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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a sustained campaign (=lasting a long time)
▪ The organization has mounted a sustained campaign against the killing of endangered species.
a sustained effort (=one that you continue making for a long time)
▪ It will take a sustained effort over the next 5 years to achieve our objectives.
a sustained recovery (=that continues for a long time)
▪ Will these policies provide a basis for sustained recovery and sustained growth?
maintain/sustain growth
▪ Governments that want to survive have to maintain growth.
suffer/sustain damageformal
▪ She has suffered damage to her hearing.
sustain/receive an injuryformal (= suffer an injury)
▪ She sustained an injury to her hip.
▪ Stamina relates to the efficiency of the heart and lungs and their ability to sustain effort without becoming tired and breathless.
▪ Only in this case can breathing and heartbeat continue independently of the patient's own ability to sustain them.
▪ The basement of the house had sustained heavy damage and part of the ceiling on the top floor had collapsed.
▪ The medieval tower of the town hall of Foligno, near Assisi, also sustained further damage.
▪ If chargers move through Fanatics they have not already encountered then they sustain more damage as they hit the deranged Goblins.
▪ Squash and green beans sustained the worst damage, with 50 percent 70 percent, respectively, of these crops lost.
▪ His home sustained some damage, but mostly remained intact.
▪ Though still standing, the basilica itself has sustained terrible damage.
▪ As for the Tirpitz, her crew received a considerable scare but the ship itself sustained no damage.
▪ Both ships sustained major damage, but no one was injured or killed.
▪ Tranmere's football is high-octane stuff sustained by sheer effort.
▪ Their weakness has been sustaining the effort.
▪ Stamina relates to the efficiency of the heart and lungs and their ability to sustain effort without becoming tired and breathless.
▪ At each juncture, there is a breakdown in attention because the work requires sustained conscious effort.
▪ What has been designed to sustain the effort?
▪ Yet his sustained effort to create a science built of subtle perceptions and participatory consciousness places him prominently in the Romantic project.
▪ In kindergarten and first grade, how-ever, sustaining independent effort is rarely required.
▪ Low self-confidence also made it difficult for Sean to sustain independent effort.
▪ Pleine Vie's readership reflects a market that is forecasting solid and sustained demographic growth well into the next decade.
▪ As for yearnings for high-fat foods, these are the foods necessary in our very early years to sustain rapid growth.
▪ Steady and sustained economic growth will generate jobs that last.
▪ To sustain our impressive growth, the following vacancies now exist.
▪ The years of an exuberant commercial sector fuelling sustained growth appear to be coming to an end.
▪ Employment, the second, and trickiest, component, must depend on a return to sustained economic growth.
▪ It is much more difficult to sustain growth once the novelty has worn off.
▪ For example, fire risk clients could be sustained at home if they had 24-hour-a-day surveillance.
▪ Even so, they were generally being sustained at home at a cost below that of institutional care.
▪ There are several reasons for this concern with dementia sufferers and with finding ways of sustaining them at home.
▪ There had been conflicting opinions by individual judges on whether injuries must be sustained by a living person before next-of-kin could sue.
▪ During the eighteenth century a young man fell into the cellar and succumbed to the injuries he sustained.
▪ In 1986 the local authority became concerned about injuries which D had sustained and they obtained a place of safety order.
▪ This time around, Dirk Pitt is nursing injuries sustained during a volcanic eruption.
▪ They charged Dad with obstructing the police, and claimed that all our injuries had been sustained in the struggle.
▪ If the injury sustained was an inherent risk of the procedure, then the doctrine will be inapplicable.
▪ The inquest was told the injuries were sustained during convulsions induced by narcotics.
▪ People have a limited capacity to sustain interest in politics.
▪ Let training or practice in those areas sustain your interest.
▪ Moreover, both parties found it impossible to sustain widespread interest in political organization.
▪ A: It is rare for a child to sustain interest in reading material that is completely beyond him.
▪ It is fast-moving, there is skill to be admired, and plenty of off-the-puck incident to sustain our interest.
▪ There are limits to what technology can achieve in the absence of sustained, high-level government interest in agricultural policy.
▪ But, to their credit, the Fifties sustained its interest at maximum heat.
▪ One process improvement technique, for example, failed to sustain interest.
▪ The original owners could not sustain the necessary level of investment so the company has now been sold.
▪ Unfortunately, the margins won't sustain the level of investment.
▪ No neat distinction between legal doctrine and political principle can be sustained at this level of adjudication.
▪ Death is the removal of all the possibilities which sustain us in our lives.
▪ I was very happy in a professional sense, and I found community life as sustaining as community life can be.
▪ A friendship, begun in their twenties, had been sustained throughout their lives.
▪ That they use leaves to produce the energy they need to sustain life?
▪ Local post offices, local transport and local schools all have an important role to play in sustaining rural life.
▪ The situation improved, but regular food rations were still barely sufficient to sustain a healthy life.
▪ Its distance from the Sun was just right to sustain life, providing the right kind of equable temperatures and flowing water.
▪ Hollywood was bigger than life; it sustained life; it was life.
▪ We're prepared to sustain losses for several years while we get it going.
▪ Bedford had sustained substantial losses in the post-Fort Sumter turmoil.
▪ Public pension funds have experimented with such investments and have sustained huge losses.
▪ The county's row crops sustained the greatest losses.
▪ Other crops can not sustain the increased population, but you can build empires on maize.
▪ The sustained good health of populations requires enlightened management of our social resources, economic relations, and of the natural world.
▪ I have already mentioned the failure of the paramilitaries to create and sustain a political initiative.
▪ If the euro is created and sustained, this will inevitably have important consequences for the United States.
▪ Believing in the other person - extending trust - helps to create and sustain constancy and trustworthiness.
▪ The culture-ideology of consumerism produces the values and attitudes that create and sustain the need for the products.
▪ Through this, her love can be tempered into a compassion and understanding with which she can help and sustain others.
▪ Lost or found, documents help to sustain the hearings, Sarbanes said.
▪ This hierarchical approach to art's histories has helped sustain the exclusivity of the `-isms' approach.
▪ In the West, enthusiastic books and articles helped to sustain the illusion.
▪ Believing in the other person - extending trust - helps to create and sustain constancy and trustworthiness.
▪ At the same time, computers helped sustained the trading frenzy prompted by human error.
▪ They do also help to achieve and sustain rapport and stimulate the respondent's thinking.
▪ This can help to sustain, protect and help healthy growth as well as give you peace of mind.
▪ In the West similar acquisition machines have struggled to find the ever-bigger targets needed to sustain their high share prices.
▪ The water Tucson needs to sustain its unhealthy rate of growth will not be available.
▪ It needs you to sustain its welfare work and it can help you by providing comradeship and support.
▪ He supports the programs and encourages the creativity needed to sustain them, he said.
▪ Capitalists were forced to concede the wage rises which for the system as a whole were needed to sustain accumulation.
▪ That they use leaves to produce the energy they need to sustain life?
▪ We know that the right hon. Gentleman would add to taxation, for he needs to in order to sustain his promises.
▪ The current stars are generators of profits which may need investment to sustain their position.
▪ What our public services require is sustained year-on-year investment over many years.
▪ At each juncture, there is a breakdown in attention because the work requires sustained conscious effort.
▪ But these things aside, what operating managers need and want most are the resources required to sustain and improve performance.
▪ More public works construction could help sustain job growth.
▪ The floor cannot sustain the weight of a piano.
▪ The planet cannot sustain more than 6 billion people.
▪ The program needs sustained government involvement to survive.
▪ The thought of getting home was the only thing that sustained me in the hospital.
▪ A series of twitches builds up muscle tension into a sustained contraction.
▪ Cook sustained that injury during the win over Basingstoke last month.
▪ Indeed the Customer Service Charter featured below sets out the level of service we strive to sustain.
▪ It could be suggested that this is one determining factor in whether teachers are able to effect and sustain change.
▪ Similarly in the international arena, an emasculated politics is incapable of sustaining an effective national defense.
▪ This did not prove sufficient to sustain the cocoa economy.
▪ Trees are a renewable resource that when managed properly can sustain our needs indefinitely.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Sustain \Sus*tain"\, n. One who, or that which, upholds or sustains; a sustainer.

I waked again, for my sustain was the Lord.


Sustain \Sus*tain"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Sustained; p. pr. & vb. n. Sustaining.] [OE. sustenen, susteinen, OF. sustenir, sostenir, F. soutenir (the French prefix is properly fr. L. subtus below, fr. sub under), L. sustinere; pref. sus- (see Sub-) + tenere to hold. See Tenable, and cf. Sustenance.]

  1. To keep from falling; to bear; to uphold; to support; as, a foundation sustains the superstructure; a beast sustains a load; a rope sustains a weight.

    Every pillar the temple to sustain.

  2. Hence, to keep from sinking, as in despondence, or the like; to support.

    No comfortable expectations of another life to sustain him under the evils in this world.

  3. To maintain; to keep alive; to support; to subsist; to nourish; as, provisions to sustain an army.

  4. To aid, comfort, or relieve; to vindicate.

    His sons, who seek the tyrant to sustain.

  5. To endure without failing or yielding; to bear up under; as, to sustain defeat and disappointment.

  6. To suffer; to bear; to undergo.

    Shall Turnus, then, such endless toil sustain?

    You shall sustain more new disgraces.

  7. To allow the prosecution of; to admit as valid; to sanction; to continue; not to dismiss or abate; as, the court sustained the action or suit.

  8. To prove; to establish by evidence; to corroborate or confirm; to be conclusive of; as, to sustain a charge, an accusation, or a proposition.

    Syn: To support; uphold; subsist; assist; relieve; suffer; undergo.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

c.1300, "give support to," from stem of Old French sostenir "hold up, bear; suffer, endure" (13c.), from Latin sustinere "hold up, hold upright; furnish with means of support; bear, undergo, endure," from sub "up from below" (see sub-) + tenere "to hold" (see tenet). Meaning "continue, keep up" (an action, etc.) is from early 14c. Sense of "endure without failing or yielding" is from c.1400. Related: Sustained; sustaining.


n. (context music English) A mechanism which can be used to hold a note, as the right pedal on a piano. vb. 1 (context transitive English) To maintain, or keep in existence. 2 (context transitive English) To provide for or nourish. 3 (context transitive English) To encourage (''something''). 4 (context transitive English) To experience or suffer (''an injury, etc.''). 5 (context transitive English) To confirm, prove, or corroborate. 6 To keep from falling; to bear; to uphold; to support. 7 To aid, comfort, or relieve; to vindicate.

  1. v. lengthen or extend in duration or space; "We sustained the diplomatic negociations as long as possible"; "prolong the treatment of the patient"; "keep up the good work" [syn: prolong, keep up]

  2. undergo (as of injuries and illnesses); "She suffered a fracture in the accident"; "He had an insulin shock after eating three candy bars"; "She got a bruise on her leg"; "He got his arm broken in the scuffle" [syn: suffer, have, get]

  3. provide with nourishment; "We sustained ourselves on bread and water"; "This kind of food is not nourishing for young children" [syn: nourish, nurture]

  4. supply with necessities and support; "She alone sustained her family"; "The money will sustain our good cause"; "There's little to earn and many to keep" [syn: keep, maintain]

  5. be the physical support of; carry the weight of; "The beam holds up the roof"; "He supported me with one hand while I balanced on the beam"; "What's holding that mirror?" [syn: hold, support, hold up]

  6. admit as valid; "The court sustained the motion"

  7. establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; "his story confirmed my doubts"; "The evidence supports the defendant" [syn: confirm, corroborate, substantiate, support, affirm] [ant: negate]


In music, sustain is a parameter of musical sound over time. As its name implies, it denotes the period of time during which the sound remains before it becomes inaudible, or silent.

Additionally, sustain is the third of the four segments in an Attack Decay Sustain Release (ADSR). The sustain portion of the ADSR envelope begins when the attack and decay portions have run their course, and continues until the key is released. The sustain control is used to determine the level at which the envelope will remain. While the attack, decay, and release controls are rate or time controls, the sustain control is a level control.

Sustain (album)

Sustain is the fifth studio album from Buck-O-Nine and was released in the United States on August 7, 2007 on Asian Man Records and in Canada on September 6, 2007 by Stomp Records.

SUSTAIN (military)

Small Unit Space Transport and Insertion or SUSTAIN is a concept first proposed in 2002 by the United States Marine Corps to deploy Marines via spaceflight to any location on Earth.

Project Hot Eagle, launched by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency and the Air Force Research Laboratory, is an investigation into the development and use of suborbital spacecraft to fulfill this vision. Hot Eagle would use a craft based on a design similar to Space Ship One, which could launch a squad on a suborbital trajectory in two stages and deliver them anywhere on two hours' notice.

Extraction would have to come by other means. Future proposed capabilities for the Marine Corps include launching into low earth orbit to choose the time of an attack.

Delivery of soldiers by rocket has been proposed before, including by General John B. Medaris, head of the Army Ballistic Missile Agency in the 1950s. The lander itself is designed to hold a 13 man squad and land in almost any terrain at any time, avoiding diplomatic concern for airspace rights.

Sustain (disambiguation)

Sustain is a parameter of musical sound in time.

Sustain may also refer to:

  • Sustain (album), a 2007 album by ska punk band Buck-O-Nine
  • Sustained (law), a ruling to disallow the question, testimony, or evidence, issued by a judge in the law of the United States of America
  • SUSTAIN (military), a concept in airborne warfare
  • Sustainment (military), an aspect of logistics
    • Sustainment (United States military)
      • Principles of sustainment, US Army doctrine
      • Sustainment Brigade, a type of US Army unit
  • USS Sustain (AM-119), an Auk-class minesweeper

Usage examples of "sustain".

However, the Supreme Court declined to sustain Congress when, under the guise of enforcing the Fourteenth Amendment by appropriate legislation, it enacted a statute which was not limited to take effect only in case a State should abridge the privileges of United States citizens, but applied no matter how well the State might have performed its duty, and would subject to punishment private individuals who conspired to deprive anyone of the equal protection of the laws.

Beethoven adagios, of which we find the most beautiful specimens naturally among the orchestral pieces and in the chamber music, where he could depend upon the long phrases and sustained tones of the violins.

Their substitutes for adaptability can sustain them only in the limited enclaves of civilization, not in the wide open spaces of the desert, or in the terrifying futures Paul opens himself to in his visions.

One would have thought it impossible for a man to stretch himself more than Timokhin had done when he was reprimanded by the regimental commander, but now that the commander in chief addressed him he drew himself up to such an extent that it seemed he could not have sustained it had the commander in chief continued to look at him, and so Kutuzov, who evidently understood his case and wished him nothing but good, quickly turned away, a scarcely perceptible smile flitting over his scarred and puffy face.

Wade was not sustained by the Senate and the motion to adjourn was carried by 33 to 12.

Thus sustained, he thrust and hacked with a reddened saber at the men who hurled themselves, their faces contorted and their torsos adrip with perspiration, among the British seamen.

Why was it, he said, that all the humanitarians, the reformers, the guilds, the ethical groups, the agnostics, the male and female knights, sustained him, and only a few of the poor and friendless knocked, by his solicitation, at the supernatural door of life?

These unhappy beings are invariably the victims of ague, which they meet recklessly, sustained by the incessant use of ardent spirits.

He did not know how long his enforced stay in Alb would last, or how long his memory of another life would sustain and give him an advantage.

Presumably for Sartre, if Pablo had been a communist, he might have been sustained by his sense of group-membership, whereas, as an Anarchist, he acts individualistically, in aleatory fashion.

The treatment of this disease should consist in rest for the hip-joint, cleanliness of the person and plenty of fresh air and light, a nutritious diet and the use of tonics and sustaining alterative, or blood-cleansing medicines.

She soon came down with the pretty boarder, who feebly sustained my part in her amorous ecstacies.

Her anger sustained and kept her head erect and her spine straight as she walked into the antechamber and shut the door.

The Court sustained the injunction against the objection that it violated freedom of the press, holding that appellant was guilty of attempting to monopolize interstate commerce.

Court sustained the act conferring powers on the Florida territorial court to examine claims arising under the Spanish treaty and to report his decisions and the evidence on which they were based to the Secretary of the Treasury for subsequent action.