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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Puffin \Puf"fin\ (p[u^]f"f[i^]n), n. [Akin to puff.]

  1. (Zo["o]l.) An arctic sea bird Fratercula arctica) allied to the auks, and having a short, thick, swollen beak, whence the name; -- called also bottle nose, cockandy, coulterneb, marrot, mormon, pope, and sea parrot.

    Note: The name is also applied to other related species, as the horned puffin ( Fratercula corniculata), the tufted puffin ( Lunda cirrhata), and the razorbill.

    Manx puffin, the Manx shearwater. See under Manx.

  2. (Bot.) The puffball.

  3. A sort of apple. [Obs.]
    --Rider's Dict. (1640).


Ruff \Ruff\, Ruffe \Ruffe\, n. [OE. ruffe.] (Zo["o]l.) A small freshwater European perch ( Acerina vulgaris); -- called also pope, blacktail, and stone perch, or striped perch.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

Old English papa (9c.), from Church Latin papa "bishop, pope" (in classical Latin, "tutor"), from Greek papas "patriarch, bishop," originally "father." Applied to bishops of Asia Minor and taken as a title by the Bishop of Alexandria c.250. In Western Church, applied especially to the Bishop of Rome since the time of Leo the Great (440-461) and claimed exclusively by them from 1073 (usually in English with a capital P-). Popemobile, his car, is from 1979. Papal, papacy, later acquisitions in English, preserve the original vowel.


Etymology 1 n. 1 (context Roman Catholicism & generally English) An honorary title of the Roman Catholic bishop of Rome as father and head of his church. 2 # (context by extension now often ironic English) Any similarly absolute and 'papal infallibility' authority. 3 # (context by extension English) Any similar head of a religion. 4 # (context uncommon English) A theocrat, a priest-king, including (qualifier: at first especially) over the imaginary land of (w: Prester John) or (qualifier: now) in figurative and alliterative uses. 5 # (context UK English) An effigy of the pope traditionally burnt in Britain on Guy Fawkes' Day and (qualifier: occasionally) at other times. 6 # (context US obsolete English) Pope Day, the present Guy Fawkes Day. 7 (context Coptic Church English) An honorary title of the Coptic bishop of Alexandria as father and head of his church. 8 (context Eastern Orthodoxy English) An honorary title of the Orthodox bishop of Alexandria as father and head of his autocephalous church. 9 (context Christianity historical obsolete English) Any bishop of the early Christian church. 10 (context UK English) The ruffe, a small Eurasian freshwater fish ((taxlink Gymnocephalus cernua species noshow=1)); others of its genus. 11 (rfv-sense) (context UK regional English) The Atlantic puffin ((taxlink Fratercula arctica species noshow=1 nomul=1)). 12 (context US regional English) The painted bunting ((taxlink Passerina ciris species noshow=1)). 13 (lb en rare) The red-cowled cardinal ((taxlink Paroaria dominicana species noshow=1 nomul=1)). vb. 1 (context intransitive or with 'it' English) To act as or like a pope. 2 (context intransitive colloquial English) To convert to Roman Catholicism. Etymology 2

n. (context alcoholic beverages English) Any mulled wine (traditionally including tokay) considered similar and superior to bishop. Etymology 3

n. (context Russian Orthodoxy English) (altform pop nodot=11 English), a Russian Orthodox priest. Etymology 4

n. 1 (context US dialectal obsolete English) The whippoorwill (''Caprimulgus vociferus''). 2 (context US dialectal rare English) The nighthawk (''Chordeiles minor'').

Pope-Vannoy Landing, AK -- U.S. Census Designated Place in Alaska
Population (2000): 8
Housing Units (2000): 19
Land area (2000): 48.830214 sq. miles (126.469668 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 8.428282 sq. miles (21.829150 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 57.258496 sq. miles (148.298818 sq. km)
FIPS code: 62125
Located within: Alaska (AK), FIPS 02
Location: 59.537594 N, 154.530521 W
ZIP Codes (1990):
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Pope-Vannoy Landing, AK
Pope-Vannoy Landing
Pope, AK
Pope, MS -- U.S. village in Mississippi
Population (2000): 241
Housing Units (2000): 96
Land area (2000): 1.011052 sq. miles (2.618613 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 1.011052 sq. miles (2.618613 sq. km)
FIPS code: 59240
Located within: Mississippi (MS), FIPS 28
Location: 34.214976 N, 89.944299 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 38658
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Pope, MS
Pope -- U.S. County in Illinois
Population (2000): 4413
Housing Units (2000): 2351
Land area (2000): 370.863411 sq. miles (960.531785 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 3.774572 sq. miles (9.776097 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 374.637983 sq. miles (970.307882 sq. km)
Located within: Illinois (IL), FIPS 17
Location: 37.411400 N, 88.573261 W
Pope, IL
Pope County
Pope County, IL
Pope -- U.S. County in Minnesota
Population (2000): 11236
Housing Units (2000): 5827
Land area (2000): 670.136238 sq. miles (1735.644816 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 47.151019 sq. miles (122.120574 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 717.287257 sq. miles (1857.765390 sq. km)
Located within: Minnesota (MN), FIPS 27
Location: 45.592633 N, 95.447319 W
Pope, MN
Pope County
Pope County, MN
Pope -- U.S. County in Arkansas
Population (2000): 54469
Housing Units (2000): 22851
Land area (2000): 811.900192 sq. miles (2102.811754 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 18.888635 sq. miles (48.921339 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 830.788827 sq. miles (2151.733093 sq. km)
Located within: Arkansas (AR), FIPS 05
Location: 35.330478 N, 93.084446 W
Pope, AR
Pope County
Pope County, AR
Pope (music)

"Pope" is a recitation for unaccompanied voice, composed by Juan Maria Solare. It is based on text by Alfred Edward Housman. The 17-minute work was composed in Cologne, Germany and Saint-Germain des Angles in Évreux, France, between July 9 and July 27, 1996. It is five pages in length.

Pope (disambiguation)

Pope is a religious title [see Pope (word)] traditionally accorded to the head of the Catholic Church, as well as to some other religious figures. Pope can also be used as a surname or a place name.


The Pope ( from pappas, a child's word for "father") is the Bishop of Rome and the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church. The primacy of the Roman bishop is largely derived from his role as the traditional successor to Saint Peter, to whom Jesus is supposed to have given the keys of Heaven and the powers of "binding and loosing", naming him as the "rock" upon which the church would be built. The current pope is Francis, who was elected on 13 March 2013, succeeding Benedict XVI.

The office of the Pope is the papacy. His ecclesiastical jurisdiction, the Diocese of Rome, is often called "the Holy See" or "the Apostolic See", the latter name being based upon the belief that the Bishop of Rome is the successor of Peter the Apostle. The pope is considered one of the world's most powerful people because of his diplomatic and cultural influence. He is also head of state of Vatican City, a sovereign city-state entirely enclaved within the Italian capital city of Rome.

The papacy is one of the most enduring institutions in the world and has had a prominent part in world history. The popes in ancient times helped in the spread of Christianity and the resolution of various doctrinal disputes. In the Middle Ages, they played a role of secular importance in Western Europe, often acting as arbitrators between Christian monarchs. Currently, in addition to the expansion of the Christian faith and doctrine, the popes are involved in ecumenism and interfaith dialog, charitable work, and the defense of human rights.

Popes, who originally had no temporal powers, in some periods of history accrued wide powers similar to those of temporal rulers. In recent centuries, popes were gradually forced to give up temporal power, and papal authority is now once again almost exclusively restricted to matters of religion. Over the centuries, papal claims of spiritual authority have been ever more firmly expressed, culminating in 1870 with the proclamation of the dogma of papal infallibility for rare occasions when the pope speaks ex cathedra—literally "from the chair (of Saint Peter)"—to issue a formal definition of faith or morals.


Popé or Po'pay (; ca. 1630 – ca. 1688) was a Tewa religious leader from Ohkay Owingeh (known since the colonial period as San Juan Pueblo), who led the Pueblo Revolt in 1680 against Spanish colonial rule. In the first successful revolt against the Spanish, the Pueblo expelled the colonists and kept them out of the territory for twelve years.

Pope (Tutin)

Pope is a village in the municipality of Tutin, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 79 people.

Pope (Novi Pazar)

Pope is a village situated in Novi Pazar municipality in Serbia.

Pope (horse)

Pope (1806 – 29 August 1831), also known as Waxy Pope and The Sligo Waxy, was a Thoroughbred racehorse that won the 1809 Epsom Derby and was a leading sire in Ireland. Pope was the first Epsom Derby winner produced by his sire Waxy, who would go on to sire three more Derby winners and three winners of the Epsom Oaks. Pope was a half-brother to the prolific broodmare Penelope, the dam of the influential stallions Whisker and Whalebone who were also sired by Waxy. Pope died on 29 August 1831 at Clearwell.

Pope (word)

Pope is a title traditionally accorded to the Bishop of Rome, the Coptic and Greek Orthodox Bishop of Alexandria, and some autocratic leaders of other ecclesial communities. Popes may also claim the title Patriarch. Both terms come from a word for father.

Usage examples of "pope".

Pope Adrian threatens them with a sentence of excommunication unless they speedily abjure this practical heresy.

Paris the Pope, who was still at Fontainebleau, determined to accede to an arrangement, and to sign an act which the Emperor conceived would terminate the differences between them.

Pope Gregory the Great, in the sixth century, either borrowing some of the more objectionable features of the purgatory doctrine previously held by the heathen, or else devising the same things himself from a perception of the striking adaptedness of such notions to secure an enviable power to the Church, constructed, established, and gave working efficiency to the dogmatic scheme of purgatory ever since firmly defended by the papal adherents as an integral part of the Roman Catholic system.

The Pope would die and the circus would actually begin with the tawdry tinkle of the hurdy-gurdy and monkeys on chains, the trumpet fanfare of a Fellini movie and the clowns and all the freaks and aerialists joining hands, dancing, capering across the screen.

Clement during his latter days to encroach on the perquisites and possessions of the minor Italian States was crystallizing into a fixed purpose of ecclesiastical aggrandizement on the part of the new Pope.

Holding these pronounced views, aggressively loyal in every thought and action, General Pope was naturally in antagonism with the policy of the President.

Only Albedo stayed with the Pope as His Holiness walked into the room, allowing the kissing of his ring and touching the heads of the gathered men and women as they knelt again.

Finally His Holiness, Pope Urban XVI, took his seat in the straight-backed throne with Albedo standing behind him.

Where Pope or Racine had one rule of metre, Victor Hugo has twenty, and he observes them as rigorously as an algebraist or an astronomer observes the rules of calculation or demonstration.

For the ordinary history of the popes, their life and death, their residence and absence, it is enough to refer to the ecclesiastical annalists, Spondanus and Fleury.

The first twelve articles are devoted to the pope, the annates, the appointment of foreigners to German benefices, the appeal of cases to Rome, the asserted authority of the papacy over bishops, the emperor, and other rulers.

Synagogue of Satan to hurl thunderbolts against the Holy Apostolic See, and diabolically to decree the subjection of the Pope to the Council, the confiscation of his annates, dearer to him than the apple of his eye, and finally his own deposition.

The popes of Rome later took it upon themselves to ritually anoint the emperors into their exalted office as part of the ceremony of coronation, as if a pope should have the power to create a messiah.

Accuracy of thought has seldom been more recklessly offered up to pungency of expression than in the above-cited aphorism of Pope.

Its Pope, its College of Cardinals and its Apocrypha Cardinals were all fair game.