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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
force majeure
▪ The company declared force majeure on its shipping commitments.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
force majeure

1883, French, literally "superior strength."

force majeure

n. 1 an overwhelming force 2 (context legal English) an unavoidable catastrophe, especially one that prevents someone from fulfilling a legal obligation

force majeure

n. a natural and unavoidable catastrophe that interrupts the expected course of events; "he discovered that his house was not insured against acts of God" [syn: act of God, vis major, inevitable accident, unavoidable casualty]

Force majeure

Force majeure ( , , or ; ) – or vis major ( Latin) – meaning "superior force", also known as cas fortuit (French) or casus fortuitus (Latin) "chance occurrence, unavoidable accident", is a common clause in contracts that essentially frees both parties from liability or obligation when an extraordinary event or circumstance beyond the control of the parties, such as a war, strike, riot, crime, or an event described by the legal term act of God ( hurricane, flood, earthquake, volcanic eruption, etc.), prevents one or both parties from fulfilling their obligations under the contract. In practice, most force majeure clauses do not excuse a party's non-performance entirely, but only suspend it for the duration of the force majeure.

Force majeure is generally intended to include occurrences beyond the reasonable control of a party, and therefore would not cover:

  • any result of the negligence or malfeasance of a party, which has a materially adverse effect on the ability of such party to perform its obligations;
  • any result of the usual and natural consequences of external forces (for example, predicted rain stops an outdoor event); and
  • any circumstances that are specifically contemplated (included) in the contract.

Under international law, it refers to an irresistible force or unforeseen event beyond the control of a state making it materially impossible to fulfill an international obligation, and is related to the concept of a state of emergency.

Force Majeure (Tangerine Dream album)

Force Majeure is the twelfth album by the German group Tangerine Dream, originally issued on transparent vinyl. Following Stratosfear, the album developed Tangerine Dream's further evolution toward the more melodic sound they would adopt in the 1980s, with a heavier presence of guitars, drums and distinct musical suites in the tradition of progressive rock, rather than the band's 1970s output of Berlin School.

The distortion of the bass sequence on "Thru Metamorphic Rocks" was the result of a burnt-out transistor in the mixing desk. When the band heard the result, they decided to keep it.

Remixed excerpts of "Force Majeure" titled "Lana" and "Cloudburst Flight" titled "Guido The Killer Pimp" were used on the film soundtrack Risky Business while a remixed excerpt of "Thru Metamorphic Rocks" titled "Igneous" was used on Thief. A heavily remixed version was played live in 2003, and later released as "Meta Morph Magic" on the DM 4 album. In 1991, Chris Franke played "Cloudburst Flight" as part of his solo London Concert.

Force Majeure is Tangerine Dream's fourth biggest selling album in the UK, reaching No. 26 and spending 7 weeks on the chart.

Force majeure (disambiguation)

Force majeure is a common clause in contracts that frees parties from legal obligation when an extraordinary event or circumstance occurs.

Force Majeure may also refer to:

Force Majeure (band)

Force Majeure was an English new wave group, formed in 1983 in Bristol. The band was formed from the German-based group, The Agents, and mixed post-punk and electronic dance music with an original line-up of two singers and two keyboard players. The line-up consisted of Agent members Richard Snow (vocals), Dave Libby (keyboards) and Steve Libby (keyboards). Kerrie Cox was added to the line-up as a second singer.

The band created a large fan base in Bristol in the early 1980s, and were popular in Germany. While on tour in Germany, they were spotted at a gig in Frankfurt's nightclub, Cookies, by Ralph Ruppert, a record producer and chief sound engineer for Frank Farian, and were signed to his record label. During 1984 Snow left, and the band went through a phaze of using several singers. In 1985, Welsh singer Judith Owen, recorded with them. At this time they were featured on Farian's charity record, with a cover of Paul Simon's " Mother and Child Reunion". This was issued under the name Farian Corporation, which later got shorten to Far Corporation. The record reached the Top 10 in several European countries. Owen left to be replaced by Jon Dunmore, and the band relocated to Aylesbury, under the guidance of Howard Jones's management. However, nothing materialised, Dunmore left, the band return to Bristol where Cox took over as lead vocalist. The band split shortly afterwards, but left a legacy of around 50 songs, recorded between 1983 and 1986, which contained some original material. After the band split, Dave Libby went on to write a song for Valerie Dore, which became a Top 20 hit in Italy.

Band members
Vocals: Richard Snow, Kerrie Cox, Judith Owen, Jon Dunmore
Keyboards: David Libby, Steve Libby
Bass: Larry Burr
Drums: Ben Mitchell, Paul Ackermann
Backing vocals: Maggie Hearne (Stapleton)

Image:Force_Majeure1.jpg|Force Majeure at the Bristol Bridge Inn

Force Majeure (Doro album)

Force Majeure is the first solo album of the German female hard rock singer Doro Pesch. The album was released in February 1989.

Force Majeure (Millennium)

"Force Majeure" is the thirteenth episode of the first season of the American crime- thriller television series Millennium. It premiered on the Fox network on February 7, 1997. The episode was written by Chip Johannessen and directed by Winrich Kolbe. "Force Majeure" featured guest appearances by Brad Dourif, Morgan Woodward and C. C. H. Pounder.

Millennium Group consultant Frank Black ( Lance Henriksen) investigates a pair of suicides connected to a cult which has been experimenting with human cloning. Black is dogged on his travels by a strange man interested in both the Millennium Group and doomsday predictions.

"Force Majeure" features stock footage of the 1996 Saguenay Flood, and makes mention of a conjunction of planets which occurred in May 2000. The episode was viewed by approximately 6.9 million households during its original broadcast, and has received positive reviews from critics.

Force Majeure (film)

Force Majeure (; , " tourist") is a 2014 Swedish comedy-drama film directed by Ruben Östlund. It follows the marital tension resulting from an avalanche during which the husband, named Tomas, is believed by his wife to have prioritized his own escape over the safety of his family. The film's title comes from force majeure, a contractual clause freeing both parties from liability in the event of unexpected disasters.

Force Majeure was acclaimed upon release, with critics praising its script and cinematography. It won the Best Film award at the 50th Guldbagge Awards, and was named one of the best films of 2014 by various publications.

Force Majeure (Under the Dome)

"Force Majeure" is the third episode of the second season of the CBS drama series Under the Dome, and the sixteenth episode overall. The episode premiered on July 14, 2014.

Force Majeure (tour)

Force Majeure is the title of a stand-up comedy tour by Eddie Izzard that began in Bucharest in April 2013. It continued through the UK, Ireland, Russia, South Africa, Canada and the United States through the summer of 2014.





April 29, 2013


Sala Palatului

United Kingdom and Ireland

May 2–3, 2013



May 4, 2013


Metro Radio Arena

May 5, 2013


Echo Arena

May 7–8, 2013


Brighton Centre

May 10, 2013


Sheffield Arena

May 11–12, 2013


Wembley Arena

May 15–16, 2013


Birmingham NIA

May 17, 2013


Motorpoint Arena

May 18–20, 2013



May 22–23, 2013


Capital FM Arena

May 25, 2013


Odyssey Arena

May 26, 2013


The O

May 29–30, 2013


Motorpoint Arena

June 1–2, 2013


Brighton Centre

June 3, 2013


Eden Project

June 5, 2013



June 6–7, 2013


Manchester Arena

June 8–9, 2013


The O2 Arena


June 13, 2013

St Petersburg

Oktyabrskiy Big Concert Hall

June 14, 2013


Crocus City Hall

South Africa

June 18–19, 2013

Cape Town

Grand Arena

June 21–22, 2013


Sandton Convention Centre


November 10–11, 2013

Halifax, Nova Scotia

The Dalhousie Arts Centre

November 13–16, 2013

Toronto, ON

Massey Hall

November 18, 2013

Ottawa, ON

Canadian Tire Centre

November 20, 2013

Thunder Bay, ON

Community Auditorium

November 22, 2013

Edmonton, AB

Jubilee Auditorium

November 24, 2013

Calgary, AB

Jubilee Auditorium

November 26, 2013

Winnipeg, MB

Burton Cummings Theatre

November 29–30, 2013

Victoria, BC

The Royal Theatre

December 2–3, 2013

Vancouver, BC

The Orpheum Theatre

United States

April 30 – May 2, 2014

Washington, D.C.

Warner Theatre

May 3–5, 2014


Forrest Theatre

May 7, 2014



May 8–9, 2014


Wang Theatre

May 12, 2014


Palace Theatre

May 13–15, 17-18 2014

New York City

Beacon Theatre

May 20, 2014



May 21, 2014


Durham PAC

May 22, 2014


Belk Theatre

May 23, 2014


Fox Theatre

May 24, 2014


Ryman Auditorium

May 25, 2014


Orpheum Theatre

May 27, 2014


Brown Theatre

May 28, 2014


Aronoff Center

May 29, 2014


Palace Theatre

May 30, 2014


Palace Theatre

May 31 – June 1, 2014


Byham Theater

June 19, 2014

St. Louis

Fox Theatre

June 25–26, 2014


Paramount Theater

Usage examples of "force majeure".

The casual observer might have thought they'd taken over the Rock by force majeure and were inspecting their conquest.

And it means shuttling all our forces across the Atlantis until we can take and hold a large enough area that Mother will consider it to be held by force majeure and we can set up portals.

Overcome by force majeure, Carrie graciously blew a kiss at Harding, and sauntered down Mount Vernon Avenue, enjoying the spring sunshine.

Actually, he was far more devoted to demonstrations of force majeure than I.