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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Reis \Reis\ (r[imac]s), n. [Ar. ra["i]s head, chief, prince.] A common title in the East for a person in authority, especially the captain of a ship. [Written also rais and ras.]


n. (alternative form of reis English)


Raʾīs (; also spelled Raees) is a title used by the rulers of Arab states in the Middle East and South Asia. Swahili speakers on the Swahili Coast may also use it for president. It is translated as "president" in Arabic, and as "wealthy" in Persian. In Urdu, the word Rais is also used as the opposite or antonym of Nouveau riche, a person who has accummulated considerable wealth within his or her generation.

From Arabic, via Persian, this word came into Ottoman Turkish as reis, and into Urdu as raees, and means a person belonging to the aristocracy. When the book "The pleasure of Philosophy" by Will Durant was translated into Urdu, by Syed Abid Ali Abid, he translated the word aristocracy with the Urdu word raisiyyat .

In the rural areas of the Punjab, the word is also used for the head of an ancient tribe or a person belonging to old landed aristocracy. The adjective 'Azam' great, is also added to mean 'the great rais'.

Category:Arabic honorific titles Category:Swahili words and phrases Category:Heads of state Category:Islamic honorifics Category:Military ranks Category:Royal titles Category:Noble titles Category:Positions of authority Category:Titles of national or ethnic leadership Category:Titles in India Category:Titles in Afghanistan Category:Titles in Pakistan Category:Ottoman titles Category:Turkish titles

Rais (disambiguation)

Rais may refer to:


  • Rai people, one Nepal's most ancient indigenous ethnolinguistic groups
  • Saint Rais (died 303), Christian saint
  • Rais, founder of the Raisani, a Pakistani tribe
  • Amber Rais (born 1981), American professional cyclist
  • Amien Rais (born 1944), Indonesian politician
  • Gilles de Rais (1404-1440), a leader of the French army and companion-in-arms of Joan of Arc, and serial killer of children
  • Karel Václav Rais (1859-1926), Czech novelist
  • Muhammad Rais, Indonesian terrorist
  • Salih Reis or Rais (c. 1488-1568), Turkish privateer and Ottoman Empire admiral
  • Rais Bhuiyan, hate crime victim who forgave his shooter
  • Rais Hamidu (1773–1815), Algerian corsair
  • Rais Khan (born 1939), Indian sitar player
  • Raïs M'Bolhi (born 1986), Algerian footballer
  • Rais Sitdikov (born 1988), Russian footballer
  • Rais Yatim (born 1942), Information, Communications, and Culture Minister of Malaysia

Other uses:

  • Rais, a Muslim title
  • Rais, Iran, a village in Kermanshah Province, Iran
  • Rais, South Khorasan, a village in South Khorasan Province, Iran
  • Rais, a village in Algeria that was the site of the Rais massacre of 1997
  • Redundant Array of Inexpensive Servers, multiple computers in a server farm

Usage examples of "rais".

Dauphin had attempted to deceive Jeanne as to his identity, by hiding among the incredulous and hostile court until recognized at once by her, the Seigneur de Rais had made himself her friend and champion.

De Rais directed him to a limner to have arms emblazoned on his shield.

Jeanne sat her horse that bright morning beside De Rais, waiting for the banner to be brought that she had commanded to be made to her design.

Gwalchmai came out of the fort, with De Rais beside him, both with dripping swords, they saw Jeanne sitting on the ground, holding the head of a wounded English soldier in her lap, cradling him in her arms.

De Rais thrust her behind him, taking the brunt of the missiles upon his excellent armor.

In rode Jeanne, striking hard with the flat of her sword, De Rais at her side slashing brutally, offering no quarter to those who flung down their arms.

Rushing past him through the battle, Gilles de Rais thrust him heavily aside, ran through the firing line, and flung himself down beside Jeanne, covering his girl comrade and leader, and protecting her with his own body.

Gaucourt, almost blind with tears, fumbled their way out through the dead and helped De Rais, who had only minor wounds, bring her in.

August of that same dark year, Gilles de Rais, Marshal of France, visited Gwalchmai, an invalid now, in the laxly besieged town of Compiegne.

De Rais possessed the rights of High and Low justice and, even in Compiegne, might have him slain.

De Rais, acting as guerrilla leader, along with the forces of the old wolf, La Hire, attacked in force.

Gwalchmai and the Lorrainer arrived, to find De Rais moodily staring at the latest scroll, it was the evening of the twenty-fourth of May.

Later, after ostensibly reporting to an imaginary unit, De Rais returned, bought a bottle of wine in the common room, and went upstairs to his friends.

Knowing this to be the customary spot for those who came to enjoy executions, De Rais had insisted upon a room with as good a view of the stands as of the stake.

De Rais was snatching at the faintest gleam of hope in formulating this mad plan.