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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ Long-billed, small to large waders.
▪ Generally the commonest small wader of the shore, very variable in size, northern breeding birds larger than southern ones.
▪ Short-billed, small to medium-sized waders.
▪ The only small short-billed wader looking black and white both at rest and in flight; legs orange.
▪ A large black and white wader, mantle and wing-tips grey in immature.
▪ A longer pair for waders and which are prevented from slipping down by an elasticated band, cost a pound more.
▪ At the float tube pool, you can actually put on waders, float around and see what tubing is like.
▪ Both waders immediately filled and I caught my breath as freezing April waters began to stimulate sensitive nether regions.
▪ It has to be admitted that Shetland is not the most suitable place for wintering waders.
▪ Other birds we saw around Nesseby included dunlin, familiar enough to me as a breeding wader of the Shetland hills.
▪ Parked, set up fly rod, put on waders.
▪ We start with three families of large black and white waders.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Wader \Wad"er\, n.

  1. One who, or that which, wades.

  2. (Zo["o]l.) Any long-legged bird that wades in the water in search of food, especially any species of limicoline or grallatorial birds; -- called also wading bird. See Illust. g, under Aves.


n. 1 One who wades. 2 (context chiefly in the plural English) A waterproof boot that comes up to the hip, used by fisherman, etc. 3 A long-legged bird associated with wetland or coastal environments.


n. any of many long-legged birds that wade in water in search of food [syn: wading bird]


Waders, called shorebirds in North America where "wader" is used to refer to long-legged wading birds such as storks and herons, are members of the order Charadriiformes, which includes gulls, auks and their allies.
There are about 210 species of wader, most of which are associated with wetland or coastal environments. Many species of Arctic and temperate regions are strongly migratory, but tropical birds are often resident, or move only in response to rainfall patterns. Some of the Arctic species, such as the little stint, are amongst the longest distance migrants, spending the non- breeding season in the southern hemisphere.

Many of the smaller species found in coastal habitats, particularly but not exclusively the calidrids, are often named as "sandpipers", but this term does not have a strict meaning, since the upland sandpiper is a grassland species.

The smallest member of this group is the least sandpiper, small adults of which can weigh as little as 15.5 grams and measure just over . The largest species is believed to be the Far Eastern curlew, at about and , although the beach thick-knee is the heaviest at about .

In the Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy, waders and many other groups are subsumed into a greatly enlarged Ciconiiformes order. However, the classification of the Charadriiformes is one of the weakest points of the Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy, as DNA-DNA hybridization has turned out to be incapable of properly resolving the interrelationships of the group. Formerly, the waders were united in a single suborder Charadrii, but this has turned out to be a " wastebasket taxon", uniting no less than four charadriiform lineages in a paraphyletic assemblage. However, it indicated that the plains wanderer actually belonged into one of them. Following recent studies (Ericson et al., 2003; Paton et al., 2003; Thomas et al., 2004a, b; van Tuinen et al., 2004; Paton & Baker, 2006), the waders may be more accurately subdivided as follows:

  • Suborder Scolopaci
    • Family Scolopacidae: snipe, sandpipers, phalaropes, and allies
  • Suborder Thinocori
    • Family Rostratulidae: painted snipe
    • Family Jacanidae: jacanas
    • Family Thinocoridae: seedsnipe
    • Family Pedionomidae: plains wanderer
  • Suborder Chionidi
    • Family Burhinidae: thick-knees
    • Family Chionididae: sheathbills
    • Family Pluvianellidae: Magellanic plover
  • Suborder Charadrii
    • Family Ibidorhynchidae: ibisbill
    • Family Recurvirostridae: avocets and stilts
    • Family Haematopodidae: oystercatchers
    • Family Charadriidae: plovers and lapwings

In keeping more in line with the traditional grouping, the Thinocori could be included in the Scolopaci, and the Chionidi in the Charadrii. However, the increasing knowledge about the early evolutionary history of modern birds suggests that the assumption of Paton et al. (2003) and Thomas et al. (2004b) of 4 distinct "wader" lineages (= suborders) already being present around the Cretaceous–Paleogene boundary is correct.

Usage examples of "wader".

She had a bowl of soft water and a pair of boots to offer for the heavy waders, for outer comfort, a glass of cold buttermilk and a bench on which to rest, in the circular arbour until dinner was ready.

Nevertheless, they saw, though unable to get near them, a couple of those large birds peculiar to Australia, a sort of cassowary, called emu, five feet in height, and with brown plumage, which belong to the tribe of waders.

It was thousands and thousands of waders, stints and knots and redshanks and the like, flying in batches, each batch making the noise of a great wave on a beach.

Sombrely he watched the figures flashing in the surf, the lithe runners, and the knots of women engaged in discussion, jumping down from his perch once when a large wave strangled a wader, immediately resuming it when the injury proved slight.

Sweeping branches of ancient Bani trees hung low over rocky shores where spindly-legged waders strutted and preened.

Spectacles, sweaters, tents, toboggan boards, towels, tools, twine and waders.

Several large chunks showing above the water between city and ice sheet were clearly being supported by something underneath, and were being towed and pushed by waders rather than swimmers.

I noticed it first when we were lying in the wholly sunless estuary of the River Plate, having sent the tender over that vast and as far as I could see birdless waste to Buenos Aires, carrying among other burdens a message to you in which I pointed out the extraordinary contrast between your African water, teeming with both familiar and wildly exotic duck, geese, anhingas, waders from the most minute of stints to Ardea goliath, and this prodigious desert, inhabited perhaps to the extreme limit of my glass by one moulting black-crested grebe.

Wearing hip waders, the four fishermen went over the sides of their dories and began pursing the seine through the cove toward the mouth of the channel- Penned ahead of them was what we later estimated to have been about five tons of milling little fishes.

Men hi chest-high waders wandered up and down the two-foot-deep waters excitedly flailing the currents, using their fishing rods like cat-o'-nine-tails to create a froth, splashing, chattering loudly to each other, throwing stones, casting across each other's lines, and yet somehow, probably because the fish were so confused, they caught the hatchery trout.

His visitor was dressed, most improbably, in complete fly fisherman's gear, including waders, utility vest, flannel plaid shirt, and shapeless hat.

Lights twirled through hazy smoke, there was a cackle of radios, men in heavy wet waders stumped about.

I used to admire the ripple marks on the sandy bottom, at the north end of this pond, made firm and hard to the feet of the wader by the pressure of the water, and the rushes which grew in Indian file, in waving lines, corresponding to these marks, rank behind rank, as if the waves had planted them.

A man should stump up and I will pay my pretty decent trade price for my glueglue gluecose, peebles, were it even, as this is, the legal eric for infelicitous conduict (here incloths placefined my pocketanchoredcheck) and, as a matter of fact, I undertake to discontinue entyrely all practices and I deny wholeswiping in toto at my own request in all stoytness to have confermentated and confoederated and agreed in times prebellic, when here were waders for the trainsfolk, as it is now nuggently laid to me, with a friend from mine, Mr Billups, pulleter, my quarterbrother .

Give me the waders, I will pull you, I haven't done any of the rowing.