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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ For over six months faulty filters were letting benzene through.
▪ One of the hydrogen atoms in ammonia is replaced by a benzene ring.
▪ Solid begins to form at point A. Depending on the composition of the mixture, the solid will be either benzene or naphthalene.
▪ Studies on people exposed to high concentrations of benzene in the workplace have shown it is linked with leukaemia.
▪ The copious benzene rings and potential carboxylic acid groups in coal suggest that these transformations might not be too difficult.
▪ The corresponding value for the distribution of iodine in benzene and water is about 400.
▪ The curve in the middle shows what happens when a mixture of benzene and naphthalene is cooled.
▪ Typical results are shown in table 9.2 for a polystyrene sample dissolved in benzene.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Benzene \Ben"zene\, n. [From Benzoin.] (Chem.) A volatile, very inflammable liquid, C6H6, contained in the naphtha produced by the destructive distillation of coal, from which it is separated by fractional distillation. The name is sometimes applied also to the impure commercial product or benzole, and also, but rarely, to a similar mixed product of petroleum.

Benzene nucleus, Benzene ring (Chem.), a closed chain or ring, consisting of six carbon atoms, each with one hydrogen atom attached, regarded as the type from which the aromatic compounds are derived. This ring formula is provisionally accepted as representing the probable constitution of the benzene molecule, C6H6, and as the type on which its derivatives are formed.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1835, benzine, altered from German Benzin, coined in 1833 by German chemist Eilhardt Mitscherlich (1794-1863) from Benz(oesäure) "benzoic acid" + -in, indicating "derived from" (see -ine (2)). Mitscherlich obtained it from a distillation of benzoic acid, obtained from benzoin. The form benzene (with hydrocarbon suffix -ene), proposed in 1835, began to be used from 1838 in English, but in mid-19c. it also commonly was called benzol.


n. (context organic compound English) An aromatic hydrocarbon of formula C6H6 whose structure consists of a ring of alternate single and double bonds.


n. a colorless liquid hydrocarbon; highly inflammable; carcinogenic; the simplest of the aromatic compounds [syn: benzine, benzol]

Benzene (data page)

This page provides supplementary chemical data on benzene.

Benzene (disambiguation)

Benzene is an aromatic hydrocarbon.

Benzene or related words may also refer to:

  • Benzene (data page)
  • The homophone Benzine is an alternate name for gasoline in many countries
  • Benzine can refer to petroleum ether
  • Benzin is a song by Rammstein
  • Benzene Convention, 1971
  • Benzyne, the hydrocarbon 1,2-Didehydrobenzene

Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C H. The benzene molecule is composed of 6 carbon atoms joined in a ring with 1 hydrogen atom attached to each. Because it contains only carbon and hydrogen atoms, benzene is classed as a hydrocarbon.

Benzene is a natural constituent of crude oil and is one of the elementary petrochemicals. Because of the cyclic continuous pi bond between the carbon atoms, benzene is classed as an aromatic hydrocarbon, the second [n]- annulene ([6]-annulene). It is sometimes abbreviated Ph–H. Benzene is a colorless and highly flammable liquid with a sweet smell. It is used primarily as a precursor to the manufacture of chemicals with more complex structure, such as ethylbenzene and cumene, of which billions of kilograms are produced. Because benzene has a high octane number, it is an important component of gasoline.

Because benzene is a human carcinogen, most non-industrial applications have been limited.

Usage examples of "benzene".

Living human stuff was only a business of benzene rings and side-chains, just like his dyes!

Then the gummy organic residue is dissolved in the combined benzene extracts.

The benzene solution is washed with water and dried over sodium sulfate.

The benzene solution is transferred to a distilling flask, and the benzene is removed under diminished pressure.

Benzoline is not the same as benzene or benzol, which is one of the products of the dry distillation of coal.

Crystal shivers poured down from the chandelier, the mantelpiece mirror was cracked into stars, plaster dust flew, spent cartridges bounced over the floor, window-panes shattered, benzene spouted from the bullet-pierced primus.

Then he splashed down some benzene, and this benzene caught fire by itself, throwing a wave of flame up to the very ceiling.

But the perfidious Behemoth doused the confectionery counter with benzene from his primus, as one douses a bench in a bathhouse widi a tub of water, and it blazed up of itself.

The salesgirls dashed shrieking from behind die counters, and as soon as diey came from behind them, die linen curtains on the windows blazed up and the benzene on die floor ignited.

Perhaps there was a solution to all this, a solution as perfect, elegant, and obvious as the benzene ring.

In 1865 the most pressing and puzzling problem in organic structural chemistry was the nature of the benzene molecule.

On awakening and recalling this dream fragment, Kekule realized instantly that the solution to the benzene problem was a hexagonal ring of carbon atoms rather than a straight chain.

In the tank where the benzene solution of peptide derivatives sprayed in tiny bubbles into a water phase, the mixture acted wrong.

Mixed with organic solvents like carbon disulfide or benzene, it can be very toxic.

The latter dreamt one night of a snake rolling its tail in its mouth, and woke with the structure of the benzene ring.