Crossword clues for structure
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Structure \Struc"ture\, n. [L. structura, from struere, structum, to arrange, build, construct; perhaps akin to E. strew: cf. F. structure. Cf. Construe, Destroy, Instrument, Obstruct.]
The act of building; the practice of erecting buildings; construction. [R.]
His son builds on, and never is content Till the last farthing is in structure spent.
--J. Dryden, Jr.
Manner of building; form; make; construction.
Want of insight into the structure and constitution of the terraqueous globe.
Arrangement of parts, of organs, or of constituent particles, in a substance or body; as, the structure of a rock or a mineral; the structure of a sentence.
It [basalt] has often a prismatic structure.
(Biol.) Manner of organization; the arrangement of the different tissues or parts of animal and vegetable organisms; as, organic structure, or the structure of animals and plants; cellular structure.
That which is built; a building; esp., a building of some size or magnificence; an edifice.
There stands a structure of majestic frame.
Columnar structure. See under Columnar.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
mid-15c., "action or process of building or construction;" 1610s, "that which is constructed, a building or edifice;" from Latin structura "a fitting together, adjustment; a building, mode of building;" figuratively, "arrangement, order," from structus, past participle of struere "to pile, place together, heap up; build, assemble, arrange, make by joining together," related to strues "heap," from PIE *stere- "to spread, extend, stretch out."\n
\nThe widespread descendants of this ancient root are believed to include: Sanskrit strnoti "strews, throws down;" Avestan star- "to spread out, stretch out;" Greek stronymi "strew," stroma "bedding, mattress," sternon "breast, breastbone;" Latin sternere "to stretch, extend;" Old Church Slavonic stira, streti "spread," strama "district;" Russian stroji "order;" Gothic straujan, Old High German strouwen, Old English streowian "to sprinkle, strew;" Old English streon "strain," streaw "straw, that which is scattered;" Old High German stirna "forehead," strala "arrow, lightning bolt;" Old Irish fo-sernaim "spread out," srath "a wide river valley;" Welsh srat "plain."
"put together systematically," by 1855 (occasional use from late 16c.), from structure (n.). Related: Structured; structuring.
n. A cohesive whole built up of distinct parts. vb. (context transitive English) To give structure to; to arrange.
n. a thing constructed; a complex construction or entity; "the structure consisted of a series of arches"; "she wore her hair in an amazing construction of whirls and ribbons" [syn: construction]
the manner of construction of something and the arrangement of its parts; "artists must study the structure of the human body"; "the structure of the benzene molecule"
the complex composition of knowledge as elements and their combinations; "his lectures have no structure"
the people in a society considered as a system organized by a characteristic pattern of relationships; "the social organization of England and America is very different"; "sociologists have studied the changing structure of the family" [syn: social organization, social organisation, social structure, social system]
v. give a structure to; "I need to structure my days"
Structure is an arrangement and organization of interrelated elements in a material object or system, or the object or system so organized. Material structures include man-made objects such as buildings and machines and natural objects such as biological organisms, minerals and chemicals. Abstract structures include data structures in computer science and musical form. Types of structure include a hierarchy (a cascade of one-to-many relationships), a network featuring many-to-many links, or a lattice featuring connections between components that are neighbors in space.
Structure is a peer-reviewed scientific journal founded by Wayne Hendrickson, Carl-Ivar Brändén and Alan R. Fersht in September 1993. It focuses on structural biology, studies of macromolecular structure and related issues. In early 1999, the journal merged with Folding & Design and the name changed to Structure with Folding & Design. In 2001, the journal reverted to Structure.
The journal is published monthly by Cell Press. The current editors are Christopher D. Lima and Andrej Sali.
In mathematics, progress often consists of recognising the same structure in different contexts - so that one method exploiting it has multiple applications. In fact this is a normal way of proceeding; in the absence of recognisable structure (which might be hidden) problems tend to fall into the combinatorics classification of matters requiring special arguments.
In category theory structure is discussed implicitly - as opposed to the explicit discussion typical with the many algebraic structures. Starting with a given class of algebraic structure, such as groups, one can build the category in which the objects are groups and the morphisms are group homomorphisms: that is, of structures on one type, and mappings respecting that structure. Starting with a category C given abstractly, the challenge is to infer what structure it is on the objects that the morphisms 'preserve'.
The term structure was much used in connection with the Bourbaki group's approach. There is even a definition. Structure must definitely include topological space as well as the standard abstract algebra notions. Structure in this sense is probably commensurate with the idea of concrete category that can be presented in a definite way - the topological case means that infinitary operations will be needed. Presentation of a category (analogously to presentation of a group) can in fact be approached in a number of ways, the category structure not being (quite) an algebraic structure in its own right.
The term transport of structure is the 'French' way of expressing covariance or equivariance as a constraint: transfer structure by a surjection and then (if there is an existing structure) compare.
Since any group is a one-object category, a special case of the question about what the morphisms preserve is this: how to consider any group G as a symmetry group? That is answered, as best we can by Cayley's theorem. The analogue in category theory is the Yoneda lemma. One concludes that knowledge on the 'structure' is bound up with what we can say about the representable functors on C. Characterisations of them, in interesting cases, were sought in the 1960s, for application in particular in the moduli problems of algebraic geometry; showing in fact that these are very subtle matters.
Universal algebra studies structures that generalize the algebraic structures such as groups, rings, fields and vector spaces. The term universal algebra is used for structures with no relation symbols.
Model theory has a different scope that encompasses more arbitrary theories, including foundational structures such as models of set theory. From the model-theoretic point of view, structures are the objects used to define the semantics of first-order logic. For a given theory in model theory, a structure is called a model, if it satisfies the defining axioms of that theory, although it is sometimes disambiguated as a semantic model when one discusses the notion in the more general setting of mathematical models. Logicians sometimes refer to structures as interpretations.
The structure of a thing is how the parts of it relate to each other, how it is "assembled".
Structure may also refer to:
Architectural structure, a man-made structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or continuous occupancy
- Non-building structure
- Building (disambiguation)
- Structural engineering
- Structural analysis, the study of the strength and properties of structures.
- Structural art, examples of structural engineering that attain excellence in the three areas of efficiency, economy, and elegance.
- Canopy (ecology) structure, organization or three-dimensional geometry of a plant canopy
- Community (ecology) structure, ecological organization of a biological community
- Structure (journal), a scientific journal describing protein structures
- Structure, a journal on form and function in modern biology
Chemical structure, the spatial arrangement of atoms and bonds in a molecule
- Protein structure
- The spatial arrangement of ions, atoms, or molecules in condensed matter
- Crystal structure
- Structure of liquids and glasses
- Large-scale structure of the cosmos
- Structural geology, the three dimensional distribution of rock bodies and their planar or folded surfaces, and their internal fabrics
In computer science:
- Data structure, a way of storing data in a computer so that it can be used efficiently
- Mathematical structure on a set, additional mathematical objects that in some manner attach to the set, making it easier to visualize or work with, or endowing the collection with meaning or significance
- Structure (mathematical logic)
- Algebraic structure
- Structuralism (philosophy of mathematics), a theory in the philosophy of mathematics that holds that mathematical theories describe structures of mathematical objects
In social sciences and linguistics:
- Structuralism, the theory that elements of human culture must be understood in terms of their relationship to a larger, overarching system or structure
- Structural linguistics, an approach to linguistics originating from the work of Ferdinand de Saussure, a part of the overall approach of structuralism
- Deep structure and surface structure, concepts in linguistics, specifically the study of syntax in the Chomskyan tradition
- Social structure, a pattern of social arrangements in society
- Structural functionalism, a theory of society as a system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability
- Functional structuralism, a theory of society that deduces structure from function
- Structural anthropology, a theory of social structure in primitive societies, strongly associated with the work of Claude Lévi Strauss
- Biogenetic structuralism, a theory of anthropology grounded in neuroscience
- Structuration theory, a theory of social systems based in the analysis of both structure and agents
- Structure and agency, two confronted theories about human behaviour
- Base and superstructure, two parts of a Marxist analysis of society
- Structural Marxism, an approach to Marxism based on structuralism, associated with Louis Althusser
- Structuralism (architecture), a structuralist critique of architecture
- Structuralist film theory, a branch of film theory rooted in structuralism
- Post-structuralism, the theory that structuralism evolved into
- The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, a book by Thomas Kuhn on the history of science
- Dramatic structure, the way dramatic works, such as plays or films, are organized
- Narrative structure, the order and manner in which a narrative is presented to a reader, listener, or viewer
Financial structure, the area of finance dealing with monetary decisions that business enterprises make and the tools and analysis used to make these decisions
- Capital structure, the way a corporation finances its assets through a combination of equity, debt, or hybrid securities
- Structured finance, a sector of finance created to help provide increased liquidity or funding sources to markets
- Structures, a 2006 album by guitarist John Abercrombie
- Structures (Boulez), composition
- Structures (album), by John Digweed
- Structures from Silence, album by Steve Roach
- Structures of Death, album by Fleshcrawl
Structure may also refer to:
- Structure, the former name for the Express Men clothing brand
Usage examples of "structure".
But as absolutely crucial and important as experiential disclosures are, they can be finally assimilated only in a subjective structure that grows and evolves to meet the demand, and experiences thrown at a subject do not necessarily and profoundly grow the subject itself.
This new totality of power was structured in part by new capitalist productive processes on the one hand and old networks of absolutist administration on the other.
Their structure is remarkable, and their functions complex, for they secrete, absorb, and are acted on by various stimulants.
This illustration is not intended to apply to the older bridges with widely distended masses, which render each pier sufficient to abut the arches springing from it, but tend, in providing for a way over the river, to choke up the way by the river itself, or to compel the river either to throw down the structure or else to destroy its own banks.
Moments later the subdued whistle of the engines faded and Dane could hear the structure of the ship creak around them as acceleration ceased.
Corporate structure information such as organization charts, hierarchy charts, employee or departmental lists, reporting structure, names, positions, internal contact numbers, employee numbers, or similar information that is used for internal processes should not be made available on publicly accessible Web sites.
I but said thy loved one should be adjudged insane, yet had ye not cried out I should have said that the condition is not one depending upon any definite change in the structure of his mind, upon no weakness of his brain.
This material was another strictly non-Mesklinite product, a piece of molecular architecture vaguely analogous to zeolite in structure, which adsorbed hydrogen on the inner walls of its structural channels and, within a wide temperature range, maintained an equilibrium partial pressure with the gas which was compatible with Mesklinite metabolic needs.
These relics included an enclosure of coral blocks marking the outlines of a rectangular building which, Emory and Finney considered, showed similarities to some Tongan structures, and basalt adzes which must have come from a high volcanic island, since basalt does not occur naturally on low atolls.
Slowly Brandt climbed to the top of the sail from the aft bulkhead of the cockpit, keeping low to the top of the structure where he could see clearly yet not be picked off from the deck.
Structure of the leaves--Sensitiveness of the filaments--Rapid movement of the lobes caused by irritation of the filaments--Glands, their power of secretion--Slow movement caused by the absorption of animal matter--Evidence of absorption from the aggregated condition of the glands--Digestive power of the secretion--Action of chloroform, ether, and hydrocyanic acid--The manner in which insects are captured--Use of the marginal spikes--Kinds of insects captured--The transmission of the motor impulse and mechanism of the movements--Reexpansion of the lobes.
On these same plains of La Plata, we see the agouti and bizcacha, animals having nearly the same habits as our hares and rabbits and belonging to the same order of Rodents, but they plainly display an American type of structure.
It uses albumin as a cement to build up bone structure and it is concerned with the formation of teeth, hence its value to children.
It is significant when you find a location that was specifically chosen because of the nature of the soil, where there are clearly alchemical signs in the structure, and where there are tie-ins to both Cathars and Moslems.
This newer interpretation of chronic alcoholism has the very important practical corollary of encouraging us to the belief, which is frequently justifiable, that if the chronic intoxication ceases, the individual may completely or all but completely recover, as would not be the case if the fine structure of his brain had been actually destroyed.