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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ Knowledge of human physiology would enable witnesses of the bump to predict the appearance of the bruise.
▪ It seems that for every additional piece of knowledge we acquire about human physiology and disease, new questions are raised.
▪ a study of the physiology of whales
▪ Chemistry was parexcellence the laboratory science of the earlier nineteenth century, but experimental physics and physiology needed similar facilities.
▪ From this Russell concludes that dinosaurs were more like birds in their soft anatomy and physiology.
▪ It is little wonder then, given these handicaps of sheer physiology, that chimps are incapable of speech.
▪ That was good psychology, and good physiology.
▪ The session may cover the background anatomy and physiology necessary for the understanding of diseases treated on the ward.
▪ This holding-back plays havoc with bodily functions, and research is continually showing us new relationships between stress and our physiology.
▪ This suggests that individual variations in physiology and metabolism must be an important factor.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Physiology \Phys`i*ol"o*gy\, n.; pl. Physiologies. [L. physiologia, Gr. ?; fy`sis nature + ? discourse: cf. F. physiologie.]

  1. The science which treats of the phenomena of living organisms; the study of the processes incidental to, and characteristic of, life.

    Note: It is divided into animal and vegetable physiology, dealing with animal and vegetable life respectively. When applied especially to a study of the functions of the organs and tissues in man, it is called human physiology.

  2. A treatise on physiology.

    Mental physiology, the science of the functions and phenomena of the mind, as distinguished from a philosophical explanation of the same.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1560s, "study and description of natural objects," from Middle French physiologie or directly from Latin physiologia "natural science, study of nature," from Greek physiologia "natural science, inquiry into nature," from physio- "nature" (see physio-) + logia "study" (see -logy). Meaning "science of the normal function of living things" is attested from 1610s. Related: Physiologic; physiologist.


n. 1 A branch of biology that deals with the functions and activities of life or of living matter (as organs, tissues, or cells) and of the physical and chemical phenomena involved. 2 (context obsolete English) The study and description of natural objects; natural science.

  1. n. the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms

  2. processes and functions of an organism


Physiology (; ) is the scientific study of the normal function in living systems. A sub-discipline of biology, its focus is in how organisms, organ systems, organs, cells, and biomolecules carry out the chemical or physical functions that exist in a living system. Given the size of the field, it is divided into, among others, animal physiology (including that of humans), plant physiology, cellular physiology, microbial physiology ( microbial metabolism), bacterial physiology, and viral physiology. The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded to those who make significant achievements in this discipline by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In medicine, a physiologic state is one occurring from normal body function, rather than pathologically, which is centered on the abnormalities that occur in animal diseases, including humans.

Physiology (journal)

Physiology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal on physiology published by the American Physiological Society and the International Union of Physiological Societies. Before August 2003, it was named News in Physiological Sciences. The current editor-in-chief is Gary C. Sieck ( Mayo Clinic).

Usage examples of "physiology".

One may safely assert that not a single recent graduate from any Medical College in America, not a single student of physiology in any institution of learning in our land to-day, has ever been told that the practice of animal experimentation was once thus regarded by a large majority of the English-speaking members of the medical profession.

Mind-Body Medical Institute, showed that experienced meditators could produce dramatic changes in their physiology while meditating.

The future of anatomy and physiology, as an enthusiastic micrologist of the time said, was in the hands of Messrs.

It must be remembered that both for husband and wife in most cases monogamic life marriage involves an element of sacrifice, it is an institution of late appearance in the history of mankind, and it does not completely fit the psychology or physiology of any but very exceptional characters in either sex.

They quantified this by studying the physiology of monozygotic twins and comparing it to the general population.

Ive spent the entire night studying their morphology and physiology, and other than that slight difference in electrolytes I detected when we were on the planets surface, Ive found nothing to account for their deaths.

If you are somewhat familiar with humanoids, then why can you not use your superior intellect to learn their morphology and physiology?

The external environment in such a view is the cause, the evolved morphology, physiology, and behavior of the organism is the effect, and natural selection is the mechanism by which the autonomous external cause is translated into the effect.

It follows that the considerable genetic variation for morphology and behavior that is actually observed in nature either is without any effective consequence for the general physiology and metabolism of the organisms or has consequences that vary idiosyncratically from individual to individual or from one environmental context to another in such a way as to make no average difference.

Gordon went on for five minutes about the physiology of the spleen and the new drug somatostatin, which could close a pancreatic fistula in days.

Lokos was a wealthy man, employed a large retinue of servants and saw to it that every minute his apprentices were not eating, sleeping or devoting to duties in shop, workrooms or garden, they were reading his extensive collection of works on pharmacology, human and animal physiology, differing theories respecting the treatment of wounds, injuries and illnesses, horticulture of herbs and a vast array of other interrelated subjects.

At such a time, reflect on how your bliss is made paradoxically possible by precisely those features of your physiology that distinguished your remote ancestors as they languished in harems, or as they rotated among promiscuously shared sex partners.

But if you go to a healer when you are suffering from vague, undiagnosed complaints, she might be able to reach into your past and send you healing information that you can incorporate into your physiology in a health-promoting way.

About two years ago, our Royal Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals became possessed of the knowledge that it was still the practice in the schools of Anatomy and Physiology in France for lecturers and demonstrators to tie down cats, dogs, rabbits, etc.

Experiments on animals are in no way indispensable to completely efficacious instruction in physiology.