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The Collaborative International Dictionary
Standard solution

Standard \Stand"ard\, a.

  1. Being, affording, or according with, a standard for comparison and judgment; as, standard time; standard weights and measures; a standard authority as to nautical terms; standard gold or silver.

  2. Hence: Having a recognized and permanent value; as, standard works in history; standard authors.

  3. (Hort.)

    1. Not supported by, or fastened to, a wall; as, standard fruit trees.

    2. Not of the dwarf kind; as, a standard pear tree.

      Standard candle, Standard gauge. See under Candle, and Gauge.

      Standard solution. (Chem.) See Standardized solution, under Solution.

Standard solution

In analytical chemistry, a standard solution is a solution containing a precisely known concentration of an element or a substance. A known weight of solute is dissolved to make a specific volume. It is prepared using a standard substance, such as a primary standard. Standard solutions are used to determine the concentrations of other substances, such as solutions in titrations. The concentrations of standard solutions are normally expressed in units of moles per litre (mol/L, often abbreviated to M for molarity), moles per cubic decimetre (mol/dm), kilomoles per cubic metre (kmol/m) or in terms related to those used in particular titrations (such as titres). A simple standard is obtained by the dilution of a single element or a substance in a soluble solvent with which it reacts.

Usage examples of "standard solution".

The standard solution, when available, was to crash on somebody's floor, an option particularly welcome on what used to be known as school nights.