COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a civil action (=involving business or property, rather than a crime)
▪ The victim can seek damages in a civil action.
a civil case (=not a criminal case)
▪ He is involved with civil cases, not criminal ones.
a civil ceremony (=a wedding ceremony that is not a religious one)
▪ They married in a registrar's office, in a civil ceremony.
a civil court (=for cases about disagreements)
▪ Eviction proceedings take place in a civil court.
a civil disturbance (=fighting between different groups of people in a country)
▪ Two men had already been killed in civil disturbances.
a civil rights lawyer
▪ He has worked as a civil rights lawyer for over twenty years.
a civil society (=a society based on laws that everyone accepts)
▪ The protection of human rights is essential for a civil society.
a civil trial (=for cases dealing with the private affairs of citizens, rather than cases involving a crime)
▪ In civil trials, the jury's decision need not be unanimous.
a civil war (=between opposing groups within a country)
▪ the English Civil War
a civil weddingAmerican English (= a wedding that is not performed by a religious leader)
▪ Only church or civil weddings have full legal status.
Civil Contingencies Committee, the
civil engineer (=one who designs and builds roads, bridges etc)
▪ He trained as a civil engineer .
civil law (=laws concerning disagreements between people, rather than crimes)
▪ The punishment for breaking civil law is usually a fine.
civil liability (=responsiblity for injury or damage covered by civil law)
▪ A company operating a ship which spills oil into the sea will face civil liability.
civil proceedings (=not relating to a criminal charge)
▪ The couple say they will take civil proceedings against the medics for professional misconduct.
civil rights demonstration/movement etc
▪ a civil rights leader
civil rights (=the rights that every person in a society should have)
▪ As a young man, he was deeply involved in the struggle for civil rights.
▪ the civil rights movement
▪ a civil rights leader
▪ a civil suit
civil unrest (=between groups of people in a country, or between the people and the government)
▪ Our country is being ripped apart by civil unrest.
▪ the Spanish Civil War
ethnic/religious/civil etc strife
▪ a time of political strife
protest/civil rights/peace etc march
▪ I went on a lot of peace marches when I was a student.
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
▪ But the solicitor for the three cleared men says he doubts a civil action would have succeeded.
▪ The civil action, filed by the victims' families, is scheduled to go to trial April 2.
▪ A civil action for trespass to the person followed.
▪ Still, both groups do get involved in civil actions against individuals.
▪ In a civil action for damages at Melbourne magistrates' court, Dale denied punching De Pace.
▪ These civil actions failed to stop the irrepressible hotelier from operating his illegal ferry system.
▪ Such civil action settlements, whilst absolutely large are again relatively insignificant.
▪ A second typical case would be a civil action suit which will probably move slowly and take two to three years.
▪ The proposed merger called into question Britain's civil aviation policy of the previous twenty years.
▪ In addition to civil aviation crashes, the independent board looks into some highway, railroad, marine and pipeline accidents.
▪ The Assembly passed a law on civil aviation and amended existing legislation on export-import taxes.
▪ At the same time Beaverbrook told the House of Lords of Britain's willingness to attend an international conference on civil aviation.
▪ Roosevelt, like Churchill, saw the significance of postwar civil aviation, and believed in free and open competition.
▪ This radical and sweeping blueprint for Britain's peacetime civil aviation industry was considered by the War Cabinet on 25 February 1943.
▪ The comparable figures for research connected with defence, space and civil aviation were £1343 million, £52 million and £69 million.
▪ But shortly after the trial the twin's parents announced that they were considering pursuing a civil case for damages.
▪ Such cases could be met by adopting for civil cases a procedure similar to the Attorney-General's reference in criminal proceedings.
▪ In the civil case, the plaintiffs sought to shield him from such harsh treatment by limiting the scope of his testimony.
▪ Figure 1.3 represents the appeal structure for civil cases, Figure 1.4 the appeal structure in criminal cases.
▪ Nor is there any double jeopardy bar to a civil case following a criminal acquittal.
▪ It is available in criminal as well as civil cases.
▪ The hell can you do in a civil case?
▪ Currently eviction must follow lengthy proceedings in the civil courts.
▪ For the moment, these religious courts work in tandem with Soviet-style civil courts.
▪ Figure 1.1 represents the civil court structure and Figure 1.2 represents the criminal court structure.
▪ The Woldemariams have a wrongful death case against Broadus and Lee pending in civil court.
▪ Yet the structure of the civil court and the way they work has not kept pace with these changes.
▪ Martial law can not operate where civil courts are open. 20.
▪ He said the country's criminal and civil courts were creaking at the seams in spite of efforts to shore them up.
▪ Simpson was acquitted in 1995 and is now being sued in civil court by the victims' families.
▪ The country has made few preparations for civil defence.
▪ These difficulties were greatly exacerbated by poor civil defence planning.
▪ Non-cooperation and civil disobedience, as Gandhi understands them, can not be construed as a coercive threat in this sense.
▪ We would not endorse civil disobedience.
▪ Nothing in their training or previous experience had accustomed them to this kind of civil disobedience.
▪ In Pittsburgh, there were a few sit-ins, invasions of churches, minor civil disobedience.
▪ This was true civil disobedience rather than mere non-co-operation.
▪ The week I spent in the ashram this energy and passion were driving Gandhi toward another campaign of civil disobedience.
▪ The Battle of Seattle was certainly a spectacular display of civil disobedience-but did it represent anything more than that?
▪ Do we intend to commit civil disobedience?
▪ By 1968, 15,000 men had been trained for handling civil disorder.
▪ It hopes for a significant export trade in this latest answer to civil disorder.
▪ Hunger, disease and civil disorder would destroy what was left of civilization.
▪ Most movement is voluntary; some is involuntary and in response to conflict, civil disorder, and natural disaster.
▪ Yu was thus the very symbol of civil disorder.
▪ The Public Order Act represented the culmination of a long debate within the government about how increased civil disorder should be controlled.
▪ He had chosen November 5 as a traditional day of civil disturbance.
▪ On discovering the fretting, he informed the chief civil engineer who imposed a strict speed limit on the bridge.
▪ The Internal Revenue Service acknowledges that McGill, a retired civil engineer, never owed the government.
▪ Workshops and initiatives for the newly arrived civil engineers, tile-makers and labourers did not materialise.
▪ Trafalgar was chiefly a property group, with hotel and travel interests and civil engineers such as Trollope and Colls.
▪ Brad Joss, civil engineer, killed in a vehicle accident in Sonoma County on Jan. 4, 1994.
▪ He also had a working association with the civil engineer Robert Sabine, one of the pioneers of transatlantic telegraphy.
▪ The some one was a respected civil engineer, Charles B.. Stuart, who had worked surveying both lines.
▪ This week we are starting the service with a selection of contracts in the energy and civil engineering sectors.
▪ But his principal contribution was in the field of civil engineering, as a builder of road and railway bridges.
▪ Robots for civil engineering will be worth £23 million by the same year, the association calculates.
▪ At the age of twenty-four he began an apprenticeship with Stothert &038; Company of Bath, civil engineering contractors.
▪ This it estimated would cost between £120 million and £225 million because it would need major civil engineering works.
▪ He completed two years of a civil engineering course at Nottingham University before moving to Lyon.
▪ Almost everywhere these edifices of civil engineering, the basis of life in urban Britain, have been taken for granted.
▪ Or for a civil engineering student not to appreciate the environmental implications of large-scale works such as the channel tunnel.
▪ Yet solicitors had considerable anxieties about aspects of the preparations for this drastic re-engineering of the civil justice system.
▪ Six months is not a long time in which to evaluate the most radical overhaul of the civil justice system since 1875.
▪ The civil law position is less problematical.
▪ At age sixteen, he had received his doctorate in canon and civil law.
▪ What civil laws might have been tempered with mercy as a result?
▪ Many of these provisions would be quite unacceptable to a civil law country.
▪ Moreover, once the elements of theft are satisfied, it does not matter that the victim has no civil law remedy.
▪ In post-classical law the traditional procedural scheme of the civil law evaporated, and all claims were heard under the cognitio procedure.
▪ Many civil law systems find room for oral evidence at the eventual hearing.
▪ At civil law reasonable force may be used to evict a trespasser.
▪ From the early 1960s the party had seen the issue of civil liberties as a key area of agitation.
▪ The bill has bogged down in bitter disputes over the balance between law enforcement and civil liberties.
▪ Many abolitionists' heads had been bloodied and civil liberties abused without benefit of federal protection.
▪ Certainly Clinton and Gore could have done more to advance civil liberties.
▪ The civil liberties group is seeking a preliminary injunction barring Republican Gov.
▪ The willingness to bend the rules to authorize a major invasion of civil liberties contrasts sharply with the Spycatcher case.
▪ The other force wants privacy and civil liberties.
▪ This is not civil liberty but plain silliness.
▪ Under Conservative rule civil liberty became seriously eroded.
▪ The Westerners, on the other hand, envisaged progress towards civil liberty and economic justice along Western lines.
▪ If this had been ordinary civil litigation I would have agreed.
▪ The constitutional question before the court is whether a sitting president may be forced to face civil litigation while in office.
▪ After that, Feingold joined a Madison law firm and practiced civil litigation, including First Amendment law.
▪ Allen goes on to explain that his own work is in civil litigation.
▪ Clearly civil litigation is often very expensive.
▪ It is also manna to lawyers looking for juicy briefs in civil litigation.
▪ The immunity of diplomats from civil proceedings was also being more and more clearly asserted.
▪ It was suggested that under the circumstances civil proceedings might have been preferable to a court martial.
▪ The Act contains similar requirements to those in civil proceedings.
▪ Infringements can be dealt with by an out-of-court settlement or if necessary by civil proceedings.
▪ There is no legal requirement for a child's evidence to be corroborated in civil proceedings.
▪ Either criminal or civil proceedings may be brought by the Attorney General.
▪ Under civil proceedings, the appropriate care and cure of the young offender is, in theory at least, the only consideration.
▪ However, I wish to address one potentially significant impact of the Act in relation to secure accommodation applications in civil proceedings.
▪ Some senior civil servants remain sceptical.
▪ Ministers were not civil servants, but rarely developed a distinct role.
▪ His civil servant thought that Ramsey should be invited.
▪ Many ministers and senior civil servants are convinced Britain will be dragged into the civil war in 1993.
▪ He will meet civil servants from Britain on 15 April.
▪ One civil servant has retired on ill health grounds and two downgraded.
▪ The internal fax was addressed to a dozen civil servants within the Department of Social Security.
▪ However, civil servants may appear in magistrates' courts as prosecutors without violating this restrictive practice.
▪ The same principle applies to the civil service, where rank is determined in part by the number of employees one supervises.
▪ For those in this upper-middle range of ability employment in the civil service may well offer better rewards.
▪ These three, but particularly the Compendium, became the basis of all civil service examinations.
▪ But the episode nevertheless did focus attention on the corruption that is rife within the civil service.
▪ The terms of employment, which are still linked to the civil service, are to be changed.
▪ However, most national politicians and local councillors share the civil service preference for the functional and centralized system based on Whitehall.
▪ As for the civil service, it had to be cut down to the lowest level necessary.
▪ The State exercises coercion, but civil society performs the function of maintaining hegemony, or domination by consent.
▪ They will further the integration of their armed forces with civil society as an important expression of democracy. 21.
▪ We must look at what people would be like outside of, and prior to, civil society.
▪ All efforts to develop a civil society and increase contacts might now be terminated.
▪ I propose a New Deal between government and civil society actors in global governance.
▪ In the shorthand of the modern world, business is seen as dynamic, civil society as conservative.
▪ Democratic civil society is relatively strong and well-organised.
▪ Success will require partnership with other states, international agencies, civil society and with the pharmaceutical industry.
▪ Ethically, it is impossible to redistribute income intentionally in a developing country to see if civil strife erupts.
▪ After a week of civil strife, Jerusalem itself was captured by the rebels.
▪ For a considerable part of the intervening period there was recurrent civil strife between magnate and dynastic factions.
▪ They blamed the republic's nationalistic coalition government for the slide into civil strife.
▪ But there were present all the ingredients of stasis, civil strife.
▪ His final model of civil strife is depicted in Figure 5.1.
▪ Many others were involved in civil suits or attended court as spectators.
▪ Only 42 civil suits resulted, with no verdicts in favor of the plaintiff.
▪ Canseco is now 6-0 in civil suits.
▪ The guy could still walk, and we had filed a civil suit, for assault and battery.
▪ In 1995, their civil suits were among the more than 40, 000 filed in federal courts by prison inmates.
▪ The civil suit, which had sought $ 10 million in damages, ended in an undisclosed settlement on Tuesday, however.
▪ Forsyth sued; but when the civil suit was finally argued, he lost.
▪ Higgins' parents are pursuing a civil suit against six Cowboys officers.
▪ In the civil trial, Simpson did both and came off looking very much like a man who had much to hide.
▪ Some victims of police abuse received compensation in local civil trials.
▪ The civil trial provided a more subdued sequel, since Fujisaki refused to allow television cameras into his courtroom.
▪ And civil trials and criminal trials are very different in different ways.
▪ Unlike during the criminal trial, the civil trial was based on three separate lawsuits.
▪ Fuhrman did not testify in the civil trial.
▪ The loss of revenue from areas of the country affected by civil unrest had also contributed to the deficit.
▪ If there was civil unrest, they said, it would be the responsibility of the attorney-general, Janet Reno.
▪ Urban violence and civil unrest were mushrooming like small bombs threatening to blow up the machine from within.
▪ The civil unrest was not his department.
▪ Religious dissent is, indeed, one source of civil unrest.
▪ There was increased military representation, reflecting the leadership's concern that economic reforms might lead to civil unrest.
▪ So long as we're mainly dependent upon oil, the possibility of high prices and ensuing civil unrest will always exist.
▪ George Orwell wrote of the civil war within a civil war, for he was present when this conflict erupted in Barcelona.
▪ This is civil war, and civil wars are ipso facto destructive for all involved.
▪ The civil war that followed claimed far more civilians than combatants; by some estimates the death toll exceeds 200,000.
▪ The crisis has unsettled financial markets and brought dire predictions of revolution or civil war from some politicians.
▪ This was followed by intervention, by an ... intensification of the class struggle, which assumed the form of civil war.
▪ We have to judge whether recognition of two republics now would increase the very real danger of civil war in other republics.
▪ A rising inflationary trend and a persistent fiscal deficit during 1990 were exacerbated by the continuing civil war and rising petrol prices.
▪ The communities were not directly affected by civil war or violence.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
keep a civil tongue in your head
the Civil List
the civil service
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪ civil aviation
▪ I expect a civil answer when I ask you a question.
▪ I know you don't like Phil, but try to be civil.
▪ I wish you'd be a little more civil towards our guests.
▪ Many civil cases can be settled out of court.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ Since an exchange's rules are a civil contract, the prosecution only needs to meet the civil law standard of proof.
▪ The internal organization of state policy-making has tended to reflect the lines of cleavage within dominant economic groups of civil society.
▪ This concept is based on the fact that for both civil and military imports there is only one source of financing exports.