Neaera, Neæra, or Neaira are different transliterations of an Ancient Greek name Νέαιρα. They may refer to:
Neaera is a death metal band from Münster, Germany, currently signed to Metal Blade Records. Recently, they have completed their sixth album, Ours is the Storm, which was released on March 1, 2013 in Europe and on March 5, 2013 in the United States.
Neaera is a genus of flies in the family Tachinidae.
Neaera , also Neaira , is the name of multiple female characters in Greek mythology:
- Neaera, a nymph of Mount Sipylus in Lydia, mother of Dresaeus by Theiodamas.
- Neaera, mother of Evadne by Strymon.
- Neaera, an Oceanid nymph of Thrinacia, mother of Lampetia and Phaethusa by Helios
- Neaera, a daughter of Pereus, mother of Auge, Cepheus, and Lycurgus by Aleus. In another version she married Autolycus.
- Neaera, a daughter of Autolycus, mother of Hippothous, eventually killed herself after hearing of the death of her son.
- Neaera, a Nereid and possibly the mother of Absyrtus by Aeetes.
- Neaera, one of the Niobids.
- Neaera of Lemnos, a friend of Eurynome in whose guise Pheme came to warn Eurynome of her husband's infidelity.
- Neaera, a lover of Xanthus ( Scamander).
- Neaera, possibly the mother of Triptolemus by Celeus.
Neaera , also Neaira , is the main figure in an episode of Greek legendary history recorded by Parthenius of Nicaea, which runs as follows.
Neaera was the wife of a Milesian man, Hypsicreon. When Promedon of Naxos, a very good friend of Hypsicreon, visited him in Miletus, Neaera fell in love with the guest. She could not show her feelings in her husband's presence, but after some time Promedon came to Miletus again while Hypsicreon happened to be away, whereat she decided to take a chance. Neaera came into Promedon's room at night and tried to seduce him, but he would not give in, fearing the wrath of Zeus Xenios (Zeus the patron of xenia). Neara then ordered for the doors of the room to be locked and persisted in her advances, eventually forcing him to satisfy her desires. The following morning Promedon left Miletus, in remorse over having betrayed his friend's hospitality. Neaera followed him to escape imminent punishment by her husband. When Hypsicreon arrived at Naxos in search for her, she took up a suppliant's position at the sacred hearth in Prytaneum. The Naxians refused to deliver her up, suggesting instead that Hypsicreon himself convince her to return. The Milesians declared a war on Naxos over the incident and could have won if not for the stratagem of Polycrite.