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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ Above all he sought to dismantle the traditional peasant commune.
▪ At its centre stood the peasant commune, they believed, had preserved the peasantry from the corruption of private property.
▪ During the 1860s and 70s the populists attributed to the primitive peasant commune all the characteristics of a latent socialist order.
▪ Chicherin stopped writing private memoranda and started a debate on the peasant commune.
▪ Do you think I should go and live in a commune in San Francisco?
▪ a religious commune
▪ During the commune heydays of the early 1970s, the ranch collected a typically renegade group of cultural misfits.
▪ Even the most eager activists of 1965 soon headed for the hills of Santa Barbara and the communes of Vermont.
▪ For example, communes have difficulty in coping with adolescent children.
▪ The commune was doomed by the spread of market relations and the peasantry were becoming divided between capitalists and propertyless rural labourers.
▪ The income of the communes and cities in that year was 229 billion dinars.
▪ The place was a lot cleaner than in commune days.
▪ This covered the extraction of gold-bearing deposits beneath territory belonging to the commune of Régina.
▪ By refusing to let them in the house, you will help them commune with the elements.
▪ Having communed with their beginnings they wanted to die where they were without enduring the day ahead of them.
▪ I come to commune with the sea.
▪ I felt we were communing with something deeper than words.
▪ Intimacy is marked by cycles of encounter and withdrawal which ideally involve trusting in absence, as well as communing in each other's presence.
▪ It is a place to commune with other women.
▪ Like Moses, they climb their mountains alone, communing with creation if not the creator.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Commune \Com*mune"\ (k[o^]m*m[=u]n"), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Communed (k[o^]m*m[=u]nd"); p. pr. & vb. n. Communing.] [OF. communier, fr. L. communicare to communicate, fr. communis common. See Common, and cf. Communicate.]

  1. To converse together with sympathy and confidence; to interchange sentiments or feelings; to take counsel.

    I would commune with you of such things That want no ear but yours.

  2. To receive the communion; to partake of the eucharist or Lord's supper.

    To commune under both kinds.
    --Bp. Burnet.

    To commune with one's self or To commune with one's heart, to think; to reflect; to meditate.


Commune \Com"mune\ (k[o^]m"m[=u]n), n. Communion; sympathetic intercourse or conversation between friends.

For days of happy commune dead.


Commune \Com"mune\ (k[o^]m"m[=u]n), n. [F., fr. commun. See Common.]

  1. The commonalty; the common people. [Obs.]

    In this struggle -- to use the technical words of the time -- of the ``commune'', the general mass of the inhabitants, against the ``prudhommes'' or ``wiser'' few.
    --J. R. Green.

  2. A small territorial district in France under the government of a mayor and municipal council; also, the inhabitants, or the government, of such a district. See Arrondissement.

  3. Absolute municipal self-government.

  4. a group of people living together as an organized community and owning in common most or all of their property and possessions, and sharing work, income, and many other aspects of daily life. Such sommunities are oftten organized based on religious or idealistic principles, and they sometimes have unconventional lifestyles, practises, or moral codes. The Commune of Paris, or The Commune

    1. The government established in Paris (1792-94) by a usurpation of supreme power on the part of representatives chosen by the communes; the period of its continuance is known as the ``Reign of Terror.''

    2. The revolutionary government, modeled on the commune of 1792, which the communists, so called, attempted to establish in 1871.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

c.1300, "have dealings with," from Old French comuner "to make common, share" (10c., Modern French communier), from comun (see common (adj.)). Meaning "to talk intimately" is late 14c. Related: Communed; communing.


1792, from French commune "small territorial divisions set up after the Revolution," from Middle French commune "free city, group of citizens" (12c.), from Medieval Latin communia, noun use of neuter Latin adjective communis, literally "that which is common," from communis (see common (adj.)). The Commune of Paris usurped the government during the Reign of Terror. The word later was applied to a government on communalistic principles set up in Paris in 1871. Adherents of the 1871 government were Communards.


Etymology 1 n. 1 A small community, often rural, whose members share in the ownership of property, and in the division of labour; the members of such a community. 2 A local political division in many European countries. 3 (context obsolete English) The commonalty; the common people. 4 (context obsolete English) communion; sympathetic intercourse or conversation between friends Etymology 2

vb. 1 To converse together with sympathy and confidence; to interchange sentiments or feelings; to take counsel. 2 (context intransitive followed by '''with''' English) To communicate (with) spiritually; to be together (with); to contemplate or absorb. 3 To receive the communion.

  1. n. the smallest administrative district of several European countries

  2. a body of people or families living together and sharing everything

  3. v. communicate intimately with; be in a state of heightened, intimate receptivity; "He seemed to commune with nature"

  4. receive Communion, in the Catholic church [syn: communicate]

Commune (disambiguation)

Commune may refer to:

In society:
  • Commune, a human community in which resources are shared
  • A type of township or municipality
    • One of the Communes of France
    • One of the Communes of Chile
    • One of the Communes of Benin
    • An Italian comune
    • A Polish gmina (generally translated as "commune")
    • Kommunen in Germany (sing. eine Kommune) are the municipalities ( Gemeinden) and the districts ( Landkreise). A formal name is kommunale Gebietskörperschaften (~ regional public bodies).
  • Medieval commune, a form of mutual defense alliance
  • Commune (socialism), a leftist model for society
In history:
  • the Paris Commune (French Revolution) (1789–1795)
  • the Paris Commune (1871)
  • Commune (card game), a poker-based bluffing game
  • Commune (designers), Los Angeles based design collective
  • Commune FC, a football club in Burkina Faso
  • The Commune, anarchist newspaper published by Guy Aldred
  • Commune (film), a 2005 documentary about Black Bear Ranch narrated by Peter Coyote
  • The Commune, a 2016 Danish film
  • Commune, a 2003 album by Japanese singer Yuki Isoya
  • Commune (album) by Goat 2014

A commune (the French word appearing in the 12th century from Medieval Latin communia, meaning a large gathering of people sharing a common life; from Latin communis, things held in common) is an intentional community of people living together, sharing common interests, often having common values and beliefs, as well as shared property, possessions, resources, and, in some communes, work and income and assets. In addition to the communal economy, consensus decision-making, non-hierarchical structures and ecological living have become important core principles for many communes. Andrew Jacobs of The New York Times wrote that, contrary to popular misconceptions, "most communes of the '90s are not free-love refuges for flower children, but well-ordered, financially solvent cooperatives where pragmatics, not psychedelics, rule the day." There are many contemporary intentional communities all over the world, a list of which can be found at the Fellowship for Intentional Community (FIC).

For the usually larger-scale, political entities in communist political theory, see socialist communes, which are similar but distinct social organizations.

Commune (film)

Commune is a 2005 documentary film by Jonathan Berman. The film is about an intentional community located in Siskiyou County, California called Black Bear Ranch and features narration by Peter Coyote who himself once resided at Black Bear.

Commune (socialism)

The commune is a model of government that is generally advocated by communists, revolutionary socialists, and anarchists. The model is often characterized as being a local and transparent organization composed of delegates bound by mandates. These delegates would be recallable at any time from their positions. Proponents view the right of recall as a particularly important safeguard against corruption and unresponsiveness among the representatives.

Commune (card game)

Commune is a bluffing-based card game that requires knowledge of poker. It is best played in a large group of people, and does not require use of a table or playing surface. Gameplay is similar to Liar's dice or Liar's poker.

Commune (designers)

Commune is a design studio in Los Angeles, United States, founded in 2004. They focus on architecture, interior design, graphic design, product design, and brand management. The firm, best known for the design of the Ace Hotel and Swim Club in Palm Springs, has designed residential, commercial and hospitality projects worldwide, home and lifestyle products, and graphic and branding concepts for the fashion, arts and entertainment industries.

Commune (album)

Commune is the second studio album by Swedish experimental fusion group Goat. It was released worldwide on 22 September 2014 by Rocket Recordings, in North America on 23 September by Sub Pop, and in Scandinavia on 24 September by Stranded Records. The group also embarked on a small promotional tour across Europe in support of the album, which began on September 19 in Copenhagen, Denmark and ended on October 3 at the Roundhouse in London, England.

Usage examples of "commune".

A Central Planning Council, on which he sat, determined the proper economic mix and crops grown, coordinating with other Anchors as well, but otherwise the farms were communally held and run affairs, autonomous and sharing in the profits by getting what they wanted or needed from other communes in exchange for what they produced.

After communing through telink, Arcas refocused on the eager technicians.

Their object, as a sharp, wiry artizan bellowed into my ear, was to force the Government to consent to the election of a Commune, in order that the Chassepots may be more fairly distributed between the bourgeois and the ouvriers, and that Paris shall no longer render itself ridiculous by waiting within its walls until its provisions are exhausted and it is forced to capitulate.

I like to think that he was happy there, meditating his fill, resisting some wonderful temptations and communing betimes with passing Anthropophagi, Cynocephali, Nisnas, Blemmyes and Sciapods.

XXV But gentle even in his wildest mood, Always, and most, he loved the bluest weather, And in some soft and sunny solitude Couched like a milder sunshine on the heather, He communed with the winds, and with the birds, As if they might have answered him in words.

The caravan stopped twice on the road to the commune called Cockaigne somewhere north of Taosonce to let Billie get into the truck with the cows and complete their milking, once to refuel the internal-combustion engines with gasoline brought along in colorful and oddly shaped pottery jars.

American commercial culture co-opted the counterculture of communes and simple living, commodifying dissent, and selling it back to the dissenters.

Paris Commune, they were also used to bombard Communard positions before attacks by government troops.

Moments passed as the three of them communed empathically, their minds merging, sharing feelings, thoughts, and sensations before slowly coming back into themselves.

On the way back Father Jogues and Lalande paused to watch the Etchemins trail away, and to commune on what their duty directed them to do.

Vernier took it when he retired, and several decrees, demanded by the populace, were then passed, These decrees were the liberation and recall of the deputies lately transported and arrested, the restoration of arms to the fauxbourgs, the arrest of emigrants and Parisian journalists, the re-establishment of the communes and sections, and the suspension of the existing committees of government, which were to be superseded by a sovereign commission.

Commune of Paris, Tarnier, one night at the Maternite, was called to an inmate who, while lying in bed near the end of pregnancy, had been killed by a ball which fractured the base of the skull and entered the brain.

This series of overlapping halos communed with the flickering glow of the fire.

Christian moral-social ideals still alive in the Russian commune can thus ward off chaos.

Polaski would spend most of his time back in his cabin making longhand records in his notebook of the events of the past three days as well as the emotional reactions of the commune members to those events and their interreactions among themselves.