Find the word definition

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
sodium bicarbonate
▪ Baking powder is a mixture of sodium bicarbonate, an acid, and other materials.
▪ Baking soda is only sodium bicarbonate, with no acid added.
▪ By separating the sodium bicarbonate from the other components, the shelf-life of the packets was prolonged.
▪ Finish the cleaning process by rinsing with a solution of sodium bicarbonate, the most popular fridge cleaner.
▪ For example, at elevated temperatures, sodium bicarbonate decomposes and releases carbon dioxide and leaves sodium carbonate as mentioned earlier.
▪ If you have to clean some one's mouth for them, use swabs soaked in a sodium bicarbonate solution.
▪ Infusion of sodium bicarbonate causes raPid movement of potassium into cells.
▪ Overzealous administration of hypertonic sodium bicarbonate solutions as treatment for severe metabolic acidosis of during cardiopulmonary resuscitation can have the same effect.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Sodium bicarbonate

Sodium bicarbonate \Sodium bicarbonate\, a white crystalline substance, HNaCO3, with a slight alkaline taste resembling that of sodium carbonate. It is found in many mineral springs and also produced artificially,. It is used in cookery, in baking powders, and as a source of carbonic acid gas (carbon dioxide) for soda water. Called also baking soda, cooking soda, bicarbonate of soda, bicarb, saleratus, and technically, acid sodium carbonate, sodium acid carbonate, primary sodium carbonate, sodium dicarbonate, etc.

sodium bicarbonate

n. 1 (context chemistry English) A salt of sodium hydroxide and carbonic acid, NaHCO3. 2 This salt used in cooking as a raising agent, as an antacid, a cleaner, etc.

sodium bicarbonate

n. a white soluble compound (NaHCO3) used in effervescent drinks and in baking powders and as an antacid [syn: bicarbonate of soda, sodium hydrogen carbonate, baking soda, saleratus]

Sodium bicarbonate

Sodium bicarbonate ( IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen carbonate) is a chemical compound with the formula Na HCO. It is a salt composed of sodium ions and bicarbonate ions. Sodium bicarbonate is a white solid that is crystalline but often appears as a fine powder. It has a slightly salty, alkaline taste resembling that of washing soda ( sodium carbonate). The natural mineral form is nahcolite. It is a component of the mineral natron and is found dissolved in many mineral springs. It is among the food additives encoded by the European Union, identified as E 500. Since it has long been known and is widely used, the salt has many related names such as baking soda, bread soda, cooking soda, and bicarbonate of soda. In colloquial usage, the names sodium bicarbonate and bicarbonate of soda are often truncated. Forms such as sodium bicarb, bicarb soda, bicarbonate, bicarb, or even bica are common. The word saleratus, from Latinsal æratus meaning "aerated salt", was widely used in the 19th century for both sodium bicarbonate and potassium bicarbonate.

The prefix "bi" in "bicarbonate" comes from an outdated naming system and is based on the observation that there is twice as much carbonate (CO) per sodium in sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO) as there is carbonate per sodium in sodium carbonate (NaCO) and other carbonates. The modern way of analyzing the situation based on the exact chemical composition (which was unknown when the name "sodium bicarbonate" was coined) says this the other way around: there is half as much sodium in NaHCO as in NaCO (Na versus Na).