Crossword clues for cavalry
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
1540s, from Middle French cavalerie (16c.), from Italian cavalleria "mounted militia," from cavaliere (see cavalier (n.)). An Old English word for it was horshere.
n. 1 (context military uncountable English) The military arm of service that fights while riding horses. 2 (context military countable English) An individual unit of the cavalry arm of service. 3 (context military countable English) The branch of the military transported by fast light vehicles, also known as mechanized cavalry.
Cavalry (from French cavalerie, cf. cheval 'horse') or horsemen were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback. Cavalry were historically the most mobile of the combat arms. An individual soldier in the cavalry is known by a number of designations such as cavalryman, horseman, dragoon, or trooper.
The designation of cavalry was not usually given to any military force that used other animals, such as camels, mules or elephants. Infantry who moved on horseback, but dismounted to fight on foot, were known in the 17th and early 18th centuries as dragoons, a class of mounted infantry which later evolved into cavalry proper while retaining their historic title.
From earliest times cavalry had the advantage of improved mobility, and a man fighting from horseback also had the advantages of greater height, speed, and inertial mass over an opponent on foot. Another element of horse mounted warfare is the psychological impact a mounted soldier can inflict on an opponent.
The speed, mobility and shock value of the cavalry was greatly appreciated and exploited in armed forces in the Ancient and Middle Ages; some forces were mostly cavalry, particularly in nomadic societies of Asia, notably the Mongol armies. In Europe cavalry became increasingly armoured (heavy), and eventually became known for the mounted knights. During the 17th century cavalry in Europe lost most of its armor, ineffective against the muskets and cannon which were coming into use, and by the mid-19th century armor had mainly fallen into disuse, although some regiments retained a small thickened cuirass that offered protection against lances and sabres and some protection against shot.
In the period between the World Wars, many cavalry units were converted into motorized infantry and mechanized infantry units, or reformed as tank troops. However, some cavalry still served during World War II, notably in the Red Army, the Mongolian People's Army, the Royal Italian Army, the Romanian Army, the Polish Land Forces, and light reconnaissance units within the Waffen SS. Most cavalry units that are horse-mounted in modern armies serve in purely ceremonial roles, or as mounted infantry in difficult terrain such as mountains or heavily forested areas. Modern usage of the term generally refers to specialist units equipped with tanks ("armored cavalry") or aircraft ("air cavalry").
Cavalry is a 1936 American film directed by Robert N. Bradbury.
Cavalry are soldiers who fight while mounted on horses.
Cavalry may also refer to:
- Cavalry (1936 American film), a 1936 American film directed by Robert N. Bradbury
- Cavalry (1936 Italian film), a 1936 Italian film starring Amadeo Nazzari
- Cavalry: Its History and Tactics, an 1860 book by Lewis Edward Nolan
- Cavalry: Its History, Management, and Uses in War, an 1863 book by Jean Roemer
- Cavalry (comics), a Marvel comics superhero team
- The Cavalry, the nickname of character Melinda May in the television series Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.
- In modern usage, the term ''cavalry'' is popularly applied to a person or persons who serve the role of last-minute savior or back-up. Upon this particular person or persons' arrival, it is usually exclaimed that: ''The Cavalry has arrived!''.
Cavalry'' (Italian:Cavalleria'') is a 1936 Italian drama film directed by Goffredo Alessandrini and starring Amedeo Nazzari, Elisa Cegani and Luigi Carini. The film marked Nazzari's first role as a lead actor, after making his film debut the previous year. It was a box office success and established some of his personal traits that would be brought out even more clearly in his breakthrough role Luciano Serra, Pilot (1938).
Usage examples of "cavalry".
With few forces to spare, no more than an armored cavalry regiment would initially be deployed in the vast province abutting an unfriendly country and including large Sunni cities.
French, with his cavalry, pushed out feelers, and coasted along the edge of the advancing host.
Right now, the action was all afoot, and hand-to-hand, and there was no place for a mounted force to goexcept for the heavy cavalry, who kept trying to plow through the enemy lines without getting trapped behind them.
Forfarshire he found lord Airlie and his sons awaiting him, with the welcome addition of fifty horse, which formed his entire cavalry.
So 430 troops of the 1st Battalion, 7th Air Cavalry, Airmobile, 1st Cavalry Division, loaded on UH-1 helicopters, known as Hueys, and went on a search-and-destroy mission.
The difficulty of procuring provisions was extreme, and the means he was compelled to employ for that purpose greatly heightened the evil, at the same time insubordination and want of discipline prevailed to such an alarming degree that it would be as difficult as painful to depict the situation of our army at this period, Marmont, by his steady conduct, fortunately succeeded in correcting the disorders which prevailed, and very soon found himself at the head of a well-organised army, amounting to 30,000 infantry, with forty pieces of artillery, but he had only a very small body of cavalry, and those ill-mounted.
O clock and took a hearty alfresco breakfast with his officers under the shade of a spread tarpaulin and then, from the rear seat of the Rolls, he gave a clenched fist cavalry order to advance.
Harphaxi mercenary cavalry made a brief feint toward the left of the Hostigi force, but the arquebusiers let fly, their volley felling two score of horses and emptying a few saddles.
He had a tolerably large escort: two hundred Hebrian arquebusiers and swordsmen and eighty heavy cavalry armed with lances and paired matchlock pistols.
The Tsar Alexander and his namesake heir-apparent, the Tsesarevich Alexander, wore the sapphire-blue uniform of the Ataman Kazakh Cavalry, with the massive medal of the Cross of St.
Beyond Balan were the divisions of Vassoigne and the brigade of Reboul, on this side of Iges were the two cavalry divisions of Margueritte and Bonnemains.
In its centre was the battalia composed of six hundred splendid cavalry, all noblemen of France, supported by a column of three hundred Swiss and two thousand French infantry.
Henry set his troops in motion, and the battalia charged down upon the disordered cavalry of the League.
Vickars had borne his part in the charges of the Huguenot cavalry, but as the company to which he belonged was in the rear of the battalia, he had no personal encounters with the enemy.
The burly Lucas Meyer, smart young Smuts fresh from the siege of Ookiep, Beyers from the north, Kemp the dashing cavalry leader, Muller the hero of many fights--all these with many others of their sun-blackened, gaunt, hard-featured comrades were grouped within the great tent of Vereeniging.