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Arya (actor)

Jamshad Cethirakath, known by his stage nameArya, is an Indian film actor and producer, who mainly appears in Tamil films. He made his breakthrough portraying rogue characters in Vishnuvardhan's Arinthum Ariyamalum (2005) and Pattiyal (2006). He later won critical acclaim for playing an Aghori in Bala's Naan Kadavul (2009). Arya gained further commercial success with the release of the period drama Madrasapattinam (2010), the comedy film Boss Engira Bhaskaran (2010), and family action film Vettai (2012). Arya has won the Filmfare Award for Best Male Debut – South and received two nominations each for Filmfare Awards and Vijay Awards. In 2011, he was awarded the Kalaimamani by the Tamil Nadu government.

He also produces the films under his production company The Show People and is a partner in production company August Cinema.

Arya (2004 film)

Arya is a Telugu action romantic comedy film which released on 7 May 2004 and was directed by debutant Sukumar. This film has Allu Arjun in the main lead. Upon release, the film was declared a Blockbuster. The film was dubbed in Malayalam in the same name (Arya). It was remade into Oriya as Pagala Premi with actor Sabyasachi Mishra and Arpita Pal, in Tamil as Kutty and Bengali ( Bangladesh) as Badha. The movie was dubbed in Hindi as Arya Ki Prem Pratigya. The film was also an inspiration for the 2009 Bollywood film, Ajab Prem Ki Ghazab Kahani. The film was followed by the sequel Arya 2 in 2009. However, it is not related to its prequel. Director Sukumar won best director filmfare 2004.

Arya (Buddhism)

Arya (Sanskrit, also ārya; Pāli: ariya) is a term frequently used in Buddhism that can be translated as "noble", "not ordinary", "valuable", "precious", "pure", etc. Arya in the sense of "noble" or "exalted" is frequently used in Buddhist texts to designate a spiritual warrior or hero.

The term is used in the following contexts:

  • The Four Noble Truths are called the catvāry ārya satyāni (Sanskrit) or cattāri ariya saccāni (Pali).
  • The Noble Eightfold Path is called the ārya mārga (Sanskrit, also ) or ariya magga (Pāli).
  • Buddha's Dharma and Vinaya are the ariyassa dhammavinayo.
  • In Buddhist texts, the āryas are those who have the Buddhist śīla (Pāli sīla, meaning "virtue") and follow the Buddhist path.
  • Buddhists who have attained one of the four levels of awakening (stream-entry, once-returner, non-returner, arahant) are themselves are called ariya puggalas (Arya persons).
  • Those who despise Buddhism are often called "anāryas".

In the context of the four noble truths (Sanskrit: arya satya; Pali: ariya sacca), contemporary scholars explain the meaning of arya as follows:

  • Paul Williams states: "The Aryas are the noble ones, the saints, those who have attained 'the fruits of the path', 'that middle path the Tathagata has comprehended which promotes sight and knowledge, and which tends to peace, higher wisdom, enlightenment, and Nibbana' (Narada 1980: 50).
  • Geshe Tashi Tsering states: "The modifier noble [i.e. arya] means truth as perceived by arya beings, those beings who have had a direct realization of emptiness or selflessness. Noble means something seen by arya beings as it really is, and in this case it is four recognitions—suffering, origin, cessation, and path. Arya beings see all types of suffering—physical and mental, gross and subtle—exactly as they are, as suffering. For people like us, who do not have the direct realization of emptiness, although we may understand certain levels of physical and mental experiences as suffering, it is impossible for us to see all the levels of suffering for what they are. Instead we may see some things as desirable when in truth they are suffering."

In Buddhism, those who spiritually attain to at least " stream entry" and better are considered Arya Pudgala, or the Arya people.

Bhikkhu Bodhi explains:

The word "noble," or ariya, is used by the Buddha to designate a particular type of person, the type of person which it is the aim of his teaching to create. In the discourses the Buddha classifies human beings into two broad categories. On one side there are the puthujjanas, the worldlings, those belonging to the multitude, whose eyes are still covered with the dust of defilements and delusion. On the other side there are the ariyans, the noble ones, the spiritual elite, who obtain this status not from birth, social station or ecclesiastical authority but from their inward nobility of character. These two general types are not separated from each other by an impassable chasm, each confined to a tightly sealed compartment. A series of gradations can be discerned rising up from the darkest level of the blind worldling trapped in the dungeon of egotism and self-assertion, through the stage of the virtuous worldling in whom the seeds of wisdom are beginning to sprout, and further through the intermediate stages of noble disciples to the perfected individual at the apex of the entire scale of human development. This is the Arahant, the liberated one, who has absorbed the purifying vision of truth so deeply that all his defilements have been extinguished, and with them, all liability to suffering.

In Chinese Buddhist texts, is translated as 聖 (approximately, "holy, sacred", pinyin shèng, on'yomi sei).

The spiritual character of the use of the term ārya in Buddhist texts can also be seen in the Mahavibhasa and in the Yogacarabhumi. The Mahāvibhasa states that only the noble ones (āryas) realize all four of the four noble truths (āryasatyāni) and that only a noble wisdom understands them fully. The same text also describes the āryas as the ones who "have understood and realized about the [truth of] suffering, ( impermanence, emptiness, and no-self)" and who "understand things as they are". In another text, the Yogācārabhūmi (Taishō 1579, vol. xx, 364b10-15), the āryas are described as being free from the viparyāsas.

Several Buddhist texts show that the was taught to everybody, including the āryas, Dasyus, Devas, Gandharvas and Asuras. The (from the Mūlasarvāstivādavinaya) describes a story of Buddha teaching his dharma to the Four Heavenly Kings of the four directions. In this story, the guardians of the east and the south are āryajatiya (āryas) who speak Sanskrit, while the guardians of the west and the north are dasyujatiya (Dasyus) who speak Dasyu languages. In order to teach his Dharma, Buddha has to deliver his discourse in Aryan and Dasyu languages. This story describes Buddha teaching his Dharma to the āryas and Dasyus alike. The (a Mahāyāna sūtra) describes how Avalokiteśvara taught the ārya Dharma to the asuras, s and s.

In many parts of the South India, if somebody (new) is supposed to be addressed respectably, the prefix "Ayya", derived from "Arya" is used. South Indians used to call them "Arya" which is now transformed to "Ayya". This term is used even today.

Arya (name)

Arya ( , ) is a Persian and Indian given name. In Iran it is a masculine given name, whereas in India it is used as both a masculine and a feminine name.. The name is also beginning to appear in the western world after the character Arya Stark of the television series Game of Thrones.

For the meaning and history of the Sanskrit word, .

Usage examples of "arya".

As his men herded off the captives at spear-point, Arya saw Pinkeye emerge from the stairwell, blinking at the torchlight.

The rakshaks were the subcaste of kshatriyas entrusted with the task of guarding the outposts, ports, bridges, and causeways of the Arya nations.

She wished she could discuss it, parrion to parrion, with Arya, going back to the comfortable time when the way to chop onions, or season a soup, or preserve fruit, had been the most important topic of the day.

If Arya Andine's as dead set on butchering Eliar as Sergeant Khalor seems to think she is, I'll need lots of gold to persuade her to sell him to me.

Arya Andine had remained semiconscious, and Eliar had been strangely solicitous of her throughout the journey.

Arya Andine seemed on the verge of several spiteful remarks, but evidently Bheid's little sermon had taken some of the wind out of her sails, and she finally announced that she had a splitting headache and was going to bed.

Arya could see the whites of Sandor Clegane's eyes as he bulled his way forward again.

Arya gli aveva detto di aver ricevuto una droga capace di sopprimere il suo potere, ma voleva avere la conferma che si trattasse della magia.

Their big brothers and sisters asked questions Arya couldn't answer, called her names, and tried to steal from her.

When Arya turned, Lord Beric Dondarrion was standing behind her, his bloody hand clutching Thoros by the shoulder.

He took the lead after Sakyamuni's death, convoked and directed the first synod, from which his title of Arya sthavira is derived.

When she told him what it said he tried to hit her, but Arya ducked under the blow, snatched a silver-banded drinking horn off his saddle, and darted away.

Ned, Gendry, and many of the others were fast asleep when Arya spied the small pale shape creeping behind the horses, thin white hair flying wild as she leaned upon a gnarled cane.

Trovarono il cavallo e la scorta di Arya uccisi nella Du Weldenvarden, e un gruppo di Urgali morti lì vicino.

Arya promptly found herself marched upstairs, forced into a tub, and doused with scalding hot water.