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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
haul/rake/drag sb over the coals
▪ And on a car of this class the steering column ought to adjust for rake as well as reach.
▪ Are they coming to mow the lawn or to liberate the hostages with rakes, clippers and blowers?
▪ Did he think that would work if she got him gloves and a rake and shovel?
▪ She went through the house door leading into the garage, seized a rake and plunged into the cold wind.
▪ The cinema was built on a hill, giving a natural rake to the auditorium seating.
▪ The hoes and rakes are still there, leaning against the wall, useless.
▪ Unfortunately I sometimes think some one left a rake lying across a lot of them.
▪ It seems to stir up emotions and rake over apparently quiescent turmoil.
▪ I have no desire to rake over the past but we should have the right to refer to matters of historical record.
▪ Was he trying to rake over old coals?
▪ Julius's gaze raked over her sharply, then settled on her face.
▪ I would not - could not - rake over the embers of his past with him persistently.
▪ The borders were neatly raked over and the roses cut back.
▪ But others were willing to rake up the controversy for him.
▪ But it's pretty unpleasant, especially for Dad, to have all this raked up.
▪ So is there any point in raking up the issue again?
▪ So any advantage we can rake up, nomatterwhat, is something we're gon na use.
▪ The pencil light spun around, raked up the stairs, and speared straight into Carson's eyes.
▪ Guerrillas raked the room with gunfire.
▪ The women raked us with their cold stares.
▪ They paid me $20 to rake the leaves in their front yard.
▪ And it will really drive civilized people nuts if Phillips starts raking in extra dough by posing in commercials for sports products.
▪ Around them women and men and children worked in the hayfield, gathering and loading, raking and stacking.
▪ Connors got his fuel bladder raked and had to break away from the flight.
▪ Cracks in rendering should be raked out, cut back to sound material if necessary and then filled with new mortar.
▪ He raked his fingers through fur the color of weak tea, brown, red, golden tint of gaslight.
▪ He raked his fingers through his hair, as if debating what to say next, and she followed the movement.
▪ He moved, and his shock of hair caught the sun as he raked a hand through it.
▪ The lawn had been freshly cut, some grass raked into piles on the front walk.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Rake \Rake\ (r[=a]k), n. [AS. race; akin to OD. rake, D. reek, OHG. rehho, G. rechen, Icel. reka a shovel, and to Goth. rikan to heap up, collect, and perhaps to Gr. 'ore`gein to stretch out, and E. rack to stretch. Cf. Reckon.]

  1. An implement consisting of a headpiece having teeth, and a long handle at right angles to it, -- used for collecting hay, or other light things which are spread over a large surface, or for breaking and smoothing the earth.

  2. A toothed machine drawn by a horse, -- used for collecting hay or grain; a horserake.

  3. [Perhaps a different word.] (Mining) A fissure or mineral vein traversing the strata vertically, or nearly so; -- called also rake-vein.

    Gill rakes. (Anat.) See under 1st Gill.


Rake \Rake\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Raked (r[=a]kt); p. pr. & vb. n. Raking.] [AS. racian. See 1st Rake.]

  1. To collect with a rake; as, to rake hay; -- often with up; as, he raked up the fallen leaves.

  2. Hence: To collect or draw together with laborious industry; to gather from a wide space; to scrape together; as, to rake together wealth; to rake together slanderous tales; to rake together the rabble of a town.

  3. To pass a rake over; to scrape or scratch with a rake for the purpose of collecting and clearing off something, or for stirring up the soil; as, to rake a lawn; to rake a flower bed.

  4. To search through; to scour; to ransack.

    The statesman rakes the town to find a plot.

  5. To scrape or scratch across; to pass over quickly and lightly, as a rake does.

    Like clouds that rake the mountain summits.

  6. (Mil.) To enfilade; to fire in a direction with the length of; in naval engagements, to cannonade, as a ship, on the stern or head so that the balls range the whole length of the deck. To rake up.

    1. To collect together, as the fire (live coals), and cover with ashes.

    2. To bring up; to search out and bring to notice again; as, to rake up old scandals.


Rake \Rake\, n. [OE. rakel rash; cf. Icel. reikall wandering, unsettled, reika to wander.] A loose, disorderly, vicious man; a person addicted to lewdness and other scandalous vices; a debauchee; a rou['e].

An illiterate and frivolous old rake.


Rake \Rake\, v. i.

  1. [Icel. reika. Cf. Rake a debauchee.] To walk about; to gad or ramble idly. [Prov. Eng.]

  2. [See Rake a debauchee.] To act the rake; to lead a dissolute, debauched life.

    To rake out (Falconry), to fly too far and wide from its master while hovering above waiting till the game is sprung; -- said of the hawk.
    --Encyc. Brit.


Rake \Rake\ (r[=a]k), v. i.

  1. To use a rake, as for searching or for collecting; to scrape; to search minutely.

    One is for raking in Chaucer for antiquated words.

  2. To pass with violence or rapidity; to scrape along.

    Pas could not stay, but over him did rake.
    --Sir P. Sidney.


Rake \Rake\, n. [Cf. dial. Sw. raka to reach, and E. reach.] The inclination of anything from a perpendicular direction; as, the rake of a roof, a staircase, etc.; especially (Naut.), the inclination of a mast or funnel, or, in general, of any part of a vessel not perpendicular to the keel.


Rake \Rake\, v. i. To incline from a perpendicular direction; as, a mast rakes aft.

Raking course (Bricklaying), a course of bricks laid diagonally between the face courses in a thick wall, to strengthen it.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

"toothed tool for drawing or scraping things together," Old English raca "rake," earlier ræce, from Proto-Germanic *rak- "gather, heap up" (cognates: Old Norse reka "spade, shovel," Old High German rehho, German Rechen "a rake," Gothic rikan "to heap up, collect"), from PIE *reg- (1) "move in a straight line" (cognates: Greek oregein "to reach, stretch out," Latin regere "direct, rule; keep straight, guide;" see regal), perhaps via its action, or via the notion of "implement with straight pieces of wood" [Watkins].


mid-13c., "clear (rubbish, grass, etc.) by raking; gather (grain) by raking," from rake (n.1), or from a lost Old English verb related to it, or from a similar Scandinavian source (compare Swedish raka, Danish rage "rake"). Of gunfire from 1630s. Related: Raked; raking. To rake in money or something like it is from 1580s.


"debauchee; idle, dissolute person," 1650s, shortening of rakehell. Hogarth's "Rake's Progress" engravings were published in 1735.


Etymology 1 n. 1 A garden tool with a row of pointed teeth fixed to a long handle, used for collecting grass or debris, or for loosening soil. 2 (lb en Ireland slang) A lot, plenty. 3 (lb en geology) The direction of slip during fault movement. The rake is measured ''within'' the fault plane. 4 (lb en roofing) The sloped edge of a roof at or adjacent to the first or last rafter. 5 (lb en rail transport) A set of coupled rail vehicles, normally coaches or wagons. 6 (lb en cellular automata) A puffer that emits a stream of spaceships rather than a trail of debris. 7 The scaled commission fee taken by a cardroom operating a poker game. 8 A toothed machine drawn by a horse, used for collecting hay or grain; a horserake. 9 (lb en mining) A fissure or mineral vein traversing the strata vertically, or nearly so. vb. 1 To use a rake on (leaves, debris, soil, a lawn, etc) in order to loosen, gather together, or remove debris from. 2 To search thoroughly. 3 To spray with gunfire. 4 To claw at; to scratch. 5 To gather, especially quickly (often as rake in) 6 (context intransitive English) To pass with violence or rapidity; to scrape along. Etymology 2

n. Slope, divergence from the horizontal or perpendicular vb. 1 (context intransitive English) To proceed rapidly; to move swiftly. 2 (context obsolete transitive English) To guide; to direct 3 (context intransitive English) To incline from a perpendicular direction. Etymology 3

n. A man habituated to immoral conduct. vb. 1 (context UK dialect dated English) To walk about; to gad or ramble idly. 2 (context UK dialect dated English) To act the rake; to lead a dissolute, debauched life. Etymology 4

alt. 1 (context provincial Northern England English) a course; direction; stretch. 2 (context provincial Northern England for animals English) a range, stray. n. 1 (context provincial Northern England English) a course; direction; stretch. 2 (context provincial Northern England for animals English) a range, stray. vb. (context provincial Northern England English) To run or rove.

  1. n. a dissolute man in fashionable society [syn: profligate, rip, blood, roue]

  2. degree of deviation from a horizontal plane; "the roof had a steep pitch" [syn: pitch, slant]

  3. a long-handled tool with a row of teeth at its head; used to move leaves or loosen soil

  1. v. move through with or as if with a rake; "She raked her fingers through her hair"

  2. level or smooth with a rake; "rake gravel"

  3. sweep the length of; "The gunfire raked the coast"

  4. examine hastily; "She scanned the newspaper headlines while waiting for the taxi" [syn: scan, skim, glance over, run down]

  5. gather with a rake; "rake leaves"

  6. scrape gently; "graze the skin" [syn: graze, crease]

Rake, IA -- U.S. city in Iowa
Population (2000): 227
Housing Units (2000): 119
Land area (2000): 1.007538 sq. miles (2.609511 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 1.007538 sq. miles (2.609511 sq. km)
FIPS code: 65415
Located within: Iowa (IA), FIPS 19
Location: 43.483451 N, 93.919498 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 50465
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Rake, IA
Rake (theatre)

English theatre stages in the Middle Ages and early Modern era typically sloped upwards away from the audience. This is known as a rake or raked stage and improves the view for the audience.

Rake (angle)

A rake is an angle of slope measured from horizontal, or from a vertical line 90° perpendicular to horizontal.

A 60° rake would mean that the line is pointing 60 up from horizontal, either forwards or backwards relative to the object.

Rake (singer)

is a Japanese singer-songwriter who debuted under Sony Music Entertainment Japan in 2010.

Rake (character)

The Restoration rake was a carefree, witty, sexually irresistible aristocrat whose heyday was during the English Restoration period (1660–1688) at the court of Charles II. They were typified by the "Merry gang" of courtiers, who included as prominent members the Earl of Rochester; George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham; and the Earl of Dorset, who combined riotous living with intellectual pursuits and patronage of the arts. At this time the rake featured as a stock character in Restoration comedy.

After the reign of Charles II, and especially after the Glorious Revolution of 1688, the cultural perception of the rake took a dive into squalor. The rake became the butt of moralistic tales in which his typical fate was debtor's prison, venereal disease, or, in the case of William Hogarth's A Rake's Progress, insanity in Bedlam.

Rake (tool)

A rake ( Old Englishraca, cognate with Dutchraak, GermanRechen, from the root meaning "to scrape together," "heap up") is a broom for outside use; a horticultural implement consisting of a toothed bar fixed transversely to a handle, and used to collect leaves, hay, grass, etc., and, in gardening, for loosening the soil, light weeding and levelling, removing dead grass from lawns, and generally for purposes performed in agriculture by the harrow.

Large "mechanized" versions of rakes are used in farming, called hay rakes, are built in many different forms (e.g. star-wheel rakes, rotary rakes etc.). Non-mechanized farming may be done with various forms of a hand rake.


__NOTOC__ Rake may refer to:

  • Rake (tool), a horticultural implement, a long-handled tool with tines
  • Rake or hay rake, a farm implement
  • Rake, the caster angle of a bicycle or motorcycle
  • Rake angle, a parameter in machining and cutting geometry
  • Rake (cellular automaton), a cellular automaton pattern that moves while regularly emitting spaceships
  • Rake (character), a man habituated to immoral conduct
  • Rake (poker), the commission taken by a casino when hosting a poker game
  • Rake (geology), the angle between a feature on a bedding plane and the strike line in geology
  • Rake receiver, a radio receiver
  • Rake (software), a variant of the make program coded in the Ruby programming language
  • Rake (theatre), the artificial slope of a theatre stage
  • Rake (train), a group of coupled passenger coaches, or freight wagons, or railcars (excluding the locomotive) that typically move together.
Rake (software)

Rake is a software task management and build automation tool. It allows the user to specify tasks and describe dependencies as well as to group tasks in a namespace.

It is similar to SCons and Make, but it has a number of differences. The tool is written in the Ruby programming language and the Rakefiles (equivalent of Makefiles in Make) use Ruby syntax. It was originated by Jim Weirich.

Rake uses Ruby's anonymous function blocks to define various tasks, allowing the use of Ruby syntax. It has a library of common tasks: for example, functions to do common file-manipulation tasks and a library to remove compiled files (the "clean" task). Like Make, Rake can also synthesize tasks based on patterns: for example, automatically building a file compilation task based on filename patterns. Rake is now part of the standard library from Ruby version 1.9 onward.

Rake (poker)

Rake is the scaled commission fee taken by a cardroom operating a poker game. It is generally 2.5 to 10 percent of the pot in each poker hand, up to a predetermined maximum amount. There are also other non-percentage ways for a casino to take the rake. Some cardrooms will not take a percentage rake in any community card poker game like Texas hold 'em when a hand does not have a flop. This is called "no flop, no drop".

Poker is a player-versus-player game, and the house does not wager against its players (unlike blackjack or roulette), so this fee is the principal mechanism to generate revenues.

It is primarily levied by an establishment that supplies the necessary services for the game to take place. In online poker it covers the various costs of operation such as support, software and personnel. In traditional brick and mortar casinos it is also used to cover the costs involved with providing a dealer (though in many places tips provide the bulk of a dealer's income) for the game, support staff (from servers to supervisors), use of gaming equipment, and the physical building in which the game takes place. The rake in live games is generally higher than for online poker.

To win when playing in poker games where the house takes a cut, a player must not only beat opponents, but also the financial drain of the rake.

Rake (cellular automaton)

A rake, in the lexicon of cellular automata, is a type of puffer train, which is an automaton that leaves behind a trail of debris. In the case of a rake, however, the debris left behind is a stream of spaceships, which are automata that "travel" by looping through a short series of iterations and end up in a new location after each cycle returns to the original configuration.

In Conway's Game of Life, the discovery of rakes was one of the key components needed to form the breeder, the first known pattern in Life in which the number of live cells exhibits quadratic growth. A breeder is formed by arranging several rakes so that the gliders—the smallest possible spaceships—they generate interact to form a sequence of glider guns, patterns which emit gliders. The emitted gliders fill a growing triangle of the plane of the game. More generally, when a rake exists for a cellular automaton rule (a mathematical function defining the next iteration to be derived from a particular configuration of live and dead cells), one can often construct puffers which leave trails of many other kinds of objects, by colliding the streams of spaceships emitted by multiple rakes moving in parallel. As David Bell writes:

The first rake to be discovered, in the early 1970s, was the "space rake", which moves with speed c/2 (or one unit every two steps), emitting a glider every twenty steps. For Life, rakes are now known that move orthogonally with speeds c/2, c/3, c/4, c/5, 2c/5, 2c/7, c/10 and 17c/45, and diagonally with speeds c/4 and c/12, with many different periods. Rakes are also known for some other life-like}} cellular automata, including Highlife, Day & Night, and Seeds.

Gotts (1980) shows that the space rake in Life can be formed by a "standard collision sequence" in which a single glider interacts with a widely separated set of 3-cell initial seeds ( blinkers and blocks). As a consequence, he finds lower bounds on the probability that these patterns form in any sufficiently sparse and sufficiently large random initial condition for Life. This result leads to standard collision sequences for many other patterns such as breeders.

Rake (band)

Rake. was an art rock/ noise rock musical ensemble from Northern Virginia (near Washington, DC), founded in 1989. Not aligned with the post-punk/hardcore bands more commonly associated with the local underground music scene, Rake. took a more experimental route and were more closely associated with fellow Virginia-based bands Pelt and Wingtip Sloat. Throughout the 1990s, a relationship cemented via their principal label, VHF Records.

Band members Jim Ayre (a.k.a. Vinnie Van Go-Go or OASTEM!), Bill Kellum, and Carl Moller (a.k.a. C-Man) released their first record in 1989, a 7” 45 rpm single called "Cow Song" and the follow-up EP "Motorcycle Shoes" in 1990. The punkish leanings on these recordings were soon superseded by more experimental offerings such as the cassette "The Day I Remembered Seeing Ice" and the LP Rake Is My Co-Pilot, the latter featuring a sidelong extemporization on the lead song from the "Motorcycle Shoes" EP. The band's early recordings featured (mostly shouted) vocals, but the band's later work was generally instrumental in nature. Although Rake.'s main instruments were electric guitar, bass and drums, they made liberal use of tape loops, synthesizers, static, and anything else they saw fit. The band's sound reached a highbrow, minimalistic/ambient peak on 1998 album Resume The Cosmos, which was released by Australian label Camera Obscura but their aesthetic is best summed up by their double CD release The Art Ensemble of Rake/The Tell-Tale Moog which combined lengthy improvisations with found sounds, field recordings and harsh edits. The second disc was largely indexed at 60-second intervals, regardless of the musical content, although one 5-second section was simply a recording of a male voice saying, "Look out: rattlesnake!".

Often wilfully mysterious (to the point of providing misinformation, particularly through the OASTEM! website), Rake. released a steady stream of vinyl singles, CDs, cassettes and later CDR's, mostly on VHF. However, they were never a touring act, only performing intermittently around the Virginia/ Maryland area. Although they never formally split and members of the band continue to work together, only archive material has been released during this decade.

Rake (geology)

In structural geology, rake (or pitch) is formally defined as "the angle between a line [or a feature] and the strike line of the plane in which it is found", measured on the plane. The three-dimensional orientation of a line can be described with just a plunge and trend. The rake is a useful description of a line because often (in geology) features (lines) follow along a planar surface. In these cases the rake can be used to describe the line's orientation in three dimensions relative to that planar surface. One might also expect to see this used when the particular line is hard to measure directly (possibly due to outcrops impeding measurement). The rake always sweeps down from the horizontal plane.

Rake (Australian TV series)

Rake is an Australian television series, produced by Essential Media and Entertainment, that first aired on the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's ABC1 in 2010. The fourth series started on ABC TV on 19th May 2016. It stars Richard Roxburgh as rake Cleaver Greene, a brilliant but self-destructive Sydney barrister, defending a usually guilty client. The show airs in the United States on DirecTV's Audience Network and is available on Netflix in the UK, Ireland, Canada, the United States (seasons 1 and 2 only), and Australia.

The Fox Network in the US commissioned an American version, starring Greg Kinnear as the lead character, renamed Keegan Deane for American audiences which aired between January and April 2014.

Rake (U.S. TV series)

Rake is an American comedy-drama television series that is an adaptation of the Australian series of the same name, both of which are created by Peter Duncan. Duncan served as series producer with, among others, star Greg Kinnear, Peter Tolan, and Richard Roxburgh, on this version for Fedora Entertainment, Essential Media, and Sony Pictures Television. On May 8, 2013, the series was added to the Fox network's 2013–14 schedule as a late fall/mid-season entry. The series premiered on January 23, 2014, originally airing Thursdays on the network, before moving to Fridays late in the first season and eventually to Saturdays for the final two episodes. On May 7, 2014, Fox canceled the series after one season, but ultimately aired the produced episodes.

Usage examples of "rake".

Parker even more when she bade me a simple adieu, and did not seek to impress upon me the virtues of this or that plow, the rakes and tines and blades of which were pendant from the ceiling in a Damoclean display.

Since it was already early evening, the warriors had left the armory, but the large cavern was still full of whelps and boys, cleaning up, repairing leathers and harnesses, or raking the sand that covered the floor.

Hellfire League, Aurora knew, was an exclusive club of the premier rakes in England, dedicated to pleasure and debauchery.

The lad could almost see the face of the child, its humorous anger, its wilful triumph, and also the enraged look of the Bailly as he raked the stream with his long stick, tied with a sort of tassel of office.

The half-minute signal-gun beside him spoke out again and again and again, and yet still the Berceau came on into the certainty of a murderous raking fire.

It contained nearly all the possessions as well as the secret life of Bibbs Sheridan, and Bibbs sat beside it, the day after his interview with his father, raking over a small collection of manuscripts in the top tray.

Rake had coached hundreds of games, and looked again at the silent bleachers where ten thousand people once gathered on Friday nights to pour their emotions upon a high school football team.

He climbed up thirty rows and sat all alone in the bleachers, high above Rake Field with a view of the valley to the east.

The steeple on the far left belonged to the Methodist church, and a block behind it, unseen from the bleachers, was a handsome two-story home the town had given to Eddie Rake on his fiftieth birthday.

Below us, a cluster of old men played bocce on the smoothly raked gravel between the set of tracks.

One of the bolder Black- shirts was halfway down the stairs when my gunfire raked his chest, knocking him over, his arms outstretched, rifle flying into the air.

Fat Mancho, played stickball in front of his candy store and helped his bookie operation rake in thousands a week, their powerful support insuring that no one dared back down from a phone-in bet.

Empire State Bulding until at last the television tower rakes off one wing and the plane goes twisting down to the chasm of the street.

An airline pilot, his plane loaded with a jumbled heap of gasping and spasmed humanity, makes pass after pass at the very tip of the Empire State Bulding until at last the television tower rakes off one wing and the plane goes twisting down to the chasm of the street.

Newt buzzed into the air and sank his teeth into the tail-feathers of one of the creatures, but the monster twisted and raked at him with its claws.