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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ No-one above the pathological level has any trouble with literal language - defined in psychological terms as language with immediate sensory feedback.
▪ Every effort will be made to provide employees with immediate feedback.
▪ Data analysis has become interactive, with the scientist interrogating the data and deciding new paths for investigation based on immediate feedback.
▪ The men kept track of their own performance, and thus got immediate feedback.
▪ The writer has no access to immediate feedback and simply has to imagine the reader's reaction.
▪ Now I listen more, and get immediate feedback on my decisions.
▪ Writers, however, do not have the benefit of immediate feedback.
▪ The answer is simple: immediate feedback.
▪ There are conflicting reports as to whether negative feedback inhibition exists in humans and whether it is mediated by cholecystokinin.
▪ To survive, they learned to cope with the stresses associated with negative feedback and emotions.
▪ In addition, even if overall negative feedback is used, it has low overall distortion.
▪ Nor is positive feedback necessary for oscillatory behavior. Negative feedback loops can be periodic.
▪ We are now trying to find out the details of this negative feedback system.
▪ Conceptually, the electrical negative feedback loop is a toilet flusher or thermostat.
▪ This form of game-playing begins with praise of a peer, and ends with negative feedback on that peer.
▪ Another possible origin of positive feedback is the finite internal impedance of the bias supply.
▪ However, allosteric positive feedback is not sufficient to produce sustained oscillations.
▪ The curve shown suggests a positive feedback that works towards disaster.
▪ It can be shown that simple positive feedback systems fail to display oscillations { 91 }.
▪ He found that positive feedback was predictably given most often for accuracy and quantity of reading.
▪ But in swarm systems, positive feedback can lead to increasing order.
▪ Lack of appreciation and positive feedback from those around you.
▪ Nor is positive feedback necessary for oscillatory behavior.
▪ How can we balance praise and encouragement with clear and useful feedback?
▪ So, how can you get useful feedback from your significant other, aside from signing up for couples' counseling classes?
▪ This can provide useful feedback for the farmer, too.
▪ Getting some information on our actions and the effect we have on other people can also be very useful feedback.
▪ Difficulties for the teacher in providing appropriate and useful feedback to individual groups. 2.
▪ This meeting generated a great deal of lively discussion and useful feedback.
▪ A standard improvement on this feedback loop is shown next.
▪ The loss was caused by technological change and the amplifying feedback loop of responses to that change.
▪ Recent work has focused on the gastrin acid secretion feedback loop and identified a number of potential pathogenetic pathways.
▪ Fortunately, feedback loops can be combined into useful configurations.
▪ This closes the positive feedback loop, because the more the bridge sways, the more force people exert to keeping standing.
▪ Ashby was an engineer interested in nonlinear control circuits and the virtues of positive feedback loops.
▪ Deviancy amplification is achieved by means of a relatively simple positive feedback loop.
▪ Negative feedback loops can be periodic.
▪ Most biological systems have feedback mechanisms that help smooth out the little fluctuations that life throws at them.
▪ The adrenal medulla secretes catecholamines which are not involved in any feedback mechanism to the pituitary. 340.
▪ Semantic analysis may also be able to provide some feedback mechanism concerning the domain of the sentence so far.
▪ That new system provided a feedback mechanism for each team on the quality of its product.
▪ Reality is simply a feedback mechanism which reveals our inner world.
▪ The recent report that presynaptic mGlu receptors employ phosphoinositide-derived signals as a positive feedback mechanism to enhance glutamate release is particularly interesting.
▪ Pepsinogen synthesis has been found closely linked to secretion and depletion of stores by a well regulated feedback mechanism under invitro conditions.
▪ On the other hand, feedback networks must iterate over many cycles until the system stabilizes.
▪ A feedback system moves the tip away from the surface to keep the current constant.
▪ Consequently, we can describe with some confidence the type of feedback systems most Work-place 2000 companies will use.
▪ It is a feedback system which reliably informs us of our beliefs, attitudes, thoughts, feelings and expectations.
▪ First, feedback systems in Workplace 2000 will be highly visual.
▪ We are now trying to find out the details of this negative feedback system.
▪ It might be supposed that this value of n is far larger than the typical dimension of biochemical feedback systems.
▪ And a discrete gift it is too; either an organism has a reverberant feedback system, or it doesn't.
▪ It can be shown that simple positive feedback systems fail to display oscillations { 91 }.
▪ In general, asking for feedback can be illuminating and useful, and shows great self-confidence and self-worth to the employer.
▪ Use the exercises that follow and then, as discussed in step 5, ask some one for objective feedback.
▪ I didn't know, until I began to get feedback, if she was understanding, but she was.
▪ Then show your complete plan to your mentor to get her feedback.
▪ At the same time, Microsoft can get feedback quickly from the developers.
▪ It's also useful for making unpublished material available, and for getting feedback.
▪ You get feedback written on the margins on your page or typed on a separate piece of paper.
▪ I haven't time to really listen and get good feedback from my kids ... In imagination anything is possible.
▪ The new managers in the securities firm did not get such feedback from subordinates.
▪ They hope the charter will let patients know their rights and give feedback if the service is not working.
▪ Their supervisors are constantly giving them feedback on how to improve their standing, which they eagerly accept and respond to.
▪ Afterwards the Personnel Officer who interviewed you will give you some feedback.
▪ For one thing, it gives us early feedback about their changing needs.
▪ In this way practising is hardly a burden, but something that gives a feedback of energy.
▪ The Michigan Modernization Service used a customer council to give it feedback, particularly on new ideas.
▪ In most cases, quite fairly, the interviewer will give you feedback on the test.
▪ She was involved in everything from giving Jacobson feedback on the early footage to fund raising.
▪ But, to help us give you want you want, we need your feedback.
▪ Hard as it may seem, you also need feedback.
▪ For that, one needs some kind of feedback loop.
▪ Subordinates also need adequate feedback on their performance.
▪ Like individuals, groups need feedback.
▪ Copies notes of all such telephone conversations will be needed to give comprehensive feedback to our client.
▪ Semantic analysis may also be able to provide some feedback mechanism concerning the domain of the sentence so far.
▪ Every effort will be made to provide employees with immediate feedback.
▪ He provided Gordon with excellent feedback from the track and by now he rarely got into trouble on the circuit.
▪ Telephone reservation clerks were provided with feedback on their verbal behaviors obtained from unobtrusive monitoring of their telephone calls.
▪ It provides for rapid feedback and the consequent modification of goals in the light of changing circumstances.
▪ That new system provided a feedback mechanism for each team on the quality of its product.
▪ And, of course, we hope that piloting centres will continue to provide us with vital feedback.
▪ Ask your editor to Provide objective feedback.
▪ It would also be helpful if departments could receive feedback from the senior house officers on the quality of their education.
▪ Many of the other new managers received similar feedback from their superiors.
▪ The group also offers clients the opportunity to share experiences and receive feedback from peers.
▪ Given the harried pace of your work life, try to receive feedback at two times. 1.
▪ When carrying out such exercises, students are actively involved in the learning process and they receive constant feedback about their progress.
▪ When provided with feedback-particularly if they had received little feedback previously-employees al-most inevitably improved their performance.
▪ Students are highly motivated, participate actively in the learning process and receive feedback as to the progress made.
▪ Others were forced to change because they received clear feedback that their subordinates wanted more authority and responsibility.
▪ Difference-of-squares circuit uses feedback attenuation to compensate for lost output Fig. 4.
▪ Consequently, we can describe with some confidence the type of feedback systems most Work-place 2000 companies will use.
▪ Finally, the language used by teachers as feedback often supports learning.
▪ During trial-and-error learning, the system uses the feedback to control the movement of the balancing platform.
▪ To ensure frequency stability, make R3 much greater than R1 and use a high-quality feedback capacitor.
▪ Connections may use feedback or feedforward techniques; networks may have partial or full connectivity.
▪ Every Friday, Mr James would hand out the students' essays and give them some feedback.
▪ I'm lucky to work for an employer who gives positive feedback on my work.
▪ It is important to give employees regular feedback on their performance.
▪ We are very encouraged by the feedback we've had from our shareholders.
▪ A method is needed for the rationalization of the instruction, in terms of sequencing, presentation and feedback as to progress.
▪ All these and other problems will come in as feedback from the marketing and other departments.
▪ If you have any comments or suggestions, please let us know - we always appreciate receiving feedback from Friends.
▪ On the other hand, sensitivity to feedback can produce cowardly responses.
▪ Short class investigations on the same topic could be initiated on a group basis with feedback from each of the groups.
▪ Without feedback on outcomes innovation is often stillborn.
▪ You get feedback written on the margins on your page or typed on a separate piece of paper.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

feedback \feedback\ n.

  1. the process in which part of the output of a system is returned to its input.

  2. response to an inquiry or experiment.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1920, in the electronics sense, "the return of a fraction of an output signal to the input of an earlier stage," from verbal phrase, from feed (v.) + back (adv.). Transferred use, "information about the results of a process" is attested by 1955.


n. 1 Critical assessment on information produced 2 (context cybernetics systems English) The signal that is looped back to control a system within itself. 3 The high-pitched howling noise heard when there's a loop between a microphone and a speaker. vb. 1 (context music English) To generate the high-frequency sound by allowing a speaker to cause vibration of the sound generator of a musical instrument connected by an amplifier to the speaker. 2 (context transitive English) To provide informational feedback to. 3 (context transitive English) To convey by means of specialized communications channel.

  1. n. the process in which part of the output of a system is returned to its input in order to regulate its further output

  2. response to an inquiry or experiment


Feedback occurs when outputs of a system are routed back as inputs as part of a chain of cause-and-effect that forms a circuit or loop. The system can then be said to feed back into itself. The notion of cause-and-effect has to be handled carefully when applied to feedback systems:

"Simple causal reasoning about a feedback system is difficult because the first system influences the second and second system influences the first, leading to a circular argument. This makes reasoning based upon cause and effect tricky, and it is necessary to analyze the system as a whole."

Online version found here.

Feedback (Rush album)

Feedback is a cover album by Canadian rock band Rush, released in 2004. It was their eighteenth studio album. The album features eight covers of songs that were influential for the band members during the 1960s. The album marked the 30th anniversary of the release of Rush's debut album though the current lineup of Geddy Lee, Alex Lifeson and Neil Peart established just following the first album's release. The tour in support of the Feedback album was called the R30: 30th Anniversary Tour. Their cover of " Summertime Blues" was also used as an official theme song for WWE's Summerslam PPV event in 2004. The album has been remastered and reissued in 2013 as a part of the box set The Studio Albums 1989–2007.

Feedback (disambiguation)

Feedback is information about actions returned to the source of the actions. To make a request for feedback on new articles and major edits go here.

Feedback may also refer to:

Feedback (Spirit album)

Feedback is the fifth album by the rock band Spirit. Released in 1972, it was the first Spirit album without original members Jay Ferguson and Mark Andes, and it was also the only Spirit album that did not feature Randy California performing on it, as California had left the group to pursue a solo career.

Feedback reached the same chart position on the U.S. Billboard album charts as its predecessor, Twelve Dreams of Dr. Sardonicus.

Feedback (Jurassic 5 album)

Feedback is the fourth & final studio album from Los Angeles-based hip hop group Jurassic 5, released on July 25, 2006. It is the only album the band released as a quintet, in the wake of Cut Chemist's departure earlier that year.

The first single from the album was "Red Hot", followed by "Canto De Ossanha" and " Work It Out." The album features many tracks which pay homage to their '80s hip hop roots.

All songs on the album, apart from two, contain elements of other songs. The most notable is "Gotta Understand", which contains elements and a sample from "Mr. Welfare Man", performed by Curtis Mayfield. Other examples are "Baby Please", which contains a sample from "Love & Happiness" by Al Green, "Get It Together", which contains elements from "That's The Way Love Is", originally recorded by Marvin Gaye, and Future Sound, which is based on the song "One" by Three Dog Night.

The UK Special Edition version of the album also contains a bonus track: "A Day At The Races - Live at Brixton Academy". Another UK edition contains "What's Golden", also recorded at Brixton Academy.

Feedback (comics)

Feedback, in comics, may refer to:

  • Feedback (Marvel Comics), a superhero in the Marvel Comics universe, a former member of the superhero team Beta Flight
  • Feedback (Dark Horse Comics), a superhero created on the reality television series Who Wants to Be a Superhero?
Feedback (radio series)

Feedback is a BBC Radio 4 series presented by Roger Bolton dealing with listener reaction to the style and content of BBC radio broadcasting.

Feedback (band)

Feedback is a Bangladeshi band, formed on 4 October 1976.

Feedback (Derek Webb album)

Feedback (2010) is the sixth solo studio album release from singer and songwriter Derek Webb. It is Webb's first worship album: an instrumental, electronic music recording, classically composed into three movements, based strictly on the structure and content of the Lord's Prayer from the Gospel of Matthew. Along with the music, Feedback encompassed additional artistic projects from photographer Jeremy Cowart, painter Scott Erickson, and filmmaker Scott Brignac.

Feedback (Dark Horse Comics)

Feedback is a fictional character, a superhero created and originally portrayed by actor Matthew Atherton on the reality television series Who Wants to Be a Superhero?. As a result of winning the show, his character was made the subject of a Dark Horse Comics comic book written by Stan Lee. He also made a guest appearance in the Sci-Fi Channel original movie Mega Snake. He also has his own audio series written by and starring Atherton. The first episode of which was produced in collaboration with amateur audio groups Darker Projects and is now a continuing audio series hosted by BrokenSea Audio Productions.

Feedback (song)

"Feedback" is a song by American recording artist Janet Jackson, released as the lead single from her tenth studio album, Discipline. It was written and produced by Rodney "Darkchild" Jerkins and D'Mile, with additional writing from Tasleema Yasin and LaShawn Daniels. "Feedback" fuses electropop and dance, while also incorporating elements of Eurodance and hip hop. Its lyrical composition is based on Jackson's sexual bravado; questioning the listener while responding with a chant of "sexy, sexy." Its chorus compares her body to instruments such as a guitar and amplifier, using metaphors to demonstrate sexual climax. The songs official remix features vocals from fellow American entertainer Ciara.

"Feedback" received acclaim from critics, who praised its sonic innovation and contrast from her prior release, commending Jackson as "back in the form that made her a pop superstar." It reached number nineteen on the Billboard Hot 100 and peaked atop the Hot Dance Club Play chart, becoming her biggest hit since " Someone to Call My Lover." Internationally, it topped the charts in South Korea and reached the top ten in Canada, Greece, Slovakia and South Africa.

Its music video, directed by Saam Farahmand, portrays Jackson jumping from various planets before dancing among an unidentified white liquid. The video received positive reception from critics, who praised its galactic visuals and choreography. Jackson performed "Feedback" on Good Morning America, The Ellen DeGeneres Show, and TRL, the latter being Jackson's first admittance to MTV since her Super Bowl performance incident. "Feedback" received three nominations at the International Dance Music Awards.

Usage examples of "feedback".

I should have done was to attack the problem from the beginning and develop on my own initiative a fairly comprehensive theory of feedback mechanisms.

Those tangible engineering practicalities forced Wiener and Bigelow to confront the enigmatic feedback process and the thorny problems Wiener did not tend to in his project with Lee in China.

Now, once again, in the push to translate his prediction theory into a viable production prototype, feedback emerged as the focal point and final obstacle in his war work with Bigelow.

The Greeks invented automatic wine dispensers and water clocks controlled, like modern plumbing, by the feedback action of a float.

But, as it had been with electronic circuits for decades after their first practical applications, there was scant theory beneath those diverse feedback inventions, and scarcely an inkling among engineers that one form of feedback had anything to do with another.

Wiener, the discovery of feedback was tantamount to the discovery of fire.

Wiener drew the connections between feedback in the technical sense, in the physiological sense, and the innumerable feedback loops wired into the living electrical networks of the brain and nervous system.

And he made one more link that brought the feedback process fully into focus.

Bigelow built into their prototype predictor the feedback circuits needed to incorporate the tracking data derived from radar signals reflecting off enemy warplanes, and to feed that stream of new inputs to the computers targeting apparatus.

Yet, once again, he found that the complexities of feedback would not be so easily resolved in practice.

Rosenblueth told his audience about messages, feedback, and the surprising similarities he and Wiener and the engineer Julian Bigelow were finding in the actions of electronic devices, automatic machines, and human nervous systems.

Among the brain scientists, his notions of feedback and circularity struck a resonant chord.

Its results were checked by the fastidious error-correction circuitry von Neumann had prescribed in his design, and Bigelow was the perfect person to implement those archetypal feedback mechanisms.

Iatmul tribe of New Guinea, which, as Bateson noted, played a stabilizing feedback role when aggressive urges among male tribesmen threatened to break out in internal warfare.

In 1789, Watt first used that term in a technical context to describe the flyball feedback apparatus that controlled the speed of his steam engine.