Crossword clues for caryopsis
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Caryopsis \Car`y*op"sis\, n.; pl. Caryopses. [NL., fr. gr. ? hut, kernel + ? sight, form.] (Bot.) A one-celled, dry, indehiscent fruit, with a thin membranous pericarp, adhering closely to the seed, so that fruit and seed are incorporated in one body, forming a single grain, as of wheat, barley, etc. [1913 Webster] ||
n. A type of fruit in which the fruit skin is stuck to the seed coat; especially the grain of a cereal.
In botany, a caryopsis (plural caryopses) is a type of simple dry fruit—one that is monocarpellate (formed from a single carpel) and indehiscent (not opening at maturity) and resembles an achene, except that in a caryopsis the pericarp is fused with the thin seed coat.
The term grain is also used in a more general sense as synonymous with cereal (as in "cereal grains", which include some non-Poaceae). Considering that the fruit wall and the seed are intimately fused into a single unit, and the caryopsis or grain is a dry fruit, little concern is given to technically separating the terms fruit and seed in these plant structures. In many grains, the " hulls" to be separated before processing are actually flower bracts.