Crossword clues for cistern
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Cistern \Cis"tern\, n. [OE. cisterne, OF. cisterne, F. cisterne, fr. L. cisterna, fr. cista box, chest. See Cist, and cf. chest.]
An artificial reservoir or tank for holding water, beer, or other liquids.
A natural reservoir; a hollow place containing water. ``The wide cisterns of the lakes.''
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
mid-13c., from Old French cisterne "cistern; dungeon, underground prison" (12c., Modern French citerne), from Latin cisterna "underground reservoir for water," from cista "chest, box," from Greek kiste "box, chest" (see chest).
n. A reservoir or tank for holding water, especially for catching and holding rainwater for later use.
A cistern ( Middle English , from Latin , from , "box", from Greek , "basket") is a waterproof receptacle for holding liquids, usually water. Cisterns are often built to catch and store rainwater. Cisterns are distinguished from wells by their waterproof linings. Modern cisterns range in capacity from a few litres to thousands of cubic metres, effectively forming covered reservoirs.
Cistern may refer to:
- Cistern, a water storage tank
- Cistern (neuroanatomy), an opening in the subarachnoid space of the brain
- Cistern, Texas, a village in Texas
Cistern is an ochestral album by Sacramento-born musician, composer and arranger Jherek Bischoff. It was released by The Leaf Label and Brassland on 15 July 2016.
In neuroanatomy, a cistern ( Latin: "box") is any opening in the subarachnoid space of the brain created by a separation of the arachnoid and pia mater. These spaces are filled with cerebrospinal fluid.
Although the pia mater adheres to the surface of the brain, closely following the contours of its gyri and sulci, the arachnoid covers only its superficial surface. It follows from this that in certain areas around the brain the pia and arachnoid are separated widely; in such regions are formed cavities called the subarachnoid cisterns.
Although they are often described as distinct compartments, the subarachnoid cisterns are in fact not truly anatomically distinct. Rather, these subarachnoid spaces are separated from each other by a trabeculated porous wall with various-sized openings.
There are many cisterns in the brain with several especially large, notable ones each with their own name.
Some major subarachnoid cisterns:
- Cisterna magna - the largest of the subarachnoid cisterns. It lies between the cerebellum and the medulla oblongata. It receives CSF from the fourth ventricle via the median aperture. The cisterna magna contains:
- The vertebral artery and the origin of the posteroinferior cerebellar artery (PICA).
- The ninth (IX), tenth (X), eleventh (XI) and twelfth (XII) cranial nerves.
- The choroid plexus.
- Pontine cistern . Surrounds the ventral aspect of the pons. It receives CSF via the paired lateral aperture. It contains:
- The basilar artery and the origin of the anteroinferior cerebellar artery (AICA).
- The origin of the superior cerebellar arteries.
- The sixth (VI) cranial nerve.
- Cerebellopontine angle cistern. It is situated in the lateral angle between the cerebellum and the pons. It contains:
- The seventh (VII) and eighth (VIII) cranial nerves.
- The anteroinferior cerebellar artery (AICA).
- The fifth (V) cranial nerve and the petrosal vein.
- Interpeduncular cistern. It is situated between at the base of the brain, between the two temporal lobes. It contains:
- The optic chiasm
- The bifurcation of the basilar artery.
- Peduncular segments of the posterior cerebral arteries (PCA).
- Peduncular segments of the superior cerebellar arteries.
- Perforating branches of the PCA.
- The posterior communicating arteries (PCoA).
- The basal vein of Rosenthal.
- The third (III) cranial nerve, which passes between the posterior cerebral and superior cerebellar arteries.
- Superior cistern - It is situated dorsal to the midbrain. Thin, sheet-like extensions of the superior cistern that extend laterally about the midbrain, connecting it to the interpeduncular cistern. Ambient cistern may also refer to the combination of these extensions and the superior cistern. It is composed of a supratentorial and an infratentorial compartment.It contains:
- The great cerebral vein.
- The posterior pericallosal arteries.
- The third portion of the superior cerebellar arteries.
- Perforating branches of the posterior cerebral and superior cerebellar arteries.
- The third portion of the posterior cerebral arteries.
- The basal vein of Rosenthal.
- The posterior cerebral artery.
- The superior cerebellar artery.
- The fourth (IV) nerve.
- Crural cistern. It is situated around the ventrolateral aspect of the midbrain. It contains:
- The anterior choroidal artery.
- The medial posterior choroidal artery.
- The basal vein of Rosenthal.
- Carotid cistern. It is situated between the carotid artery and the ipsilateral optic nerve. It contains:
- The internal carotid artery.
- The origin of the anterior choroidal artery.
- The origin of the posterior communicating artery.
- Insular/Sylvian cistern. It is situated in the fissure between the frontal and temporal lobes. It contains:
- The middle cerebral artery.
- The middle cerebral veins.
- The fronto-orbital veins.
- Collaterals to the basal vein of Rosenthal.
- Cistern of lamina terminalis. It is situated just rostral to the third ventricle. It contains:
- The anterior cerebral arteries (A1 and proximal A2).
- The anterior communicating artery.
- Heubner's artery.
- The hypothalamic arteries.
- The origin of the fronto-orbital arteries.
- Lumbar cistern. It extends from the conus medullaris (L1-L2) to about the level of the second sacral vertebra. It contains the filum terminale and the nerve roots of the cauda equina. It is from the cistern that CSF is withdrawn during lumbar puncture.
It is of clinical significance that cerebral arteries, veins and cranial nerves must pass through the subarachnoid space, and these structures maintain their meningeal investment until around their point of exit from the skull.
Usage examples of "cistern".
Then the chyle, conveyed through the thoracic duct from its cistern in the mesentery, is carried to the vena cava, and so to the heart.
Some of those who were diggers of trenches and hewers of cisterns said that it was their work which had wrought the change.
I could not imagine how they came by ice in that clime, but the Archon assured me that there is snow on the highest peaks of Kriti in winter, and they freeze great blocks of ice which they hoard throughout the summer in deep, cool cisterns.
There was a central cistern in this quarter of the city, and knowing where he was in relationship to it provided Limm with a navigational aid as good as any map, but only if he kept his wits about him and concentrated.
The peeve had been running back and forth all morning, only pausing to drink from the cistern in the roof gulley.
He ran water from the cistern in the yard and sponged off in the kitchen, the silence of the town sawing at his nerves.
After the wool has been through these scouring liquors it is thrown on a scray to drain, and is next placed in cisterns which have perforated false bottoms.
This ocean of falling water is received on a region sloping towards the north, and is conveyed by a thousand channels to the vast rocky cisterns which form the Speke and Baker Lakes.
The late caravaner had said it possessed capacious cisterns, fed by both springlets in the mountains around it and the infrequent rainfall.
As far as I know he is still stringless, just as I am still waiting for somebody to do something about the cistern.
Nylan smiled, but the smile faded as he thought of the uncompleted bathhouse and unfinished outside conduits to the cistern.
One day Abel Veritt, Del Erick, and others helped Rimon build a cistern atop the hill, to catch rain and melting snow.
Winding picturesquely among the trees, well-worn trails led to the Goat-House, to the western slope where Williams lived, to the Aute Valley where the principal gardens of the cloth-plant had been laid out, to the yam and sweet-potato patches and plantain walks, to the rock cisterns Christian had insisted on building in case of drought, to the Rope, and to the saw pit, still used occasionally when someone was in need of plank.
All of their lamp packs were now dead, and as they moved away from the Edicule chambers into the darker sections of the labyrinth, they had to halt while Mkoll and Caffran scouted ahead to salvage doth and wood from the bodies of the dead foe in the cistern approach.
All of their lamp packs were now dead, and as they moved away from the Edicule chambers into the darker sections of the labyrinth, they had to halt while Mkoll and Caffran scouted ahead to salvage cloth and wood from the bodies of the dead foe in the cistern approach.