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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
architecture
noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
baroque music/architecture/paintings etc
Tudor house/buildings/architecture etc (=built in the style used in the Tudor period)
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADJECTIVE
byzantine
▪ It is different from any Byzantine architecture in east or west but owes much of its fundamental character to the Byzantine style.
▪ These mosaics are not only decoration; they are an integral part of the Byzantine scheme of architecture.
classical
▪ Competitors felt, as events were to prove with considerable justification, that official opinion favoured classical architecture.
▪ The master-planned, classical idea of architecture soon meets with the emergence of Modern architecture.
▪ In re-planning the east wing galleries, built in 1928-32, great efforts have been made to respect their dignified classical architecture.
domestic
▪ These are the finest flowers of our domestic architecture.
▪ It is typical of a certain sort of domestic architecture which exudes an air of virtue and solidity.
fine
▪ Mr Pei's pyramid in the Louvre is fine architecture, but it is nothing other than a new front door.
▪ See the city's fine Victorian architecture, and visit its excellent museums.
▪ Such estates, if sensitively planned can produce fine architecture and the spaces around and between houses can provide endless design opportunities.
▪ The finest architecture and the best examples of town planning are conceived with a clarity of vision that brooks no compromise.
gothic
▪ The new clergy houses were of a quite different, selfless and holy Gothic architecture.
▪ Window design is also a characteristic feature of Gothic architecture.
▪ This is perhaps because the later accretions are somewhat dwarfed amid the towering Gothic architecture.
▪ The House of Hapsburg came to power in 1273, and soon afterwards Gothic architecture made its appearance.
▪ This forced on builders a simple form of Gothic architecture.
▪ This virtuoso decorative carving is a typical feature of late Gothic architecture in Bohemia.
▪ Secular remains of Gothic architecture in Czechoslovakia are fewer.
medieval
▪ The foundation of the Camden Society in 1839 had promoted much more careful study of medieval architecture.
▪ There is, however, apart from these regional differences, a similarity about most Scandinavian Medieval architecture.
▪ On any reckoning James of St George's achievement in the field of medieval military architecture was outstanding.
▪ The method came to prominence through the activities of Frederick Bligh Bond, a highly respected authority on medieval church architecture.
▪ The castle, dominating its surroundings, represents a high point of medieval military architecture.
▪ Meksi was by profession a construction engineer and former restorer of medieval architecture.
modern
▪ Between the wars the idea of modern architecture was a heroic adventure which could actually improve man's condition.
▪ The master-planned, classical idea of architecture soon meets with the emergence of Modern architecture.
▪ The austerity and uniformity of much modern architecture made sculpture superfluous.
▪ Now, thanks to modern architecture and a porous defense, neither is a problem.
▪ Contrary to one of the fantasies of modern architecture, brick and masonry buildings are far more flexible than concrete, steel-framed ones.
▪ The current architectural debate has served to polarise popular opinion on modern architecture.
▪ Before you answer this question, consider the context. Modern architecture was not a style.
▪ Why then should anyone want to conserve examples of modern architecture?
new
▪ All have a right to see the new architecture planned for their town.
▪ The new architecture became operational on April 30, 1995.
▪ These men were pioneers of new architecture.
▪ Often they talk about a new computing architecture inspired by biological models.
▪ Working together, we must design and gradually put into place a new architecture for a new era.
▪ Our new architecture broke up those functional fiefdoms and broke down those functional walls.
open
▪ Some of these difficulties might be solved with genuine open systems architecture but not all.
▪ This trade-off underscores a serious tension between open architecture and investment incentive during the initial deployment and development of the I-way.
▪ They have an open client-server architecture and manage heterogeneous workstations, servers and host computers linked via a local area network.
▪ Thus much research and development effort remains to create the technological capabilities needed to realize the objectives of open architecture and interoperability.
▪ Dialogic describes this as a comprehensive multilayered open architecture for building distributed communications systems from multiple technologies.
romanesque
▪ Further south the Romanesque architecture is traditional but strongly tinged with classical forms from Rome.
victorian
▪ The grand Victorian and Edwardian architecture of this period still gives the civic centre of Birmingham its character.
▪ See the city's fine Victorian architecture, and visit its excellent museums.
▪ He was known to be interested in Victorian architecture.
■ NOUN
baroque
▪ Salzburg is not far away and is well worth a visit to see the wonderful Baroque architecture of this elegant city.
church
▪ There's your speciality, church architecture and all that.
▪ That experience was to prove singularly rich in its diversity and in its legacy of Sussex church architecture.
▪ The method came to prominence through the activities of Frederick Bligh Bond, a highly respected authority on medieval church architecture.
▪ I was Roy Edward Burnell, a university lecturer and specialist in church architecture.
▪ The early interest in church architecture and brasses afforded him destinations for the bicycle.
computer
▪ We drop below the level of computer architecture to discuss these in Chapter 8.
▪ It is based on personal computer architecture, and can be directly attached to the local network in a client-server architecture.
network
▪ Precisely what sort of cable will be used depends on the network architecture you've chosen.
▪ Absent a definitively superior or ideal network architecture, there is no simple answer.
▪ It has a network architecture for high-performance and referential integrity, but also allows purely relational systems to be built where required.
▪ Knowledge is distributed throughout the system; it is the dynamic response to the inputs and the network architecture.
▪ The network architecture will be based around the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy standard.
▪ Another key issue is the choosing of appropriate neural network architecture and paradigms to match applications.
■ VERB
based
▪ Reportedly built from the ground up, it includes a static analyser, debugger and performance analyser based on an object-oriented architecture.
▪ It is based on personal computer architecture, and can be directly attached to the local network in a client-server architecture.
study
▪ He was educated privately and at Rossall, and went on to study architecture under a tutor at Cambridge.
▪ She had been studying architecture in Paris when he first met her in 1958.
▪ A number of people were walking quietly to and fro, studying the architecture, referring to guide-books and conversing in low voices.
▪ She was forced to study architecture - he constantly pointed out buildings to her.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
Renaissance art/furniture/architecture etc
▪ Little Renaissance furniture survives intact, and the present catalogue will go a long way to furthering its understanding.
▪ That year, several superb works of Renaissance art were sold without publicity to private investors.
peer-to-peer architecture/network/technology etc
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪ City Hall is a fine example of Gothic architecture.
▪ medieval architecture
▪ Minerals are understood in terms of their molecular architecture.
▪ She's studying architecture at college.
▪ We spent most of our time in Barcelona just looking at the architecture.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ And the rooms pull a few surrealistic tricks with their architecture.
▪ Rottmayer played an important role in Czech architecture between 1918 and 1939.
▪ Secular remains of Gothic architecture in Czechoslovakia are fewer.
▪ The architecture and culture feel pleasantly familiar and the friendly atmosphere makes Tenerife particularly attractive.
▪ The architecture for a balanced-budget deal is largely in place.
▪ This forced on builders a simple form of Gothic architecture.
▪ This may relate to its revival in the garden, where the style, as architecture, first secured a footing.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Architecture

Architecture \Ar"chi*tec`ture\ (?; 135), n. [L. architectura, fr. architectus: cf. F. architecture. See Architect.] 1. The art or science of building; especially, the art of building houses, churches, bridges, and other structures, for the purposes of civil life; -- often called civil architecture.

Many other architectures besides Gothic.
--Ruskin.

3. Construction, in a more general sense; frame or structure; workmanship.

The architecture of grasses, plants, and trees.
--Tyndall.

The formation of the first earth being a piece of divine architecture.
--Burnet.

Military architecture, the art of fortifications.

Naval architecture, the art of building ships. [1913 Webster] ||

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
architecture

1560s, from Middle French architecture, from Latin architectura, from architectus "architect" (see architect).

Wiktionary
architecture

n. 1 The art and science of designing and managing the construction of buildings and other structures, particularly if they are well proportioned and decorated. 2 The profession of an architect. 3 Any particular style of building design. 4 Construction, in a more general sense; frame or structure; workmanship. 5 A unifying structure. 6 (context computing English) A specific model of a microchip or CPU. 7 The structure and design of a system or product.

WordNet
architecture
  1. n. an architectural product or work

  2. the discipline dealing with the principles of design and construction and ornamentation of fine buildings; "architecture and eloquence are mixed arts whose end is sometimes beauty and sometimes use"

  3. the profession of designing buildings and environments with consideration for their esthetic effect

  4. (computer science) the structure and organization of a computer's hardware or system software; "the architecture of a computer's system software" [syn: computer architecture]

Wikipedia
Architecture (magazine)

Originally titled Journal of the American Institute of Architects (Vol. #1 - Issue #1) from January 1944 through 1951, the magazine changed its name to The American Institute of Architects Journal. After publication of the AIA Journal ended in August 1976, then followed Architecture magazine. Once the official magazine of the American Institute of Architects, Architecture magazine was one of the main journals on the subject until it was purchased and closed in 2006 by Hanley-Wood, which replaced the magazine with a new title, Architect.

Architecture (disambiguation)

Architecture is the art and science of designing and constructing buildings and other structure for human use and shelter.

Architecture may also refer to:

  • Architecture (magazine), a defunct magazine
  • Architecture Label, a record label
  • Architecture Records, a record label
  • Cytoarchitecture, the arrangement and interaction of cellular structures
  • Landscape architecture, the design of man-made land constructs
  • Naval architecture, the science of design of water-borne vessels
  • Process architecture, the design of general process systems (computers, business processes, etc.)
    • Computer architecture, the systems architecture of a computer
    • Enterprise architecture, an architecture, or framework, for aligning an organization's systems
      • Enterprise information security architecture, or EISA, the portion of enterprise architecture focused on information security
    • Hardware architecture, the architecture design of an integrated device
    • Information architecture, the systems architecture for structuring the information flows in a knowledge-based system
    • Microarchitecture, processor implementation
    • Robotic architectures, the architecture of the hardware and software in robots
    • Software architecture, the systems architecture of a software system
    • Systems architecture, the representation of an engineered system
    • Technical architecture, the technical definition of an engineered system
    • Website architecture, the design and planning of websites
  • Vehicle architecture, an automobile platform common to different vehicles

Architecture sometimes refers to:

  • Architectural history, studies the evolution and history of architecture
  • Product design, or product architecture, the systems design of a product or product family
Architecture

"Architecture" can mean:

  • A general term to describe buildings and other physical structures.
  • The art and science of designing buildings and (some) nonbuilding structures.
  • The style of design and method of construction of buildings and other physical structures.
  • Knowledge of art, science, technology and humanity.
  • The practice of the architect, where architecture means offering or rendering professional services in connection with the design and construction of buildings, or built environments.
  • The design activity of the architect, from the macro-level ( urban design, landscape architecture) to the micro-level (construction details and furniture).

Architecture has to do with planning and designing form, space and ambience to reflect functional, technical, social, environmental and aesthetic considerations. It requires the creative manipulation and coordination of materials and technology, and of light and shadow. Often, conflicting requirements must be resolved. The practice of architecture also encompasses the pragmatic aspects of realizing buildings and structures, including scheduling, cost estimation and construction administration. Documentation produced by architects, typically drawings, plans and technical specifications, defines the structure and/or behavior of a building or other kind of system that is to be or has been constructed.

The word "architecture" has also been adopted to describe other designed systems, especially in information technology.

Architecture (magazine, 1900–1936)

Architecture was a monthly magazine on architecture, established by A. Holland Forbes in 1900 with its first issue dated January 15. Each issue was lavishly illustrated with photographs and architectural drawings. The magazine was published by Forbes & Company, Ltd., initially located at 160 Fifth Avenue, New York, and beginning with the issue of May 15, 1907, at 225 Fifth Avenue. A. Holland Forbes was listed on the masthead as the editor until June 15, 1903, when these duties were taken over by a Board of Architects "in the interests of the profession."

In the July 1917 issue, it was announced that Charles Scribner's Sons had purchased Forbes & Company, Ltd., and that Architecture would thereafter be published by them. The last issue appears to have been published in May 1936.

Usage examples of "architecture".

Another example of the aesthetic taste of the Japanese for naturalness is to be found in the architecture of Shinto shrines, the wood of which is often left unpainted.

The severely simple buildings of the shrine, with their raised floors, thatched roofs, and crossed end-rafters, show Shinto architecture at its best.

They also responded directly and intuitively to the wonders of Buddhist art as these were displayed in the sculpture, painting, and temple architecture brought to Japan.

Most, if not all, of the Buddhist statuary, painting, and temple architecture of the Asuka period was produced by Chinese and Korean craftsmen.

Chapter 1 for other remarks about the influence of granary style architecture on both shrine and palace buildings.

Nobunaga built his palace and castle, which as regards architecture, strength, wealth and grandeur may well be compared with the greatest buildings of Europe.

Momoyama epoch that the claims of architecture most conspicuously influenced the course of painting in Japan.

Katsura Villa is perhaps the most perfect example in Japan of the integration of architecture and its natural surroundings.

Japanese architecture was based almost entirely on the use of wood in construction.

The advent of Western influences about the time of the Meiji Restoration brought a sweeping technological revolution in architecture through the introduction of an array of new building materials, including cement, steel, and bricks.

In addition, the engineering side of architecture was also stressed because of the importance attached by the Japanese government to structural design for the purpose of protection against earthquakes.

Japanese architecture after World War I was that in part it was a kind of feeding back of influences Wright had himself received earlier from the Japanese.

Westerners had displayed interest in Japanese architecture, especially the traditional house, since at least the 1870s.

Far from requiring further tutelage and inspiration from the West, the Japanese now stand among the leaders in international architecture, and architecture has become an aspect of Japanese culture that has exerted great influence on the world outside Japan.

In the Trecento, there was no clear concept of architecture as a profession, and in Florence, the men who designed buildings often came from the ranks of artisans: sculptors, painters, goldsmiths, and woodworkers.