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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Aliment \Al"i*ment\, n. [L. alimentum, fr. alere to nourish; akin to Goth. alan to grow, Icel. ala to nourish: cf. F. aliment. See Old.]

  1. That which nourishes; food; nutriment; anything which feeds or adds to a substance in natural growth. Hence: The necessaries of life generally: sustenance; means of support.

    Aliments of their sloth and weakness.

  2. An allowance for maintenance. [Scot.]


Aliment \Al"i*ment\, v. t.

  1. To nourish; to support.

  2. To provide for the maintenance of. [Scot.]

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

"food," late 15c., from Latin alimentum "nourishment," in plural, "food, provisions," from alere "to nourish" (see alimentary).


n. 1 (context now rare English) food. 2 (context figuratively English) nourishment, sustenance. 3 (context Scotland English) An allowance for maintenance. vb. 1 (context obsolete English) To feed, nourish. 2 To sustain, support.

  1. n. a source of materials to nourish the body [syn: nutriment, nourishment, nutrition, sustenance, alimentation, victuals]

  2. v. give nourishment to [syn: nutrify, nourish]


Aliment, in Scots law and in other civil systems, is the sum paid or allowance given in respect of the reciprocal obligation of parents and children, husband and wife, grandparents and grandchildren, to contribute to each other's maintenance. The term is also used in regard to a similar obligation of other parties, as of creditors to imprisoned debtors, the payments by parishes to paupers, etc.

Alimentary funds, whether of the kind above mentioned, or set apart as such by the deed of a testator, are intended for the mere support of the recipient, and are not attachable by creditors.

Usage examples of "aliment".

The most fertile districts of the habitable globe are now actually cultivated by men for animals, at a delay and waste of aliment absolutely incapable of calculation.

It is then visited by those elevated meditations which are the proper aliment of noble souls, and are, like manna, sent from heaven, in the wilderness of this world.

This was placed on the ground and held firmly, while one or two more stood round ready to aliment the flame, when kindled, with dry leaves and bark, scraped into very thin shavings.

The convent had now brought her the aliment for which she had instinctively longed.

Much as we have gained, we have not yet thoroughly shaken off the notion that poison is the natural food of disease, as wholesome aliment is the support of health.

Such aliment would have been not only highly nutritious, but it would also have acted as an efficient remedial agent for the removal of the scorbutic condition.

In the Propontis, as far as I can learn, none of that peculiar substance called brit is to be found, the aliment of the right whale.

When these proofs come fairly before the world, and are clearly seen by all who understand arithmetic, it is scarcely possible that abstinence from aliments demonstrably pernicious should not become universal.

They saw every one round them sharing the same lot, enduring the same hardships, feeding on the same aliments, arrayed in the same rude garments.

When the science of medicine reaches perfection, treatment will be given by foods, aliments, fragrant fruits, and vegetables, and by various waters, hot and cold in temperature.

When a native is under the interdict, certain aliments are denied him for a prescribed period.

If our lungs find in the atmosphere the aliment they need, it is thanks to the inconceivably incoherent forests of arborescent fern.

There are numerous instances of horses, sheep, oxen, and even wood-pigeons, having been taught to live upon flesh, until they have loathed their natural aliment.

The inspiration of the Scriptures, that dogma the truth of which consisted in the scriptural value of the Biblical books, as giving a sure basis for faith, as supplying aliment to piety, and elevating the heart, more and more loses its miraculous character to approach analogous phenomena drawn from religions in general, or from other fields where the mind of man reveals itself as inspired.

When a native is under the interdict, certain aliments are denied him for a prescribed period.