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Benzenehexol

Benzenehexol, also called hexahydroxybenzene, is an organic compound with formula CHO or C(OH). It is a six-fold phenol of benzene.

 A. J. Fatiadi and W. F. Sager (1973), Hexahydroxybenzene [Benzenehexol] Organic Syntheses, Coll. Vol. 5, p. 595

 Gerd Leston(1996), (Polyhydroxy)benzenes. In Kirk‑Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, John Wiley & Sons. 

The product is also called hexaphenol,

 J.I.G. Codagan, John Buckingham, Finlay J. MacDonald, P. H. Rhodes (1996), Dictionary of organic compounds. CRC Press. 9000 pages. ISBN 0-412-54090-8, ISBN 978-0-412-54090-5.

but this name has been used also for other substances.

 HEXAPHENOL Basic information. Chemical Book. Accessed on 2009-07-05.

Benzenehexol is a crystalline solid soluble in hot water, with a melting point above 310°. It can be prepared from inositol (cyclohexanehexol). Oxidation of benzenehexol yields tetrahydroxy-p-benzoquinone (THBQ), rhodizonic acid, and dodecahydroxycyclohexane.

  Conversely, benzenehexol can be obtained by reduction of  sodium THBQ salt with  SnCl/ HCl.
 Sandeep Kumar (2006), Self-organization of disc-like molecules: chemical aspects. Chem. Soc. Rev., volume 35, 83–109. 

Benzenehexol is a starting material for a class of discotic liquid crystals.

Benzenehexol forms an adduct with 2,2'-bipyridine, with 1:2 molecular ratio.

 John A. Cowan, Judith A. K. Howard, Michael A. Leech, Horst Puschmann and Ian D. Williams (2001), Hexahydroxybenzene—2,2'-bipyridine (1/2). Acta Crystallographica Section C, volume C57, 1194–1195.