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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a property/housing boom (=a sudden increase in house prices)
▪ People made a lot of money in the 1980s property boom.
commercial property (=property for businesses and industry)
▪ He decided to invest in commercial property.
community property
curative properties
▪ the spring’s alleged curative properties
freehold property
▪ a freehold property
hottest properties (=actors or sports players who are very popular)
▪ Michael Owen is already one of soccer’s hottest properties.
intellectual property
intrinsic nature/quality/value/property of sth
▪ There is nothing in the intrinsic nature of the work that makes it more suitable for women.
land/property/currency etc holding
▪ companies with large property holdings
lost property
▪ Thankfully, someone had handed my bag into Lost Property.
media/property/business/newspaper tycoon
▪ a multi-millionaire property tycoon
medicinal properties (=contain things that can cure medical problems)
▪ Garlic is believed to have medicinal properties.
private property
▪ Many communists objected to any form of private property.
property crime (=stealing from or damaging property)
▪ theft and other property crime
property developer
▪ a Florida property developer
property developer
property/land values
▪ Property values have fallen sharply.
real property
sb’s personal possessions/belongings/property
▪ All personal belongings should be clearly marked with the owner’s name.
the housing/property etc market
▪ Investors in the property market are worried about rising inflation.
view a house/an apartment/a property (=go to see a house etc that you are interested in buying)
▪ He signed the deal in July 1989 - and by September the bottom had fallen out of the London commercial property market.
▪ Valmark guaranteed the loan with its three commercial properties in Chatsworth, which carried a value of $ 2. 2 million.
▪ Space savings can also provide hard cost savings, although this, of course, depends on commercial property rental values.
▪ Perhaps they all wanted to invest in commercial property.
▪ He has, he says, no wish to compromise the commercial and intellectual property rights of the research based pharmaceutical companies.
▪ Whilst training, I worked in three main areas: litigation, commercial property and company commercial.
▪ Investment in commercial properties in enterprise zones within 10 years of the creation of the zone attracts 100% initial allowance.
▪ Holiday homes and commercial property have been included among the lots to be auctioned.
▪ Effective intellectual property protection underpins this continued research and development.
▪ The United States sees intellectual property rights as sacred, said Thomas Klitgaard, an attorney specializing in international law.
▪ In particular, it will focus on data protection and intellectual property implications for electronic record-keeping. 10.1.
▪ Last April, Kantor identified 38 countries who either denied protection of intellectual property or supported copyright and patent piracy.
▪ This agreement obliges countries to have measures for the intellectual property protection of plant varieties.
▪ In addition to inadequate protection of intellectual property rights these included a range of import tariffs, import licensing and customs practices.
▪ Since the world economy now rests more on brains than on brawn, intellectual property protection is crucial to honest trade.
▪ In other words private property serves to protect the individual's freedom.
▪ There are a number of other tensor properties which are needed in Chapters 6 and 7.
▪ If you feel you might prefer more modern accommodation we recommend you consider the other style of properties we offer.
▪ It may include land, livestock, buildings, money and many other forms of property owned by individuals or social groups.
▪ Chap. 7, which is necessarily brief, shows the relationships between the mechanical and other properties of polymers.
▪ As a result his losses have been minor compared with some other big property companies.
▪ Because it was sound sense to do so, they looked at other properties for sale.
▪ We are all well acquainted with that other property of living things - their ability to reproduce themselves.
▪ He has appropriated his country's natural resources as his personal property.
▪ This is typically true in the case of taxes on land, personal property, and owner-occupied residences.
▪ The lower tenant also may suffer water damage to personal property.
▪ It is also important to notice how easily such a principle supports personal enterprise and property in its contemporary form, capitalism.
▪ Related Occupations Administrative services managers direct and coordinate support services and oversee the purchase, use, and disposal of personal property.
▪ Internally, people did distinguish personal property.
▪ This includes a 2-percent reduction in the corporate income tax rate and lower personal property taxes.
▪ This can be attributed to its various physical properties.
Physical knowledge is knowledge of the physical properties of objects derived by the manipulation of objects.
▪ Chemical Substances Pure substances have a fixed composition and well defined chemical and physical properties.
▪ Unfortunately, determining the physical properties of an asteroid be-fore its impact is quite challenging.
▪ Currently, the recogniser does not fully exploit information about the physical properties of the input.
▪ The physical properties that identify this mineral for mineralogists and jewelers set this substance apart.
▪ It had been conceded that the two forms of cocaine were chemically different and had different physical properties.
▪ What one has is the assembling of a recipe for constructing physical properties in complicated interrelationships.
▪ Indeed, one of the justifications of private property takes as its premise the idea that property ownership confers power.
▪ The reasons for doing so, he felt, are to establish order and to protect private property.
▪ In other words private property serves to protect the individual's freedom.
▪ When critical habitat is designated, it does not mean federal agents in unmarked helicopters start circling private property.
▪ These things, therefore, became little by little private property.
▪ These laws, they argued, had given federal bureaucrats excessive power to control use of private property.
▪ Classes and private property grow out of the family and together these various factors lead to the break-up of the gens.
▪ The right to private property would be constitutionally guaranteed.
▪ But the argument is that the genome is public property -- it needs a different structure of ownership.
▪ Supervisor Michael Yaki thinks it should be easier than that to obtain entry to public property.
▪ An attendant warned us not to deface public property.
▪ None the less, all the sites from which the Falls were visible would eventually be on public property.
▪ At the end of this period, the musical work becomes public property.
▪ In some areas, developers who build on public property are assessed special fees to help pay for historic preservation.
▪ Then it becomes public property and you can, for a small fee, obtain a copy from Somerset House in London.
▪ City and county government have the option to ban weapons on public property.
▪ Not all the interests in land known to the law were included in the category of real property.
▪ Thus, security investments generally are capital assets, but items of real and depreciable property used in the business are not.
▪ But by the late 1800s the trust emerged again, not just in the field of real property.
▪ None of our citizens owned real property, nor were we subject to municipal tax.
▪ All property other than real property and chattels real is classed as chattels personal.
▪ They differ from real property in two main respects.
▪ The Statute of Uses has been repealed; and future legal estates in real property can not now be created.
▪ There has been no free market in residential property since the early years of this century.
▪ The Wangs and family members also own millions of dollars in real estate, including nine residential properties in Woodside.
▪ The dwellings will be so designed to provide a satisfactory level of privacy for adjoining residential properties. 3.
▪ Homeowners who want to sell their homes without a real estate agent can now advertise their residential properties free on the Internet.
▪ Saunders had a degree in psychiatry, but he was breaking the law by using residential property for the transaction of business.
▪ In 1998, the residential property tax classification accounted for approximately 59 percent of the city's total tax capacity.
▪ The proceeds of the issue will be used to buy up to 76 residential properties in Greenwich.
▪ The foreclosure pain hit record levels in March of last year, when 15, 475 residential property owners went into foreclosure.
▪ STOKESLEY-based property developer and builder, Avon, is to build a £4m industrial park at South Bank, Middlesbrough.
▪ Bock, a one-time property developer, himself owns 19 percent of the company.
▪ The deal means property developer Legacy will turn the Dome into a hi-tech business park.
▪ Last month he announced he had won his eight-year battle to save Stamford Bridge from property developers.
▪ Charles Keating, once a successful Phoenix property developer, has become the bankrupt symbol of the multi-billion dollar savings-and-loan debacle.
▪ The wealthy Detroit property developer of shopping malls enjoyed the social prestige of owning the world's largest auction house.
▪ One of those killed was a suspect turned witness in the April 1989 murder of a prominent property developer.
▪ Yet doubts remain about its heavy lending to property developers and over-borrowed companies.
▪ It announced a loss of £2.8m, on a turnover of £13.5m, thanks mainly to write-downs in the depressed property market.
▪ Such speculative gains were seen as more often lying in the property market than in industrial capitalization.
▪ Bank lending to the property market dried up, some property firms have gone bust and land prices have begun to slip.
▪ Throughout the property market, deals that had been nearly completed were called off.
▪ Furthermore, the current state of the property market encourages landowners and both existing and prospective tenants to strike complex deals.
▪ There was no competition either from demands for overseas investment, and a large-scale property market did not exist.
▪ East Anglia has been particularly affected by the fall in the property market.
▪ Its symptoms are familiar: feeble monetary growth, a weak property market and a distressed banking system.
▪ Damp Damp is the biggest fear of property owners when considering basements.
▪ First, property owners add the tax to the rents which tenants are charged.
▪ Many also consider restitution unfair on the grounds that everybody suffered under Communism but only property owners will receive compensation.
▪ The proposed law would upset that balance in favor of property owners.
▪ The power of each property owner is checked by the corresponding power of each other property owner.
▪ The mood on the street is positive, and the larger property owners appear to recognize the potential benefits.
▪ Other Republicans argue that state bonds are financed by all taxpayers, not just property owners.
▪ It now remains for property owners to find new uses for old buildings that were designed with a single purpose in mind.
▪ We now need to consider the effect of rapidly rising property prices on individual behaviour.
▪ Rising property prices or share prices cause homeowners and shareholders to feel more wealthy - this is known as the wealth effect.
▪ This means fresh consideration of factors like tax regimes, property prices, travel convenience and even lifestyle.
▪ But opponents say it will almost double the population of little Deadwood, sending property prices skyrocketing.
▪ Some of the highest property prices anywhere are in fume-ridden Manhattan and in cleaner but nevertheless congested central Tokyo.
▪ It has a shortage of office space, soaring property prices, huge traffic problems and relatively high unemployment.
▪ Stock exchanges and property prices collapsed, so the debts became overwhelming.
▪ Through their impact on property prices, local taxes can have important implications for mobility of labour.
▪ Ownership is obviously central to the disposal of state property - privatization - in the move to a market economy.
▪ Several years ago, he said he was arrested for cutting and selling timber on state property.
▪ One of the returnees, Nguyen Van Khang, was detained on arrival in Hanoi for allegedly stealing state property.
▪ The Forbes article stated that Glushkov was convicted in 1982 of theft of state property.
▪ In the end we won because I went to the state property register to get her details.
▪ Legislation needed to establish a cemetery on state property whisked through the Texas legislature.
▪ Instead, a central fund for state property will be set up to sell large and medium-sized companies.
▪ The officers pushed the desk away, telling Hill the flag was state property, as an aide to Gov.
▪ The obvious contradiction that this created between Reagan as campaigner and as governor was partly offset by compensatory reductions in property taxes.
▪ Therefore, an increase in, say, sales or property taxes will increase costs and reduce supply.
▪ The capital cost is to be financed from a local property tax.
▪ A general obligation bond is repaid through property taxes.
▪ Rates had very low administration costs; hence the case for reintroducing some form of property tax.
▪ For example, even when land is sold, the property tax is not likely to be shifted.
▪ Like the poll tax, this property tax is deeply flawed.
▪ It could start by reducing the property tax rate, charging everyone less, including Tucson residents.
▪ Oates found that property values were negatively correlated to the tax rate.
▪ Not only do property values erode and tax revenues dip.
▪ Yields, expressed as a percentage, indicate the annual rent as a proportion of the property value.
▪ Now the grand structure can only enhance property values.
▪ The combination of recession, falling property values, rent and rate increases have proved fatal to the nation's business community.
▪ This was followed by a collapse in property values that rolled around the world.
▪ These factors are believed to reduce property values.
▪ A homeowner who has paid down that loan or seen a significant increase in property value may no longer need this coverage.
▪ Peskin has been buying property at rock-bottom prices ahead of recovery.
▪ Heavy buying of utility and property issues led the surge.
▪ An extra £750m will be used before the end of 1992/93 to buy up some empty properties in the owner-occupied housing sector.
▪ His son bought the property in 1985.
▪ His father had died and he bought the property with money he'd inherited from the estate.
▪ He also made investments of his own, buying property and condominiums.
▪ London-based businessman, Christopher Mackarness bought the property 3 years ago.
▪ The council had no legal obligation to buy back the property and previous repurchases were virtually unheard of.
▪ This will be the period during which the estate owners have owned the property.
▪ They could own property, including slaves, and owned about a third of the land.
▪ It became legally possible for the church to own property.
▪ Mrs Lowenstein is a widow who owns considerable property in the neighborhood.
▪ Customs authorities confirmed that Mr Gibbins owns property in Moscow, but dismissed reports that he had gone abroad as speculation.
▪ World Report discovered that the first lady owned property in Alabama where black sharecroppers were living in shacks with no plumbing.
▪ It is owned by property developer Robert Lance Hughes who plans to re-erect it on an as yet unconfirmed site.
▪ We owned half the property the Prado sits on today.
▪ This is for your own safely as well as to protect other people's property.
▪ It allows organisms to protect their essential dynamical properties in the face of environmental changes by varying less essential dynamical properties.
▪ The purpose of the two-thirds vote requirement for local bonds is to protect property owners from renter tyranny.
▪ Have a residual current device fitted to protect the property from the risk of fire started by an electrical fault.
▪ All over town, shotguns and even machine guns protect people and property.
▪ Not withstanding this, we have an immediate need to protect our property from the moment the slate falls.
▪ Mr Barraza did; he was concerned about protecting property, saving the equipment for the next generation.
▪ To keep the budget deficit down, the government proposed to sell off shares and property valued at around 1,000 million kroner.
▪ For example, even when land is sold, the property tax is not likely to be shifted.
▪ They gave away small parcels, and even sanctioned the right to buy and sell property in the 1993 constitution.
▪ The trailer had belonged to Mrs Jolly, the woman who sold us the property.
▪ In about 1479 he offered to sell a de Vere property in London to the royal servant John Risley.
▪ Even renters feel the impact whenever their landlord sells the property.
▪ He hoped to entice her back by selling their old property and buying a new home.
▪ However McEvoy, 21, broke into the house in October 1990 and stole almost £4,000 of property.
▪ The charges include armed robbery, distribution of stolen property, illegal gun sales and use, and drug trafficking.
▪ A thief gained entry to the guest's room and stole her property.
▪ Those now being accused of trafficking in stolen property are dismayed.
▪ While one man talked to her, the other ran into the house and stole cash and property.
▪ In legal terms possession of stolen property is not the same as stealing.
▪ When the accused appropriates, he will have stolen the property from the person who retained the interest in the property.
▪ Police said Bokin has also been repeatedly convicted of theft, possession of stolen property and writing bad checks.
public property
▪ Against the odds, she succeeds in making an intimate personal statement out of tunes that are almost public property.
▪ An attendant warned us not to deface public property.
▪ But the argument is that the genome is public property -- it needs a different structure of ownership.
▪ City and county government have the option to ban weapons on public property.
▪ In some areas, developers who build on public property are assessed special fees to help pay for historic preservation.
▪ None the less, all the sites from which the Falls were visible would eventually be on public property.
▪ Supervisor Michael Yaki thinks it should be easier than that to obtain entry to public property.
▪ We were still within the perimeter of Kenwood House and would need to walk much further to reach public property.
tangible assets/property
▪ A definition of family property that is restricted to claims on tangible property is weighted heavily toward the concerns of rich families.
▪ Any permanent impairment of tangible assets identified is written off.
▪ Depreciation is calculated to write off the cost or valuation of tangible assets other than freehold land over their estimated useful lives.
▪ Fixed Assets Fixed assets capitalised during the year amount to £865,000 of which £700,000 relates to tangible assets and £165,000 to investments.
▪ In rich families that have substantial inherited wealth, assets may be primarily in the form of claims on tangible assets.
▪ Investors bought into tangible assets and sought return from income.
▪ Net tangible assets were £49.2 million.
▪ Stocks and bonds finance tangible assets such as factories and machinery.
▪ All sound has three properties: pitch, volume, and duration.
▪ At that time, a slave was considered property.
▪ Many state documents were considered as the officer's private property.
▪ People are becoming more aware of garlic's medicinal properties.
▪ Some of the stolen property was discovered in an empty warehouse.
▪ The properties of the soil influence the growth of the plants.
▪ The boys have been charged with damaging school property.
▪ The conducting properties of solids vary widely.
▪ Vandals wrecked school property.
▪ We test the chemical and biological properties of the samples.
▪ What's the full market value of the property?
▪ A special guest yesterday was Tenaya Becker, a great-granddaughter of Robert Daley, who settled the property in 1869.
▪ He had several directorships and property interests.
▪ However, it is necessary to produce receipts when dealing with leasehold property.
▪ In the past, Massachusetts companies were taxed on a combination of all sales, property values and payroll.
▪ The property benefits from its own drive and a wider than average side access.
▪ Two-bedroom terraced properties are selling for £120,000-far beyond the means of most public-sector workers earning £20,000.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Property \Prop"er*ty\, n.; pl. Properties. [OE. proprete, OF. propret['e] property, F. propret['e] neatness, cleanliness, propri['e]t['e] property, fr. L. proprietas. See Proper, a., and cf. Propriety.]

  1. That which is proper to anything; a peculiar quality of a thing; that which is inherent in a subject, or naturally essential to it; an attribute; as, sweetness is a property of sugar.

    Property is correctly a synonym for peculiar quality; but it is frequently used as coextensive with quality in general.
    --Sir W. Hamilton.

    Note: In physical science, the properties of matter are distinguished to the three following classes: 1. Physical properties, or those which result from the relations of bodies to the physical agents, light, heat, electricity, gravitation, cohesion, adhesion, etc., and which are exhibited without a change in the composition or kind of matter acted on. They are color, luster, opacity, transparency, hardness, sonorousness, density, crystalline form, solubility, capability of osmotic diffusion, vaporization, boiling, fusion, etc.

  2. Chemical properties, or those which are conditioned by affinity and composition; thus, combustion, explosion, and certain solutions are reactions occasioned by chemical properties. Chemical properties are identical when there is identity of composition and structure, and change according as the composition changes.

  3. Organoleptic properties, or those forming a class which can not be included in either of the other two divisions. They manifest themselves in the contact of substances with the organs of taste, touch, and smell, or otherwise affect the living organism, as in the manner of medicines and poisons.

    2. An acquired or artificial quality; that which is given by art, or bestowed by man; as, the poem has the properties which constitute excellence.

    3. The exclusive right of possessing, enjoying, and disposing of a thing; ownership; title.

    Here I disclaim all my paternal care, Propinquity and property of blood.

    Shall man assume a property in man?

  4. That to which a person has a legal title, whether in his possession or not; thing owned; an estate, whether in lands, goods, or money; as, a man of large property, or small property.

  5. pl. All the adjuncts of a play except the scenery and the dresses of the actors; stage requisites.

    I will draw a bill of properties.

  6. Propriety; correctness. [Obs.]

    Literary property. (Law) See under Literary.

    Property man, one who has charge of the ``properties'' of a theater.


Property \Prop"er*ty\, v. t.

  1. To invest which properties, or qualities. [Obs.]

  2. To make a property of; to appropriate. [Obs.]

    They have here propertied me.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

c.1300, properte, "nature, quality," later "possession, thing owned" (early 14c., a sense rare before 17c.), from an Anglo-French modification of Old French propriete "individuality, peculiarity; property" (12c., Modern French propreté; see propriety), from Latin proprietatem (nominative proprietas) "ownership, a property, propriety, quality," literally "special character" (a loan-translation of Greek idioma), noun of quality from proprius "one's own, special" (see proper). For "possessions, private property" Middle English sometimes used proper goods. Hot property "sensation, a success" is from 1947 in "Billboard" stories.


n. Something that is owned. vb. 1 (context obsolete English) To invest with properties, or qualities. 2 (context obsolete English) To make a property of; to appropriate.

  1. n. any area set aside for a particular purpose; "who owns this place?"; "the president was concerned about the property across from the White House" [syn: place]

  2. something owned; any tangible or intangible possession that is owned by someone; "that hat is my property"; "he is a man of property"; [syn: belongings, holding, material possession]

  3. a basic or essential attribute shared by all members of a class; "a study of the physical properties of atomic particles"

  4. a construct whereby objects or individuals can be distinguished; "self-confidence is not an endearing property" [syn: attribute, dimension]

  5. any movable articles or objects used on the set of a play or movie; "before every scene he ran down his checklist of props" [syn: prop]

Property (disambiguation)

Property is the ownership of land, resources, improvements or other tangible objects, or intellectual property.

Property may also refer to:

Property (metaphysics)
  1. redirect Property (philosophy)

In the abstract, property is that which belongs to or with something, whether as an attribute or as a component of said thing. In the context of this article, property is one or more components (rather than attributes), whether physical or incorporeal, of a person's estate; or so belonging to, as in being owned by, a person or jointly a group of people or a legal entity like a corporation or even a society. (Given such meaning, the word property is uncountable, and as such, is not described with an indefinite article or as plural.) Depending on the nature of the property, an owner of property has the right to consume, alter, share, redefine, rent, mortgage, pawn, sell, exchange, transfer, give away or destroy it, or to exclude others from doing these things, as well as to perhaps abandon it; whereas regardless of the nature of the property, the owner thereof has the right to properly use it (as a durable, mean or factor, or whatever), or at the very least exclusively keep it.

In economics and political economy, there are three broad forms of property: private property, public property, and collective property (also called cooperative property).

Property that jointly belongs to more than one party may be possessed or controlled thereby in very similar or very distinct ways, whether simply or complexly, whether equally or unequally. However, there is an expectation that each party's will (rather discretion) with regard to the property be clearly defined and unconditional, so as to distinguish ownership and easement from rent. The parties might expect their wills to be unanimous, or alternately every given one of them, when no opportunity for or possibility of dispute with any other of them exists, may expect his, her, its or their own will to be sufficient and absolute.

The Restatement (First) of Property defines property as anything, tangible or intangible whereby a legal relationship between persons and the state enforces a possessory interest or legal title in that thing. This mediating relationship between individual, property and state is called a property regime.

In sociology and anthropology, property is often defined as a relationship between two or more individuals and an object, in which at least one of these individuals holds a bundle of rights over the object. The distinction between "collective property" and "private property" is regarded as a confusion since different individuals often hold differing rights over a single object.

Important widely recognized types of property include real property (the combination of land and any improvements to or on the land), personal property (physical possessions belonging to a person), private property (property owned by legal persons, business entities or individual natural persons), public property (state owned or publicly owned and available possessions) and intellectual property (exclusive rights over artistic creations, inventions, etc.), although the last is not always as widely recognized or enforced. An article of property may have physical and incorporeal parts. A title, or a right of ownership, establishes the relation between the property and other persons, assuring the owner the right to dispose of the property as the owner sees fit.

Property (philosophy)

In Philosophy and mathematics, a property is a characteristic of an object; a red object is said to have the property of redness. The property may be considered a form of object in its own right, able to possess other properties. A property however differs from individual objects in that it may be instantiated, and often in more than one thing. It differs from the logical/mathematical concept of class by not having any concept of extensionality, and from the philosophical concept of class in that a property is considered to be distinct from the objects which possess it. Understanding how different individual entities (or particulars) can in some sense have some of the same properties is the basis of the problem of universals. The terms attribute and quality have similar meanings.

Property (programming)

A property, in some object-oriented programming languages, is a special sort of class member, intermediate between a field (or data member) and a method. Properties are read and written like fields, but property reads and writes are (usually) translated to get and set method calls. The field-like syntax is said to be easier to read and write than lots of method calls, yet the interposition of method calls allows for data validation, active updating (as of GUI visuals), or read-only 'fields'. That is, properties are intermediate between member code (methods) and member data ( instance variables) of the class, and properties provide a higher level of encapsulation than public fields.

Property (novel)

Property is a 2003 novel by Valerie Martin, and was the winner of the 2003 Orange Prize. In 2012, The Observer named Property as one of "The 10 best historical novels".

The book is set on a sugar plantation near New Orleans in 1828, and tells the story of Manon Gaudet, the wife of the plantation's owner, and Sarah, the slave Manon was given as a wedding present and who she has brought with her from the city. The story is centred on Manon and her resentment towards Sarah. Sarah is not only Manon's slave, but also her husband's unwilling mistress and victim. The private drama of the estate is played out against the backdrop of civil unrest and slave rebellion.

Usage examples of "property".

Altogether, these several apartments make a very complete and desirable accommodation to a man with the property and occupation for which it is intended.

The difference between judicial enforcement and nonenforcement of the restrictive covenants is the difference to petitioners between being denied rights of property available to other members of the community and being accorded full enjoyment of those rights on an equal footing.

Upon this ugly race antagonism it is not necessary to enlarge here in discussing the problem of education, and I will leave it with the single observation that I have heard intelligent negroes, who were honestly at work, accumulating property and disposed to postpone active politics to a more convenient season, say that they had nothing to fear from the intelligent white population, but only from the envy of the ignorant.

It is easy to visualize the acetylcholine as coating the membrane and altering its properties.

The secretion of acetylcholine alters the properties of the muscle cell membrane, brings about the influx of sodium ion, and, in short, initiates a wave of depolarization just like that which takes place in a nerve cell.

His advice was to neglect no means of getting out of the difficulty, to sacrifice all my property, diamonds, and jewellery, and thus to obtain a release from my enemies.

Henry was strong enough only six years after the death of Thomas to win control over a vast amount of important property by insisting that questions of advowson should be tried in the secular courts, and that the murderers of clerks should be punished by the common law.

But they cannot calculate the affinitive properties of one of the cannonballs.

The father of the navigator, Victor Joseph de Galaup, succeeded to property which maintained him in a position of influence and affluence among his neighbours.

For his services the nobleman was given land and serfs, but not as outright or allodial property, as in the West, and only on condition that he served the Tsar.

They passed decisions to the effect that the land which they owned individually should henceforward be their common property, and they began to allot and to re-allot it in accordance with the usual village-community rules.

Hence it was held that certain Indian allottees under an agreement according to which, in part consideration of their relinquishment of all their claim to tribal property, they were to receive in severalty allotments of lands which were to be nontaxable for a specified period, acquired vested rights of exemption from State taxation which were protected by the Fifth Amendment against abrogation by Congress.

I chiefly allude to the military posts and property which were in the possession of the Government when it came to my hands.

Also, it would be open to show, by contemporaneous history, that this mode of alluding to slaves and slavery, instead of speaking of them, was employed on purpose to exclude from the Constitution the idea that there could be property in man.

Tholian Assembly, and we are now informing you that ambrosia is our property.