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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Zebra \Ze"bra\, n. [Pg. zebra; cf. Sp. cebra; probably from a native African name.] (Zo["o]l.) Any member of three species of African wild horses remarkable for having the body white or yellowish white, and conspicuously marked with dark brown or brackish bands.

Note: The true or mountain zebra ( Equus zebra syn. Asinus zebra) is nearly white, and the bands which cover the body and legs are glossy black. Its tail has a tuft of black hair at the tip. It inhabits the mountains of Central and Southern Africa, and is noted for its wariness and wildness, as well as for its swiftness. The second species ( Equus Burchellii syn. Asinus Burchellii or Equus quagga), known as Burchell's zebra, plains zebra, and dauw, is the most abundant, inhabiting the grassy plains of tropical and southern Africa, and differing from the preceding in not having dark bands on the legs, while those on the body are more irregular. It has a long tail, covered with long white flowing hair. Grevy's zebra ( Equus grevyi) is distinct from the others in being placed in the subgenus Dolichohippus, whereas the plains and mountain zebras are placed in the subgenus Hippotigris. More on zebras can be found at:

Zebra caterpillar, the larva of an American noctuid moth ( Mamestra picta). It is light yellow, with a broad black stripe on the back and one on each side; the lateral stripes are crossed with withe lines. It feeds on cabbages, beets, clover, and other cultivated plants.

Zebra opossum, the zebra wolf. See under Wolf.

Zebra parrakeet, an Australian grass parrakeet, often kept as a cage bird. Its upper parts are mostly pale greenish yellow, transversely barred with brownish black crescents; the under parts, rump, and upper tail coverts, are bright green; two central tail feathers and the cheek patches are blue. Called also canary parrot, scallop parrot, shell parrot, and undulated parrot.

Zebra poison (Bot.), a poisonous tree ( Euphorbia arborea) of the Spurge family, found in South Africa. Its milky juice is so poisonous that zebras have been killed by drinking water in which its branches had been placed, and it is also used as an arrow poison.
--J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).

Zebra shark. Same as Tiger shark, under Tiger.

Zebra spider, a hunting spider.

Zebra swallowtail, a very large North American swallow-tailed butterfly ( Iphiclides ajax), in which the wings are yellow, barred with black; -- called also ajax.

Zebra wolf. See under Wolf.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

name of two Greek heroes in the Trojan War (Great Ajax, son of Telamon, and Little Ajax, son of Oileus), Latin, from Greek Aias, perhaps originally the name of an earth-god, from aia "earth." The Elizabethans punned on the name as a jakes "a privy."


prep. (context Polari English) Nearby, over there

Ajax (mythology)

Ajax or Aias ( or ; , gen. Αἴαντος Aiantos) is a mythological Greek hero, the son of King Telamon and Periboea, and the half-brother of Teucer. He plays an important role, and is portrayed as a towering figure and a warrior of great courage in Homer's Iliad and in the Epic Cycle, a series of epic poems about the Trojan War. He is also referred to as "Telamonian Ajax," "Greater Ajax," or "Ajax the Great", which distinguishes him from Ajax, son of Oileus ( Ajax the Lesser). In Etruscan mythology, he is known as Aivas Tlamunus.

Ajax (American automobile)

See also: Ajax (1906 automobile) - Swiss car; Ajax (1913 automobile) - French car; or Ajax (1921 automobile) - American car.

The Ajax was an American automobile brand manufactured by the Nash Motors Company of Kenosha, Wisconsin, in 1925 and 1926. The Ajax was produced in the newly acquired Mitchell Motors Company plant in Racine, Wisconsin. In 1926, all Ajax models were converted into Nash Light Sixes.

Ajax (1913 automobile)

The Ajax was a French automobile built by the American Briscoe brothers, Benjamin and Frank, between 1913 and 1919. Originally built in Neuilly, it was a 12 hp cyclecar with 980 cc 4-cylinder engine with friction drive. It sold for ₤78.

Production continued after the brothers returned to the United States where they built the Argo car, which was similar to the Ajax, differing in the inclusion of a more conventional transmission.

Ajax (1921 automobile)

The Ajax was an American assembled 5 seat touring car automobile that never went beyond the prototypical stage. It was to have a Continental 7-R six- cylinder engine with a wheelbase, and had been slated to begin production in 1921.

Category:Vintage vehicles Category:Defunct motor vehicle manufacturers of the United States

Ajax (play)

Sophocles' Ajax, or Aias ( or ; , gen. ), is a Greek tragedy written in the 5th century BCE. Ajax may be the earliest of Sophocles' seven tragedies to have survived, though it is probable that he had been composing plays for a quarter of a century already when it was first staged. It appears to belong to the same period as his Antigone, which was probably performed in 442 or 441 BCE, when he was 55 years old. The play depicts the fate of the warrior Ajax, after the events of the Iliad but before the end of the Trojan War.

Ajax (comics)

Ajax is the codename belonging to two different characters appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. One character is the descendant of a demigod, the other a mercenary.

The mercenary Ajax is portrayed by Ed Skrein in the 2016 feature film Deadpool.

Ajax (1906 automobile)

The Ajax was a Swiss automobile built from 1906 to 1910. Dr. G. Aigner built his first car in Zürich in 1906, but failed. The remains were taken over by a company led by three directors from New York, Java and Switzerland. A chain-drive monobloc 20/27cv four was introduced early on; the company failed soon after, but regrouped and reformed in 1907. That year the company introduced four new models. These were a 2270 cc 16 cv four and a 3267 cc 24cv four, as well as bi-bloc sixes of 3405 cc and 4900 cc. The cars had a mechanical starter, which would begin operating the moment anybody stood on the running board. In 1907 two Ajax cars competed at the Targa Florio race. One car was crashed, the other failed. The company made an unsuccessful venture into the Droschke ( taxi) business which forced its closure once again in February 1910, this time for good.

Category:Brass Era vehicles Category:Motor vehicle manufacturers of Switzerland Category:Defunct motor vehicle manufacturers Category:Defunct companies of Switzerland

Ajax (programming)

Ajax (also AJAX; ; short for asynchronous JavaScript and XML) is a set of web development techniques using many web technologies on the client-side to create asynchronous Web applications. With Ajax, web applications can send data to and retrieve from a server asynchronously (in the background) without interfering with the display and behavior of the existing page. By decoupling the data interchange layer from the presentation layer, Ajax allows for web pages, and by extension web applications, to change content dynamically without the need to reload the entire page. In practice, modern implementations commonly substitute JSON for XML due to the advantages of being native to JavaScript.

Ajax is not a technology, but a group of technologies. HTML and CSS can be used in combination to mark up and style information. The DOM is accessed with JavaScript to dynamically display – and allow the user to interact with – the information presented. JavaScript and the XMLHttpRequest object provide a method for exchanging data asynchronously between browser and server to avoid full page reloads.

Ajax (cleaning product)

Ajax is a brand of cleaning products, introduced by Colgate-Palmolive in 1947 for a powdered household and industrial cleaner. It was one of the company's first major brands. The cleanser ingredients include sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate, sodium carbonate, and quartz.

The Ajax name was transferred to a line of household cleaning products and detergents; the line enjoyed its greatest success in the 1960s and early 70s. Ajax All-Purpose Cleaner with Ammonia, introduced in 1962, was the first major competitor to Procter and Gamble's Mr. Clean (debuted 1958). Ajax' success as the so-called "White Tornado" forced Procter and Gamble to introduce its own ammoniated cleaner, Top Job, in 1963.

Other Ajax products included Ajax Bucket of Powder, an ammoniated power floor cleaner (1943); a short-lived spray cleaner (1960); Ajax Laundry Detergent (1964); and Ajax Window Cleaner with Hex ammonia (1965). The last successful Ajax line extension in North America, Ajax for Dishes, debuted in 1971; now known as Ajax Dishwashing Liquid, it and the flagship powdered cleanser are the only two Ajax products sold to consumers by Colgate in the US. The brand name continues on a line of industrial detergents, cleaners and disinfectants. Colgate-Palmolive Company sold US and Canadian rights to the Ajax brand name on laundry detergents, as well as to other laundry products as Fab and Cold Power, to Phoenix Brands in 2005.

Ajax Laundry Detergent was available in a liquid formula, with or without bleach, beginning in the mid-1980s.

Three Ajax Spray n' Wipe products (an all-purpose cleaner, a bathroom cleaner, and a window cleaner), well known in Australia and New Zealand, are among market leaders.

Ajax (horse)
For the Australian racehorse of the same name, see Ajax II.

Ajax (foaled 1901 in France) was an undefeated Thoroughbred racehorse that won the Grand Prix de Paris and was an influential sire.

Ajax (Pantheon)
Ajax (Weapon X)
Ajax (1914 automobile)

The Ajax Motors Co. of Seattle, Washington, produced a car available in three different wheelbase lengths. It sported a 6-cylinder engine that was available in either sleeve-valve or conventional poppet form, and could be changed "from one to the other at comparatively little expense."

Ajax (band)

Ajax is a New York-based band, led by female singer Arleen Mitchel. The outfit released the single "Mind the Gap" in 1989, on Wax Trax! Records. A full-length self-titled debut LP followed, which combined industrial and acid-house music. The album, and its two singles failed to chart.

Mitchel revived the name in the 1990s, most successfully on the 1995 single " Ex-Junkie" which became a minor club hit. "Ex-Junkie" is the band's first (and to date last) entry on the Billboard Hot Dance/Club charts, peaking at number 48.

Ajax (motorcycle)

The Ajax was a motorcycle manufactured in England between 1923 and 1924, using 147cc, 247cc, 269cc and 346cc engines from Villiers Engineering and Blackburne.

Ajax (Bertin de la Doué)

Ajax is an opera by the French composer Toussaint Bertin de la Doué, first performed at the Académie Royale de Musique (the Paris Opera) on 20 April 1716. It takes the form of a tragédie en musique in a prologue and five acts. The libretto is by Mennesson.

Ajax (song)

"Ajax" is a Levenslied song by Tante Leen which was released on Imperial Records in 1969. It is dedicated to Tante Leen's hometown association football club AFC Ajax from Amsterdam. The song is the A-side to the record "Ajax / Ik krijg de kriebels" (English: I get the jitters) which was released as a 7"-single. The record features guest vocal by the men's choir "GETEA" under guidance of W. Rietveld. The song is one of many records Tante Leen has released and dedicated to her favorite football club throughout the span of her career.

Ajax (missionary)

Ajax was an Arian missionary to the pagan Suevi of Galicia who converted them to Christianity in 464 or 466.

Due in part to his unusual Homeric name his origins have been debated. The contemporary chronicler Hydatius, the Catholic bishop of Aquae Flaviae, refers to him as Aiax natione Galata. "Galata" may refer to either a Galician, Gaul, or Galatian. It is doubtful that he was the first, since Hydatius would have called him Gallaeci. It is sometimes assumed that "Galata" is a way to refer to a Greek from the East (i.e. Galatia). On the other hand, the term may mean that he was Celtic, either Gaulish or Galatian. This usage of "Galata" for a Celt may be expected in Hydatius, who had travelled to the East as a child, for it was a Greek norm.

Ajax was sent by Theodoric II, king of the Visigoths at Toulouse, to convert the Suevi to Arianism. The barbarian Arians showed a markedly greater missionary fervour than the Catholics in the fifth century. Theodoric's action may have been a result of the reopening of Suevo-Gothic diplomacy under the Suevic king Remismund, who married a Gothic princess and became a "son in arms" of Theodoric. He may have been sent at Remismund's request.

According to Hydatius, Ajax was "the enemy of the Catholic faith and of the Divine Trinity" (hostis catholicae fidei et divinae trinitatis), a statement which later Isidore of Seville interpreted to mean that the Suevi were Catholics when Ajax converted them to heresy. Hydatius also calls Ajax effectus apostata, meaning an apostate from Catholicism. Ajax was also a senior Arrianus inter Suevos, which may refer either to a bishop or a priest, or may not. It may mean either "senior Arian" or "Arian senior", and may refer to a layman or a member of the Gothic sacerdotal college; in Catholic usage it could mean presbyter.

Ajax's missionary venture was largely successful, especially amongst the nobility. He may well not have been the only Arian missionary sent to Galicia by the Visigoths; though he seems to have organised an influential church there.

Ajax (electoral district)

Ajax is a federal electoral district in the Durham Region of Ontario.

Ajax was created by the 2012 riding redistribution from the portion of Ajax—Pickering consisting of the town of Ajax, Ontario, and was legally defined in the 2013 representation order. It came into effect in time for the 42nd Canadian federal election.

Liberal Heart and Stroke executive and former MP Mark Holland won out against the immigration minister Chris Alexander to once again become MP for Ajax.

Ajax (Scout SV)

The Ajax, formerly known as the Scout SV (Specialist Vehicle), is a family of armoured fighting vehicles being developed by General Dynamics UK for the British Army.

The Ajax is a development of the ASCOD armoured fighting vehicle used by the Spanish and Austrian armed forces. The family was originally developed by Steyr-Daimler-Puch Spezialfahrzeug and Santa Bárbara Sistemas in the early 1990s. Both companies were purchased by General Dynamics in the early 2000s.

In 2010, General Dynamics UK was selected as the winner of the Future Rapid Effect System contract with the ASCOD Common Base Platform, beating BAE Systems' CV-90 proposal. The Ajax family will be procured in a number of variants, initially planned to be in blocks, with the first vehicles planned to be delivered in 2017 and full operational capability being established by 2019.

Ajax (locomotive)

Locomotives named Ajax have included:

  • Liverpool and Manchester Railway 29 Ajax (1832), an 0-2-2
  • Leicester and Swannington RailwayAjax (1838), an 0-4-2
  • Great Western RailwayAjax (1838), a broad gauge Premier class 0-6-0; withdrawn 1871.
  • Kaiser Ferdinands-Nordbahn Ajax (Jones, Turner and Evans, 1841), one of a pair of 0-4-2 locomotive built for the Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway, believed to be the oldest preserved steam locomotive on the European mainland; displayed in the Technisches Museum Wien
  • London and South Western Railway 41 Ajax (Jones, Turner & Evans, 1841) a Hercules I class 0-4-2 goods locomotive
  • Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway 24 Ajax (1846), a 2-2-2 locomotive
  • East Lancashire Railway 17 (1847), a Pegasus class
  • South Staffordshire Railway 21 (1855)
  • London and South Western Railway 41 Ajax (Nine Elms, 1855) a Hercules II class 2-4-0, withdrawn 1883
  • London, Chatham and Dover RailwayAjax (1860) an 0-6-0, later numbered 144
  • South Devon RailwayAjax, (Slaughter, Grüning & Co. 395 of 1860) one of the eight South Devon Railway Dido class broad gauge 0-6-0ST locomotives, later GWR 2149; withdrawn 1884.
  • Logan and Hemingway (civil engineering contractors) 5 Ajax (1864), later sold to the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway
  • London and South Western Railway 41 Ajax (Nine Elms 124 of 1874) a Vesuvius II class 2-4-0 passenger locomotive
  • London and North Western Railway 509 (Crewe Works 2799 of 1885), a Dreadnought class 2-2-2-0 passenger locomotive scrapped in 1904.
  • Woolwich ArsenalAjax, an 18-inch gauge 0-4-0T
  • London and North Western Railway 639 Ajax (Crewe Works 4445 of 1904), an LNWR Precursor class 4-4-0, later LMS 5190; withdrawn 1928
  • Ajax (Andrew Barclay Sons & Co. 1605 of 1918), an 0-6-T preserved on the Isle of Wight Steam Railway as their No. 38
  • London Midland and Scottish Railway 6139 Ajax (North British Locomotive Co. 23634 of 1927), an LMS Royal Scot Class 4-6-0 express locomotive, Renamed The Welch Regiment in 1936, rebuilt in 1946 and withdrawn 1962
  • London Midland and Scottish Railway 5689 Ajax (Crewe Works 287 [second series] of 1936), an LMS Jubilee Class express locomotive, withdrawn 1964
  • Chatham Dockyard Trust Ajax (Robert Stephenson & Hawthorns 7042 of 1941), built for Chatham Dockyard. Preserved.
  • British Rail D446, later 50046 (English Electric 3816 and Vulcan Foundry D1187 of 1968), one of the fifty class 50s, all of which were named after warships

Usage examples of "ajax".

Although Diomedes leads the counterattack, followed closely by the Atrides, Agamemnon and Menelaus, followed in turn by Big Ajax and Little Ajax, and although these heroes take their toll on the Trojans in spearcasts and shortsword clashes, the fighting now is centered around the Achaean archer Teucer, bastard son of Telamon and half-brother to Big Ajax.

Ajax the First, the Third Least Wuj of the Northern Panel Spinnery and the Eggery of the Silvery Downs!

The quickest way to wind up in Deimos Prison, would be for Ajax to call Admiral Kreplach for assistance in capturing Ajaxia.

By like manner of meane, was sentence given between the noble Greekes: For the noble and valiant personage Palamedes was convicted and attainted of treason, by false perswasion and accusation, and Ulisses being but of base condition, was preferred in Martiall prowesse above great Ajax.

Words cannot tell the prodigies of strength and valor displayed in this direful encounter,--an encounter compared to which the far-famed battles of Ajax with Hector, of AEneas with Turnus, Orlando with Rodomont, Guy of Warwick with Colbrand the Dane, or of that renowned Welsh knight, Sir Owen of the Mountains, with the giant Guylon, were all gentle sports and holiday recreations.

The pond-head of his passion being now filled to the utmost limit of its capacity, and beginning to overflow in the quivering of his lips and the flashing of his eyes, he pulled up all the flash-boards at once, and gave loose to the full torrent of his indignation, by seizing, like furious Ajax, not a messy stone more than two modern men could raise, but a vast dish of beef more than fifty ancient yeomen could eat, and whirled it like a coit, in terrorem, over the head of the friar, to the extremity of the apartment, Where it on oaken floor did settle, With mighty din of ponderous metal.

Hector kept on ranging, battling ranks on ranks, slashing his spear and sword and flinging heavy rocks but he stayed clear of attacking Ajax man-to-man.

Ajax put him into the row behind Gosport again, topping the cane and trimming the trash, and piling the stalks in the stubble as the cutters advanced.

Ajax, January, Gosport, and Hope had grabbed bridles and steadied would-be combatants from clambering down to take up the challenge on the ground, the immediate danger of assault was past.

Odysseus meets the shades of his comrades Agamemnon and Achilles in Hades, Iliadic material is avoided: Agamemnon tells the story of his death at the hands of his wife and her lover, Odysseus tells Achilles about the heroic feats of arms of his son Neoptolemus and later talks to Ajax about the award of the arms of Achilles.

Then you being well tipled, and deceived by the obscurity of the night, drew out your sword courageously like furious Ajax, and kild not as he did, whole heard of beastes, but three blowne skinnes, to the intent that I, after the slaughter of so many enemies, without effusion of bloud might embrace and kisse, not an homicide but an Utricide.

Steve Kilroy came bounding into the tent, though not in the attire of Ajax.

Ajax, in other words, is that of a man who has all the physical attributes required for a warrior but who lacks the intelligence to make those attributes work for him.

Ajax, captains of Achaea, Meriones too, remember Patroclus now, our stricken comrade!

Little Ajax and then Big Ajax cut their way into our ranks, followed by Peneleos, Antilochus, Meriones, Teucer, and Agamemnon himself.