COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a basic/fundamental/underlying assumption
▪ There is a basic assumption in international law that a state will protect its citizens.
an underlying assumption (=a belief that is used as the basis for an idea, but which may not be correct)
▪ There seems to be an underlying assumption in what he says that women are weaker than men.
an underlying motive (=a motive that is not directly stated)
▪ The treaty’s underlying motive was to make Japan a strong ally of the US.
an underlying theme (=one that is important but not very noticeable)
▪ One of the book’s underlying themes is the struggle for human rights.
the fundamental/underlying cause (=the root cause)
▪ The underlying cause of insomnia is often anxiety.
the principle underlying sth
▪ What are the principles underlying this form of treatment?
the underlying aim (=a basic aim, that people sometimes do not notice)
▪ The games all have an underlying aim: survival.
the underlying issue (=the cause, or a more important problem that is related to something)
▪ This research explores some of the underlying issues related to high unemployment.
the underlying/long-term trend (=the trend over a long period of time)
▪ The underlying trend is for rich economies to get richer.
underlying logic (=logic that is important, but not easily noticed)
▪ These word lists show students the underlying logic of English spelling.
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
▪ The underlying aim may be briefly conceptualized as preventing the need for more intrusive interventions.
▪ The Government's underlying aim is now to get growth back into the economy soas to reverse the rising trend in unemployment.
▪ Income parity is an underlying aim.
▪ Contributors to the trust then have a share in the income and capital appreciation of the underlying assets.
▪ It is the volatility of price of the underlying asset which makes it worthwhile to create the derivative asset.
▪ However, there are some instances where a change of control can affect the underlying assets.
▪ Both of these expressions, however, have rather different underlying assumptions.
▪ In the classroom, cultural analysis encourages students to examine for themselves the underlying assumptions in the texts they are studying.
▪ The underlying assumption appears to be one of integration.
▪ We agree with the underlying assumptions of the Kingman Report and, in essentials, with its conclusions.
▪ Conversely, activities which seem on the surface to be the same may turn out to realize different underlying assumptions.
▪ The underlying assumption of the project is that certain computer-based experiences can help pupils bridge the gap between arithmetical and algebraic thinking.
▪ In the methods I described as essentialist, the underlying assumptions are qualitative rather than quantitative.
▪ Similar underlying assumptions can be found in Chagnon's famous study of the Yanomamo.
▪ The pattern of this agreement and disagreement is what indicates the underlying attitudes.
▪ Thirty and more years later, those underlying attitudes persist as unthinking sympathies and antipathies far below the level of articulate rationality.
▪ While the underlying cause of the riots was multi-faceted deprivation some of the incidents were sparked off by police action.
▪ Here we discuss a different aspect of the problem: their possible underlying cause.
▪ So the underlying cause of the fall in investment is the decline in profitability.
▪ It is therefore seldom appropriate to treat disorders of language and communication by trying to influence presumed underlying causes.
▪ Competition between a large mass of parasites and the host for nutrients may be the underlying cause of this weight loss.
▪ Conventional discussion of the breakup of the boom and its underlying causes are generally inadequate.
▪ The underlying cause of all this was the girl's future.
▪ The underlying concept is that pairs of sentences that have constituents in common can be related to each other by a linguistic transformation.
▪ The underlying concept is that those who have produced a knowledge product should control its dissemination and should benefit economically from it.
▪ Measuring techniques can be learned without fully understanding the underlying concepts.
▪ The underlying ideas are very complicated; they can perhaps be most easily visualized in terms of Schrödinger's cat.
▪ Abolitionists thus aspired to make their actual metropolitan and colonial societies conform more closely to these underlying ideas of order.
▪ But the underlying idea of being at a loose end, or out of the practical swim, is a different matter altogether.
▪ Courts under pressure tend to rely on devices which take attention away from the underlying issues.
▪ My purpose rather is to discuss the underlying issues in general terms and at a somewhat philosophic level.
▪ But they do not bring air to the underlying issues.
▪ Although closely related to the subject-matter of the book, these recur only as underlying issues in the chapters to follow.
▪ This brings us back to the underlying issue in this chapter about welfare and dependency.
▪ However, such a decision on its own would hardly further the present aim of seeking to elucidate underlying issues.
▪ The December demonstrations were called off and order on the campuses was restored, but the underlying issues and grievances remained.
▪ The main underlying issue is the relationship between areas with different levels and stages of development.
▪ Can we even identify, for paraphrase purposes, what the underlying meaning is?
▪ It is the counsellor's task to try to move the discussion to these underlying meanings of words used in anger.
▪ Each of the words in the sentence will be recognised, but they are not easily integrated into an underlying meaning.
▪ They are superficially similar but have very different underlying meanings - different people are doing the pleasing.
▪ Another weakness is the implicit assumption that underlying meaning can always be formulated in words.
▪ To understand appearances we must therefore employ a method which gives us access to the underlying meanings, etc.
▪ If the effects seen in our study are real, the underlying mechanisms are far from clear.
▪ The underlying mechanisms may also be relevant to some chronic neuropathic pain states.
▪ What Lednor and Versloot have done is to unify these unrelated chemical curiosities by suggesting one underlying mechanism.
▪ Rather, the underlying mechanism was class relations, class struggle and the poverty generated by capital's exploitation of wage labour.
▪ Much archaeology involves looking for underlying patterns within a jumble of visual detail.
▪ The underlying philosophy has tried to be selective in aiming at farmers with intermediate and non-viable enterprises.
▪ But once again it overlooks or rejects the underlying philosophy and purpose of a Commission's proposal.
▪ Although there are relationships between the two methods, the underlying philosophies are quite different.
▪ The underlying principle of responsibility that is entailed is scarcely capable of expression in the language of markets.
▪ In treating such a philosophical topic, the underlying principles should have been expanded on, rather than just being described.
▪ Different combinations of ratios and coefficients are required to analyse companies with different activities, although the underlying principles are the same.
▪ This is the basic underlying principle of homoeopathy and the one from which its name is derived.
▪ This last observation allows us to speculate on an underlying principle that might link our two sets of findings.
▪ The underlying principle of such models is that companies that have a financial profile similar to previous failures are themselves at risk.
▪ Some of the Act's underlying principles can support efforts to overcome suspicion between travellers and welfare authorities.
▪ I and my right hon. Friend are grateful for his support for the underlying principle of the Bill.
▪ The second underlying problem is unexpected company collapses, which are popularly assumed to indicate audit failures.
▪ The introduction of Medicare in 1984 improved access to services, but underlying problems remain.
▪ No considered view was offered on the underlying problems of prison conditions that had triggered the riots.
▪ This is not a cure, since the underlying problem has not been tackled.
▪ Neither prosecution nor dismissal really solves the underlying problems, and our emphasis must be on establishing control.
▪ But remember that not all the errors in one category are caused by the same underlying problem.
▪ He conveys vividly the absurdity of a situation, but he is incurious about the underlying processes which shape it.
▪ The roots of these activities remain unconscious to the performer whose attention illuminates the product more than the underlying process.
▪ How are such preferences to be understood in terms of underlying processes?
▪ But to benefit from its more esoteric features you certainly need a good comprehension of the underlying processes.
▪ The underlying rate of inflation, excluding mortgage interest payments, rose from 3.2 percent in January to 3.4 percent in February.
▪ To find the underlying rate of inflation, it is necessary to look past such distortions.
▪ Mr. Lamont My hon. Friend is drawing attention to an important point about the underlying rate of inflation.
▪ Inflation prospects were encouraging following the fall in the headline and underlying rate, which excludes mortgage rates, in April.
▪ The underlying rate, which excludes mortgages, fell 0.2 percent to 3.8 percent - the lowest for four years.
▪ The contention continued for four years and the underlying reason for it was pique.
▪ Unless there is some other underlying reason or hidden illness it will pass in time, as she adjusts to the change.
▪ But we have to look past the mink to find the underlying reasons for the vole's disappearance.
▪ The underlying reasons for these differences are explored in depth in chapters 7 and 8.
▪ And, of course, the desire to improve performance is the underlying reason for studying the management process in organisations.
▪ The aim of the present project is to explain the underlying reasons for that method's success.
▪ The underlying reason, said Andrew Lees of FoE, was over-enrichment with nitrates and phosphates.
▪ Motives Motives, at their simplest, are the underlying reasons why some one is behaving in a particular way.
▪ Admittedly you often do have to search for an underlying structure in Berlioz's work.
▪ Literary theory, drawing on other disciplines, including semiotics and linguistics, seeks for underlying structures and meanings in literature.
▪ All these types reflect their underlying structure and their origin is apparent in their shape.
▪ He would distinguish the various forms in which meaning may be actualised from the underlying structures on which meaning rests.
▪ This sort of learning ignores underlying structure of examples, and it does not try to explain why the regularities occur.
▪ Again there is an underlying theme of likeness tempered with difference; of similarity spiced with variety.
▪ The underlying themes of Adam Smith parallel those of Lord Mansfield, even if there is rarely a coincidence in particulars.
▪ It's his failure to punch home his underlying theme.
▪ The past, however, ranks alongside the patriotic and the religious as a major underlying theme.
▪ The underlying themes have been spelled out already.
▪ One of the underlying themes of corporate planning is the notion of partnership between officers and councillors.
▪ Share prices follow a random walk without any underlying trend. 5.
▪ The annual rate of inflation for June was lower at 3.9%, and the underlying trend appears downward.
▪ Grouping data in this way obscures the underlying trend.
▪ By comparing a series of annual reports the chances of seeing the underlying trends are so much greater.
▪ The prime difference is that Mitroff and Emshoff pursue the underlying values each stakeholder group holds with respect to specific strategies.
▪ But share prices are about supply and demand, and not underlying value.
▪ This says much about the worthwhile underlying values of social work and provides grounds for hope.
▪ When the information becomes publicly available the share price will adjust to reflect the true underlying value of the shares.
▪ Attention is focused on the programme of public sector renewal initiated by Prime Minister Rocard, its underlying values and intellectual coherence.
▪ Here the underlying values of the organization's top management come into operation.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪ an underlying concern
▪ Climate and geography are the underlying reasons for the region's low level of economic development.
▪ The underlying factor in almost all suicides is the feeling of hopelessness.
▪ They were treating only the symptoms of the disease rather than its underlying cause.
▪ When treating any health problem, it's always important to consider the underlying causes.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ Character, which is what geography is about, depends, at root, on the underlying rock.
▪ In treating such a philosophical topic, the underlying principles should have been expanded on, rather than just being described.
▪ Its underlying objective was to improve the man-made environment by testing a range of products.
▪ Life companies have until the end of 1991 to switch their unit trusts into the underlying shares without tax penalties.
▪ Nevertheless, it is helpful to have some underlying semantics by which to judge the laws.
▪ The musical instruments symbolize an underlying harmony behind nature's powers, to which the successful alchemist must himself be attuned.
▪ To the anatomists, the search for order involved the detection of underlying relationships between the structures of different species.