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Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

of uncertain origin, considered in Room to be probably a variant of Viti, main island of the group.


Fiji ( ; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (; ), is an island country in Melanesia in the South Pacific Ocean about northeast of New Zealand's North Island. Its closest neighbours are Vanuatu to the west, New Caledonia to the southwest, New Zealand's Kermadec Islands to the southeast, Tonga to the east, the Samoas and France's Wallis and Futuna to the northeast, and Tuvalu to the north.

Fiji is an archipelago of more than 330 islands, of which 110 are permanently inhabited, and more than 500 islets, amounting to a total land area of about . The farthest island is Ono-i-Lau. The two major islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, account for 87% of the population of almost 860,000. The capital, Suva on Viti Levu, serves as Fiji's principal cruise port. About three-quarters of Fijians live on Viti Levu's coasts, either in Suva or in smaller urban centres like Nadi (tourism) or Lautoka ( sugar cane industry). Viti Levu's interior is sparsely inhabited due to its terrain.

Fiji has one of the most developed economies in the Pacific due to an abundance of forest, mineral, and fish resources. Today, the main sources of foreign exchange are its tourist industry and sugar exports. The country's currency is the Fijian dollar. Fiji's local government, in the form of city and town councils, is supervised by the Ministry of Local Government and Urban Development.

The majority of Fiji's islands were formed through volcanic activity starting around 150 million years ago. Today, some geothermal activity still occurs on the islands of Vanua Levu and Taveuni. Fiji has been inhabited since the second millennium BC, and was settled first by Austronesians and later by Melanesians, with some Polynesian influences. Europeans visited Fiji from the 17th century, and, after a brief period as an independent kingdom, the British established the Colony of Fiji in 1874. Fiji was a Crown colony until 1970, when it gained independence as a Commonwealth realm. A republic was declared in 1987, following a series of coups d'état.

In a coup in 2006, Commodore Frank Bainimarama seized power. When the High Court ruled in 2009 that the military leadership was unlawful, President Ratu Josefa Iloilo, whom the military had retained as the nominal Head of State, formally abrogated the Constitution and reappointed Bainimarama. Later in 2009, Iloilo was replaced as President by Ratu Epeli Nailatikau. After years of delays, a democratic election was held on 17 September 2014. Bainimarama's FijiFirst party won with 59.2% of the vote, and the election was deemed credible by international observers.

Fiji (disambiguation)

Fiji may refer to the following:

  • Fiji, the island nation in the Pacific Ocean
  • Crown Colony class cruiser, Royal Navy class of light cruiser, the first eight vessels are known as Fiji-class
  • HMS Fiji (C58), vessel of the above class
  • Fiji, Saudi Arabia
  • Phi Gamma Delta, North-American college fraternity also known as FIJI
  • FIJI Water, a bottled water company
  • Fiji, image processing software
  • Radeon R9 Fury, graphics processor by AMD
Fiji (software)

Fiji (Fiji Is Just ImageJ) is an open source image processing package based on ImageJ.

Fiji's main purpose is to provide a distribution of ImageJ with many bundled plugins. Fiji features an integrated updating system and aims to provide users with a coherent menu structure, extensive documentation in the form of detailed algorithm descriptions and tutorials, and the ability to avoid the need to install multiple components from different sources.

Fiji is also targeted at developers, through the use of a version control system, an issue tracker, dedicated development channels and a rapid-prototyping infrastructure in the form of a script editor which supports BeanShell, Jython, JRuby and other scripting languages, as well as Just-In-Time Java development.

Usage examples of "fiji".

Those tribes having for their customs the practice of compound major mutilations are the Fiji Islanders, Sandwich Islanders, Tahitians, Tongans, Samoans, Javanese, Sumatrans, natives of Malagasy, Hottentots, Damaras, Bechuanas, Kaffirs, the Congo people, the Coast Negroes, Inland Negroes, Dahomeans, Ashantees, Fulahs, Abyssinians, Arabs, and Dakotas.

Grace, recently argued that the Fijian, Polynesian and Rotuman languages derive from a common ancestral language which had itself come from Melanesian islands west of Fiji.

The Forum, like the South Pacific Commission, has grown with the list of independent nations, and in 1987, its members were the Cook Islands, Fiji, Nauru, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Kiribati, the Solomons, Tonga, Tuvalu, the Federated States of Micronesia, Vanuatu and Western Samoa, as well as Australia and New Zealand.

Six of the new Pacific nations have undergone that test since independence: Western Samoa, the Cook Islands, Fiji, Nauru, the Solomons and Papua New Guinea.

The problem is, how did Lapita ware travel to Fiji, Tonga and Samoa, where archaeologists have shown it to have arrived by 1500 B.

From Fiji it became known in Samoa and Tonga, and by the eighteenth century it had become known, but was still rare, in the Tahiti-Tuamotu sailing area.

He refrained from mapping both Fiji and Samoa, of which the nautically-minded Tongans had told him, and made his way to new waters in the North Pacific.

German settlers were developing plantations in Fiji and Samoa, and a handful of traders and wouldbe planters had become established in Tonga as well.

Actuated by the same considerations as those settlers in Fiji and Samoa who were hoping to take advantage of the high prices caused by the American Civil War, Towns concluded that Queensland had good plantation possibilities.

More importantly, it gave perhaps 100,000 Melanesians direct, personal experience of life in European frontier-settlements: perhaps half of them in Queensland, about 20,000 in Fiji, and the remainder recruited by French and German agents for work in New Caledonia, Samoa and New Guinea.

And behold, by the time we reached Fiji four of the five ulcers were healed, while the remaining one was no bigger than a pea.

Bits of Europe, bits of the Middle East, India, Singapore, Bali, then Australia, New Zealand, Tahiti, Fiji, Hawaii, America.

The day the Snark sailed into Suva, in the Fijis, we made out the Cambrian going out.

They caught up with Zanthus over Fiji, an orbit ten kilometres lower, closing fast.

He gripped two of the iron spear-shafts, pressed the soles of both his shoes against the gate, and began to hoist himself further up like a Fiji islander scaling a coconut tree.