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Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

river in western Germany, from PIE root *ser- (2) "to run, flow" (see serum).


acr. (w: Seasonally adjusted annual rate)


n. A river in Europe.


Saar or SAAR has several meanings:

Saar (river)

The Saar (; ) is a river in northeastern France and western Germany, and a right tributary of the Moselle. It rises in the Vosges mountains on the border of Alsace and Lorraine and flows northwards into the Moselle near Trier. It has two headstreams (the Sarre Rouge and Sarre Blanche, which join in Lorquin), that both start near Mont Donon, the highest peak of the northern Vosges. After (126 kilometres in France and 120 kilometres in Germany) the Saar flows into the Moselle at Konz ( Rhineland-Palatinate) between Trier and the Luxembourg border. It has a catchment area of .

The Saar was very important for the Saarland coal, iron and steel industries. Raw materials and finished products were shipped on it by water via the Canal des houillères de la Sarre, the Marne-Rhine Canal and the Rhine, for instance, to the Ruhr area or the port of Rotterdam.

Although the German part of the Saar has been upgraded to a waterway by deepening, construction of sluices and straightening, there is no significant shipping traffic.

The Saar flows through the following departments of France, states of Germany and towns:

  • Moselle (F): Abreschviller (Sarre Rouge), Lorquin, Sarrebourg, Fénétrange
  • Bas-Rhin (F): Sarre-Union
  • Moselle (F): Sarralbe, Sarreguemines
  • Saarland (D): Saarbrücken, Völklingen, Wadgassen, Bous, Saarlouis, Dillingen, Merzig
  • Rhineland-Palatinate (D): Saarburg, Konz.

On the banks of the Saar is the UNESCO- World Heritage Site Völklinger Hütte. At Mettlach the Saar passes the well-known Saar loop. The lower Saar in Rhineland-Palatinate is a winegrowing region of some importance, producing mostly Riesling. Until the early 20th century, much more wine was grown on the banks of the Saar, reaching much further up from the mouth of the river, up to Saarbrücken. Only in the early 21st century have some enterprising farmers from the Saarland area started experimenting with winegrowing again.

Saar (Werra)

Saar (Werra) is a river of Thuringia, Germany.

Usage examples of "saar".

You who were once a fighting sheikh of the Saar, the fiercest of all the tribes of Oman.

It will appoint three of the five members of the Saar commission, oversee its regime, and carry out the plebiscite.

She loses sovereignty over the northeasternmost tip of East Prussia, 40 square miles north of the River Memel, and the internationalized areas about Danzig, 729 square miles, and the basin of the Saar, 738 square miles, between the western border of the Rhenish Palatinate of Bavaria and the southeast corner of Luxembourg.

France and as payment on account of reparation, Germany cedes to France full ownership of the coal mines of the Saar Basin with their subsidiaries, accessories, and facilities.

Wendel, including on the west the valley of the Saar as far as Saarholzbach and on the east the town of Homburg.

France entire freedom in working the mines, the territory will be governed by a commission appointed by the League of Nations and consisting of five members, one French, one a native inhabitant of the Saar, and three representing three different countries other than France and Germany.

Saar away from home, and Lady Saar, the butler informed him, on her way to Bath with the Honourable Sophia.

I feel that my time has not been wasted, even though Lord Saar was not here to receive me.

The question was then not so much how it came, to be in my possession, as how to restore it to Lord Saar with the least possible delay.

He had left his mother trying to write a suitable letter to Lady Saar, and if he thought about the unfortunate affair at all it was to reflect comfortably that Lady Luttrell would do everything that was proper.

The month before, on January 13, the inhabitants of the Saar had voted overwhelmingly - 477,000 to 48,000 - to return their little coal-rich territory to the Reich and Hitler had taken the occasion to publicly proclaim that Germany had no further territorial claims on France, which meant the abandoning of German claims on Alsace and Lorraine.

The British could contribute but one infantry division, which had been in the Saar, and parts of an armored division.

Day Hitler threw eight German divisions into an attack in the Saar and followed it with a thrust from the bridgehead on the Upper Rhine by an army under the command of - to the German generals this was a bad joke - Heinrich Himmler.

March 1, 1935, the day Germany took over the Saar, I stood next to Fritsch in the reviewing stand at Saarbruecken for some time before the parade started.

Germany itself was also dismembered: the Saar mines were transferred to France, as was Alsace-Lorraine, with its two million population and three-quarters of German iron production.