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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ The tsarist police force disintegrated and was replaced by local militias.
▪ He wanted to find out if the local militia camp was where the intelligence briefers said it was.
▪ He thought they were the local militia.
▪ The colonists' principal instrument of slave control was the local militia.
▪ According to the Bolsheviks' own admission, the local militia was incapacitated.
▪ The local militia gathered at their barracks, but their officers were reluctant to hurt any members of the mob.
▪ Thereafter, local militias organized by claimants to office would fight at the bidding of the state governor.
▪ Such resistance has, curiously, made Koresh a hero and martyr among some conservatives and right-wing militia groups.
▪ Analysts said Mr Muawad faced the task of uniting militia leaders who have been fighting each other for 14 years.
▪ Twenty years of litigation followed before militia leader John D.. Lee paid for the massacre with his life.
▪ The two militia leaders had been boycotting the Cabinet for several months.
▪ The technical team also visited Kismayo, Baidoa and Beletuen, speaking with relief workers and other militia leaders.
▪ Some of his friends remembered him saying he had been stalked by militia members, and for a while speculation ran rampant.
▪ In the Whiskey Rebellion of 1794, the governor of Pennsylvania refused to call out the state militia.
▪ In most cases, members of the state militias sympathized with the strikers and thus failed to break the strike.
▪ He could have a militia unit disbanded if he wished.
▪ No middle-aged man, it seems, ever belonged to an armed militia.
▪ The governor called out the militia, but it arrived too late.
▪ In the Whiskey Rebellion of 1794, the governor of Pennsylvania refused to call out the state militia.
▪ To minimize risks, they would not be required to disarm the several militia groups responsible for recent massacres.
▪ He left in 1803 without taking a degree and spent three years in a Wiltshire militia regiment.
▪ In the Whiskey Rebellion of 1794, the governor of Pennsylvania refused to call out the state militia.
▪ It stated that the militias should dissolve by April 20, 1991.
▪ Resistance from left-wing militia forces and loyalist Civil and Assault Guards was intermittently intense but incapable of seriously holding up the advance.
▪ The militia would temporarily be in the hands of Parliament.
▪ The colonists' principal instrument of slave control was the local militia.
▪ The governor called out the militia, but it arrived too late.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Militia \Mi*li"tia\, n. [L., military service, soldiery, fr. miles, militis, soldier: cf. F. milice.]

  1. In the widest sense, the whole military force of a nation, including both those engaged in military service as a business, and those competent and available for such service; specifically, the body of citizens enrolled for military instruction and discipline, but not subject to be called into actual service except in emergencies.

    The king's captains and soldiers fight his battles, and yet . . . the power of the militia is he.
    --Jer. Taylor.

  2. Military service; warfare. [Obs.]

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1580s, "system of military discipline," from Latin militia "military service, warfare," from miles "soldier" (see military). Sense of "citizen army" (as distinct from professional soldiers) is first recorded 1690s, perhaps from a sense in French cognate milice. In U.S. history, "the whole body of men declared by law amenable to military service, without enlistment, whether armed and drilled or not" (1777).


n. 1 (context in particular English) An army of trained civilians, which may be an official reserve army, called upon in time of need, the entire able-bodied population of a state which may also be called upon(,) or a private force not under government control. 2 The national police force of certain countries (e.g. Ukraine).

  1. n. civilians trained as soldiers but not part of the regular army [syn: reserves]

  2. the entire body of physically fit civilians eligible by law for military service; "their troops were untrained militia"; "Congress shall have power to provide for calling forth the militia"--United States Constitution

Militia (film)

Militia is a 2000 direct-to-video action film directed by Jim Wynorski. It stars Dean Cain, Jennifer Beals and Frederic Forrest. The film features scenes taken straight from Terminator 2: Judgment Day spliced into newly filmed scenes to make up its action sequences.

Militia (United Kingdom)

The Militia of the United Kingdom were the military reserve forces of the United Kingdom after the Union in 1801 of the former Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland.

The militia was transformed into the Special Reserve by the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907.

For the period before the creation of the United Kingdom, in the home countries and their colonies, see Militia (Great Britain).

Militia (disambiguation)

A militia is a military force composed of ordinary citizens.

Militia may also refer to:

  • Militia (police) or Militsiya, police in several communist and post-communist states
  • Militia (film), a 2000 direct-to-video action film by Jim Wynorski

A militia generally is an army or other fighting unit that is composed of non-professional fighters, citizens of a nation or subjects of a state or government who can be called upon to enter a combat situation, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or historically, members of the warrior nobility class (e.g., knights or samurai). Unable to hold their own against properly trained and equipped professional forces, it is common for militias to engage in guerrilla warfare or defense instead of being used in open attacks and offensive actions.

With the emergence of professional forces in the Renaissance, Western European militias wilted, to be revived as part of Florentine civic humanism, which held that professional militaries were a result of corruption, and admired the Roman model. The civic humanist ideal of the militia was spread through Europe by the writings of Niccolò Machiavelli (According to Hörnqvist, The Prince, ch. 12 and 13, Discourses on Livy, and The Art of War.)

Beginning in the late 20th century, some militias (particularly officially recognized and sanctioned militias of a government) act as professional forces, while still being "part-time" or "on-call" organizations. For instance, the members of some U.S. Army National Guard units are considered professional soldiers, as they are trained to maintain the same standards as their "full-time" (active duty) counterparts.

Militias thus can be military or paramilitary, depending on the instance. Some of the situations the term "militia" is used include forces engaged in:

  • Defense activity or service, to protect a community, its territory, property, and laws.
  • The entire able-bodied population of a community, town, county, or state, available to be called to arms.
    • A subset of these who may be legally penalized for failing to respond to a call-up.
    • A subset of these who actually respond to a call-up, regardless of legal obligation.
  • A private, non-government force, not necessarily directly supported or sanctioned by its government.
  • An irregular armed force enabling its leader to exercise military, economic, and political control over a subnational territory within a sovereign state (See: Warlord).
  • An official reserve army, composed of citizen soldiers. Called by various names in different countries such as; the Army Reserve, National Guard, or state defense forces.
  • The national police forces in several former communist states such as the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact countries, but also in the non-aligned SFR Yugoslavia. The term was inherited in Russia, and other former CIS countries and are known as militsiya.
  • In France the equivalent term " Milice" has become tainted due to its use by notorious collaborators with Nazi Germany.
  • A select militia is composed of a small, non-representative portion of the population, often politicized.
Militia (United States)

The term militia in the United States has been defined and modified by Congress several times throughout U.S. history. As a result, the meaning of "the militia" is complex and has transformed over time. It has historically been used to describe all able-bodied men who are not members of the Army or Navy ( Uniformed Services). From the U.S. Constitution, Article II (The Executive branch), Sec. 2, Clause 1: "The President shall be the Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States when called into the actual service of the United States."

Today, the term militia is used to describe a number of groups within the United States. Primarily, these are:

  • The organized militia defined by the Militia Act of 1903, which repealed section two hundred thirty-two and sections 1625 - 1660 of title sixteen of the Revised Statutes, consists of State militia forces, notably the National Guard and the Naval Militia. The National Guard, however, is not to be confused with the National Guard of the United States, which is a federally recognized reserve military force of the U.S. Army and the U.S. Air Force, although the two are linked.
  • The reserve militia are part of the unorganized militia defined by the Militia Act of 1903 as consisting of every able-bodied man of at least 17 and under 45 years of age who is not a member of the National Guard or Naval Militia.
Militia (Great Britain)

The Militia of Great Britain were the principal military reserve forces of the Kingdom of Great Britain during the 18th century.

For the period following the creation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in 1801, see Militia (United Kingdom).

Militia (British Dominions and Crown Colonies)

The Militia of the British Dominions and Crown Colonies were the principal military forces of the Dominions and Crown Colonies of the British Empire.

Militia (Italian neo-Nazi group)

Militia is an Italian neo-Nazi group founded by Maurizio Boccacci, the former leader of the banned Western Political Movement.

The group first came to attention in 2008 when Boccacci was prosecuted over anti-semitic and Holocaust denialist graffiti.

Further prosecutions in 2010 followed raids against the group, prompted by further anti-semitic graffiti which had been put up in response to statements by political and religious leaders supporting the continued existence of Israel. Among the items seized in the raids were machetes, baseball bats, an Israeli Army uniform, and tools used for painting graffiti.

Boccacci and four other members were arrested in December 2011 by the Special Operations Group of the Italian Carabinieri. The group had made threats against Riccardo Pacifici, President of Rome's Jewish community, Gianni Alemanno, Mayor of Rome, Gianfranco Fini, President of the Chamber of Deputies, and Renato Schifani, President of the Italian Senate. They are believed to have plotted a bombing targeting Pacifici.

Usage examples of "militia".

That during the existing insurrection, and as a necessary measure for suppressing the same, all rebels and insurgents, their aiders and abettors within the United States, and all persons discouraging volunteer enlistments, resisting militia drafts, or guilty of any disloyal practice affording aid and comfort to rebels against the authority of the United States, shall be subject to martial law, and liable to trial and punishment by courts-martial or military commissions.

The city militia, influenced by two aldermen, Tichburn and Ireton, expressed the same resolution of adhering to the good old cause.

This assembly represented the necessity of ameliorating the existing laws regarding vagrancy, the relation between master and servant, the state of the militia, and the electoral qualification.

Et Avian and the corporal of the militia guard, the team was split, with Et Avian, Kateos, Dowornobb, and two soldiers in one of the craft and the rest of the team in the other.

Fighting a pitched battle with the militia on an open street in Pelek Baw is not a high-percentage survival tactic, if you know what I mean.

His infantry had substantially outnumbered the ylvin and militia infantry to begin with, and when the militia broke, it left the ylver at a severe disadvantage, despite their byrnies and training.

Nereide had traversed the country in all directions, doing no harm to private property, paying for whatever they needed, treating the private Mauritians civilly, and routing all the meagre troops that the southern commander could bring against them, the attitude of the militia came more to resemble a neutrality, and a benevolent neutrality at that.

They are the standing army, and the militia, jailors, constables, posse comitatus, etc.

There is the Dandler, a quiet woman Pennyhaugh says is likely a militia scientist.

The duke of Argyle endeavoured to demonstrate the danger of depending for the safety of the kingdom upon an undisciplined militia, a fleet, or an army of auxiliaries.

After retrieving her pots and pans and persuading her militia draftees to resume their original positions as maids, table servers, cooks and scullery personnel, she whipped up a great victory feast from what was left in the royal pantry.

There were no magisters, Isaac remembered, no courts or punishment factories, no quarries and dumps to pack with Remade, no militia or politicians.

Septi, when the scouts reported finding a militia encampment, right where Egyl had predicted, on the eastern edge of the Westerhills.

Instantly a burst of hopeful conviction grew in him that this must be a punitive force sent by one of the local Great Houses to put down the uprising that had broken out on the Getfen lands, but then he realized that the motorcycle outriders, though they were helmeted and carried rifles, did not wear the uniforms of any formal peacekeeping-force but rather were clad in a hodgepodge of Folkish dress, jerkins, doublets, overalls, tunics, the clothing of a peasantry that had abruptly been transformed into an improvised militia.

Thanking Leo, Tammy got the pilot to describe the military installations in the target city, showing that the Gekko guerrilla bands bleeding the settler militia were based among non-combatants.