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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a grammar schoolBritish English (= a secondary school for children who have passed an exam when they are 11)
grammar school
▪ Instead they believe that it is Sampson's generative grammar formulation that is at fault.
▪ The rewrite rule is an effective method of representing the rules of a generative grammar.
▪ There are applications for which a generative grammar would be better suited than a probabilistic one.
▪ The local grammar school had put too much of a gawky human edge on his son's image.
▪ Her husband Ronnie, once headmaster at the local grammar school, is still in a coma after the bombing.
▪ Eventually we moved to Dorset where my father taught at the local grammar school.
▪ Monty was an Old Boy of the local grammar school.
▪ John Major scholarship boy who made it to the local grammar school and was lucky to obtain patronage from the local squire.
▪ The new comprehensive schools, educationalists complained, seemed to have less social mixing than the old grammar schools had done.
▪ I leaned against the wall and thought back to a graduation party at my old grammar school.
▪ The purpose of a pedagogical grammar is to teach the student to speak the language.
▪ In every pedagogical grammar, there should be a plan for systematic revision of previously taught material.
▪ In order to meet this type of situation you need to know how to evaluate a pedagogical grammar. 9.2.
▪ Some of the principles of planning and writing a pedagogical grammar will now be considered.
▪ However, most of the research has relied upon a narrow and traditional form of grammar teaching.
▪ From these sources he is piecing together the vocabulary and grammar of Gothic.
▪ Dialect refers to vocabulary and grammar.
▪ Students are not simply presented with grammar rules - instead grammar is treated as a problem-solving activity.
▪ Make sure your editor provides you with comments based on sound principles and grammar rules, not on taste.
▪ Unification is the controlling factor that determines whether categories are able to combine to satisfy a grammar rule.
▪ Oxford Practice Grammar has been designed to satisfy your students' need for clear grammar rules and exercises.
▪ It is not to be expected that each sentence written will obey grammar rules.
▪ Understanding the grammar rules may reinforce fluency and accuracy, but will not of itself enable you to speak correctly.
▪ From one fairly typical grammar school, studied by Colin Lacey, the fee-payers had almost disappeared as early as 1925.
▪ Read in studio A grammar school headmaster has been cleared of assaulting a twelve year old girl pupil.
▪ I by contrast contrived to leave my grammar school in the Midlands without A levels.
▪ In both cases, opting out was perceived as a means of ensuring the survival of grammar school status.
▪ In Ulster, there are 72 grammar schools out of 238 secondary schools, and no posh independent schools at all.
▪ The anti-grammar school campaigners complained that the ballot rules were too complicated and unfair.
▪ Joanne works at a grammar school and almost all her teaching experience has been at this school.
▪ Some three-quarters of all the pupils in them had the necessary ability for admission to grammar schools.
▪ Category scale grammar See class structure grammar.
▪ Class structure grammar See also class; set; system; structure.
▪ In class structure grammar these form a class.
▪ Chomsky explains this phenomenon by suggesting that human individuals are innately endowed with a deep structure grammar of language.
▪ In class structure grammar these -ly adverbs are members of an open set.
▪ Our pupils will, therefore, learn basic grammar as well as developing their communicative skills.
▪ I learned the grammar, the ritual behavior, the slow walk of openings.
▪ For language learning is essentially learning how grammar functions in the achievement of meaning and it is a mistake to suppose otherwise.
▪ Remember the first sentence you learned in grammar school?
▪ Grammar I stick to facts and teach the rules of grammar.
▪ The founder often made provision for the mass-priest to teach a grammar school.
▪ Unfortunately it is essential to use a large grammar to achieve a large coverage of the language.
▪ A sixth question should also be added: Do deaf people around the world use the same grammar?
▪ Both of these dictionaries use structured grammar codes to indicate grammatical patterns in which the words may participate.
generative grammar/linguistics/phonology
▪ In generative phonology, the claim is that, at the abstract level, vowels are simply tense or lax.
▪ Instead they believe that it is Sampson's generative grammar formulation that is at fault.
▪ The rewrite rule is an effective method of representing the rules of a generative grammar.
▪ There are applications for which a generative grammar would be better suited than a probabilistic one.
spell/grammar checker
▪ A spell checker, word count feature and thesaurus are all included and the program can handle headers and footers.
▪ However, a dictionary pack for PageMaker is available which contains PageMaker spell checker modules for 20 different languages.
▪ Some of these packages include excellent typographic extras, like a spell checker or thesaurus.
▪ a good French grammar
▪ English grammar is very different from Japanese grammar.
▪ Students' essays will be graded for grammar and spelling.
▪ Again, traditional teaching has tended to dissociate grammar from context and to deal in isolated sentences.
▪ For Mrs Furry was our ideal of what a grammar school teacher should be.
▪ Since the principal function of grammar is to indicate how units of meaning are to be combined, this is scarcely surprising.
▪ The grammar schools and secondary moderns are similar in terms of class exclusivity.
▪ The augmented grammar contains the rules of the original grammar plus rules which characterise the structures that the transformations can add.
▪ This is particularly so in the case of a recogniser with a very general grammar.
▪ Tone greatly aids the researchers' understanding of Creole grammar, which appears less simple than was thought.
▪ What happened to us in our seven years at the grammar school was that we felt safe and we felt encouraged.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Grammar \Gram"mar\, n. [OE. gramere, OF. gramaire, F. grammaire Prob. fr. L. gramatica Gr ?, fem. of ? skilled in grammar, fr. ? letter. See Gramme, Graphic, and cf. Grammatical, Gramarye.]

  1. The science which treats of the principles of language; the study of forms of speech, and their relations to one another; the art concerned with the right use and application of the rules of a language, in speaking or writing.

    Note: The whole fabric of grammar rests upon the classifying of words according to their function in the sentence.

  2. The art of speaking or writing with correctness or according to established usage; speech considered with regard to the rules of a grammar.

    The original bad grammar and bad spelling.

  3. A treatise on the principles of language; a book containing the principles and rules for correctness in speaking or writing.

  4. treatise on the elements or principles of any science; as, a grammar of geography. Comparative grammar, the science which determines the relations of kindred languages by examining and comparing their grammatical forms. Grammar school.

    1. A school, usually endowed, in which Latin and Greek grammar are taught, as also other studies preparatory to colleges or universities; as, the famous Rugby Grammar School. This use of the word is more common in England than in the United States.

      When any town shall increase to the number of a hundred families or householders, they shall set up a grammar school, the master thereof being able to instruct youth so far as they may be fitted for the University.
      --Mass. Records (1647).

    2. In the American system of graded common schools, at one time the term referred to an intermediate school between the primary school and the high school, in which the principles of English grammar were taught; now, it is synonymous with primary school or elementary school, being the first school at which children are taught subjects required by the state educational laws. In different communities, the grammar school (primary school) may have grades 1 to 4, 1 to 6, or 1 to 8, usually together with a kindergarten. Schools between the primary school and high school are now commonly termed middle school or intermediate school.


Grammar \Gram"mar\, v. i. To discourse according to the rules of grammar; to use grammar. [Obs.]
--Beau. & Fl.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

early 14c., gramarye (late 12c. in surnames), from Old French gramaire "learning," especially Latin and philology, "grammar, (magic) incantation, spells, mumbo-jumbo," "irregular semi-popular adoption" [OED] of Latin grammatica, from Greek grammatike tekhne "art of letters," with a sense of both philology and literature in the broadest sense, fem. adjective from gramma "letter," from stem of graphein "to draw or write" (see -graphy). An Old English word for it was stæfcræft (see staff (n.)).\n

\nForm grammar is from late 14c. Restriction to "rules of language" is a post-classical development, but as this type of study was until 16c. limited to Latin, Middle English gramarye also came to mean "learning in general, knowledge peculiar to the learned classes" (early 14c.), which included astrology and magic; hence the secondary meaning of "occult knowledge" (late 15c.), which evolved in Scottish into glamor (q.v.).\n

\nA grammar school (late 14c.) originally was "a school in which the learned languages are grammatically taught" [Johnson, who also has grammaticaster "a mean verbal pedant"]. In U.S. (1842) the term was put to use in the graded system for "a school between primary and secondary where English grammar is taught."


n. 1 A system of rules and principles for speaking and writing a language. 2 (context uncountable linguistics English) The study of the internal structure of words (morphology) and the use of words in the construction of phrases and sentences (syntax). 3 A book describing the rules of grammar of a language. 4 (context computing theory English) A formal system specifying the syntax of a language. 5 (context computing theory English) A formal system defining a formal language 6 The basic rules or principles of a field of knowledge or a particular skill. 7 (context British archaic English) A textbook. 8 (context UK English) A grammar school. vb. (context obsolete intransitive English) To discourse according to the rules of grammar; to use grammar.


n. studies of the formation of basic linguistic units


In linguistics, grammar is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language. The term refers also to the study of such rules, and this field includes morphology, syntax, and phonology, often complemented by phonetics, semantics, and pragmatics.

Grammar (disambiguation)


  • Grammar, the system of rules and principles for speaking and writing a natural language
  • A grammar, a linguistic description of the morphology and syntax of a natural language
  • A grammar, a style guide prescribing how to properly write and speak a natural language
  • A formal grammar in mathematics, logic, and theoretical computer science: a set of production rules for character strings in a constructed formal language (e.g. a programming language)

Usage examples of "grammar".

His first question was to enquire what science I was studying, and he thought I was joking when I answered that I was learning the grammar.

She, who was happy and in high spirits, answered in Italian, and delighted them by her intelligence, and the grace which she gave to her mistakes in grammar.

Corballis speculates that bipedalism enabled early man to develop hand and facial gestures first and that speech only developed after the rules had been laid down in the brain for grammar, syntax etc.

His accent was pure third-grade grammar school, but the words were spoken in the mincing tones of the chairlady of the Wednesday Afternoon Society for the Furtherance of Music Appreciation.

Born in March 1952 and educated at Pates Grammar School for Girls in Cheltenham, she was a twenty-one-year-old third-year undergraduate at the University of Exeter, studying medieval history and English, when she encountered Frederick West.

There are hundreds of singers from Juarez, thousands of my sisters, my cousins, my aunts and the seven Chicanas who graduated with me from Riverbank Grammar School.

The Complutensian Polyglot, as it was thence named, was published in six volumes, four devoted to the Old Testament, one to the New Testament, and one to a Hebrew lexicon and grammar.

At the far end of the room, the crazy, zany lords of the copydesk were spending the last minutes of deadline gloomily searching stories for punctuation and grammar mistakes that would no doubt cheer them up.

I dreamed of field trips, collecting myths and grammars and folkways and artifacts and all that, until when I was twenty-five I finally got out into the field and started to discover I had gone into a dead science.

Moreover he praised me to his friends as a wonder, because I had learned to read Greek alone, without any assistance but a grammar.

In Vantassel, Winthrop contrived to possess himself of a Greek lexicon and a Graeca Majora, and also a Greek grammar, though the only one he could get that suited his purse was the Westminster grammar, in which the alternatives of Greek were all Latin.

I made several useful remarks on Haussa grammar, and begin to understand the genius of the language.

At the request of the Khalif Al-Mamun he drew up in two years a most elaborate work, which contained the principles of grammar, and all the pure Arabic expressions which he had heard.

He wrote besides several other works on grammar, and acted as tutor to the two sons of the Khalif Mamun.

It is full of wit, variety, and character, and is a veritable store book of the best spoken Russian of a period when the speech of the upper classes had not yet been disfigured and emasculated by schoolmastery and grammar.