Crossword clues for kibbutz
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
kibbutz \kib*butz"\ (k[i^]b*b[oo^]ts; k[i^]b*b[=oo]ts), n.; pl. Kibbutzim. [Modern Hebrew kibbutz gathering.] an Israeli communal form of agricultural settlement. Originally it was predominantly agricultural and practiced a very high level of sharing, including collective rearing of children. More recently (by 1998) industries have taken over a significant role in the Kibbutz economy, and the level of sharing has dropped significantly.
Note: Of several Modern Hebrew words designating unique Israeli forms of agricultural settlement, only the word Kibbutz found its way into English. This may reflect the fact that the Kibbutzim, and only they, have long practiced hosting foreign volunteers from all over the world: youngsters who work on the Kibbutz not for a salary but for boarding and food. Many volunteers come from English speaking countries, and probably via them the word Kibbutz entered modern English dictionaries.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
"Israeli collective settlement," 1931, from Modern Hebrew qibbus "gathering," earlier "a gathering together," verbal noun from root of qibbetz "he gathered together." Plural is kibbutzim. Related to Arabic quabada "he grasped, seized."
n. A community, usually an agricultural one, based on a high level of social and economical sharing, equality, direct democracy and tight social relations.
n. a collective farm or settlement owned by its members in modern Israel; children are reared collectively
[also: kibbutzim (pl)]
A kibbutz ( / , lit. "gathering, clustering"; plural kibbutzim) is a collective community in Israel that was traditionally based on agriculture. The first kibbutz, established in 1909, was Degania. Today, farming has been partly supplanted by other economic branches, including industrial plants and high-tech enterprises. Kibbutzim began as utopian communities, a combination of socialism and Zionism. In recent decades, some kibbutzim have been privatized and changes have been made in the communal lifestyle. A member of a kibbutz is called a kibbutznik .
In 2010, there were 270 kibbutzim in Israel. Their factories and farms account for 9% of Israel's industrial output, worth US$8 billion, and 40% of its agricultural output, worth over $1.7 billion. Some Kibbutzim had also developed substantial high-tech and military industries. For example, in 2010, Kibbutz Sasa, containing some 200 members, generated $850 million in annual revenue from its military-plastics industry.
Kibbutz is an album by the Japanese noise band Merzbow, then composed of Masami Akita and Kiyoshi Mizutani. The album was released on tape format and was limited to 500 copies with the earliest copies wrapped in normal tissue paper with red splotches around it.
It was reissued in 2012 by Urashima in a limited edition of 199 copies, remastered from the original Ampex tape and press on white vinyl.
Kibbutz is a 2005 Israeli documentary directed by Racheli Schwartz about Kibbutz Hulata, where she lived for 30 years.
Schwartz follows various members, including her own family, over the course of five years, tracing the stages of grieving and disillusionment that follow the kibbutz's economic collapse and disintegration as the community reduces its communal commitment to its members. Three older women from the founding generation become symbols of the kibbutz’s lost ideals and abandoned history, as they die off, one by one.
For the director, the narrative is a very personal story and admits early on that “making the movie helped me to decide to stay.”
Usage examples of "kibbutz".
Meanwhile Dunja went on telling me of kibbutz days, her cokey tales like an encyclopedia entry, devoid of highs or lows.
Oved, a Kibbutznik and a scholar at Yad Tabenkin, the research and documentation center of the United Kibbutz Movement, studies the history of communes around the world.
The kibbutzim were facing insolvency, and although the government did arrange bailouts, the kibbutzniks knew that the nation no longer relied on them to settle the land and guard the borders.
In any case, as you must have been informed, he left the kibbutz in the company of Zif, and the pair of them have been collaborating on the monument.
To my astonishment, I found the Caesarea Golf and Country Club over a fence, bordering the kibbutz.
In their skullcaps and French clothing, they looked like typical Parisian Jews embarking on their first kibbutz experience, and so it would have seemed when they boarded a bus designated for travel outside the city.
It was his job to boil out of the horde of abstracts the ultimately important facts: which kibbutzim were going under and which were not.
Felix got _demoted_, from police marshal to police general, because he saw to it, when he could, that in the kibbutzim the students were bathed, fed, their medical supplies looked after, cots provided.
The shelling from the Golan Heights of the kibbutzim in the Huleh Valley grew more intense than ever.
The big guns that had for years been pounding the northern kibbutzim were finally silenced.
The old Sabras and the kibbutzim had risen, and been crushed by the Levites and their ‘peacekeeping’ mercenaries.
In fact, almost all Herbie's affairs to date had been with nubile, occasionally musclebpund, Westchester County kibbutzim girls named Rachel or Ruth or Hanna, warm and fiery-eyed, black-haired people of his own race and faith, whose flesh in the hay had enveloped him in a plump fermented way like fresh bread dough.
Everett had heard of retaliatory raids by kibbutzim to break a few heads in the old quarter.
Irregulars lay siege to kibbutz Manara high in the hills on the Lebanese border.
In a recent attempt to uncover a manufacturing plant on a kibbutz the women poured scalding water on our soldiers .