Crossword clues for troubadour
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Troubadour \Trou"ba*dour`\, n. [F. troubadour, fr. Pr. trobador, (assumed) LL. tropator a singer, tropare to sing, fr. tropus a kind of singing, a melody, song, L. tropus a trope, a song, Gr. ? a turn, way, manner, particular mode in music, a trope. See Trope, and cf. Trouv?re.] One of a school of poets who flourished from the eleventh to the thirteenth century, principally in Provence, in the south of France, and also in the north of Italy. They invented, and especially cultivated, a kind of lyrical poetry characterized by intricacy of meter and rhyme, and usually of a romantic, amatory strain.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
1727, from French troubadour (16c.) "one of a class of lyric poets in southern France, eastern Spain, and northern Italy 11c.-13c.," from Old Provençal trobador, from trobar "to find," earlier "invent a song, compose in verse," perhaps from Vulgar Latin *tropare "compose, sing," especially in the form of tropes, from Latin tropus "a song" (see trope). The alternative theory among French etymologists derives the Old Provençal word from a metathesis of Latin turbare "to disturb," via a sense of "to turn up." Meanwhile, Arabists posit an origin in Arabic taraba "to sing." General sense of "one who composes or sings verses or ballads" first recorded 1826.
n. An itinerant composer and performer of songs in medieval Europe; a jongleur or travelling minstrel.
A troubadour (, ; , ) was a composer and performer of Old Occitan lyric poetry during the High Middle Ages (1100–1350). Since the word troubadour is etymologically masculine, a female troubadour is usually called a trobairitz.
The troubadour school or tradition began in the late 11th century in Occitania, but it subsequently spread into Italy and Spain. Under the influence of the troubadours, related movements sprang up throughout Europe: the Minnesang in Germany, trovadorismo in Galicia and Portugal, and that of the trouvères in northern France. Dante Alighieri in his De vulgari eloquentia defined the troubadour lyric as fictio rethorica musicaque poita: rhetorical, musical, and poetical fiction. After the "classical" period around the turn of the 13th century and a mid-century resurgence, the art of the troubadours declined in the 14th century and eventually died out around the time of the Black Death (1348).
The texts of troubadour songs deal mainly with themes of chivalry and courtly love. Most were metaphysical, intellectual, and formulaic. Many were humorous or vulgar satires. Works can be grouped into three styles: the trobar leu (light), trobar ric (rich), and trobar clus (closed). Likewise there were many genres, the most popular being the canso, but sirventes and tensos were especially popular in the post-classical period, in Italy and among the female troubadours, the trobairitz.
A troubadour is a composer and performer of songs during the High Middle Ages in Europe.
Troubadour may also refer to:
- A poet of trovadorismo in Galician-Portuguese
- Il trovatore, an opera by Giuseppe Verdi
- Troubadour (horse), an American Thoroughbred racehorse
- The Troubadour (London), a coffee house and music venue in London, England, established 1954 and famous as one of the primary venues of the British folk revival in the late 1950s and 1960s
- The Troubadour, West Hollywood, a music venue and night club in Los Angeles, California, which was copied after the London venue
- Bristol Troubadour Club, a music venue in Bristol, England noted for folk and blues music, particularly in the 1960s and host to (among others) John Renbourn, Bert Jansch, The Incredible String Band and Roy Harper
- Troubador (Oh My Goddess!), a fictional character in the Oh My Goddess anime/manga series
Troubadour (George Strait album), an album by George Strait
- "Troubadour" (song), this album's title track and second single
- Troubadour (J. J. Cale album), the fourth album by J. J. Cale
- Troubadour Records, a Japanese record label
- The Troubadours, a UK indie band based in Wigan
- Troubadour (K'naan album), the 2009 album by K'naan
- "Troubadours", a song by Van Morrison on the album Into the Music
- Troubadour: The Definitive Collection 1964–1976, the first CD boxed set from the singer-songwriter Donovan
- Troubador Press, a San Francisco book publishing company founded by Malcolm Whyte
"Troubadour" is a song written by Leslie Satcher and Monty Holmes, and recorded by American country singer George Strait. It was released in June 2008 as the second single and title track from his album Troubadour. The song was the 86th chart single of his career. It has become his 79th Top Ten single on the Billboard Hot Country Songs chart.
The song is part of the track list for Now That's What I Call Country Volume 2.
The Troubadour is a nightclub located in West Hollywood, California, USA, at 9081 Santa Monica Boulevard just east of Doheny Drive and the border of Beverly Hills. It was opened in 1957 by Doug Weston as a coffee house on La Cienega Boulevard, then moved to its current location shortly after opening and has remained open continuously since. It was a major center for folk music in the 1960s, and subsequently for singer-songwriters and rock.
The Troubadour played an important role in the careers of Elton John, Linda Ronstadt, James Taylor, the Eagles, The Byrds, Love, Joni Mitchell, Hoyt Axton, Carole King, Bonnie Raitt, J.D. Souther, Jackson Browne, Van Morrison, Buffalo Springfield and other prominent and successful performers, who played performances there establishing their future fame. In 1962, comedian Lenny Bruce was arrested on obscenity charges for using the word " schmuck" on stage; one of the arresting officers was Sherman Block, who would later become Los Angeles County Sheriff. On August 25, 1970, Neil Diamond (who had just recorded his first live album at the Troubadour) introduced Elton John, who performed his first show in the United States at the Troubadour. In 1974, John Lennon and his friend Harry Nilsson were ejected from the club for drunkenly heckling the Smothers Brothers. Randy Newman started out at the club and comics Cheech & Chong and Steve Martin were discovered there. In 1975, Elton John returned to do a series of special anniversary concerts. In November 2007, James Taylor and Carole King played a series of concerts commemorating the nightclub's 50th anniversary and reuniting the two from their 1970 performance.
Other alumni include The New Christy Minstrels, Fleetwood Mac, Rod Stewart, Don McLean, Carly Simon, George Carlin, Michael Nesmith, Rickie Lee Jones, Paramore, The Tragically Hip, Sloan, Lenny Bruce, Bette Midler, Leo Kottke, Bruce Springsteen, Billy Joel, the Pointer Sisters, Liza Minnelli, Half Way Home, Sheryl Crow, Natalie Maines, The Everly Brothers, Karla Bonoff, Al Stewart, Kyle Vincent, Waylon Jennings, Tom Waits, Pavement, The Knack, Rise Against, Leonard Cohen, Tommy Cody, Isbelle Razors, Roberta Flack, Ramblin' Jack Elliot, Paul Sykes, Donny Hathaway, Arlo Guthrie, The Dollyrots, Darren Criss, The Spats, Nick Jonas, Weezer, Neil Diamond, the Rising Sons, and Republic of Loose.
The Troubadour featured new wave and punk in the late 1970s and early 1980s, and became virtually synonymous with heavy metal and glam bands like Mötley Crüe, Candy, Guns N' Roses, Poison, Warrant and W.A.S.P. in the 1980s. Guns N' Roses played their first show at the Troubadour, and were also discovered by a David Geffen A&R representative at the club. During the Glam/ Metal years Gina Barsamian was the primary booking agent for the club. There is a variety of styles of music played at the Troubadour to the present day and it continues to be one of Hollywood's favorite and most respected places to see live music.
In 2011, a documentary about the club called Troubadours: Carole King / James Taylor & The Rise of the Singer-Songwriter was released.
Today the venue is well known for presenting emerging UK artists ( Radiohead, Coldplay, Franz Ferdinand, The Libertines, Arctic Monkeys, Lawson), punk/hardcore acts, such bands as Billy Talent, Papa Roach, and Rise Against, the latter filming five nights in a row for a DVD, Generation Lost. It is also still a popular venue to showcase singer-songwriters: Ray LaMontagne, Joanna Newsom, Fiona Apple, Kina Grannis. On April 1, 2016, it saw the first show of Guns N' Roses since Slash and Duff McKagan had rejoined the band.
Troubadour is the fourth album by JJ Cale, released in 1976. Eric Clapton covered the song " Cocaine" on his 1977 album Slowhand, turning it into one of his biggest hits. He later covered the track "Travelin' Light" for his 2001 studio album Reptile. " Travelin' Light" was also recorded by Widespread Panic for their album Space Wrangler in 1988.
Troubadour is the second studio album by Somali- Canadian hip hop artist K'naan, released February 24, 2009. The album features performances by Kirk Hammett, Chubb Rock, Chali 2na, Mos Def, Damian Marley, and Adam Levine. Production was completed by Track and Field, a team composed of R&B artists Gerald Eaton and Brian West.
Troubadour (1882 – January 16, 1906) was an American Thoroughbred Champion racehorse. Bred in Kentucky by A. J. Alexander's Woodburn Stud, he was sired by Lisbon, a son of the imported British stallion Phaeton who in turn was a son of two-time Leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland, King Tom. His dam was Glenluine, a daughter of U.S. Racing Hall of Fame inductee Lexington who was the Leading sire in North America sixteen times and prepotent sire of the second half of the 19th century.
Troubadour is the twenty-fifth studio album by American country music singer George Strait. It was released on April 1, 2008 (see 2008 in country music) on MCA Nashville Records. The album comprises twelve tracks, including two duets. The lead-off single, "I Saw God Today", was the highest-debuting single of Strait's career, and his forty-third Number One on the Billboard country charts. The album has been certified platinum by the RIAA. At the 51st Grammy Awards, Troubadour earned the Grammy Award for Best Country Album, the first Grammy win of Strait's career. The album was intended to include the song " Everybody Wants to Go to Heaven", but after Strait decided not to include it on the album, it was later recorded by Kenny Chesney, and was released as the first single from his album Lucky Old Sun.
Usage examples of "troubadour".
Whatever the troubadours and minnesingers may have done toward establishing a metrical melodic form of monophonic character was soon obliterated by the swift popularity of part singing and the immense vogue of the secular songs of the polyphonic composers.
The food for its satire, too, is most admirably chosen, for no feature of the social life of that place and period is more amiably absurd than the efforts of the handicraftsmen and tradespeople, with their prosaic surroundings, to keep alive by dint of pedantic formularies the spirit of minstrelsy, which had a natural stimulus in the chivalric life of the troubadours and minnesingers of whom the mastersingers thought themselves the direct and legitimate successors.
Toulouse, in Aix, Nimes, Albi, Aries, Carpentras, Montpellier, Genoa, Milan and Burgos, Occitan universities were springing from the ground, while Jeux Floraux, or poetic contests, were everywhere reviving the ancient songs of the Troubadours, dedicated to the quest of the soul and of perfect love.
It is, indeed, undeniable that there are close parallels between the forms of language used to express these ideas by the troubadours and the Sufis.
When a later generation of La Tours were struggling for foothold in the New World, it was not strange that a son of the De Borns, full of songcraft and spirit inherited from some troubadour soldier of the twelfth century, should turn his face to the same land.
The troubadour did not see, as he walked, the webs that hung in the trees on either side of the road, nor did he know of the spiders that hid in the folds of his cloak, but before the castle had slipped full out of sight, he became aware of other spiders and other webs.
However, in the medieval European experience and understanding of love, as interpreted not only by Gottfried and the Tristan poets, but also by the troubadours and Minnesingers of the twelfth and early thirteenth centuries, there is an altogether different tone from anything of the Orient, whether of the Far, Middle, or Near East.
However, in the European twelfth and early thirteenth centuries, in the poetry first of the troubadours of Provence, and then, with a new accent, of the Minnesingers, a way of experiencing love came to expression that was altogether different from either of those two as traditionally opposed.
The Landgrave Hermann held a gathering Of minstrels, minnesingers, troubadours, At Wartburg in his palace, and the knight, Sir Tannhauser of France, the greatest bard, Inspired with heavenly visions, and endowed With apprehension and rare utterance Of noble music, fared in thoughtful wise Across the Horsel meadows.
European experience and understanding of love, as interpreted not only by Gottfried and the Tristan poets, but also by the troubadours and Minnesingers of the twelfth and early thirteenth centuries, there is an altogether different tone from anything of the Orient, whether of the Far, Middle, or Near East.
They nibbled at pasties and swigged ale, laughing and cheering, while peddlers circulated among them with food and drink, and troubadours and gleemen strolled about singing and chanting.
Iceland the sagas were becoming old and loved and told in Europe, by the skalds, the troubadours, and minnesingers.
And it was the work of the troubadours to celebrate this passion, which in their view was of a divine grace altogether higher in dignity than the sacraments of the Church, higher than the sacrament of marriage, and, if excluded from Heaven, then sanctified in Hell.
The first troubadours started writing, singing and playing their lutes there.
I shall be shut up with the tire-women else, and have a week of spindle and bodkin, when I would fain be galloping Troubadour up Wilverley Walk, or loosing little Roland at the Vinney Ridge herons.