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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Dev \Dev\, or ||Deva \De"va\ (?), n. [Skr. d?va. Cf. Deity.] (Hind. Myth.) A god; a deity; a divine being; an idol; a king. [1913 Webster] ||

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

"god, good spirit" in Hindu religion, from Sanskrit deva "a god," originally "a shining one," from *div- "to shine," thus cognate with Greek dios "divine" and Zeus, and Latin deus "god" (Old Latin deivos); see Zeus.\n

\nFem. form devi is used for "goddess," also (with capital D-) for the mother goddess in Hinduism. Hence, also, devadasi "temple dancing girl," literally "female servant of a god," from dasi "slave girl." Also Devanagari, the formal alphabet of Sanskrit writings, perhaps originally "divine city script," from nagara "city."


n. A god in Vedic mythology, Hinduism and Buddhism.

Deva (Hinduism)

Deva (Sanskrit: , ) means "heavenly, divine, anything of excellence", and is also one of the terms for a deity in Hinduism. Deva is masculine, and the related feminine equivalent is devi (unrelated to devil).

In the earliest Vedic literature, all supernatural beings are called Asuras. The concepts and legends evolve in ancient Indian literature, and by the late Vedic period, benevolent supernatural beings are referred to as Deva-Asuras. In post-Vedic texts, such as the Puranas and the Itihasas of Hinduism, the Devas represent the good, and the Asuras the bad. In some medieval Indian literature, Devas are also referred to as Suras and contrasted with their equally powerful, but malevolent half-brothers referred to as the Asuras.

Devas along with Asuras, Yaksha (nature spirits) and Rakshasas (ghosts, ogres) are part of Indian mythology, and Devas feature in one of many cosmological theories in Hinduism.


Deva may refer to:

Deva (composer)

Devanesan Chokkalingam, popularly known as Deva, is an Indian film composer and singer. He has composed songs and provided background music for Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and Kannada films in a career spanning about 20 years. Many know his gaana songs, written mostly using Madras Tamil. He is known as the "Father of Gaana Genre" in the Tamil film industry.

Deva has composed music for many films within a very short period. He debuted as a film music director in the film Manasukkeththa Maharaasa in 1989. In the intervening years he has composed music for a total of more than 400 films.

Deva (New Age)

A deva in the New Age movement refers to any of the spiritual forces or beings behind nature. The origin of word 'deva' comes from Sanskrit language. According to Theosophist Charles Webster Leadbeater devas represent a separate evolution to that of humanity. The concept of devas as nature-spirits was further developed in the writings of Theosophist Geoffrey Hodson. It is believed that there are numerous different types of devas with a population in the millions performing different functions on Earth to help the ecology function better. It is asserted they can be observed by those whose third eyes have been activated.

In addition, it is believed by Theosophists that there are millions of devas living inside the Sun, the indwelling solar deity of which Theosophists call the Solar Logos—these devas are called solar angels, or sometimes solar devas or solar spirits. Sometimes, it is believed, they visit Earth and can be observed, like other devas, by humans whose third eyes have been activated. Theosophists believe that there are also devas living inside all the other stars besides Sol; these are called stellar angels.

In the Findhorn material, the term refers to archetypal spiritual intelligences behind species, in other words the group soul of a species.

Some New Age sources use the term as a generic term to designate any being regarded as being composed of etheric matter-- elementals, nature spirits (including the various types of nature spirits such as fairies, ondines, etc.). The pre-New Age etymology of the term is described in the article Deva (Hinduism).

Deva (river)

The Deva is a river in Northern Spain, flowing through the Autonomous Communities of Cantabria and Asturias until it joins the Cares River and flows into the Atlantic Ocean, in the Bay of Biscay, where they form the Tina Mayor estuary which is the natural border between Asturias and Cantabria.

Deva (1995 film)

Devaa is a Tamil movie starring Vijay, Sivakumar and Swathi in the lead roles. It was directed by S. A. Chandrasekhar. The music is scored by Deva.

Deva (Gijón)

Deva is a parish of the municipality of Gijón, in Asturias, Spain. The toponym itself comes from an ancient pre-Roman/ astur deity.

Its population was 705 in 2012.

Deva (moth)

Deva is a genus of moths of the Noctuidae family.

Deva (Dungeons & Dragons)

In the Dungeons & Dragons fantasy role-playing game, the deva is a type of angel.

Deva (1989 film)

Deva is a 1992 Indian Kannada language romantic action film starring Vishnuvardhan and Rupini in the lead roles. The film is directed by Vijay and written by M. D. Sundar.

This film was a remake of Blockbuster Tamil Film Dharma Dorai starring Rajinikanth and Gouthami

Deva (Buddhism)

A deva (देव Sanskrit and Pāli) in Buddhism is one of many different types of non-human beings who share the godlike characteristics of being more powerful, longer-lived, and, in general, much happier than humans, although the same level of veneration is not paid to them as to buddhas.

Synonyms in other languages include Khmer tep (ទេព), or preah (ព្រះ), Myanmar language nat (နတ္), Tibetan lha, Mongolian tenger (тэнгэр), Chinese tiān rén (天人), Korean cheon, Japanese ten, Vietnamese thiên nhân, Thai thep (เทพ), thewa (เทวะ), thewada (เทวดา), etc. The concept of devas was adopted in Japan partly because of the similarity to the Shinto's concept of kami.

Other words used in Buddhist texts to refer to similar supernatural beings are dēvatā (देवता; "deity") and dēvaputra (देवपुत्र; Pāli: devaputta; "son of god"). It is unclear what the distinction between these terms is.

Deva (2002 film)

Deva is a 2002 Bengali film directed by Sujit Guha and produced by Surinder Films under the banner of Surinder Films and Silver Vally Communications Ltd.The film features actors Prosenjit Chatterjee and Arpita Pal in the lead roles. Music of the film has been composed by Bappi Lahiri. The film was a remake of Tamil film Dheena (2001).

Deva (Jainism)

Deva is a term used to refer the celestial beings in Jainism. They are born instantaneously in special beds without any parents just like hell beings (naraki). According to Jain texts, clairvoyance (avadhi jnana) based on birth is possessed by the celestial beings.

Usage examples of "deva".

He looked up at the ornately carved ceiling painted with a fresco depicting the deva of storms, Indra.

Guru Vashishta would be no less than a deva himself by now, I warrant.

He seemed to address the plea to some invisible deva rather than to anyone present.

Like your own ancestor Lord Manu, rajkumars, who composed the laws by which civilized humans would govern themselves, descended from the deva Surya himself, who was likewise a seed spreader of the Ikshvaaku clan, and one of the founders of the Arya race.

Once Rudra became his son-in-law, Daksha was compelled by deva tradition to include him in all family rituals and affairs.

Not a single deva could be spared to go down to the realm of Prithvi and deal with the intolerable menace of Tataka.

Shani Deva, grant me a chance to fight the craven perpetrators of this onslaught.

The wheel of time, that great samay charka, which stopped for no man, deva, or Asura, revolved another fraction of a fraction of a notch of a turn.

Tell me everything you know about this Stone deva and what it has done to my people.

They had become part of the elements, each deva bound to its own earthly realm, or had grown too dependent upon the reverence of Men.

Senyas together could not save Deva from becoming a flaming inferno devoured by its own greedy sun.

Muttering the eighth discipline of Deva, she let both energy and anger drain out of her.

On Deva she would have been at least ten years older, her children safely conceived, safely born, before she saw the truth in the Face.

But Deva had burned, spewing its children out into a galaxy where they had to grow up too soon or die forever.

When that day came, the creators of the Fold would know hell as surely as Deva had.