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Baku (, ) is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region. Baku is located below sea level, which makes it the lowest lying national capital in the world and also the largest city in the world located below sea level. It is located on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula, alongside the Bay of Baku. At the beginning of 2009, Baku's urban population was estimated at just over two million people. Officially, about 25 percent of all inhabitants of the country live in Baku's metropolitan area.

Baku is divided into eleven administrative districts (raions) and 48 townships. Among these are the townships on the islands of the Baku Archipelago, and the town of Oil Rocks built on stilts in the Caspian Sea, away from Baku. The Inner City of Baku, along with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower, were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000. According to the Lonely Planet's ranking, Baku is also among the world's top ten destinations for urban nightlife.

The city is the scientific, cultural and industrial center of Azerbaijan. Many sizeable Azerbaijani institutions have their headquarters there, including SOCAR, one of the world's top 100 companies. The Baku International Sea Trade Port is capable of handling two million tons of general and dry bulk cargoes per year. In recent years, Baku has become an important venue for international events. It hosted the 57th Eurovision Song Contest in 2012, the 2015 European Games, the 2016 European Grand Prix and will host UEFA Euro 2020.

The city is renowned for its harsh winds. This is reflected in the city's nickname, the " City of Winds."

Baku (spirit)

are Japanese supernatural beings that devour dreams and nightmares. According to legend, they were created by the spare pieces that were left over when the gods finished creating all other animals. They have a long history in Japanese folklore and art, and more recently have appeared in Japanese anime and manga.

The Japanese term baku has two current meanings, referring to both the traditional dream-devouring creature and to the zoological tapir (e.g., the Malayan Tapir). In recent years, there have been changes in how the baku is depicted.

Baku (disambiguation)

Baku may refer to:

  • Baku, Azerbaijan, the capital of Azerbaijan
  • Baku (province), an administrative division of the Russian Empire
  • Baku, Ghana, a town in Ghana
  • Baku, Nepal
  • Baku (destroyer leader), a Soviet destroyer leader
  • Soviet aircraft carrier Admiral Gorshkov, briefly named Baku
  • Baku (spirit), a chimeric creature in Japanese mythology said to eat nightmares
  • Baku (Monster Rancher), a fictional creature in the video game series and anime Monster Rancher
  • Ba'ku, a fictional race in the Star Trek universe
  • Baku (manga), a manga by Hakase Mizuki
  • Baku (park), the only water park on the island of Fuerteventura
  • Baku, a character from the anime series Onegai My Melody
  • Baku (Dungeons & Dragons), a fictional monster
Baku (Tokyo Black Cat Girl)
Baku (manga)

is a manga by Hakase Mizuki that was published in Wings and has been licensed by Tokyopop.

Baku (Dungeons & Dragons)

In the Dungeons & Dragons role-playing game, the baku ( or ) is a type of outsider.

Usage examples of "baku".

Russian lady of distinction, in company with her husband and sons, to a temple of the Indian sect of Gebers, or Fire Worshippers, near Baku, a city of Georgia, lying on the Caspian Sea.

He was the chief priest from the temple of the Gebers, and had come to Baku to see the Easter festivities.

Whether in a Siberian labor camp, or sweating in the Baku oil fields, or turned into an inhuman on the surface of Mars, his life was shit and it would stay that way until he could make it something else, until he could wrest his due from the oppressors.

Boris Tiban found himself assigned to a work detail in the Baku oil fields, away from the more civilized Republics to a place where work was hard and dirty and constant, so that he should have no time to think about causing trouble.

Tiban was assigned to work in the refinery complex north of Baku city.

Crude oil came in from the Baku fields, pumped through furnaces into the fractionating towers, where the superhot crude was separated into light, medium, and heavy fractions.

This would be better than executing the vice commander in front of international newsnets, better than blowing up the Baku oil refinery.

This presupposes the mastery of the Black Sea, in which the Russians have at present an overwhelming naval superiority, involving the capture of Sebastopol and also of Novorossisk, the subsequent traversing of the Caucasus from Batum to Baku, or alternatively a movement north of the Black Sea and through the Caucasus from north to south.

I cannot feel any confidence that the Germans will be prevented from occupying the Baku oilfields, or that the Russians will effectively destroy these fields.

The only thing we have it in our power to do is to base four or five heavy bombing squadrons in Northern Persia to aid the Russians in the defence of the Caucasus, if that be possible, and if the worst happens to bomb the Baku oilfields effectively and try to set the ground alight.

Three months ago we were forced to expect a German advance through the Caucasus to the Caspian and the Baku oilfields.

You may judge how melancholy our position would have been if we had been beaten by Rommel, and if the Caucasus, the Baku oil-wells, and Persia had been overrun by the enemy.

On the western shore, which we could dimly see, lay Baku and its oilfields.

Accordingly, in the afternoon a second meeting was held, at which the Russians repeated what Stalin had said to us, to the effect that twenty-five divisions would be assigned to the defence of the Caucasus mountain line and the passages at either end, and that they believed they could hold both Batum and Baku and the Caucasus range until the winter snows greatly improved their position.

I asked particularly whether he would be able to hold the Caucasus mountain passes, and also prevent the Germans reaching the Caspian, taking the oilfields round Baku, with all that meant, and then driving southward through Turkey or Persia.