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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ The dachshund had his feet splayed out on the sidewalk.
▪ They flung themselves on him, yanked his legs back, crossing them so that his knees splayed out.
▪ Arms and legs splayed out - for the pictures.
▪ Inside, a huge leafless oak has been planted in a glass floor with the roots splayed out beneath your feet.
▪ His fingers are splayed out so that he can feel the very pulse of hundreds of megabytes of information flowing into him.
▪ But try sitting on them and they will end up flattened with four feet splayed out to all points of the compass.
▪ Kali threw down her bunch of ragwort and it landed, splayed out limply, on the top.
▪ Her long willowy legs splayed outwards into a balletic second.
▪ Her legs splayed inelegantly and with her mouth wide and dry with fear, she stared up at the stranger.
▪ Arms and legs splayed out - for the pictures.
▪ In one shot the 27-year-old beauty sits wantonly on a jagged rock, her legs splayed.
▪ He sat astride a ladder-backed wooden chair, his legs splayed out in front of him.
▪ Cows with the disease foam at the mouth and their legs splay out.
▪ Behind the Sergeant the Dragoons splayed left and right, but three other horses and four more men died.
▪ Four made a phalanx before the booth, tapping their lead truncheons, their feet splayed like a squad of riot police.
▪ He splayed into the air; over the water; one arm flung back over his head like a trapeze artist.
▪ Her long willowy legs splayed outwards into a balletic second.
▪ My hands are still splayed over my lower face.
▪ She stood beside McAiister; her feet splayed as though barring the door.
▪ Walking through the old foundations, you discover broken bits of dinner plates and an occasional fork with its tines splayed.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Splay \Splay\, v. t. [Abbrev. of display.]

  1. To display; to spread. [Obs.] ``Our ensigns splayed.''

  2. To dislocate, as a shoulder bone.

  3. To spay; to castrate. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]

  4. To turn on one side; to render oblique; to slope or slant, as the side of a door, window, etc.
    --Oxf. Gloss.


Splay \Splay\, a. Displayed; spread out; turned outward; hence, flat; ungainly; as, splay shoulders.

Sonwthing splay, something blunt-edged, unhandy, and infelicitous.
--M. Arnold.


Splay \Splay\, a. (Arch.) A slope or bevel, especially of the sides of a door or window, by which the opening is made larged at one face of the wall than at the other, or larger at each of the faces than it is between them.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

early 14c., "unfold, unfurl;" c.1400, "to spread out," shortened form of desplayen (see display (v.)). Meaning "to spread out awkwardly" is from 1848. Past participle adjective splayed "spread out" is attested from 1540s.

  1. Displayed; spread out; turned outward; hence, flat; ungainly; as, splay shoulders. n. A slope or bevel, especially of the sides of a door or window, by which the opening is made larger at one face of the wall than at the other, or larger at each of the faces than it is between them. v

  2. 1 To display; to spread. 2 To dislocate, as a shoulder bone. 3 (context obsolete UK dialect English) To spay; to castrate. 4 To turn on one side; to render oblique; to slope or slant, as the side of a door, window, et

  3. 5 (cx comptheory transitive English) To rearrange (a splay tree) so that a desired element is placed at the root.


adj. turned outward in an ungainly manner; "splay knees"

  1. n. an outward bevel around a door or window that makes it seem larger

  2. v. spread open or apart; "He splayed his huge hands over the table"

  3. turn outward; "These birds can splay out their toes"; "ballet dancers can rotate their legs out by 90 degrees" [syn: turn out, spread out, rotate]

  4. move out of position; "dislocate joints"; "the artificial hip joint luxated and had to be put back surgically" [syn: dislocate, luxate, slip]

Splay (plastics)

Splay is a term used in the manufacture of injection molded plastics to refer to off-colored streaking that occurs when moisture is caught in the material feed, or if the material degrades during processing. That degradation creates a gas, which is the cause of splay. If cold material impacts the surface from filling at speed, jetting may appear, which looks very similar to splay.

Splay (album)

Splay is the debut album by American post-hardcore band Shiner. It was released in January 1996.

Splay (Jim Black album)

Splay is the second album by drummer Jim Black's AlasNoAxis featuring clarinetist/saxophonist Chris Speed, guitarist Hilmar Jensson and bassist Skúli Sverrisson released on the Winter & Winter label in 2002.


Splay may refer to:

  • Splay, a verb meaning slant, slope or spread outwards
  • Splay (physiology), the difference between urine threshold and saturation
  • Splay (Japanese band), a J-pop band from Osaka
  • Splay Networks, a Sweden-headquartered group of multi-channel networks for Sweden, Finland, Norway, Denmark, and Germany
  • In architecture
    • chamfer, a beveled edge connecting two surfaces
    • talus (fortification), a sloping face at the base of a fortified wall
  • Splay (plastics), off-colored streaking that occurs in injection molded plastics
  • Splay tree, a type of search tree
  • Splay fault, geology
  • Splay leg, a condition in birds and poultry
  • Splay (album), a 1996 album by Shiner
  • Splay (Jim Black album), a 2002 album by Jim Black's AlasNoAxis
Splay (physiology)

Splay is a physiological term that refers to the difference between urine threshold (the amount of a substance required in the kidneys before it appears in the urine) and saturation, or T; in this instance, saturation refers to an exhausted supply of renal reabsorption carriers. In simpler terms, splay is the concentration difference between a substance's maximum renal reabsorption vs. appearance in the urine. Splay is usually used in reference to glucose; other substances, such as phosphate, have virtually no splay at all. Splay appears to occur because kidney nephrons do not have the same tubular maximum for glucose (TmG) therefore some nephrons may excrete before others and also because "the maximum reabsorption rate (or Tm) cannot be achieved until the amount/min of glucose being presented to the renal tubules is great enough to fully saturate the receptor sites". John Field of the American Physiological Society said "Since the splay may occur when the residual nephrons are said to be free of anatomic abnormalities, the possibility exists that changes in the kinetics of glucose reabsorption may have been induced".

One study found that glucose reabsorption exhibited low splay and another also found that the titration curves for glycine showed a large amount of splay whereas those for lysine showed none and the kinetics of carrier-mediated glucose transport possibly explains the level of splay in renal titration curves. As splay can be clinically important, patients with proximal tubule disease, mainly caused by hereditary nature and often in children, have a lower threshold but a normal Tm. Therefore, splay is suggested, probably because "some individual cotransporters have a low glucose affinity but maximal transport rate (renal glycosuria). Studies also show that if sulfate is reabsorbed by a Tm-limited process, it will have low splay and, in animals, the limits of citrate concentration normal in the body, citrate titration curves show a large amount of splay therefore a Tm for citrate reabsorption may actually happen. Also, tubular transport is Tm-limited and the reabsorption mechanism being saturated at a plasma concentration more than 20 times than usual shows a low level of splay. Renal abnormalities of glucose excretion, causing glycosuria, may happen as either a result of reduced Tm for glucose or because of an abnormally wide range of nephron heterogeneity so splay of the glucose excretion curve is increased. Two causes are also listed for splay: "heteroginicity in glomerular size, proximal tubular length and number of carrier proteins for glucose reabsorption" and variability of TmG nephrons. Splay also occurs between 180 and 350 mg/dL %.

Usage examples of "splay".

Above the apricot trees towered thirty majestic palms, their fernlike fronds splayed like open fingers against the starry sky.

It led to the clamorous horror of the cell-deck, to the puzzled low-grade servitors, to the tanks where the expellees writhed, and to the splayed, silent body of the naive crewman she had known as Tup.

Gazing out upon the river, he clamped his hands behind him again and stood with his long, darkly garbed legs splayed in a rigid stance, his polished boots planted firmly apart as Cerynise quietly began packing her belongings for her move to another cabin.

The exteriors of these are of the same form and size as the crypt windows, but they are deeply splayed inside, and probably were used as hagioscopes or squints, to allow those kneeling in the choir aisles to see the priest celebrating mass at the crypt altar.

With his chest nearly touching her trembling back and her fresh, sultry scent of lilies and summer blooms wafting into his nose, all Shain wanted to do was tell her to hold on while he climbed up behind her and rammed his now pulsing cock into her sweet little pussy as she lay splayed out before him.

His right hand was at his throat, fingers splayed out to touch, simultaneously, the lunula and sun-disk and mistletoe he wore.

It was mostly baroque and tortoiseshell but a polished shield with a blue mascle on argent hung on the far wall, with arrows splayed behind.

He beheld shuddering lines that a fleshly tongue is witless to describe, except perhaps in spurts of impression --prolongated, splayed at angles, an obliquangular mass of smeared and clotted material, glaucous clay dredged from an old and abiding coomb where earthly veins dangle and fell waters drip as the sculpture dripped, milky-lucent starshine in the cryptic barn, an intumescent hulk rent from the floss of a carnival mirror.

Shad ran for the table, saw the dinosaur lying splayed with his brain oozing down the brick wall behind him, the yellow body twitching in its final throes.

Torve the Trog stood there, fur brushed and looking ruggish, eyes a luminous blue in the light, holding a book in his splayed fingers.

But its silk-lined interior yielded only a silver comb and a chemise woven of a sendal so fine she could see her splayed fingers through two layers of the stuff.

Reaching the chapel, Snoopy climbed upon the table and pawed with his splayed fingers among the documents until he found one that had some white space remaining on it.

His arms pumping, his robe splayed open with each stride, to reveal long legs and ankle-high suede boots with pointed toes.

Instead, she upended the saddlebag upon the thick summer-sweet grass and out spilled a twist of black linen, which splayed open to reveal its long and glittering treasure.

Wriggling into a comfortable position, the saddlebag splayed across his stomach, he let out a satisfied groan.