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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ Charity cash-raising activities to finance special adaptations.
▪ Also, in association with the Partially Sighted Society, special adaptations were made.
▪ Life in the ocean depths poses many special problems, requiring special adaptations.
▪ It does this through a special adaptation that allows it to adjust the concentration of its blood.
▪ Laying and distributing the eggs in small batches is a special adaptation to these hot desert conditions.
▪ It is a highly successful adaptation of an advertisement which was first shown back in the early 1980s in Britain.
▪ The first attempts failed, but with collaboration from Hebb and others, successful adaptations were made.
▪ Where a film adaptation could ventilate the humid bachelor atmosphere of Hornby's novel is in giving opportunities for women.
▪ Its film adaptation was a big hit and won five Oscars, including best picture.
▪ Equally disappointing is the latest stage adaptation of a Roald Dahl story for children at Christmas.
▪ The censors had also insisted on a cut in his stage adaptation of Anna Karenina.
▪ For the male pied flycatcher, bigamy is obviously a successful strategy, but it also requires quite complex behavioural adaptations.
▪ It required cellular adaptations in thought and nerve fiber.
▪ Life in the ocean depths poses many special problems, requiring special adaptations.
▪ The application form asks if you require adaptations, and you must say what you need and why.
▪ She was responsible for the adaptation of the book "The Witches of Eastwick" into a stage play.
▪ In addition, a decrease in size seems to have accompanied adaptation to an exclusively arboreal life.
▪ In this way, provisional adaptations turn into routine commitments.
▪ It is simply that adaptation and ancestry can explain what adaptation alone can not.
▪ Its film adaptation was a big hit and won five Oscars, including best picture.
▪ The work does not involve major adaptations or renovation.
▪ This form developed bipedalism and other adaptations to the newly opening arid savannah landscape and eventually became the ancestor of man.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Adaptation \Ad`ap*ta"tion\, n. [Cf. F. adaptation, LL. adaptatio.]

  1. The act or process of adapting, or fitting; or the state of being adapted or fitted; fitness. ``Adaptation of the means to the end.''

  2. The result of adapting; an adapted form.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

c.1600, "action of adapting," from French adaptation, from Late Latin adaptationem (nominative adaptatio), noun of action from past participle stem of adaptare (see adapt). Meaning "condition of being adapted" is from 1670s. Sense of "modification of a thing to suit new conditions" is from 1790. Biological sense first recorded 1859 in Darwin's writings.


n. 1 (label en uncountable) The quality of being adapted; adaption; adjustment. 2 (label en uncountable) Adjustment to extant conditions: as, adjustment of a sense organ to the intensity or quality of stimulation; modification of some thing or its parts that makes it more fit for existence under the conditions of its current environment.

  1. n. a written work (as a novel) that has been recast in a new form; "the play is an adaptation of a short novel" [syn: version]

  2. the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions) [syn: adjustment]

  3. (physiology) the responsive adjustment of a sense organ (as the eye) to varying conditions (as of light)

Adaptation (eye)

In ocular physiology, adaptation is the ability of the eye to adjust to various levels of darkness and light.

Adaptation (disambiguation)

Adaptation, in biology, is the process whereby a population becomes better suited to its habitat.

Adaptation may also refer to:

Adaptation (computer science)

The term “adaptation” in computer science refers to a process, in which an interactive system ( adaptive system) adapts its behaviour to individual users based on information acquired about its user(s) and its environment.

Adaptation (film)

Adaptation (stylized as Adaptation.) is a 2002 American comedy metafilm directed by Spike Jonze and written by Charlie Kaufman. The film is based on Susan Orlean's non-fiction book The Orchid Thief, with numerous self-referential events added. The film stars Nicolas Cage as Charlie and Donald Kaufman, and Meryl Streep as Susan Orlean, Chris Cooper as John Laroche, with Cara Seymour, Brian Cox, Tilda Swinton, Ron Livingston and Maggie Gyllenhaal in supporting roles.

Though the film is billed as an adaptation of The Orchid Thief, its primary narrative focus is Charlie Kaufman's struggle to adapt The Orchid Thief into a film, while dramatizing the events of the book in parallel. Adaptation also adds a number of fictitious elements, including Kaufman's twin brother (also credited as a writer for the film) and a romance between Orlean and Laroche, and culminates in completely invented events including fictional versions of Orlean and Laroche three years after the events related in The Orchid Thief, Kaufman and his fictional twin brother.

The film had been in development as far back as 1994. Jonathan Demme brought the project to Columbia Pictures with Kaufman writing the script. Kaufman experienced writer's block and did not know what to think of The Orchid Thief. Finally he wrote a script based on his experience of adapting the book into a screenplay. Jonze signed to direct, and filming was finished in June 2001. Adaptation received awards at the 75th Academy Awards, 60th Golden Globe Awards and 56th British Academy Film Awards. Cooper won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, while Kaufman won the BAFTA Award for Best Adapted Screenplay.


In biology, an adaptation, also called an adaptive trait, is a trait with a current functional role in the life of an organism that is maintained and evolved by means of natural selection. Adaptation refers to both the current state of being adapted and to the dynamic evolutionary process that leads to the adaptation. Adaptations enhance the fitness and survival of individuals. Organisms face a succession of environmental challenges as they grow and develop and are equipped with an adaptive plasticity as the phenotype of traits develop in response to the imposed conditions. The developmental norm of reaction for any given trait is essential to the correction of adaptation as it affords a kind of biological insurance or resilience to varying environments.

Usage examples of "adaptation".

Humans foraged upon the earth for their sustenance and the lore of the earth was their code of adaptation to that life.

Each of the different cultural groups such as coho, steelhead and sockeye have different times and styles in which they run to spawn in the upland streams, but each of their cultures show a similarity of adaptation to the earth.

When one views the intricacies of adaptation of the San in the Kalahari or the Inuit of the far north, it is apparent that the huge body of knowledge that enables these human cultures to adapt to such extremes was cultured over immense lengths of time.

As they moved, their adaptation became refined to areas as difficult as the arctic and the Kalahari.

The adaptation of various forms of life to the interrelated system of organic reality leads to their success and maturity.

This power is created by successful adaptation to the flows of energy of the cosmos.

Alfalfa has special adaptation for mountain valleys of the entire West, but it will also grow in good form in parts of all, or nearly all, the other States.

Crimson clover has highest adaptation to the States east of the Allegheny Mountains and west of the Cascades, but will also grow in the more Central States south, in which moisture is abundant.

Sweet clover will grow in all the States and provinces of the United States and Canada, but has highest adaptation for the Central and Southern States.

Alsike clover has much the same adaptation to soils as the medium and mammoth varieties, but will grow better than these on low-lying soils well stored with humus.

Crimson clover has highest adaptation for sandy loam soils into which the roots can penetrate easily.

Small, white clover has adaptation for soils very similar to that of alsike clover.

The alsike, living longer, is lower in its adaptation, and alfalfa, because of its long life, stands lowest in this respect.

Without irrigation, the highest adaptation, all things considered, is found in Washington and Oregon, west of the Cascades, except where shallow soils lying on gravels exist.

The soils of Northern Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan, that have produced hardwood timber, have unusually high adaptation to the growth of this plant, and as the snow usually covers the ground in these areas in winter, the crop may be relied upon with much certainty.