he claims that the present administration is corrupt"; "the governance of an association is responsible to its members"; "he quickly became recognized as a member of the establishment" [syn: governance, governing body, establishment, brass, organization, organisation]

  3. the act of administering medication [syn: giving medication]

  4. the tenure of a president; "things were quiet during the Eisenhower administration" [syn: presidency, presidential term]



Administration may refer to:

  • Administration (British football), reorganisation of a British football club's financial affairs that occurs when the club cannot pay its debts
  • Administration (law), whereby an insolvent company can continue trading under supervision
  • Administration (probate law), administration of an estate on death
  • Central administration, the highest administrative department of an organization
  • Drug administration, delivery of a drug into the body
  • Management, the act of directing people towards accomplishing a goal
    • Academic administration, a branch of an academic institution responsible for the maintenance and supervision of the institution
    • Military administration, the techniques and systems used by military services involved in the management of the armed forces
    • Public administration, advancement and implementation of government policy, or the management of public programs
    • Business administration, the performance or management of business operations
    • Administration (government), management in or of government
  • Network administration, configuration of a computer network
  • System administration, the upkeep, configuration, and reliable operation of computer systems
Administration (government)

The term administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction.

Administration (probate law)

In common-law jurisdictions, administration of an estate on death arises if the deceased is legally intestate, meaning they did not leave a will, or some assets are not disposed of by their will.

Where a person dies leaving a will appointing an executor, and that executor validly disposes of the property of the deceased within England and Wales, then the estate will go to probate. However, if no will is left, or the will is invalid or incomplete in some way, then administrators must be appointed. They perform a similar role to the executor of a will but, where there are no instructions in a will, the administrators must distribute the estate of the deceased according to the rules laid down by statute and the common trust.

Certain property falls outside the estate for administration purposes, the most common example probably being houses jointly owned that pass by survivorship on the first death of a couple into the sole name of the survivor. Other examples include discretionary death benefits from pension funds, accounts with certain financial institutions subject to a nomination and the proceeds of life insurance policies which have been written into trust. Trust property will also frequently fall outside of the estate but this will depend on the terms of the trust.

An administrator (sometimes known as the administratrix, if female) acts as the personal representative of the deceased in relation to land and other property in the UK. Consequently, when the estate under administration consists wholly or mainly of land, the court will grant administration to the heir to the exclusion of the next of kin. In the absence of any heir or next of kin, the Crown has the right to property (other than land) as bona vacantia, and to the land by virtue of the historic land rights of the Crown (and the Duchy of Cornwall and Duchy of Lancaster in their respective areas). If a creditor claims and obtains a Grant of Administration, the court compels him or her to enter into a bond with two sureties that he or she will not prefer his or her own debt to those of other creditors.

Administration (law)

As a legal concept, administrative receivership is a procedure under the insolvency laws of a number of common law jurisdictions. It functions as a rescue mechanism for insolvent entities and allows them to carry on running their business. The process – in the United Kingdom colloquially called "under administration" – is an alternative to liquidation, or may be a precursor to it. A company in administrative receivership is operated by an administrator (as interim chief executive with custodial responsibility for the company's assets and obligations) on behalf of its creditors. The administrator may recapitalise the business, sell the business to new owners, or demerge it into elements that can be sold and close the remainder.

Most countries distinguish between voluntary (board-decided) and involuntary (court-decided) receivership. In voluntary administrative receivership, the administrator is appointed by the company directors. In involuntary administrative receivership, the administrator is appointed by a judicial court. The legal terms for these processes vary from country to country, and the processes may overlap.

Administration (British football)

In the United Kingdom, football clubs sometimes choose to enter administration when they are unable to pay off outstanding debts. Under the Insolvency Act 1986, a business will face a winding-up order bringing them to court and if it is shown that a business cannot pay debts as they fall due or cannot repay outstanding debts then the company will be classified as insolvent. Administration puts accountants "in charge of pretty much everything apart from coaching the players and picking the team". For a football club in administration, the "football creditors rule" requires football-related debts such as wages owed to players and staff, and transfer fees owed to other clubs to be paid first.

Usage examples of "administration".

It has been subsequently held many times that municipal corporations are mere instrumentalities of the State for the more convenient administration of local governments, whose powers may be enlarged, abridged, or entirely withdrawn at the pleasure of the legislature.

It took the position that even if freedom of the press was protected against abridgment by the State, a publication tending to obstruct the administration of justice was punishable, irrespective of its truth.

This new totality of power was structured in part by new capitalist productive processes on the one hand and old networks of absolutist administration on the other.

The employment of other medicines frequently should be preceded by the administration of an agent of this class, to neutralize excessive acidity in the stomach and bowels.

But as the breach between himself and Congress widened, as the bitterness between the partisans of the Executive and of the Legislative Departments grew more intense, the belief became general, that, as soon as Congress should adjourn, there would be a removal of all Federal officers throughout the Union who were not faithful to the principles, and did not respond to the exactions, of the Administration.

Inasmuch as it is within the power of a State to provide that one who has undertaken administration of an estate shall remain subject to the order of its courts until said administration is closed, it follows that there can be no question as to the validity of a judgment for unadministered assets obtained on service of publication plus service personally upon an executor in the State in which he had taken refuge and in which he had been adjudged incompetent.

If we try to continue as it now does, this institution will inevitably fall under the direct administration of a government agency and the rules of admittance, of residence, of entertainment and of general behaviour will change drastically, change soon, and change to the worse for most of you.

US National Aeronautics and Space Administration to make visual observations of large artificial satellites passing overhead.

What they wanted was not a limited, academic type of inquiry such as they expected to be made by the Condon team, but a country-wide effort involving the resources of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Moshe Dayan, Amit was tapped to run the Mossad in 1963 while studying business administration at Columbia University in New York City.

For I, for only the time during which I governed the archbishopric of Manila, have, in consideration of the welfare of the Indians and the devotion and efficient method of administration which those of the Society preserve among them in all parts, entrusted them with new posts.

It is easy for faction and calumny to shed their poison on the administration of the best of princes, and to accuse even their virtues by artfully confounding them with those vices to which they bear the nearest affinity.

An important segment of the natural right school thus developed the idea of distributing and articulating the transcendent sovereignty through the real forms of administration.

Whereas an important segment of the natural right school developed the idea of articulating transcendent sovereignty through the real forms of administration, the historicist thinkers of the Enlightenment attempted to conceive the subjectivity of the historical process and thereby find an effective ground for the title and exercise of sovereignty.

A time is reached, during the administration of barbiturates, when so much of a drug is needed to bring about artificial sleep that the side-effects are likely to cause death.