Crossword clues for addiction
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Addiction \Ad*dic"tion\, n. [Cf. L. addictio an adjudging.]
The state of being addicted; devotion; inclination. ``His
addiction was to courses vain.''
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
c.1600, "tendency," of habits, pursuits, etc.; 1640s as "state of being self-addicted," from Latin addictionem (nominative addictio) "an awarding, a devoting," noun of action from past participle stem of addicere (see addict (v.)). Earliest sense was less severe: "inclination, penchant," but this has become obsolete. In main modern sense it is first attested 1906, in reference to opium (there is an isolated instance from 1779, with reference to tobacco).
n. 1 (context medicine English) A state that is characterized by compulsive drug use or compulsive engagement in rewarding behavior, despite negative consequences.Angres DH, Bettinardi-Angres K (October 2008). "The disease of addiction: origins, treatment, and recovery". Dis Mon 54 (10): 696–72
PMID 18790142.Malenka RC, Nestler EJ, Hyman SE (2009). "Chapter 15: Reinforcement and Addictive Disorders". In Sydor A, Brown RY. Molecular Neuropharmacology: A Foundation for Clinical Neuroscience (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Medical. pp. 364–365, 375. ISBN 9780071481274. "The defining feature of addiction is compulsive, out-of-control drug use, despite negative consequences. ...compulsive eating, shopping, gambling, and sex–so-called “natural addictions”– Indeed, addiction to both drugs and behavioral rewards may arise from similar dysregulation of the mesolimbic dopamine system." 2 The state of being addicted; devotion; inclination. 3 A habit or practice that damages, jeopardizes or shortens one's life but when ceased causes trauma. 4 A pathological relationship to mood altering experience that has life damaging consequences.
an abnormally strong craving
(Roman law) a formal award by a court sentence of a thing or person to another (as of a debtor to his creditor); a surrender to a master; "under Roman law addiction was the justification for slavery"
"Addiction" is a song by the band Skinny Puppy, taken from their 1987 album Cleanse Fold and Manipulate. It was released on vinyl in 1987 and released on CD in 1991 (Canada) and 1997 (United States). The lyrics of the song quote the 19th century Gothic novel Melmoth the Wanderer by Charles Maturin.
Addiction is a studio album by former Deep Purple, Black Sabbath and Trapeze vocalist/ bassist Glenn Hughes. It was released in 1996 on Zero Corporation, SPV and Shrapnel records and was Hughes’ fifth solo studio album.
"Addiction" is a song by American hip hop and R&B; record producer, singer-songwriter and recording artist Ryan Leslie. Released as the second single from his self-titled debut album, Ryan Leslie, the single features Leslie's protégé Cassie and frequent collaborator Fabolous. It was sent to Urban & Rhythmic radio stations July 7, 2008.
Addiction is the latest album from R&B singer Chico DeBarge. It was released on July 14, 2009.
Addiction is a state that is characterized by compulsive drug use or compulsive engagement in rewarding behavior, despite negative consequences.
Addiction may also refer to:
- Addiction (journal), a scientific journal
- "Addiction" (CSI: Miami), an episode of the TV series CSI: Miami
- Addiction Foods, a pet-food manufacturer
- The Addiction, a 1995 vampire film by Abel Ferrara
- Addiction (film), a Finnish romantic drama film
- The Addiction (professional wrestling), a professional wrestling tag team
- Jojo Addiction, a Czech paraglider design
Addiction is a song by Danish singer Medina from her international debut studio album Welcome to Medina. It was released as the third single from the album on 1 November 2010. The electropop song was written by Medina, Providers and Lisa Greene and it was produced by Providers. "Addiction" peaked at number one in Denmark, becoming Medina's fifth number-one single. In the US, the song peaked at number one on Billboards Hot Dance Airplay chart.
Addiction is a 2004 Finnish romantic drama film directed by Minna Virtanen. It is the last film in the Restless trilogy, preceded by Restless (2000) and Me and Morrison (2001).
Addiction is a medical condition characterized by compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli, despite adverse consequences. Despite the involvement of a number of psychosocial factors, a biological process – one which is induced by repeated exposure to an addictive stimulus – is the core pathology that drives the development and maintenance of an addiction. The two properties that characterize all addictive stimuli are that they are reinforcing (i.e., they increase the likelihood that a person will seek repeated exposure to them) and intrinsically rewarding (i.e., perceived as being positive or desirable).
Addiction is a disorder of the brain's reward system which arises through transcriptional and epigenetic mechanisms and occurs over time from chronically high levels of exposure to an addictive stimulus (e.g., morphine, cocaine, sexual intercourse, gambling, etc.). ΔFosB, a gene transcription factor, is a critical component and common factor in the development of virtually all forms of behavioral and drug addictions. Two decades of research into ΔFosB's role in addiction have demonstrated that addiction arises, and the associated compulsive behavior intensifies or attenuates, along with the genetic overexpression of ΔFosB in the D1-type medium spiny neurons of the nucleus accumbens. Due to the causal relationship between ΔFosB expression and addictions, it is used preclinically as an addiction biomarker. ΔFosB expression in these neurons directly and positively regulates drug self-administration and reward sensitization through positive reinforcement, while decreasing sensitivity to aversion.
Addiction exacts a high toll on individuals and society as a whole through the direct adverse effects of drugs, associated healthcare costs, long-term complications (e.g., lung cancer with smoking tobacco, liver cirrhosis with drinking alcohol, or meth mouth from intravenous methamphetamine), the functional consequences of altered neural plasticity in the brain, and the consequent loss of productivity. Classic hallmarks of addiction include impaired control over substances or behavior, preoccupation with substance or behavior, and continued use despite consequences. Habits and patterns associated with addiction are typically characterized by immediate gratification (short-term reward), coupled with delayed deleterious effects (long-term costs).
Examples of drug and behavioral addictions include: alcoholism, amphetamine addiction, cocaine addiction, nicotine addiction, opiate addiction, food addiction, gambling addiction, and sexual addiction. The only behavioral addiction recognized by the DSM-5 is gambling addiction. The term addiction is misused frequently to refer to other compulsive behaviors or disorders, particularly dependence, in news media.
Usage examples of "addiction".
Substance addiction suffer from some other recognized form of psychiatric disorder, too.
Smoking, like all drug addiction, is a tug-of-war of fear: the fear of what the drug is doing to us, and the fear of not being able to enjoy or cope with life without it.
Get it clearly into your mind: one ingenuity of the nicotine trap is that, like all drug addiction, it is designed to keep you hooked, and that the more it adversely affects your health and purse, the more securely you appear to be hooked.
Can you think of any pastime, other than drug addiction, that works in this way?
Another subtle aspect of addiction is that, although it is the first dose that hooks us, the whole process is usually so subtle and gradual that it can take years for us to realize that we are actually hooked.
Like all other forms of drug addiction, the tendency is to have to light up more often, which merely perpetuates the process.
Like all drug addiction the lower it drags you down, the greater your need for what you believe to be your crutch and friend.
It is only now, some eighteen years later, that increasing numbers of experts are beginning to realize that it is the psychological state of the individual addict that counts and not the substance itself My accumulated knowledge of drug addiction comes from eighteen years of dealing with and answering effectively the questions and worries of the addicted.
What a terrible trap drug addiction is: part of your brain wants you to smoke more, and whenever you do the other part wants you to smoke less.
I could obliterate smoking and all drug addiction with just one billionth of those funds.
The true reason was my addiction to nicotine, which caused me to have the stress in the first place.
I would explain to both of them the terrible power that nicotine addiction holds over its victims.
The nature of nicotine addiction is that it leaves you feeling permanently hungry and therefore more liable to become overweight.
Nicotine addiction currently claims over four million victims every year.
They too are beginning to feel the effects of addiction and be attracted to it.