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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Canker \Can"ker\ (k[a^][ng]"k[~e]r), n. [OE. canker, cancre, AS. cancer (akin to D. kanker, OHG chanchar.), fr. L. cancer a cancer; or if a native word, cf. Gr. ? excrescence on tree, ? gangrene. Cf. also OF. cancre, F. chancere, fr. L. cancer. See cancer, and cf. Chancre.]

  1. A corroding or sloughing ulcer; esp. a spreading gangrenous ulcer or collection of ulcers in or about the mouth; -- called also water canker, canker of the mouth, and noma.

  2. Anything which corrodes, corrupts, or destroy.

    The cankers of envy and faction.

  3. (Hort.) A disease incident to trees, causing the bark to rot and fall off.

  4. (Far.) An obstinate and often incurable disease of a horse's foot, characterized by separation of the horny portion and the development of fungoid growths; -- usually resulting from neglected thrush.

  5. A kind of wild, worthless rose; the dog-rose.

    To put down Richard, that sweet lovely rose. And plant this thorm, this canker, Bolingbroke.

    Black canker. See under Black.


n. (context disease English) A gangrenous disease leading to tissue destruction of the face, especially the mouth and cheek.


n. acute ulceration of the mucous membranes of the mouth or genitals; often seen in undernourished children

Noma, FL -- U.S. town in Florida
Population (2000): 213
Housing Units (2000): 104
Land area (2000): 1.093958 sq. miles (2.833338 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 1.093958 sq. miles (2.833338 sq. km)
FIPS code: 48900
Located within: Florida (FL), FIPS 12
Location: 30.981659 N, 85.619364 W
ZIP Codes (1990):
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Noma, FL
NOMA (company)

NOMA was an American company best known for making Christmas lights. It was once the largest manufacturer of holiday lighting in the world, but since 1967 has existed only as a licensed trademark. It is now held by Inliten, LLC, of Glenview, Illinois.

NOMA was formed in 1925 as the National Outfit Manufacturer's Association, a trade group made up of 13–15 smaller manufacturers hoping to gain competitive advantage by combining their marketing and purchasing power. In 1926, the association’s members officially incorporated as the NOMA Electric Corporation and began selling NOMA-branded light sets.

NOMA introduced a number of innovations to holiday lighting, including:

  • the use of E17 intermediate base lamps for outdoor decorating (1928),
  • parallel-wired light sets for indoor use (1934),
  • all-rubber cords (1940),
  • Bubble Lites (1946), and
  • fused safety plugs (1951).

When the NOMA Electric Company was located in New York City, it may have produced the first commercial printed circuit board in 1946 with its Party Quiz Game. It was an electrical board game with replaceable question cards and two electrodes which, when placed in the proper positions to answer a question correctly, cause a bulb to light. Initially hard-wired, the game was made thinner by hot pressing aluminum foil onto cardboard, with the electrical contacts made into the board.

In 1953, NOMA incorporated its Christmas light manufacturing operations into NOMA Lites, Inc. and enjoyed considerable success. But by the early 1960s, the company faced increasing competition from cheaper, imported light sets, and it filed for bankruptcy in 1965.

There is a company in the UK called NOMA Lights, founded in 1939 making it the oldest supplier of holiday lights in the world, by Fred Capel and now in the hands of his son, Clive Capel.

There was a NOMA Corporation in Canada. In February 2007, Electrical Components International (ECI) purchased GenTek’s wire and cable assembly business known as NOMA Corporation. ECI owns the copyright license for the brand-name rights to “NOMA”, but does not have responsibility or involvement in the design, sourcing or manufacture of these products.

Noma (disease)

Noma (also referred to as cancrum oris, fusospirochetal gangrene, necrotizing ulcerative stomatitis, stomatitis gangrenosa) is a rapidly progressive, polymicrobial, often gangrenous infection of the mouth or genitals.

Noma (restaurant)

Noma is a two-Michelin-star restaurant run by chef René Redzepi in Copenhagen, Denmark. The name is a portmanteau of the two Danish words "nordisk" (Nordic) and "mad" (food). Opened in 2003, the restaurant is known for its reinvention and interpretation of the Nordic Cuisine. In 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2014, it was ranked as the Best Restaurant in the World by Restaurant magazine.


"NoMa" (North of Massachusetts Avenue) is a moniker for the area North of Massachusetts Avenue located north and east of Union Station in Washington, D.C., United States. NoMa includes the neighborhoods of Truxton Circle, Sursum Corda, Eckington, and Near Northeast and includes a section historically known as Swampoodle. Its southern tip is four blocks from Capitol Hill. "NoMa," meaning "north of Massachusetts Avenue," is a syllabic abbreviation on the model of other similarly named neighborhoods such as SoHo and Tribeca.

After much planning for the area in the late 1990s, the 2004 opening of the New York Ave-Florida Ave Metro, now NoMa-Gallaudet U station sparked development in the neighborhood. The area is served by many modes of transportation including rail (via the Red Line of the Washington Metro), bus (via intercity carriers and Metrobus), bicycle (including bicycle lanes and Capital Bikeshare stations), Metropolitan Branch Trail), car, taxi, or walk the sidewalks of an area that received a walkscore of 92. Eighteen schools serve the NoMa neighborhood, from pre-K to university.

NoMa includes several historic structures: the Woodward & Lothrop Service Warehouse (on the National Register of Historic Places), the Uline Arena, St. Aloysius Church, Gonzaga College High School, Gallaudet University, and the Government Printing Office building.

Usage examples of "noma".

As it chanced, a rich man of a neighbouring tribe had lost some cattle, and came with gifts to Noma praying him to smell them out.

I would drive them straight to the kraal, and denounce Noma before the chief, my father, and all the people.

I went to the corner of my hut, Noma watching me all the while, and took a kerrie and my small shield.

Now the daylight came quickly, and the sun had been up an hour when I reached the spot where I must turn if I wished to hide the cattle in the secret place, as Noma had bid me.

No, I would go on to the kraal with them, and tell all men that Noma was a thief.

There, over the slope of the rise, came a crowd of men, and leading them was Noma, and by his side the headman who owned the cattle.

My hut, I thought, would be empty, for nobody sleeps there except myself, and the huts of Noma were some paces away to the right.

I was frightened, for Noma dead and in the dark was worse than Noma alive.

After this not another word was spoken, and Noma, who is an industrious housewife, boiled some millet into a mash for a mid-day lunch.

Never before witnessed by twentieth-century doctors, noma also appeared and was recognized only from the descriptions in old textbooks: it is the complication of malnutrition which eats holes in the cheeks until you can see right through to the teeth.

Feeling distracted and irritated by the forced camaraderie of the recovery room, nomas retreated to the surgical lounge.

The fierce and sentimental music and the ignorant colors, the prettiness and the disease under the fake-gold light, the tuberculosis and syphilis, the fires showing through the branches like illuminated brains, the glamorous nomas of eye and mouth, the childishness and all the valueless trash.

His noma- dic people dwelt on the steppe west of the Khamorth, and he carried a plainsman's short, hom-reinforced bow.