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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
Dutch elm disease
▪ Then came elm disease, followed by smartly by the drought of 1976, which killed off many of the beeches.
▪ Thus elm trees clone themselves to form entire copses, and we cloned Dolly from cultured mammary gland cells.
▪ The sidewalks are littered with trash, the elm trees are gone.
▪ The corpse of the household servant still swung from the branch of an elm tree.
▪ They have lush stands of elm trees and will require minimal leveling.
▪ The grass was scythed, the elm trees well-pruned and vigorous in their growth.
▪ One of my great-est joys was to climb as high as I could in our old backyard elm tree.
▪ Six of the engineers had swum to the northern bank where they were fastening a rope to a great elm tree.
▪ Those corpses, the ones he had buried in their makeshift grave under the old elm tree who were they?
▪ Because, said Williams, both elms and oysters have saturated their living space already.
▪ Here were the hop fields, and elms and pines and cedars: the country of early settlement, rich and Europeanized.
▪ It is over there, by that giant elm.
▪ The broomstick dipped and then dived towards a dark wood of tall elms and flew over the tops.
▪ The dark gray elms stood against the sky like exposed nerves.
▪ The woods most used in construction were elm and ash, both very hard and durable.
▪ Thus elm trees clone themselves to form entire copses, and we cloned Dolly from cultured mammary gland cells.
▪ Today, half or more of our Arnerican elms have been killed.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Elm \Elm\, n. [AS. elm; akin to D. olm, OHG. elm, G. ulme, Icel. almr, Dan. & Sw. alm, L. ulmus, and E. alder. Cf. Old.] (Bot.) A tree of the genus Ulmus, of several species, much used as a shade tree, particularly in America. The English elm is Ulmus campestris; the common American or white elm is U. Americana; the slippery or red elm, U. fulva.

Elm beetle (Zo["o]l.), one of several species of beetles (esp. Galeruca calmariensis), which feed on the leaves of the elm.

Elm borer (Zo["o]l.), one of several species of beetles of which the larv[ae] bore into the wood or under the bark of the elm (esp. Saperda tridentata).

Elm butterfly (Zo["o]l.), one of several species of butterflies, which, in the caterpillar state, feed on the leaves of the elm (esp. Vanessa antiopa and Grapta comma). See Comma butterfly, under Comma.

Elm moth (Zo["o]l.), one of numerous species of moths of which the larv[ae] destroy the leaves of the elm (esp. Eugonia subsignaria, called elm spanworm).

Elm sawfly (Zo["o]l.), a large sawfly ( Cimbex Americana). The larva, which is white with a black dorsal stripe, feeds on the leaves of the elm.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

Old English elm, from Proto-Germanic *elmaz (cognates: Danish elm, Old Norse almr, Old High German elme), perhaps from PIE root *el- (2) "red, brown" (see elk); cognate with Latin ulmus, Old Irish lem. German Ulme, Dutch olm are from or influenced by the Latin word. The toughest native European wood, used for ship-building, wheel-naves, etc. Middle English had adjective forms elmen, elmin, which survived longer in poetry. New Haven was informally the Elm City (1871).


n. 1 (lb en countable) A tree of the genus ''Ulmus'' of the family Ulmaceae, large deciduous trees with alternate stipulate leaves and small apetalous flowers. 2 (lb en uncountable usually attributive) Wood from an elm tree.

  1. n. any of various trees of the genus Ulmus: important timber or shade trees [syn: elm tree]

  2. hard tough wood of an elm tree; used for e.g. implements and furniture [syn: elmwood]

Elm (album)

Elm is an album by American jazz pianist and composer Richard Beirach recorded in 1979 and released on the ECM label.

Elm (programming language)

Elm is a functional programming language for declaratively creating web browser-based graphical user interfaces. Elm uses the functional reactive programming style and purely functional programming graphical layout to build user interface without any destructive updates.


Elm or ELM may refer to:

  • Elm, a tree of the Genus Ulmus

In places:

  • East London Mosque, London, England, sometimes abbreviated ELM
  • Elm, Cambridgeshire, a village in Cambridgeshire, England
  • Elm (hills), a hill range in Germany
  • Elm, Pennsylvania
  • Elm, Switzerland, a village in the Canton of Glarus
  • Elm Township, Gage County, Nebraska, a township in the United States
  • Elmira/Corning Regional Airport, an American airport which has IATA airport code ELM
  • The Elms (disambiguation) or Elms, any of several residences
  • Elms College in Chicopee, Massachusetts

In science and technology:

  • Elaboration likelihood model, a model in psychology
  • Edge-Localized Mode, a periodic instability in tokamaks
  • Elm (email client), a software application
  • Elm (programming language), a programming language
  • Eukaryotic Linear Motif resource, a database on patterns in protein sequences
  • Extended Lunar Modules in the Apollo program
  • Export Land Model, a model for the decline of a country's oil exports

In people:

  • Viktor Elm, Swedish footballer
  • Rasmus Elm, Swedish footballer
  • David Elm (footballer), Swedish footballer
  • Steven Elm, Canadian speed skater
  • Professor Elm, fictional character from Pokémon

In music:

  • Elm (album), an album by jazz pianist Richard Beirach
Elm (email client)

Elm is a text-based email client commonly found on Unix systems. First released in 1986, it became popular as one of the first email clients to use a text user interface, and as a utility with freely available source code. The name elm originated from the phrase ELectronic Mail.

Dave Taylor (currently with Intuitive Systems) developed elm while working for Hewlett-Packard. Development later passed to a team of volunteers. The latest public release was version 2.5.8 in August 2005.

Other popular text-based email readers which followed elm and took it as an inspiration include Pine (1989) and Mutt (1995). From about 1995 elm slipped in popularity and functionality, and it now sees relatively little use.

Bill Pemberton of the University of Virginia currently maintains elm. A former Elm Coordinator was Sydney Weinstein from the Myxa Corporation.

Elm (hills)

The Elm is a range of hills north of the Harz mountains in the Helmstedt and Wolfenbüttel districts of Lower Saxony, Germany. It has a length of about 25 km (15.5 mi) and a width of 3–8 km (2–5 mi) and rises to an elevation of 323 meters. Surrounded by the Northern European Lowlands, the Elm is almost uninhabited and the largest beech forest in Northern Germany. The hills are of a triassic limestone called Elmkalkstein. Together with the neighbouring Lappwald range, the Elm has been a protected nature park since 1977.

The Elm is a popular among hikers, cyclists, and motor cyclists.

Rivers originating in the Elm include:

  • Altenau
  • Lutter
  • Missaue
  • Scheppau
  • Schunter
  • Wabe

Towns on the edge of the Elm include:

  • Königslutter
  • Schöningen
  • Schöppenstedt


  • Eilumer Horn (323,3 m)
  • Osterberg (ca. 314 m)
  • Drachenberg (ca. 313 m)
  • Burgberg (ca. 311 m)
  • Amplebener Berg (310 m)
  • Kleiner Tafelberg (ca. 302 m)
  • Kiefelhorn (301 m)
  • Großer Tafelberg (296 m)
  • Warberg (290 m)
  • Wolfsburger Kopf (289 m)

Usage examples of "elm".

Dandelion, Gentian and Valerian for some reason have survived and the Homeopaths use many more, but such useful plants as Agrimony, Slippery Elm, Horehound, Bistort, Poplar, Bur Marigold, Wood Betony, Wood Sanicle, Wild Carrot, Raspberry leaves, and the Sarsaparillas are now only used by Herbalists.

He turned, walked up toward the lane where his car was parked, and Asey strolled slowly back to his roadster in the shadow of the elm trees.

Pain, balalaika, souls, curses-she looked away, anywhere away, out the little window to where the stars called from the PitCrawling under the horizon was the bright-yellow ELM.

The elm has a rather agreeable, nondescript, bitterish taste, but the linden is gummy and of a mediocre quality, like the tree itself, which I dislike.

Now I found myself upon an apparently abandoned road which I had chosen as the shortest cut to Arkham, overtaken by the storm at a point far from any town, and confronted with no refuge save the antique and repellent wooden building which blinked with bleared windows from between two huge leafless elms near the foot of a rocky hill.

The Japanese beetle, the citrous scale, the chestnut blight, and the elm borer spread to every corner of the world, and from one forgotten pesthole in Borneo, leprosy, long imagined extinct, reappeared.

This gonne-chambre was wedged in firmly by a chock of elm wood beaten in with a mallet.

He knew how the forms of life branched out from willowherb to bog orchid, waxwing to grebe, elm to paulownia, cichlid to sea-squirt.

Kinzer homestead, with its snug parlor and its cosey bits of rooms and chambers, seemed to nestle away, under the shadowy elms and sycamores, smaller and smaller with every year that came.

After crossing one of the low spurs of the Nikkosan mountains, we wound among ravines whose steep sides are clothed with maple, oak, magnolia, elm, pine, and cryptomeria, linked together by festoons of the redundant Wistaria chinensis, and brightened by azalea and syringa clusters.

In the dip or valley at Long Ditton there are several meadows well timbered with elm, which are the favourite resorts of thrushes, and their song may be heard just there in the depth of winter, when it would be possible to go a long distance on the higher ground without hearing one.

The naked elms reached across our street from both sides, touching fingertips, and snow lay crusted in the flower beds before the warm, hibernatory houses.

Boats are constructed of a single sheet of Bark, stripped from the Elm, Hiccory, or Chesnut, 12 or 14 Feet long, and 3 or 4 Feet broad, and sharp at each End, and these sewed with thongs of the same Bark.

His eyes slewed to the side and he saw the lawgiver, Nikko, leaning against an elm tree with his arms crossed.

Leaving Her Grace in the shade of an elm, Persys ran across the grass until she reached the lake and found the spot she recalled from the day when she had found Moggy on the walk with the duke.