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Crossword clues for cartilage

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ He left by stretcher with cartilage damage.
▪ Wearing the Lord of the Isles tartan, he used a crook to support the knee recently operated on for cartilage damage.
▪ The diagnosis could worsen if specialists decide he needs surgery on knee ligament or cartilage damage.
▪ Peter Nicholas will be out of the Chelsea team for a month after a cartilage operation yesterday.
▪ Had it landed, the blow would have crushed the cartilage and killed him instantly.
▪ It has somewhat toughened and dark flesh, coarse skin, and a somewhat hardened breastbone cartilage. 6.
▪ It has tender meat; soft, pliable, smooth-textured skin; and flexible breastbone cartilage. 3.
▪ Pull meat off ducks and remove any skin, cartilage, or bone.
▪ Pulsing flesh, exposed cartilage and bone fastened to mattresses shoved against hospital walls.
▪ Such buds containing re-aggregated cells do not develop normally but they can form jointed cartilage elements and sometimes very good-looking digit-like structures.
▪ There were also floating bits of cartilage running round the knee.
▪ They are among the most primitive on bony fish, though their skeleton consists largely of cartilage.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Cartilage \Car"ti*lage\, n. [L. cartilago; cf. F. cartilage.] (Anat.) A translucent, elastic tissue; gristle.

Note: Cartilage contains no vessels, and consists of a homogeneous, intercellular matrix, in which there are numerous minute cavities, or capsules, containing protoplasmic cells, the cartilage corpuscul. See Illust under Duplication.

Articular cartilage, cartilage that lines the joints.

Cartilage bone (Anat.), any bone formed by the ossification of cartilage.

Costal cartilage, cartilage joining a rib with he sternum. See Illust. of Thorax.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

early 15c., from Middle French cartilage (16c.) and directly from Latin cartilaginem (nominative cartilago) "cartilage, gristle," possibly related to Latin crates "wickerwork."


n. (context anatomy English) A type of dense, non-vascular connective tissue, usually found at the end of joints, the rib cage, the ear, the nose, in the throat and between intervertebral disks.


n. tough elastic tissue; mostly converted to bone in adults [syn: gristle]


Cartilage is a resilient and smooth elastic tissue, covering and protecting the ends of the long bones at joints, and is a structural component of the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the bronchial tubes, the intervertebral discs, and many more other body components. It is not as hard and rigid as bone, but it is stiffer and less flexible than muscle.

Because of its rigidity, cartilage often serves the purpose of holding tubes open in the body. Examples include the rings of the trachea, such as the cricoid cartilage and carina, the torus tubarius at the opening of the pharyngotympanic/auditory tube, the ala of the nostrils, and the auricle/pinna of the ear.

Cartilage is composed of specialized cells called chondrocytes that produce a large amount of collagenous extracellular matrix, abundant ground substance that is rich in proteoglycan and elastin fibers. Cartilage is classified in three types, elastic cartilage, hyaline cartilage and fibrocartilage, which differ in relative amounts of collagen and proteoglycan.

Cartilage does not contain blood vessels (it is avascular) or nerves (it is aneural). Nutrition is supplied to the chondrocytes by diffusion. The compression of the articular cartilage or flexion of the elastic cartilage generates fluid flow, which assists diffusion of nutrients to the chondrocytes. Compared to other connective tissues, cartilage has a very slow turnover of its extracellular matrix and does not repair.

Cartilage (journal)

Cartilage is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal that covers research in the field of sports medicine, especially the musculoskeletal system with particular attention to cartilage repair, function, and degeneration. The editor-in-chief is Roy D. Altman. It was established in 2010 and is currently published by SAGE Publications on behalf of the International Cartilage Repair Society.

Usage examples of "cartilage".

Daniel had elected to have arthroscopic surgery on both knees, one at a time, for cartilage torn by years of humping big loads down big mountains.

He had studied anatomy and could feel the cricoid cartilage break, collapsing the vocal ligament into her rima glottidis, rendering her mute.

In addition to this the articular surfaces are quite smooth and dense, having no Haversian canals, and they are covered with a layer of cartilage.

Made up of ligaments and cartilage, joints are well lubed to keep your bones moving smoothly.

So as your tendons, cartilage, and nerves rub against the newly formed, yet imperfect, bone, the joints can become inflamed.

By taking extracted glucosamine, you might be able to keep the cartilage pliable enough to help maintain adequate lubrication between your joints and to act as a shock absorber between bones.

They discovered that the crico id cartilage, which is the ringlike structure of cartilage below the thyroid, was broken in two places.

When the hand had been reduced to little more than skeletal, with a few scraps of cartilage and flesh still hanging off it, she bit through the tiny clattering bones, but there was only a dribble of marrow.

Muirhead cites an instance in which a firm, broad strip of cartilage resembling sternomastoid extended from below the left ear to the left upper corner of the sternum, being entirely separate from the jaw.

Only the tough subdermal cartilage sheath had kept the epidermis from dissolving from the inside out, but that was beginning to liquefy, too.

Only the skin without the cartilage should be sutured, and general treatment for encouraging union should be employed.

The cartilage detached easily, allowing me to see that both symphyseal faces were smooth, with some depression relative to their rims.

Nevertheless, in order to test their power of digestion, minute fragments of roast meat, three small cubes of albumen, and three of cartilage, were pushed through the orifice into the bladders of vigorous plants.

It is characterised by the gradual destruction of the central part of the cartilage lining the affected joint.

The secretion, as we have seen, completely dissolves albumen, muscle, fibrin, areolar tissue, cartilage, the fibrous basis of bone, gelatine, chondrin, casein in the state in which it exists in milk, and gluten which has been subjected to weak hydrochloric acid.