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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ But concord and harmony were the professed and accepted norm for the conduct of relations.
▪ In other words, the initial credit inducement may become accepted as the norm, thus shunting all cash inflows forwards.
▪ She sees this course as explicitly challenging some of the accepted norms of the rest of the course.
▪ Research can not tell us how to work with people whose cultural norms and traditions are different from our own.
▪ Meeting inside a model could logically connect communications protocols to the model itself rather than the cultural norms of a geographical area.
▪ The analysts will have to adhere to the cultural norms of the organisation in order to be successful with their database project.
▪ He did not feel comfortable challenging what he thought was a cultural norm.
▪ Both are equally prisoners of the cultural norms of business.
▪ The social norms can not merely exist as constraints existing outside individuals.
▪ The study of social norms did not escape.
▪ Another major advantage is the insight it is capable of yielding into the social and communicative norms of the community.
▪ The sociology of social norms is a recurring theme.
▪ Conversely an admiring glance, a word of praise or an encouraging smile provide rewards for conformity to social norms.
▪ It is a social norm approach without the promise of security.
▪ Not only have contraceptive methods allowed this kind of Planning but social norms of family size have changed and increased in tolerance.
▪ In order to understand the force of this social norm, it is necessary to look beyond social presentation.
▪ Sideways power proves unnecessary because consensus and collaboration are the accepted norms.
▪ Individuals who can not accept these norms are cast out from the protection of the group.
▪ Retail sales of the quintessential red meats are plummeting, whilst vegetarianism has become a fashionable norm.
▪ Peer evaluation within the teams has become the norm.
▪ Eventually the price of such devices will fall and PostScript recorders will become the norm - just as they have with typesetting.
▪ A shifting constellation of part-time jobs is becoming the middle-class norm.
▪ At the same time home ownership became easier and the norm.
▪ Three-and four-flight days again became the norm for him, more hours above the earth than on it.
▪ If these events became regarded as a norm for science then public confidence would be threatened.
▪ During periods of punctuated equilibrium everything is in flux, disequilibrium becomes the norm, and uncertainty reigns!
▪ We have refused to repress our desires, in spite of enormous pressure to conform to heterosexual norms.
▪ New employees join an organization of interacting players, whose perceptions and expectations establish norms of required behaviour.
▪ We fight to maintain the established Leninist norms of party building.
▪ Witchcraft thus can not be easily applied to circumvent or violate customary norms of behaviour.
▪ Traditional sexual norms have been called into question.
▪ And the gospel for so long speaks the correct opposition to what has become the standard and the norm.
▪ I am told this is the norm.
▪ It is the norm that volunteering in sport does not stop out of season.
▪ It is those norms, in turn, that create a trusting environment within which commerce and trade can take place.
▪ Peer evaluation within the teams has become the norm.
▪ They provide social contexts for shaping the day-to-day behaviour or adolescents, and encourage conformity to norms and values.
▪ This is not uncommon in the South East and well within the building society norm of two and a half times income.
▪ Yet, again there is the contrast between personal inclinations and social norms.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Norm \Norm\, n. [L. norma a rule. See Normal, a.]

  1. A rule or authoritative standard; a model; a type; as, deviations from the norm are not tolerated.

  2. (Biol.) A typical, structural unit; a type.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

"standard, pattern, model," 1821, from French norme, from Latin norma "carpenter's square, rule, pattern," of unknown origin. Klein suggests a borrowing (via Etruscan) of Greek gnomon "carpenter's square." The Latin form of the word, norma, was used in English in the sense of "carpenter's square" from 1670s.


Etymology 1 n. (context usually definite '''the norm''' English) That which is regarded as normal or typical. Etymology 2

vb. (context analysis English) To endow (a vector space, etc) with a norm.

  1. n. a standard or model or pattern regarded as typical; "the current middle-class norm of two children per family"

  2. a statistic describing the location of a distribution; "it set the norm for American homes" [syn: average]


Norm or NORM may refer to:

Norm (chess)

A norm in chess is a high level of performance in a chess tournament. Several norms are one of the requirements to receive a title such as Grandmaster from FIDE.

Norm (social)

Norms are cultural products (including values, customs, and traditions) which represent individuals' basic knowledge of what others do and think that they should do. Sociologists describe norms as informal understandings that govern individuals' behavior in society. On the other hand, social psychology has adopted a more general definition, recognizing smaller group units, such as a team or an office, may also endorse norms separate or in addition to cultural or societal expectations. In other words, norms are regarded to exist as collective representations of acceptable group conduct as well as individual perceptions of particular group conduct.

Furthermore, in the field of social psychology, the roles of norms are emphasized which can guide behavior in a certain situation or environment as "mental representations of appropriate behavior".Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2003). "The silence of the library: Environment, situational norm, and social behavior". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(1), 18–28. For example, it has been shown that normative messages can promote pro-social behavior, including decreasing alcohol use and increasing voter turnout and sustainability. According to the psychological definition of social norms' behavioral component, norms have two dimensions: how much a behaviour is exhibited, and how much the group approves of that behavior. Both of these dimensions can be used in normative messages to alter norms and subsequently alter behaviors; for example, a message can target the former dimension by describing high levels of voter turnout in order to encourage more turnout. At the same time, norms also can be changed contingent on the observed behavior of others (how much behavior is exhibited). In fact, in Sherif (1936), one confederate was able to affect the development of a group norm related to the autokinetic effect.

Norm (mathematics)

In linear algebra, functional analysis, and related areas of mathematics, a norm is a function that assigns a strictly positive length or size to each vector in a vector space—save for the zero vector, which is assigned a length of zero. A seminorm, on the other hand, is allowed to assign zero length to some non-zero vectors (in addition to the zero vector).

A norm must also satisfy certain properties pertaining to scalability and additivity which are given in the formal definition below.

A simple example is the 2-dimensional Euclidean spaceR equipped with the Euclidean norm. Elements in this vector space (e.g., ) are usually drawn as arrows in a 2-dimensional cartesian coordinate system starting at the origin . The Euclidean norm assigns to each vector the length of its arrow. Because of this, the Euclidean norm is often known as the magnitude.

A vector space on which a norm is defined is called a normed vector space. Similarly, a vector space with a seminorm is called a seminormed vector space. It is often possible to supply a norm for a given vector space in more than one way.

Norm (philosophy)

Norms are concepts ( sentences) of practical import, oriented to effecting an action, rather than conceptual abstractions that describe, explain, and express. Normative sentences imply "ought-to" types of statements and assertions, in distinction to sentences that provide "is" types of statements and assertions. Common normative sentences include commands, permissions, and prohibitions; common normative abstract concepts include sincerity, justification, and honesty. A popular account of norms describes them as reasons to take action, to believe, and to feel.

Norm (group)

In mathematics, in the field of group theory, the norm of a group is the intersection of the normalizers of all its subgroups. This is also termed the Baer norm, after Reinhold Baer.

The following facts are true for the Baer norm:

  • It is a characteristic subgroup.
  • It contains the center of the group.
  • It is contained inside the second term of the upper central series.
  • It is a Dedekind group, so is either abelian or has a direct factor isomorphic to the quaternion group.
  • If it contains an element of infinite order, then it is equal to the center of the group.
Norm (artificial intelligence)

Norms can be considered from different perspectives in Artificial Intelligence to create computers and computer software that are capable of intelligent behaviour.

In Artificial Intelligence and Law, legal norms are considered in computational tools to automatically reason upon them. In Multi-Agent Systems (MAS), a branch of Artificial Intelligence (AI), a norm is a guide for the common conduct of agents, thereby easing their decision-making, coordination and organization.

Since most problems concerning regulation of the interaction of autonomous agents are linked to issues traditionally addressed by legal studies, and since law is the most pervasive and developed normative system, efforts to account for norms in Artificial Intelligence and Law and in normative multi-agent systems often overlap.

Norm (graphic design group)

Norm (based in Zurich, Switzerland), is an experimental graphic design team best known for their typography. Their most influential project is typography for Cologne Airport. It is co-founded by two Swiss designers Dimitri Bruni and Manuel Krebs. Their approach to typography is known to be very strict and rigorous with strong modernist features but with slight references to postmodernism. Some of their typefaces are Simple (designed independently and then adapted for the design of the Cologne Airport), Normetica, and Replica. Norm was featured in the 2005 documentary Helvetica directed by Gary Hustwit.

Norm (abelian group)

In mathematics, specifically abstract algebra, if (G, +) is an abelian group then $\scriptstyle \nu\colon G \to \mathbb{R}$ is said to be a norm on the abelian group (G, +) if:

  1. ν(g) > 0  if  g ≠ 0,
  2. ν(g + h) ≤ ν(g) + ν(h),
  3. ν(mg) = ∣mν(g)  if  m ∈ Z.

The norm ν is discrete if there is some real numberρ > 0 such that ν(g) > ρ whenever g ≠ 0.

Usage examples of "norm".

Similarly, the Iraqis have always had abysmal maintenance practices, and an operational readiness rate of 65 percent is the norm in many combat units.

Perhaps not surprisingly, the norms of Aggressor guerrilla warfare were already adapted for instruction of Americans and their allies in real-world unconventional warfare in the 1950s.

This was a measure designed to root out the Catholic heresy of Jansenism, which took a much more austere view of salvation than the acceptable norm, and which had adherents at high levels of the Parlements, especially in Paris.

This is a city where, for many a citizen, working nights is the norm, from a pit boss at the Flamingo to a counter clerk at a convenience store, from an exotic dancer in a live nude girls club to a criminalist working the graveyard shift.

Nakedness had become the norm on board, a general divesture of attire to which crewmembers male and female ascribed without comment.

For one thing, it experienced better weather than most of Eron in winter, and the excitement of its ruling craft would appeal to the young, along with duties that involved a higher level of physical action than he assumed was the norm for the scholarly, artistically inclined Eronese.

Norm Ballard, a second-rate Ed Gein who liked to waylay unwary travelers who happened by his out-of-the-way Nebraska farm.

Dry enzyme and glyceride spray was the norm now, blowing over us from head to toe in mere seconds.

She was surrounded by aliens which distorted the human norm, by pigmen, lionmen, lizardmen, birdmen, toadmen and others she could not begin to identify.

She was surrounded by aliens which distorted the human norm, by pigmen, lionmen, lizardmen, birdmen, toadmen and others she could not begin to iden tify.

Marleen Todd had been correct, A psychoactive drug that flouts the norms of society is simply wrong.

Lord Rasion, a ruddy, well-fed version of the Mirchaz elf mage norm, stood to welcome Relkin to a place beside him.

Despite poorly paid professors and regular assaults by segregationist state politicians on academic freedom of thought, Ole Miss students equaled or beat national norms in most fields in graduThe Warrior25 ate exams, and the school produced more Rhodes scholars than almost every other Southern university.

But looking out across those tightly packed roofs, splendor was not the norm, here in Shatum.

HARLIE is functioning well within his projected norms, but we have found that he is limited to solving problems only as big as the computers he is tapped into can handle.