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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
the arms/timber/book etc trade
▪ Britain is heavily involved in the arms trade.
▪ They rode through just before the first of the big gate timbers descended in an explosion of sparks.
▪ The biggest enemy of timber cladding - and its supporting battens - is rot.
▪ The big white timber and stone structure nestled, half hidden, amongst mature oak and elm.
▪ Above this central partition lay a heavy timber roof-truss, supporting the purlins and extending down to suspended ceiling level.
▪ We had an excess issue of heavy timber.
▪ The expansion of both the Royal Navy and the mercantile marine also entailed a heavy demand for timber.
▪ The structure of the open warehouse floors consisted of cast-iron columns supporting steel, iron or heavy timber beams.
▪ Your men cut heavy baulks of timber: oak, elm, beech.
▪ The heavy timber door closed resoundingly behind her and the heels of her sandals clicked on the stone floors.
▪ They raided two yards belonging to Timbmet, the country's second largest timber importer, at Oxford and Bicester.
▪ No. 8 is a large timber drying shed.
▪ Fancy designs are available from larger timber merchants, and give a lovely effect when lit from behind.
▪ Britain is presently the world's second largest timber importer with a self-sufficiency in wood of only about 10%.
▪ The beautiful restaurant has a traditional feel, with splendid old timbers and a delightful new conservatory.
▪ Searching out high-quality old timber is a big factor in the opening up of pristine forests.
▪ And finally, one great advantage of all old timber - it is fully seasoned and will never move again.
▪ The first-stage trees are largely used for pulp, while the second-stage ones are the bulk of the tropical timber industry.
▪ For the environmentally minded contractor, several lumber companies in California are now marketing ethically chopped tropical rain forest timber.
▪ The organisation has set 2000 as the target for tropical timber producers to introduce sustainable policies.
▪ Early last year the North Hertfordshire branch of Friends of the Earth conducted a survey of importers of tropical timber.
▪ Conserving Matters Steps are at last being taken to create a formal structure for checking the sources of sustainably managed tropical timber.
▪ However, it agreed to postpone until 1994 the negotiation of a new agreement between tropical timber producers and consumers.
▪ In 1990, it imported over 900,000 cubic metres of tropical timber, and nearly eight million finished tropical timber products.
▪ However it was to no avail: the Orcs swarmed across the river floating on broken timber beams and other debris.
▪ The second-century timber buildings in Annetwell Street mentioned above were replaced by masonry structures, possibly under Severus.
▪ Excavations south of the fort have shown the existence of contemporary timber buildings as far south as Blackfriars Street.
▪ We visited this and were told that the timber buildings were of three periods, of course.
▪ To the south lay several layers representing the floors and make-up of a timber building alongside streets 1 and 3.
▪ Its original turf and timber buildings were eventually replaced by stone ones.
▪ The foreign company would also assist the Forestry Department in collecting royalty and tax payments from the timber companies.
▪ Some of the more complex structures may have had suspended timber floors.
▪ They can be put in a timber floor or in a trench in a solid floor.
▪ Overloaded or lightly structured timber floors are also likely to deflect or sag, producing a dished or sloping floor surface.
▪ Quarry tiles in the kitchen, dining room and hall are laid on the diagonal, on top of a timber floor.
▪ The first is the crawl space beneath any suspended timber floors, where rot can quickly develop unless ventilation is good.
▪ A typical lightweight construction would be a timber frame with insulation between the studs and an inner lining of plasterboard.
▪ You can buy an off-the-peg timber frame house or discover how to design and build your own house of stone.
▪ At least today's timber frame builders can use a crane to haul the weighty beams into place.
▪ Illustrated is the system used for securing sheets to a simple lean-to verandah roof with timber frame.
▪ The second type of grave was structurally similar to the first but also included timber frames on which the deceased were laid.
▪ Though build-about 1740 this timber frame type of construction dates back to the Middle Ages.
▪ Then the timber frame construction can start.
▪ The Shadow Agriculture Minister says privatisation would be a scandal and could threaten jobs in the timber industry.
▪ While environmentalists want some of the damaged trees to remain, the timber industry wants to remove as many as possible.
▪ Doctor Strang also introduced fears that privatisation will effect the future of jobs in the timber industry.
▪ The timber industry estimates that it, too, will reap millions.
▪ Unfortunately the timber industry is shot through with economic inefficiency.
▪ Environmentalists and representatives of the timber industry, nearly always at odds, find themselves supporting a policy of increased burning.
▪ The report has been welcomed by many legislators as the most authoritative and independent assessment of the old-growth timber industry ever prepared.
▪ Two professors injured, an advertising executive and a timber industry lobbyist killed.
▪ Branches of timber merchants, such as W H Newson, stock a range of hardwood mouldings for you to put up yourself.
▪ Fancy designs are available from larger timber merchants, and give a lovely effect when lit from behind.
▪ At the moment, about four-fifths of all the timber and timber products we use have to be imported.
▪ In 1990, it imported over 900,000 cubic metres of tropical timber, and nearly eight million finished tropical timber products.
▪ Cellular plastic has a high insulation value, four times greater than similar timber products.
▪ The first crop, taken out at intervals of 30 years or more, was that of standard trees for timber production.
▪ Nevertheless, the prime objective of forest management remains that of timber production.
▪ New officers had to be appointed for the new objective of woodland management for timber production.
▪ The site is a former quarry which is now managed for wildlife, informal recreation, environmental education and timber production.
▪ This problem did not extend to the roof timbers as this construction was very well ventilated.
▪ The concealed roof timbers are then subjected to conditions of continual vaporisation and condensation which give rise to wet and dry rot.
▪ The design and size of the roof timbers is governed by the Building Regulations and approved by the local authority.
▪ A sudden spear of light strikes across the distempered roof timbers.
▪ Most garages escape this problem since usually they have no ceiling boards or insulation and the roof timbers are left exposed.
▪ They comprised a great hall of two storeys open to the roof timbers, solar, storage accommodation and bedchambers.
▪ If so, the timber structure need have been little more than the simplest type of tailor's dummy.
▪ She was made of flexible bamboo, while the majority of the other rafts had been more massive, sturdy timber structures.
▪ So far as the timber structure is concerned, you may not understand it, but it should look regular and well formed.
▪ Early timber structures fell, in turn, into decay the last being demolished in 1798.
▪ One day it could be used by the timber trade as a guide for preserving the environment which pays their wages.
▪ Baker of the timber trade group.
▪ The organisation has the dual role of protecting both the rainforests and the interests of 47 nations involved in the timber trade.
▪ The study identified a total of 1,868 species of tree involved in the world timber trade.
▪ The seminar took the view that the timber trade helps preserve forests by giving them economic value.
▪ Eventually I got fed up with waiting and went round to the timber yard.
▪ They also visit stone quarries, timber yards and specialist conservation studios and workshops.
▪ Plain and simple mouldings can be bought at most timber yards and home decorating shops.
▪ Then the conifers would have long since given up their job as nurses to the beeches and ended in a timber yard.
▪ Along the length of the railway line were timber yards, rope works, maltings and an iron foundry.
▪ There are many timber yards and a chemical industry using the imported oil.
▪ We bought timber from a timber yard and went to another two builders' merchants for some specialised bits.
▪ The first thing we saw was a large articulated lorry being loaded up in the timber yard.
▪ It takes 900 separate pieces of oak to build a typical timber framed house.
▪ They built timber groynes and constructed chalk banks and patched up breaches as they occurred.
▪ Voice over Border Oak builds around 30 timber framed homes a year from manor houses to small cottages.
▪ The earlier models were built with more conventional timber materials.
▪ If the blocks are cut from quarter-sawn timber durability will be improved over that of plain sawn timber.
▪ It seemed the man had cut down some timber and wanted Ballantyne to purchase it.
▪ Their axes sounded loud in the long wood as they cut the timber for their cooking fires.
▪ For example, an owner of land could grant a licence to cut and remove standing timber.
▪ Your men cut heavy baulks of timber: oak, elm, beech.
▪ It provided grazing land, timber, fruits and fuel, while remaining an undamaged wildlife habitat.
▪ In later Victorian buildings, iron beams and columns replaces timber in this arrangement.
▪ Vaults have generally replaced the original timber roofs in the later Middle Ages and most churches have a detached, later campanile.
▪ In his assumed name of Brown he sold the timber to an innocent purchaser.
▪ Several years ago, he said he was arrested for cutting and selling timber on state property.
▪ B sold the timber to S. E then sued S for conversion of the timber.
▪ The chains supporting the deck of timber are made of wrought-iron links which Brown had patented three years earlier.
▪ The main hall of the palace is built over a large undercroft and has twin naves with columns supporting a timber roof.
▪ Several horse-wheels survive in Northumberland, housed in circular buildings with their roofs supported by pillars of timber or stone.
▪ The weatherboarded top was originally supported by the timber trestle, which has since been enclosed within a brick roundhouse.
▪ You can use a timber off-cut to protect brick edges.
▪ One day it could be used by the timber trade as a guide for preserving the environment which pays their wages.
▪ Typically, one of the products could be Shaker boxes, using green unseasoned timber cut into very thin pieces.
▪ Fixing shingles Because of the little maintenance they require I intend using shingles rather than timber cladding.
▪ I don't think we used the timber more than five times in the whole round.
▪ The crew salvaged some food and had a barbecue on which they grilled fish and birds using timber from the boat.
▪ Another feature will be single wall construction, using a simple timber cladding without a brick facing.
old-growth forests/rainforest/timber etc
▪ But propaganda that all old-growth forests are being hacked down willy-nilly is nonsense.
▪ Like the northern spotted owl, the tiny bird is dependent on old-growth forests.
▪ The floors of old-growth forests tend to be fairly sterile because overhead canopies of leaves prevent light from reaching the ground.
▪ The report has been welcomed by many legislators as the most authoritative and independent assessment of the old-growth timber industry ever prepared.
wine/coal/timber etc merchant
▪ Branches of timber merchants, such as W H Newson, stock a range of hardwood mouldings for you to put up yourself.
▪ Consumers should go there only with guidance from a capable wine merchant or reviewer.
▪ Other services provided by Co-operative societies include undertakers, coal merchants and opticians.
▪ Take time to shop around; get to know your local wine merchant or investigate your local supermarket.
▪ The 13 coal merchants and some of the 12 corn and seed merchants no doubt operated from the wharf.
▪ The worst was a coal merchant.
▪ Whigham's Wine Cellar Attached to the famous wine merchants.
▪ Adjustable shelving is still a very popular choice; timber and glass shelves are ideal for displaying ornaments.
▪ After lying deserted it became a timber factory for a while in the 1960s.
▪ Along the length of the railway line were timber yards, rope works, maltings and an iron foundry.
▪ But government departments have no method of discovering the origin of the timber and paper that they use.
▪ But it was no better outside: midges boiled in clouds out of the sodden peat around the saw-bed and the timber stacks.
▪ It provided grazing land, timber, fruits and fuel, while remaining an undamaged wildlife habitat.
▪ You can then treat the timber by spraying or brushing on two generous coats, working backwards towards the loft hatch.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Timber \Tim"ber\, v. t. To surmount as a timber does. [Obs.]


Timber \Tim"ber\, n. [AS. timbor, timber, wood, building; akin to OFries. timber, D. timmer a room, G. zimmer, OHG. zimbar timber, a dwelling, room, Icel. timbr timber, Sw. timmer, Dan. t["o]mmer, Goth. timrjan to build, timrja a builder, L. domus a house, Gr. ? house, ? to build, Skr. dama a house.

  1. That sort of wood which is proper for buildings or for tools, utensils, furniture, carriages, fences, ships, and the like; -- usually said of felled trees, but sometimes of those standing. Cf. Lumber, 3.

    And ta'en my fiddle to the gate, . . . And fiddled in the timber!

  2. The body, stem, or trunk of a tree.

  3. Fig.: Material for any structure.

    Such dispositions are the very errors of human nature; and yet they are the fittest timber to make politics of.

  4. A single piece or squared stick of wood intended for building, or already framed; collectively, the larger pieces or sticks of wood, forming the framework of a house, ship, or other structure, in distinction from the covering or boarding.

    So they prepared timber . . . to build the house.
    --1 Kings v. 18.

    Many of the timbers were decayed.
    --W. Coxe.

  5. Woods or forest; wooden land. [Western U. S.]

  6. (Shipbuilding) A rib, or a curving piece of wood, branching outward from the keel and bending upward in a vertical direction. One timber is composed of several pieces united.

    Timber and room. (Shipbuilding) Same as Room and space. See under Room.

    Timber beetle (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of beetles the larv[ae] of which bore in timber; as, the silky timber beetle ( Lymexylon sericeum).

    Timber doodle (Zo["o]l.), the American woodcock. [Local, U. S.]

    Timber grouse (Zo["o]l.), any species of grouse that inhabits woods, as the ruffed grouse and spruce partridge; -- distinguished from prairie grouse.

    Timber hitch (Naut.), a kind of hitch used for temporarily marking fast a rope to a spar. See Illust. under Hitch.

    Timber mare, a kind of instrument upon which soldiers were formerly compelled to ride for punishment.

    Timber scribe, a metal tool or pointed instrument for marking timber.

    Timber sow. (Zo["o]l.) Same as Timber worm, below.

    Timber tree, a tree suitable for timber.

    Timber worm (Zo["o]l.), any larval insect which burrows in timber.

    Timber yard, a yard or place where timber is deposited.


Timber \Tim"ber\, n. [Probably the same word as timber sort of wood; cf. Sw. timber, LG. timmer, MHG. zimber, G. zimmer, F. timbre, LL. timbrium. Cf. Timmer.] (Com.) A certain quantity of fur skins, as of martens, ermines, sables, etc., packed between boards; being in some cases forty skins, in others one hundred and twenty; -- called also timmer. [Written also timbre.]


Timber \Tim"ber\, n. [F. timbre. See Timbre.] (Her.) The crest on a coat of arms. [Written also timbre.]


Timber \Tim"ber\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Timbered; p. pr. & vb. n. Timbering.] To furnish with timber; -- chiefly used in the past participle.

His bark is stoutly timbered.


Timber \Tim"ber\, v. i.

  1. To light on a tree. [Obs.]

  2. (Falconry) To make a nest.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

Old English timber "building, structure," in late Old English "building material, trees suitable for building," and "trees or woods in general," from Proto-Germanic *timran (cognates: Old Saxon timbar "a building, room," Old Frisian timber "wood, building," Old High German zimbar "timber, wooden dwelling, room," Old Norse timbr "timber," German Zimmer "room"), from PIE *deme- "to build," possibly from root *dem- "house, household" (source of Greek domos, Latin domus; see domestic (adj.)).\n

\nThe related Old English verb timbran, timbrian was the chief word for "to build" (compare Dutch timmeren, German zimmern). As a call of warning when a cut tree is about to fall, it is attested from 1912 in Canadian English. Timbers in the nautical slang sense (see shiver (v.2)) is from the specialized meaning "pieces of wood composing the frames of a ship's hull" (1748).\n

\nThe timber-wolf (1846) of the U.S. West is the gray wolf, not confined to forests but so-called to distinguish it from the prairie-wolf (coyote).


interj. Used by loggers to warn others that a tree being felled is falling. n. 1 (context uncountable English) tree in a forest regarded as a source of wood. 2 (context British uncountable English) Wood that has been pre-cut and is ready for use in construction. 3 (context countable English) A heavy wooden beam, generally a whole log that has been squared off and used to provide heavy support for something such as a roof. Historically also used in the plural, as in "ship's timbers". 4 (context archaic English) A certain quantity of fur skins (as of martens, ermines, sables, etc.) packed between boards; in some cases forty skins, in others one hundred and twenty. Also ''timmer'', ''timbre''. 5 (context firearms informal English) The wooden stock of a rifle or shotgun. vb. 1 (context transitive English) To fit with timbers. 2 (context falconry intransitive English) To light or land on a tree. 3 (context obsolete English) To make a nest. 4 To surmount as a timber does.

  1. n. the wood of trees cut and prepared for use as building material [syn: lumber]

  2. a beam made of wood

  3. a post made of wood

  4. land that is covered with trees and shrubs [syn: forest, woodland, timberland]

  5. (music) the distinctive property of a complex sound (a voice or noise or musical sound); "the timbre of her soprano was rich and lovely"; "the muffled tones of the broken bell summoned them to meet" [syn: timbre, quality, tone]

Timber (disambiguation)

Timber may refer to:

Timber (film)

Timber is a 1941 animated short film, featuring Donald Duck and Peg-Leg Pete.

Timber (video game)

Timber is an arcade game that was manufactured by Midway Games in 1984. The object of the game is to amass points by chopping down trees or by balancing on a floating, rotating log.

Timber (programming language)

Timber is a functional programming language descendant from O'Haskell, targeted at embedded real-time systems.

Timber (Berkshire cricketer)

Timber (dates unknown) was an English professional cricketer who made 10 known appearances in first-class cricket matches from 1792 to 1795.

Timber (Coldcut and Hexstatic song)

"Timber" is a song by UK dance act Coldcut with Hexstatic.

The 2001 Guinness Book of Records listed the song under Most Music Videos For One Song, since there are five different videos for the song: the original mix, the EBN remix, the LPC remix, the Clifford Gilberto remix and the Gnomadic remix. The Timber EP contains 7 versions of the song.

Timber (Pitbull song)

"Timber" is a song by American rapper Pitbull featuring American recording artist Kesha. The song was released on October 7, 2013, as the lead single from Pitbull's extended play (EP) Meltdown. The song was produced by Dr. Luke, Cirkut, and Sermstyle, with additional production by Nick Seeley. The song interpolates Lee Oskar's 1978 single "San Francisco Bay" and features harmonica player Paul Harrington, who plays through the entire song and was told to emulate Oskar.

The song peaked at number-one on the Billboard Hot 100 for three consecutive weeks, and also topped the charts in many other countries, including Canada (where it stood at number one for eight consecutive weeks), Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. According to the IFPI, the song sold 12.6 million units worldwide in 2014, including single-track downloads and track-equivalent streams, becoming the sixth best-selling song of that year.

Timber (1942 film)

Timber is a 1942 drama centering on obstruction of lumber mill production for Canada's Department of National Defence during World War II. Jules Fabian (Paiva) heads a gang of saboteurs determined to subvert the Canadian Forestry Corps. Quebec (Carrillo), Arizona (Devine) and Kansas (Dailey) hire on at a lumber company and uncover the plot. Murder and intrigue pervade as Kansas, who in reality is working undercover for the Corps, romances Yvette Lacour (Lord).

Usage examples of "timber".

Though the bridge of stone and timber had washed away centuries before, the abutments still remained.

The soils of Northern Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan, that have produced hardwood timber, have unusually high adaptation to the growth of this plant, and as the snow usually covers the ground in these areas in winter, the crop may be relied upon with much certainty.

On each cane shaft, tied behind the iron arrowhead, was a tuft of unravelled hemp rope that had been soaked in pitch, which spluttered and then burned fiercely when touched with the slow-match, The archers loosed their arrows, which sailed up in a high, flaming parabola and dropped down to peg into the timbers of an anchored vessel.

He minced off giving the menu a flap as if to fan his face, and I followed him, back towards the car-park, then through a timber back-door and into a functional corridor.

Cedar Key, the tourist and the retired had finally found Timber Bay-just as, inevitably, every square foot of the state except the state parks is going to be found and asphalted and painted with yellow parking lines.

Now, apparently, as they had found Cedar Key, the tourist and the retired had finally found Timber Bay-just as, inevitably, every square foot of the state except the state parks is going to be found and asphalted and painted with yellow parking lines.

The stench of tar, the creak of timbers, the splash of the swell of an ice-cold sea, the incessant rocking all told him he was still a prisoner on the Azhkendi vessel, sailing ever farther away from Astasia by the hour.

The teenager looked, pointing to a circular blemish on the feather-edge timber wall of the barn.

Felix Borel drifting down the Pichide on a timber raft under the tall clouds that paraded across the greenish sky of Krishna.

Even with the heated stones, the water was still icy cold, and I had to cling to the rough timber of the bothy to remain standing as Sionan doused me until I was drenched, and then she began to wash me.

She would go for his current account, for his cash draw down at the Saskatch Timber Bank, and any immediately cashable positions or notes of his that she could discover floating on the exchange.

As the swaying, bellowing mass swept along in the moonlight, crashing and trampling through the light outlying timber, some of the coachers were seen working their way to the lead, and the wild cattle having no settled plan, followed them blindly.

After the arrow slits were chinked the thick timber walls were cozier than a tent, and despite the grisly structure outside the door we soon made ourselves at home.

The plains immediately below the city gates at the center of the bulwarks were obscured by the burning oil and wooden rampways, which had crumbled entirely into masses of flaming timbers.

I exchanged cordial good wishes and obeisances, and, with the women dragging my sorry mare by a rope round her nose, we left the glorious shrines and solemn cryptomeria groves of Nikko behind, passed down its long, clean street, and where the In Memoriam avenue is densest and darkest turned off to the left by a path like the bed of a brook, which afterwards, as a most atrocious trail, wound about among the rough boulders of the Daiya, which it crosses often on temporary bridges of timbers covered with branches and soil.