Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
1883, French, literally "superior strength."
n. 1 an overwhelming force 2 (context legal English) an unavoidable catastrophe, especially one that prevents someone from fulfilling a legal obligation
Force majeure ( , , or ; ) – or vis major ( Latin) – meaning "superior force", also known as cas fortuit (French) or casus fortuitus (Latin) "chance occurrence, unavoidable accident", is a common clause in contracts that essentially frees both parties from liability or obligation when an extraordinary event or circumstance beyond the control of the parties, such as a war, strike, riot, crime, or an event described by the legal term act of God ( hurricane, flood, earthquake, volcanic eruption, etc.), prevents one or both parties from fulfilling their obligations under the contract. In practice, most force majeure clauses do not excuse a party's non-performance entirely, but only suspend it for the duration of the force majeure.
Force majeure is generally intended to include occurrences beyond the reasonable control of a party, and therefore would not cover:
- any result of the negligence or malfeasance of a party, which has a materially adverse effect on the ability of such party to perform its obligations;
- any result of the usual and natural consequences of external forces (for example, predicted rain stops an outdoor event); and
- any circumstances that are specifically contemplated (included) in the contract.
Under international law, it refers to an irresistible force or unforeseen event beyond the control of a state making it materially impossible to fulfill an international obligation, and is related to the concept of a state of emergency.
Force Majeure is the twelfth album by the German group Tangerine Dream, originally issued on transparent vinyl. Following Stratosfear, the album developed Tangerine Dream's further evolution toward the more melodic sound they would adopt in the 1980s, with a heavier presence of guitars, drums and distinct musical suites in the tradition of progressive rock, rather than the band's 1970s output of Berlin School.
The distortion of the bass sequence on "Thru Metamorphic Rocks" was the result of a burnt-out transistor in the mixing desk. When the band heard the result, they decided to keep it.
Remixed excerpts of "Force Majeure" titled "Lana" and "Cloudburst Flight" titled "Guido The Killer Pimp" were used on the film soundtrack Risky Business while a remixed excerpt of "Thru Metamorphic Rocks" titled "Igneous" was used on Thief. A heavily remixed version was played live in 2003, and later released as "Meta Morph Magic" on the DM 4 album. In 1991, Chris Franke played "Cloudburst Flight" as part of his solo London Concert.
Force Majeure is Tangerine Dream's fourth biggest selling album in the UK, reaching No. 26 and spending 7 weeks on the chart.
Force majeure is a common clause in contracts that frees parties from legal obligation when an extraordinary event or circumstance occurs.
Force Majeure may also refer to:
Force Majeure was an English new wave group, formed in 1983 in Bristol. The band was formed from the German-based group, The Agents, and mixed post-punk and electronic dance music with an original line-up of two singers and two keyboard players. The line-up consisted of Agent members Richard Snow (vocals), Dave Libby (keyboards) and Steve Libby (keyboards). Kerrie Cox was added to the line-up as a second singer.
The band created a large fan base in Bristol in the early 1980s, and were popular in Germany. While on tour in Germany, they were spotted at a gig in Frankfurt's nightclub, Cookies, by Ralph Ruppert, a record producer and chief sound engineer for Frank Farian, and were signed to his record label. During 1984 Snow left, and the band went through a phaze of using several singers. In 1985, Welsh singer Judith Owen, recorded with them. At this time they were featured on Farian's charity record, with a cover of Paul Simon's " Mother and Child Reunion". This was issued under the name Farian Corporation, which later got shorten to Far Corporation. The record reached the Top 10 in several European countries. Owen left to be replaced by Jon Dunmore, and the band relocated to Aylesbury, under the guidance of Howard Jones's management. However, nothing materialised, Dunmore left, the band return to Bristol where Cox took over as lead vocalist. The band split shortly afterwards, but left a legacy of around 50 songs, recorded between 1983 and 1986, which contained some original material. After the band split, Dave Libby went on to write a song for Valerie Dore, which became a Top 20 hit in Italy.
Vocals: Richard Snow, Kerrie Cox, Judith Owen, Jon Dunmore
Keyboards: David Libby, Steve Libby
Bass: Larry Burr
Drums: Ben Mitchell, Paul Ackermann
Backing vocals: Maggie Hearne (Stapleton)
Image:Force_Majeure1.jpg|Force Majeure at the Bristol Bridge Inn
Force Majeure is the first solo album of the German female hard rock singer Doro Pesch. The album was released in February 1989.
"Force Majeure" is the thirteenth episode of the first season of the American crime- thriller television series Millennium. It premiered on the Fox network on February 7, 1997. The episode was written by Chip Johannessen and directed by Winrich Kolbe. "Force Majeure" featured guest appearances by Brad Dourif, Morgan Woodward and C. C. H. Pounder.
Millennium Group consultant Frank Black ( Lance Henriksen) investigates a pair of suicides connected to a cult which has been experimenting with human cloning. Black is dogged on his travels by a strange man interested in both the Millennium Group and doomsday predictions.
"Force Majeure" features stock footage of the 1996 Saguenay Flood, and makes mention of a conjunction of planets which occurred in May 2000. The episode was viewed by approximately 6.9 million households during its original broadcast, and has received positive reviews from critics.
Force Majeure (; , " tourist") is a 2014 Swedish comedy-drama film directed by Ruben Östlund. It follows the marital tension resulting from an avalanche during which the husband, named Tomas, is believed by his wife to have prioritized his own escape over the safety of his family. The film's title comes from force majeure, a contractual clause freeing both parties from liability in the event of unexpected disasters.
Force Majeure was acclaimed upon release, with critics praising its script and cinematography. It won the Best Film award at the 50th Guldbagge Awards, and was named one of the best films of 2014 by various publications.
"Force Majeure" is the third episode of the second season of the CBS drama series Under the Dome, and the sixteenth episode overall. The episode premiered on July 14, 2014.
Force Majeure is the title of a stand-up comedy tour by Eddie Izzard that began in Bucharest in April 2013. It continued through the UK, Ireland, Russia, South Africa, Canada and the United States through the summer of 2014.
April 29, 2013
United Kingdom and Ireland
May 2–3, 2013
May 4, 2013
Metro Radio Arena
May 5, 2013
May 7–8, 2013
May 10, 2013
May 11–12, 2013
May 15–16, 2013
May 17, 2013
May 18–20, 2013
May 22–23, 2013
Capital FM Arena
May 25, 2013
May 26, 2013
May 29–30, 2013
June 1–2, 2013
June 3, 2013
June 5, 2013
June 6–7, 2013
June 8–9, 2013
The O2 Arena
June 13, 2013
Oktyabrskiy Big Concert Hall
June 14, 2013
Crocus City Hall
June 18–19, 2013
June 21–22, 2013
Sandton Convention Centre
November 10–11, 2013
Halifax, Nova Scotia
The Dalhousie Arts Centre
November 13–16, 2013
November 18, 2013
Canadian Tire Centre
November 20, 2013
Thunder Bay, ON
November 22, 2013
November 24, 2013
November 26, 2013
Burton Cummings Theatre
November 29–30, 2013
The Royal Theatre
December 2–3, 2013
The Orpheum Theatre
April 30 – May 2, 2014
May 3–5, 2014
May 7, 2014
May 8–9, 2014
May 12, 2014
May 13–15, 17-18 2014
New York City
May 20, 2014
May 21, 2014
May 22, 2014
May 23, 2014
May 24, 2014
May 25, 2014
May 27, 2014
May 28, 2014
May 29, 2014
May 30, 2014
May 31 – June 1, 2014
June 19, 2014
June 25–26, 2014
Usage examples of "force majeure".
The casual observer might have thought they'd taken over the Rock by force majeure and were inspecting their conquest.
And it means shuttling all our forces across the Atlantis until we can take and hold a large enough area that Mother will consider it to be held by force majeure and we can set up portals.
Overcome by force majeure, Carrie graciously blew a kiss at Harding, and sauntered down Mount Vernon Avenue, enjoying the spring sunshine.
Actually, he was far more devoted to demonstrations of force majeure than I.