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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
surf 'n' turf
turf accountant
▪ By day the artificial turf in the Miami stadium looks an unnatural green.
▪ They are 38-12 on artificial turf surfaces.
▪ Zeke's big hands cradle the ball on the artificial turf, the laces facing away from the kicker.
▪ Or, on that minuscule patch of the planet covered by artificial turf.
▪ On the artificial turf of the Superdome, Smith raced around him as if he were a lamp post on Bourbon Street.
▪ Jenkins' deteriorating knees are not a good match for the artificial turf at the Kingdome.
▪ For Young to wish death on some one, even the creator of the evil artificial turf, is notable.
▪ Consequently, two of the greatest moments in Chicago sports history turned into ugly turf battles.
▪ And playing on his home turf is Julian Barnes, one of the game's true gentlemen.
▪ They are risk-averse even on their home turf.
▪ That place was New York state -- home turf, where the Legislature was considering a ban.
▪ The Games are on home turf.
▪ Or better, start a world first on your home turf!
▪ Hutchins will serve as branch operator for his home turf -- the Clermont area.
▪ She made him feel safe, home turf, but at the same time she confused him.
▪ His belief is that development corporations often get bogged down in turf wars with local councils.
▪ The turf wars in San Francisco were really bad.
▪ McKinsey denied it was engaging in a turf war over branding.
▪ The press tends to exaggerate the disagreements, and is over-eager to look for administration turf wars.
▪ Where a lawn is involved, cut away the turf and loose topsoil.
▪ Being cut in turf, they need to be maintained or they would disappear completely within a generation.
▪ One eye's cut from the flowered turf: a horse skull, whispering secrets with wind-sighs like tapping on phone wires.
▪ Injuries are more common on artificial turf than on grass.
▪ Ten years ago the city was paralyzed by gang battles over turf.
▪ They are determined to defend their turf against any outsiders.
▪ Almeida tumbled to the turf and was taken away by ambulance.
▪ As the path flattened out to lead across the close turf to the house Leonora's feet slowed.
▪ Call one of the men advertising turf for sale in the local paper.
▪ Meanwhile, the big construction companies are trying to grow by making inroads into turf traditionally held by medium-size builders.
▪ My most recent visit produced a sloughed skin threaded through the turf.
▪ People perceived me to be interested only in my own patch, my turf, my people.
▪ Under any circumstances the track would be challenging, but intermittent rains have left the turf and red clay sodden and slick.
▪ In correct rural circles, having your lawn turfed is regarded in the same light as wearing made-up bow ties.
▪ Prior to the spread of retirement, workers were turfed out of their jobs on an individual basis across a range of different ages.
▪ Sheep were turfed out of three nearby fields make temporary car parks.
▪ The Kurds found themselves turfed out of their houses after three months.
▪ There can be few people in football who do not think Flashman should be turfed out of Barnet at the earliest opportunity.
▪ They turfed him out as an 18-year-old before Cambridge gave him a lifeline trial.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Turf \Turf\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Turfed; p. pr. & vb. n. Turfing.] To cover with turf or sod; as, to turf a bank, of the border of a terrace.
--A. Tucker.


Turf \Turf\ (t[^u]rf), n.; pl. Turfs, Obs. Turves. [AS. turf; akin to D. turf peat, G. torf, OHG. zurba turf, Sw. & Icel. torf turf, peat, Dan. t["o]rv, Skr. darbha a kind of grass, a tuft of grass. [root]242.]

  1. That upper stratum of earth and vegetable mold which is filled with the roots of grass and other small plants, so as to adhere and form a kind of mat; sward; sod.

    At his head a grass-green turf.

    The Greek historian sets her in the field on a high heap of turves.

  2. Peat, especially when prepared for fuel. See Peat.

  3. Race course; horse racing; -- preceded by the. ``We . . . claim the honors of the turf.''

    Note: Turf is often used adjectively, or to form compounds which are generally self-explaining; as, turf ashes, turf cutter or turf-cutter, turf pit or turf-pit, turf-built, turf-clad, turf-covered, etc.

    Turf ant (Zo["o]l.), a small European ant ( Formica flava) which makes small ant-hills on heaths and commons.

    Turf drain, a drain made with turf or peat.

    Turf hedge, a hedge or fence formed with turf and plants of different kinds.

    Turf house, a house or shed formed of turf, common in the northern parts of Europe.

    Turf moss a tract of turfy, mossy, or boggy land.

    Turf spade, a spade for cutting and digging turf, longer and narrower than the common spade.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

early 15c., "to cover (ground) with turf," from turf (n.). Related: Turfed; turfing.\n


Old English turf, tyrf "slab of soil and grass, sod," also "surface of grassland," from Proto-Germanic *turb- (cognates: Old Norse torf, Danish tørv, Old Frisian turf, Old High German zurba, German Torf), from PIE root *drebh- "to wind, compress" (cognates: Sanskrit darbhah "tuft of grass").\n

\nEspecially "the race course," hence the turf "the profession of racing horses" (1755). French tourbe "turf" is a Germanic loan-word. The Old English plural was identical with the singular, but in Middle English turves sometimes was used. Slang meaning "territory claimed by a gang" is attested from 1953 in Brooklyn, N.Y.; earlier it had a jive talk sense of "the street, the sidewalk" (1930s), which is attested in hobo use from 1899, and before that "the work and venue of a prostitute" (1860). Turf war is recorded from 1962.


n. A layer of earth covered with grass; sod. vb. 1 to create a lawn by laying turfs 2 (context Ultimate Frisbee English) To throw a frisbee well short of its intended target, usually causing it to hit the ground within 10 yards of its release. 3 (context business English) To fire from a job or dismiss from a task. 4 (context business English) To cancel a project or product.

  1. n. surface layer of ground containing a matt of grass and grass roots [syn: sod, sward, greensward]

  2. the territory claimed by a juvenile gang as its own

  3. range of jurisdiction or influence; "a bureaucracy...chiefly concerned with turf...and protecting the retirement system"

  4. [also: turves (pl)]

  1. v. cover (the ground) with a surface layer of grass or grass roots

  2. [also: turves (pl)]

Turf (disambiguation)

Turf may refer to:

Turf (Image Comics)

Turf is a five-issue comic book limited series, written by Jonathan Ross, illustrated by Tommy Lee Edwards and published by Image Comics.

Turf (video game)

Turf is a location based augmented reality massively multiplayer online mobile game developed by Swedish company Andrimon. It was released in September 2010 for Android, and later for iOS. The game was created by Andreas Pantesjö and Simon Sikström.

The game is a combination of King of the Hill and digital orienteering. The goal is to collect points by taking over zones and try to keep them as long as possible in competition with other players. Zones are located all over the world, but with the highest concentration in countries with active competition, as in Sweden, Finland and Denmark. Zones are typically taken by foot or by bicycle, and Turf is by many players used as an exergame. Playing Turf allows for people to find and discover new places. It has also been compared with Ingress and Pokémon Go.

The game is played in rounds that lasts for a month, but there are special events arranged when players gathers in a city to compete. A major event is called a Bonanza.

Turf has more than 150,000 registered players and is free to play. A voluntary fee can be payed to get supporter status, which gives access to additional in-app statistics, but comes with no gameplay benefits. It has been written about the game several times in various newspapers and there have been articles about it in both radio and television. So far, most of them Swedish but there are newspaper articles from Finland and Denmark as well.

Usage examples of "turf".

Granny Aching died, the men had cut and lifted the turf around the hut and stacked it neatly some way away.

On the other side of the ridge fell a wide valley of bare turf, with the Aldern River threading through its center.

Taran crouched on the turf, held the bauble close to the book, and with trembling fingers turned leaf after leaf.

To his surprise, as he was about to emerge from a berceau on to a plot of turf, in the centre of which grew a large cedar, he beheld a lady in a riding-habit standing before the tree, and evidently admiring its beautiful proportions.

One of them is--surprise--based in Milton Keynes, and as of right this minute you have clearance to stamp all over their turf and play the Gestapo officer with our top boffin labs.

On either side rose the thatched cabins of the peasantry, the peat smoke curling from the chimneys, the little boreens running through the bushes, the brown Irish bogs, the heather in blossom, the turf stacks, the laughing colleens.

These they took to Botts, who made a pile of stones and stacked the turf clumsily on wooden frames cut by Harry.

The worthy Consul was smoking his chibouque, and his daughter, as she rose to greet their guest, let her guitar fall upon the turf.

Two miles were cleared in this direction, and then, after they had passed the last curtain of trees, appeared the plateau, carpeted with thick turf, and beyond that the infinite sea.

The lane was a very cloistral one, with a ribbon of gravelly road, bordered on each side with a rich margin of turf and a scramble of blackberry bushes, green turf banks and dwarf oak-trees making a rich and plenteous shade.

I was holding no cards, and I was totally clueless about how these people carved up the turf.

Sir Lucius Grafton rejoin her, and lead her to the cotillon that was forming on the turf.

Zack watched around in search of the direction assistant and saw unemployed it in the turf, with the arms in jars and the head thrown backwards, observing to dequeue to the helicopter that left in a trip from routine to the laboratory of Dallas where the copiones of the day were processed.

No language could give an adequate idea of the marvelous bewitchment and beauty of their united movements, and as they flew over the dark smooth turf, with the flower-laden trees drooping dewily about them, and the yellow moonbeams like melted amber beneath their noiseless feet, .

Singai and Juste, astride their dyre, raced across the turf in the direction of ReiDalgo.