Crossword clues for diabetes
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
diabetes \di`a*be"tes\, n. [NL., from Gr. ?, fr. ? to pass or cross over. See Diabase.] (Med.) Any of several diseases which is attended with a persistent, excessive discharge of urine; when used without qualification, the term usually refers to diabetes mellitus. The most common form is diabetes mellitus, in which the urine is not only increased in quantity, but contains saccharine matter, and the condition if untreated is generally fatal.
Note: The two major subtypes recognized are
diabetes mellitus. In diabetes insipidus there is
excretion of large amounts of urine of relatively low
density, accompanied by extreme thirst, but the urine
contains no abnormal constituent. The more serious form
diabetes mellitus (from Latin mellitus, sweetened with
honey) is a metabolic disease in which the utilization of
carbohydrate is reduced and that of lipids and proteins is
increased. This form is caused by a deficiency in insulin
(which is mostly formed in the pancreas), and may be
accompanied by glucosuria, hyperglycemia, elecrolyte loss,
ketoacidosis, and sometimes coma. It has severe long-term
effects, including damage to the nerves, the retina, and
the kidney, and degeneration of blood vessels which may
lead to poor circulation, especially in the limbs,
subsequent infection, and eventual loss of limbs.
Diabetes mellitus itself has recognized variants, being
divided into insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and
non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is also called
adult-onset diabetes (abbreviated NIDDM), and is the
less severe form of diabetes mellitus, occurring mostly in
obese individuals over the age of 35. It may be treated by
diet and oral hypoglycemic agents, though occasionally
serious degenerative effects may develop.
Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (abbreviated IDDM),
also called type I diabetes, is a severe form of the
disease, usually starting when the affected person is
young (hence also called juvenile-onset diabetes). In
addition to the increased urine (polyuria) common to all
forms of diabetes, this form is characterized by low
levels of insulin in the blood, ketoacidosis, increased
appetite, and increased fluid intake, and may lead to
weight loss and eventually the severe degenerative effects
mentioned above. Treatment requires administration of
insulin and careful regulation of the diet.
Diabetes mellitus [NL., sweet diabetes], that form of diabetes in which the urine contains saccharine matter.
Diabetes insipidus [NL., lit., diabetes], the form of diabetes in which the urine contains no abnormal constituent.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
1560s, from medical Latin diabetes, from late Greek diabetes "excessive discharge of urine" (so named by Aretaeus the Cappadocian, physician of Alexandria, 2c.), literally "a passer-through, siphon," from diabainein "to pass through," from dia- "through" (see dia-) + bainein "to go" (see come).\n
\nAn old common native name for it was pissing evil. In classical Greek, diabainein meant "to stand or walk with the legs apart," and diabetes meant "a drafting compass," from the position of the legs.
n. 1 A group of metabolic diseases whereby a person (or other animal) has high blood sugar due to an inability to produce, or inability to metabolize, sufficient quantities of the hormone insulin. 2 diabetes insipidus, a condition characterized by excessive thirst and excretion of large amounts of severely diluted urine.
n. any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
Diabetes is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal published since 1952 by the American Diabetes Association. It covers research about the physiology and pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus including any aspect of laboratory, animal or human research. Emphasis is on investigative reports focusing on areas such as the pathogenesis of diabetes and its complications, normal and pathologic pancreatic islet function and intermediary metabolism, pharmacological mechanisms of drug and hormone action, and biochemical and molecular aspects of normal and abnormal biological processes.
According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2014 impact factor of 8.095, ranking it eighth out of 128 journals in the category "Endocrinology & Metabolism".
Usage examples of "diabetes".
The various corticoids, singly and together, could be used in cases of adrenal cortical failure much as insulin is used in diabetes.
High blood pressure magnifies the aging and symptoms associated with diabetes, causes kidney failure and many other hormone-related conditions, and be triggered by thyroid, adrenal, or kidney problems.
These have been shown to help increase insulin receptivity, which can help lower the risk of aging from type 2 diabetes.
From the undoubted fact that gene mutations like the Tay-Sachs mutation or chromosomal abnormalities like the extra chromosome causing Down syndrome are the sources of pathological variation, human geneticists have assumed that heart disease, diabetes, breast cancer, and bipolar syndrome must also be genetic variants.
She hated cystic fibrosis just like you hate diabetes, but there was nothing she or I-could do.
No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including duplication, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the American Diabetes Association.
American Diabetes Association, but they do not represent the policy or position of the Association or any of its boards or committees.
However, the American Diabetes Association cannot ensure the safety or efficacy of any product or service described in this publication.
The American Diabetes Associationits officers, directors, employees, volunteers, and members assumes no responsibility or liability for personal or other injury, loss, or damage that may result from the suggestions or information in this publication.
I also appreciate the invaluable help of eight people with diabetes who contributed their experiences and their wisdom to my book: Jewett Pattee, Reverend Edward Schroeder, Michael Jessup, Rod Frantz, Vicki Gaubeca, Michael Raymond, Joe Clifford, and Jim Collins.
I had been diagnosed with adult-onset, non-insulin-dependent, type 2 diabetes about ten days before, and I was just beginning to accept the reality of this sweet kiss of death.
It took me several moments to take in the significance of this droll remark: that I was entering a new community made up of people with diabetes, that we were all in this together, and that there was even a clever nickname attached to the membership.
Then I began to laugh, for the first time since diabetes had changed my life.
Since being diagnosed with diabetes, I had been feeling sorry for myself in an elaborate way.
It would be no great exaggeration to call diabetes a spiritual experience, in much the same vein as a bar mitzvah, a sacrament, or the moment of enlightenment.