Crossword clues for architecture
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Architecture \Ar"chi*tec`ture\ (?; 135), n. [L. architectura, fr. architectus: cf. F. architecture. See Architect.] 1. The art or science of building; especially, the art of building houses, churches, bridges, and other structures, for the purposes of civil life; -- often called civil architecture.
Many other architectures besides Gothic.
3. Construction, in a more general sense; frame or structure; workmanship.
The architecture of grasses, plants, and trees.
The formation of the first earth being a piece of
Military architecture, the art of fortifications.
Naval architecture, the art of building ships. [1913 Webster] ||
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
1560s, from Middle French architecture, from Latin architectura, from architectus "architect" (see architect).
n. 1 The art and science of designing and managing the construction of buildings and other structures, particularly if they are well proportioned and decorated. 2 The profession of an architect. 3 Any particular style of building design. 4 Construction, in a more general sense; frame or structure; workmanship. 5 A unifying structure. 6 (context computing English) A specific model of a microchip or CPU. 7 The structure and design of a system or product.
n. an architectural product or work
the discipline dealing with the principles of design and construction and ornamentation of fine buildings; "architecture and eloquence are mixed arts whose end is sometimes beauty and sometimes use"
the profession of designing buildings and environments with consideration for their esthetic effect
(computer science) the structure and organization of a computer's hardware or system software; "the architecture of a computer's system software" [syn: computer architecture]
Originally titled Journal of the American Institute of Architects (Vol. #1 - Issue #1) from January 1944 through 1951, the magazine changed its name to The American Institute of Architects Journal. After publication of the AIA Journal ended in August 1976, then followed Architecture magazine. Once the official magazine of the American Institute of Architects, Architecture magazine was one of the main journals on the subject until it was purchased and closed in 2006 by Hanley-Wood, which replaced the magazine with a new title, Architect.
Architecture is the art and science of designing and constructing buildings and other structure for human use and shelter.
Architecture may also refer to:
- Architecture (magazine), a defunct magazine
- Architecture Label, a record label
- Architecture Records, a record label
- Cytoarchitecture, the arrangement and interaction of cellular structures
- Landscape architecture, the design of man-made land constructs
- Naval architecture, the science of design of water-borne vessels
Process architecture, the design of general process systems (computers, business processes, etc.)
- Computer architecture, the systems architecture of a computer
Enterprise architecture, an architecture, or framework, for aligning an organization's systems
- Enterprise information security architecture, or EISA, the portion of enterprise architecture focused on information security
- Hardware architecture, the architecture design of an integrated device
- Information architecture, the systems architecture for structuring the information flows in a knowledge-based system
- Microarchitecture, processor implementation
- Robotic architectures, the architecture of the hardware and software in robots
- Software architecture, the systems architecture of a software system
- Systems architecture, the representation of an engineered system
- Technical architecture, the technical definition of an engineered system
- Website architecture, the design and planning of websites
- Vehicle architecture, an automobile platform common to different vehicles
Architecture sometimes refers to:
- Architectural history, studies the evolution and history of architecture
- Product design, or product architecture, the systems design of a product or product family
"Architecture" can mean:
- A general term to describe buildings and other physical structures.
- The art and science of designing buildings and (some) nonbuilding structures.
- The style of design and method of construction of buildings and other physical structures.
- Knowledge of art, science, technology and humanity.
- The practice of the architect, where architecture means offering or rendering professional services in connection with the design and construction of buildings, or built environments.
- The design activity of the architect, from the macro-level ( urban design, landscape architecture) to the micro-level (construction details and furniture).
Architecture has to do with planning and designing form, space and ambience to reflect functional, technical, social, environmental and aesthetic considerations. It requires the creative manipulation and coordination of materials and technology, and of light and shadow. Often, conflicting requirements must be resolved. The practice of architecture also encompasses the pragmatic aspects of realizing buildings and structures, including scheduling, cost estimation and construction administration. Documentation produced by architects, typically drawings, plans and technical specifications, defines the structure and/or behavior of a building or other kind of system that is to be or has been constructed.
The word "architecture" has also been adopted to describe other designed systems, especially in information technology.
Architecture was a monthly magazine on architecture, established by A. Holland Forbes in 1900 with its first issue dated January 15. Each issue was lavishly illustrated with photographs and architectural drawings. The magazine was published by Forbes & Company, Ltd., initially located at 160 Fifth Avenue, New York, and beginning with the issue of May 15, 1907, at 225 Fifth Avenue. A. Holland Forbes was listed on the masthead as the editor until June 15, 1903, when these duties were taken over by a Board of Architects "in the interests of the profession."
In the July 1917 issue, it was announced that Charles Scribner's Sons had purchased Forbes & Company, Ltd., and that Architecture would thereafter be published by them. The last issue appears to have been published in May 1936.
Usage examples of "architecture".
Another example of the aesthetic taste of the Japanese for naturalness is to be found in the architecture of Shinto shrines, the wood of which is often left unpainted.
The severely simple buildings of the shrine, with their raised floors, thatched roofs, and crossed end-rafters, show Shinto architecture at its best.
They also responded directly and intuitively to the wonders of Buddhist art as these were displayed in the sculpture, painting, and temple architecture brought to Japan.
Most, if not all, of the Buddhist statuary, painting, and temple architecture of the Asuka period was produced by Chinese and Korean craftsmen.
Chapter 1 for other remarks about the influence of granary style architecture on both shrine and palace buildings.
Nobunaga built his palace and castle, which as regards architecture, strength, wealth and grandeur may well be compared with the greatest buildings of Europe.
Momoyama epoch that the claims of architecture most conspicuously influenced the course of painting in Japan.
Katsura Villa is perhaps the most perfect example in Japan of the integration of architecture and its natural surroundings.
Japanese architecture was based almost entirely on the use of wood in construction.
The advent of Western influences about the time of the Meiji Restoration brought a sweeping technological revolution in architecture through the introduction of an array of new building materials, including cement, steel, and bricks.
In addition, the engineering side of architecture was also stressed because of the importance attached by the Japanese government to structural design for the purpose of protection against earthquakes.
Japanese architecture after World War I was that in part it was a kind of feeding back of influences Wright had himself received earlier from the Japanese.
Westerners had displayed interest in Japanese architecture, especially the traditional house, since at least the 1870s.
Far from requiring further tutelage and inspiration from the West, the Japanese now stand among the leaders in international architecture, and architecture has become an aspect of Japanese culture that has exerted great influence on the world outside Japan.
In the Trecento, there was no clear concept of architecture as a profession, and in Florence, the men who designed buildings often came from the ranks of artisans: sculptors, painters, goldsmiths, and woodworkers.